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Rockbridgeite

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Formula:
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
System:OrthorhombicColour:Dark green, olive-green, ...
Hardness:3½ - 4½
Member of:Rockbridgeite Group
Name:Named in 1949 by Clifford Frondel for the type locality at the Midvale Mine, South Mountain, Midvale, Rockbridge County, Virginia, USA.
Isostructural with:Frondelite, Plimerite


Rockbridgeite Group. Frondelite-Rockbridgeite Series.
The Fe2+-analogue of frondelite and plimerite.

A secondary mineral resulting from the alteration of primary phosphates.

Visually similar to dufrénite.

Classification of Rockbridgeite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/B.10-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.BC.10

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
C : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 > 1:1 and < 2:1
Dana 8th edition ID:41.9.2.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Hey's CIM Ref.:19.12.16

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Rockbridgeite

Type Locality:Midvale Mine, South Mountain, Midvale, Rockbridge Co., Virginia, USA
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA - #80600.
Year of Discovery:1949
Geological Setting of type material:granite pegmatite

Occurrences of Rockbridgeite

Geological Setting:Also rarely found in limonite iron ore deposits.

Physical Properties of Rockbridgeite

Lustre:Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Waxy, Greasy, Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent, Opaque
Comment:The cruss-sections of botryoids is radially fibrous
Colour:Dark green, olive-green, brown, yellow-brown, greenish black, black
Comment:Commonly exhibits colour banding. May be bronze-brown or reddish brown when oxidized.
Streak:Gray green, pale brown
Hardness (Mohs):3½ - 4½
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Very Good
On {100}, excellent; on {010}, good; on {001}, fair.
Fracture:Irregular/Uneven
Density (measured):3.45 - 3.6 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.60 g/cm3

Crystallography of Rockbridgeite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 13.783Å, b = 16.805Å, c = 5.172Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.82 : 1 : 0.308
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,197.96 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Euhedral crystals rare. Typically fibrous, elongated along [001]; compact radiating in crusts, botryoidal and drusy masses.
Comment:Bbmm
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
6.87 (40)
4.842 (50)
4.630 (40)
3.573 (50)
3.196 (100)
2.409 (50)
1.5890 (50)

Optical Data of Rockbridgeite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.873 - 1.875 nβ = 1.880 nγ = 1.895 - 1.897
2V:Measured: 45°
Birefringence:0.022
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.022

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r < v, or r>v very strong
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:X = Light brown to light yellow-brown
Y = Bluish green
Z = Dark bluish green

Chemical Properties of Rockbridgeite

Formula:
Fe
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
Simplified for copy/paste:Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Essential elements:Fe, H, O, P
All elements listed in formula:Fe, H, O, P

Relationship of Rockbridgeite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Frondelite (see here)
Member of:Rockbridgeite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Frondelite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
Plimerite
ZnFe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
Common Associates:
TriphyliteStrunziteStewartiteSideriteRoscherite
LimoniteLaueiteJahnsiteHureauliteGoethite
Barbosalite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.BC.05Angelellite
Fe
3+
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
3
8.BC.10Frondelite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
8.BC.10Plimerite
ZnFe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
8.BC.15Aerugite
Ni
 
8.5
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
As
5+
 
O
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
19.12.1Metaswitzerite
Mn
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.2Bermanite
Mn
2+
 
Mn
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.3Natrophilite
NaMn
2+
 
PO
 
4
19.12.4Sidorenkite
Na
 
3
Mn
2+
 
(CO
 
3
)(PO
 
4
)
19.12.5Niahite
(NH
 
4
)(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)(PO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
19.12.6Robertsite
Ca
 
3
Mn
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.7Pararobertsite
Ca
 
2
Mn
3+
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
O
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.8Sinkankasite
Mn
2+
 
Al(PO
 
3
OH)
 
2
(OH) · 6H
 
2
O
19.12.9Mangangordonite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.10Heterosite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)PO
 
4
19.12.11Purpurite
(Mn
3+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)PO
 
4
19.12.12Wolfeite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)(OH)
19.12.14Lipscombite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
19.12.15Frondelite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
(OH)
 
5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,H
 
2
O)
 
3
19.12.18Landesite
Mn
2+
3-x
Fe
3+
x
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
x
· (3-x)H
 
2
O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.20Reddingite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
19.12.21Earlshannonite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.22Hureaulite
(Mn,Fe)
 
5
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(HPO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.23Switzerite
(Mn,Fe)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 7H
 
2
O
19.12.24Laueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.25Pseudolaueite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.26Strunzite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
19.12.27Stewartite
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.28Alluaudite
(Na,Ca)Mn
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite
(Na,Ca)Fe
2+
 
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.30Fillowite
{Mn
2+
 
}{Na
 
8
}{Ca
 
4
Na
 
4
}{(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
43
}(PO
 
4
)
 
36
19.12.31Johnsomervilleite
Na
 
10
Ca
 
6
Mg
 
18
Fe
 
25
(PO
 
4
)
 
36
19.12.32Wicksite
NaCa
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
4
MgFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa)
{KNa}{Mn
2+
 
◻}{Ca}{Na
 
3
}{Mn
2+
13
}{Al}(PO
 
4
)
 
12
(OH)
 
2
19.12.34Sarcopside
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.35Ludlamite
(Fe,Mn,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
19.12.36Graftonite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.37Wilhelmvierlingite
CaMnFe
3+
 
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
19.12.38Fairfieldite
Ca
 
2
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.39Beusite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Ca,Mg)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
19.12.40Messelite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Fe
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mn
2+
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
}{Fe
3+
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.44Keckite
CaMn
2+
 
Fe
3+
2
Fe
3+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
3
(H
 
2
O)
 
7
19.12.45Stanfieldite
Ca
 
7
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
9
(PO
 
4
)
 
12
19.12.46Laubmannite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Ca)
 
3
Fe
3+
6
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
12
19.12.47Zodacite
Ca
 
4
Mn
2+
 
Fe
3+
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
19.12.48Hagendorfite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Fe
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite
(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe
2+
 
)Mn(Mg,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.50Varulite
NaCaMn
2+
 
Mn
2+
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.51Griphite
Na
 
4
Li
 
2
Ca
 
6
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
19
Al
 
8
(PO
 
4
)
 
24
(F,OH)
 
8
19.12.52Attakolite
(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)
 
4
(HPO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
19.12.53Arrojadite-(KFe)
{KNa}{Fe
2+
 
◻}{Ca}{Na
 
2
◻}{Fe
2+
13
}{Al}(PO
 
4
)
 
11
(HPO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
19.12.54Lun'okite
(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO
 
4
)
 
2
OH · 4H
 
2
O
19.12.55Eosphorite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.56Ernstite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH,O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.57Childrenite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)Al(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
19.12.58Bobfergusonite
Na
 
2
Mn
 
5
FeAl(PO
 
4
)
 
6
19.12.59Qingheiite
NaMn
3+
 
Mg(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(PO
 
4
)
 
3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg)
{Ca}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg)
{Ca}{Mn
2+
 
}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg)
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)}{Mg
 
2
}{Al
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.63Rittmannite
{(Mn
2+
 
,Ca)}{Mn
2+
 
}{(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
}{(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
}(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
19.12.64Zanazziite
Ca
 
2
Mg
 
5
Be
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
6
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
19.12.65Samuelsonite
(Ca,Ba)Ca
 
8
Fe
2+
2
Mn
2+
2
Al
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
10
(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Rockbridgeite

Synonyms:
KobokobiteMangan-rockbridgeite
Other Languages:
German:Rockbridgeit
Russian:Рокбриджеит
Simplified Chinese:铁锰绿铁矿
Spanish:Rockbridgeita

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Not fluorescent in UV
Other Information:Soluble in HCl, but not in HNO3 or H2SO4.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rockbridgeite

Reference List:

- +
Massie (1880) Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, London: 42: 181.

Campbell (1881) American Journal of Science: 22: 65.

Frondel, C. (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 513-540.

Lindberg (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 541.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 867-869.

Moore, P.B. (1970) Crystal chemistry of the basic iron phosphates. American Mineralogist: 55: 135–169.

Redhammer, G.J., Roth, G., Tippelt, G., Bernroider, M., Lottermoser, W., Amthauer, G., Hochleitner, R. (2006): Manganoan rockbridgeite: structure analysis and 57 Mössbauer spectroscopy. Acta Cryst. C62, i24-i28.

Internet Links for Rockbridgeite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project[Link Broken?]
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Rockbridgeite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Find Rockbridgeite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Specimens:The following Rockbridgeite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Rockbridgeite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Córdoba
      • Punilla Department
        • Tanti
    Dina, H. (1993). Hentschelita en Cerro Blanco, Tanti, Córdoba. Informacion Tecnologica, 48(3-4), 277-282.
    Mr. Nelson Valenzuela.; Demartin F, Gay H D, Gramaccioli C M, Pilati T (1997) Benyacarite, a new titanium-bearing phosphate mineral species from Cerro Blanco, Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist 35, 707-712
      • San Alberto Department
        • Pampa de Achala
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2006) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, Vol. 2, p 428 (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
    • Salta
      • Nevados de Palermo
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
        • Broken Hill
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • South Flinders Ranges
          • Martins Well
    Johnston, C.W . & Hill, R.J. (1978): Zinc phosphates at Reaphook Hill South Australia. Mineralogical Record 9,(1), 20-24
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • North Mt Lofty Ranges
          • Barossa Valley
            • Angaston
          • Kapunda
    Peter Elliott
      • Olary Province
        • Ameroo Hill
    Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol.3, N°2, Dec.1997
    Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol.3, N°2, Dec.1997
    • Victoria
      • Buloke Shire
        • Wycheproof
    W.D.Birch. Phosphate Minerals of Victoria. The Mineralogical Society of Victoria special publication No. 3 pp. 28-32
      • City of Greater Shepparton
        • Dookie
          • Ascot Hills
      • East Gippsland Shire
        • Omeo
          • Mt Wills Mining District
            • Glen Wills
    Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009
      • Rural City of Wangaratta
        • Parish of Edi
          • Whitfield
    W. D. Birch and D. A. Henry in Phosphate Minerals of Victoria, p.83-90.
      • Swan Hill Rural City
        • Lake Boga
    W.D.Birch 1996. Portlandite and other recent mineral discoveries in the granites at Lake Boga, and Wycheproof and Pyramid Hill, Victoria. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.2 No.2 Dec. 1996, pp. 47-50
    • Western Australia
      • Cue Shire
        • Madoonga Station
    Gole, M.(1980): Mineralogy and Petrology of Very low Grade Metamorphic Grade Archaean Banded Iron Formations Weld Range Western Australia, American Mineralogist (1980):65:8-25
      • Meekatharra Shire
        • Milgun Station
    Peter Downes, WA Museum
      • Upper Gascoyne Shire
        • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Hesperian Press, 2007 Perth
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Millstatt lake ridge
        • Spittal
          • Millstatt lake
    Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (2005)
    • Styria
      • Koralpe
        • Modriach
          • Herzogberg
    Aufschluss 1972(SB), 40-41
    Belgium
     
    • Hainaut Province (Henegouwen; Hennegau)
      • Mons
        • Blaton
    Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • Água Boa
    Dunn, P.J., Leavens, P.B., Sturman, B.D.,Gaines, R.V. & Barbosa, C. d. P. (1978): Hureaulite and Barbosalite from Lavra do Criminoso, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record. 9: 147-151
    Mineralogical Record 24: 384-385
    Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
    Sergio Varvello
    Van King
    Baijot, M., Hatert, F., Dal Rio, F. & Philipo, S. (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of phosphate mineral association from the Jocão pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 373-397.
        • Divino das Laranjeiras
          • Linópolis
    fabreminerals specimen
    A. M. I. Martins collection
          • Laranjeiras
    [MinRec 12:69]
          • Sapucaia do Norte
    AmMin 89:1087
    Cassedanne, J.P. & Baptista, A. (1999): Famous Mineral Localities: The Sapucaia Pegmatite Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record, 30: 347-360 + 365
      • Jequitinhonha valley
        • Itinga
    www.minsocam.org/MSA/Special/Pig/PIG_best_shots/Pegmatites_shots.html.
          • Taquaral
    Min Rec (1973) 4 (5), 207-213
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • El Loa Province
        • San Pedro de Atacama
    Cesar Menor-Salvan collection; - Wegner, R. (1982): El Laco/Chile. Lavaströme aus Eisenerz. LAPIS 7 (5), 15-18
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
    Povondra, P., Pivec, E. (eds.) et al.: Přibyslavice peraluminuous granite. Acta universitatis carolinae, Geologica, 1987, no. 3, s . 183 – 283.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Škoda, R., Ondruš, P., Beran, P. & Susser, C. (2006): Mineralogy of phosphate accumulations in the Huber stock, Krásno ore district, Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 103-147.
      • Liberec Region
        • Jilemnice (Starkenbach)
    Škoda, R., Rus, P.: Revize dufrenitu z Poniklé. Minerál, 2010, roč. 18, č. 2, s. 119-123.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
          • Otov
    Čech F., Staněk J., Dávidová Š. (1981): Minerály pegmatitů. - in: Bernard J.H. [ed.]: Mineralogie Československa. Academia, Praha.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
    Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Sud-Kivu
      • Mwenga
    Am.Min. 43,79591958)a
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Tohmajärvi
    Teertsra David K., Lahti Seppo I., Alviola Reijo, Cerny Petr. 1993. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 368, 39 s.
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Orivesi
        • Eräjärvi area
    Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 314
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
    Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
          • Argelès-sur-Mer
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 135-137.
    BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012). Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association française de Microminéralogie,
          • Collioure (Cotlliure)
    BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Bessines-sur-Gartempe
    http://perso.wanadoo.fr/jeldemine/listes%20mineraux.html
        • Razès
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868.
        • Saint-Sylvestre
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 702.
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Ariège
        • Auzat
    Inventaire Minéralogique de la France Ariège T.2 éditions BRGM
        • Le Bosc
    Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 523.
    Inventaire mineralogique de l'Ariege (Editions BRGM 1984)
        • Massat
          • Le Port
            • Col d'Agnès
              • Etang de Lherz
    Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, p. 522.
      • Tarn
        • Castelnau-de-Brassac
          • Fumade
    Favreau, G., Bernadi, G. & Gayraud, L. (2013): Fumade (Tarn): descriptions complémentaires des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 119, 3-25.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Zwiesel
          • Rabenstein
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Auerbach
    Stanjek, H. (1983): Auerbach/Oberpfalz. Phosphatmineralien aus der Grube Leonie. Lapis 8 (3), 9-18; 42. (in German)
          • Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch)
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Bärnau
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Erbendorf
          • Hopfau
    http://www.vfmg-weiden.de/min.htm
        • Pleystein
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868.; Dill, H.G., Weber, B. (2009), Pleystein-City on Pegmatite, 4th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Recife, Brazil.
    DILL, H.G., MELCHER, F., GERDES, A. and WEBER, B. (2008): The origin and zoning of hypogene and supergene Fe-Mn-Mg-Sc-U-REE-Zn phosphate mineralization from the newly discovered Trutzhofmühle aplite (Hagendorf pegmatite province, Germany). Canadian Mineralogist 46, 1131-1157.
        • Plößberg
        • Waidhaus
          • Hagendorf
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dill H.G.: "Mineralogical and chemical composition of the Hagendorf-North Pegmatite, SE Germany - a monographic study", J. Min. Geochem, 2013
    http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Waldmünchen
          • Althütte
    Lapis, 10 (4), 13-17.
        • Weiden
          • Oedenthal
    Weber, B. (2013): Die Mineralien des Amphibolit-Steinbruchs Muglhof/Ödenthal bei Weiden in der Oberpfalz. Aufschluss 64, 268-281.
    • Hesse
      • Wetzlar
        • Waldgirmes
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Weilburg
          • Essershausen
    Blaß, G. (2002): Eine neue Phosphatmineralien-Paragenese von der Grube Mark bei Essershausen, mittleres Lahngebiet, Taunus. Mineralien-Welt, 13 (6), 18-43. (in German)
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Sauerland
        • Arnsberg
          • Uentrop
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Warstein
          • Hirschberg
    D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Henrich, M. (2008): Neues von der Grube Eisenzecher Zug. Mineralien-Welt 19 (5), 16-25.
        • Neunkirchen
          • Salchendorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Siegerland
        • Betzdorf
          • Brachbach
    Hucko, S. (2010): Phosphatparagenesen auf Brauneisensteingängen am Windhahn. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 14-25.
        • Herdorf
          • Dermbach
    Hucko, S. (2010): Phosphatparagenesen auf Brauneisensteingängen am Windhahn. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 14-25.
      • Westerwald
        • Linz am Rhein
          • Rheinbreitbach
    Habel, B. (2011): Rockbridgeit und Mitridatit von der ehemaligen Grube Virneberg. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (2): 37
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Altenkirchen
            • Bürdenbach
    Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony
      • Oberlausitz
        • Görlitz
          • Neißeaue
    Witzke, T. & Giesler, T. (2013): Seltene Phosphate und Vanadate von Emmerichswalde bei Görlitz/Sachsen. Mineralien-Welt 24 (2), 40-55
    • Thuringia
      • Bad Lobenstein
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Lecco Province
        • Vestreno
    Vignola et al. (2011): Complex mechanisms of alteration in a graftonite + sacropside+ triphylite association from the Luna pegmatite, Piona, Lecco Province, Italy. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 765-776.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Ibaraki Prefecture
          • Kasumigaura City
            • Chiyoda-machi
    Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
      • Kinki region
        • Hyogo Prefecture
          • Kobe city
    S. Matsubara (2000) Vivianite nodules and secondary phosphates in Pliocene-Pleistocene clay deposits from Hime-shima, Oita Prefecture and Kobe, Hyogo Prefecture, Western Japan. Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 33.
    Ganko-Gakkai Koen-Yoshi (Abstracts of the Meetings of Japanese Association of Mineralogists...) (in japanese) 40 (1995)
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Kalba Range
        • Belogorskii Town
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
        • Mointy (Moyynty)
          • Mointy Railway Station
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Liberia
     
    • Bomi Co.
    J.M.Axelrod, et al.: :Phosphate mineralization at Bomi Hill and Bambuta, Liberia, West Africa", Am. Min. 37,883-909(1952)
    Madagascar
     
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Amoron'i Mania Region
        • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
          • Ambatofinandrahana District
    Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 57
    Morocco
     
    • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
      • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
        • Sidi Bou Othmane
    Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
    Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data; FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1974) Les phosphates lithiques des pegmatites de la plaine des Zenaga (Anti-Atlas, Maroc). Notes Serv. géol. Maroc, 35, 137-143
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
    P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
        • Usakos
    Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).
    Norway
     
    • Østfold
      • Halden
        • Idd
          • Aspedammen
    Larsen, K.E. & Nordrum, F.S. (2013): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2012-2013. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 50, 111-117; Kristiansen, R. (2014): Nye mineralfunn fra Herrebøkasa, Aspedammen, Østfold. Stein- 41 (3),30-33
    Portugal
     
    • Guarda District
      • Gouveia
        • Folgosinho
    Keck, E., Witzke, T., Pöllmann, H. & Friese, K. (1998): Benyacarit aus ostbayerischen und portugiesischen Pegmatiten. Aufschluss 49, 281-285.; Pedro Alves collection
      • Guarda
        • Vela
    Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD and EDS
      • Sabugal
        • Bendada
    Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
    Pedro Alves collection
    • Viana do Castelo District
      • Caminha
        • Arga de Baixo
      • Ponte da Barca
        • São Lourenço de Touvedo
    Self-collected by Pedro Alves.
      • Ponte de Lima
        • Cabração
    Pedro Alves collection
        • Moreira do Lima
      • Viana do Castelo
    BELLO, A. d'O. (1909-1913) Mineraux portugais. Bull. Soc. Portugaise Sci. Nat., 2, 272-280; 4, 68-78; 6, 90-103; Mineral samples in the Collection of the IST (Instituto Superior Técnico); Pedro Alves, collection and in situ observations.
      • Vila Nova de Cerveira
        • Covas
    personal find by Pedro Alves.
    • Vila Real District
      • Vila Pouca de Aguiar
        • Alfarela de Jales
    Neves, J. M. C. (1960): Pegmatitos com fosfatos de Moreira (Vila Pouca de Aguiar). “Estudos Notas e Trabalhos” do S.F.M., vol. XIV, fascs. 3-4, 257-270.
    • Viseu District
      • Mangualde
        • Chãs de Tavares
    Rui Nunes collection
    Mineralien Atlas
      • Penalva do Castelo
        • Sezures
    Correia Neves, J.M. (1962), Pegmatito da Região da Venturinha (Penalva do Castelo, Viseu), Memórias e Noticias do Museu e Laboratório Mineralógico e Geológico da Universidade de Coimbra, vol. 54, 1962: 1-135.
      • Vila Nova de Paiva
        • Queiriga
          • Lagares do Estanho Mines
    self-find, Pedro Alves collection
      • Vouzela
        • Carvalhal de Vermilhas
    Rwanda
     
    • Southern Province
      • Gitarama
    Royal Museum for Central Africa, Belgium Collection, # 9914
    • Western Province
      • Gatumba District
    Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • ZF Mgcawu District
        • Kenhardt
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Castile and Leon
      • Salamanca
        • Garcirrey
    Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
      • Zamora
        • Villar del Buey
          • Pinilla de Fermoselle
    • Extremadura
      • Cáceres
        • Zarza la Mayor
    Antonio Barahona Ortiz collection
    Sweden
     
    • Lappland
      • Kiruna district
        • Svappavaara
    Bjällerud, C-G. (1989): Phospate minerals from the Leveäniemi Iron Mine, Svappavaara, Sweden. Mineralogical Record. 20(5):343-346; Augsten, R. (2009): Lapis 34 (1): 20-23.
    • Södermanland
      • Norrö
    Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12; Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
    Switzerland
     
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Lago Maggiore
        • Brissago
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 196, 350.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Liskeard District
          • Linkinhorne
            • Minions
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
        • St Agnes District
          • Perranzabuloe
            • Perran Iron Lode (Great Perran Iron Lode)
    Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
        • St Austell District
          • Treverbyn
            • Stenalees
    [J.Russel Soc 1998:15; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Coombe Height
    No reference listed
      • Devon
        • Tavistock District
          • Tavistock Hamlets
    [Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
    • Scotland
      • North West Highlands (Inverness-shire)
    Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 833-836.
    USA
     
    • Alabama
      • Calhoun Co.
        • Jacksonville
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333; Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391
    Rocks & Min.: 58:57-62.
      • Cherokee Co.
    Barwood, H. & Hajek, B. (1978): Notes of Some New Occurences in Alabama. Mineralogical Record. 9: 388-391; Min.Rec.:20(5):361.
    Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
      • Coosa Co.
        • Rockford District
          • Two Bit pegmatite
    Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
    Rocks & Minerals: 70(5): 320-333.
      • Shelby Co.
        • Alabaster
    Chris Bryant.; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:235-236
      • St. Clair Co.
    Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull 120
    • Arkansas
      • Garland Co.
        • Wilson Springs (Potash Sulfur Springs)
          • Union Carbide Mine
    R&M 70:3 pp 154-170
      • Montgomery Co.
        • Norman
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
      • Polk Co.
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
    No reference listed
    Rocks & Min.:64:297-298.
    Am Min 51:1811-1814
    Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125
        • Three Oaks Gap
    Rocks & Minerals: 63: 120.
    • Colorado
      • Teller Co.
        • Cripple Creek District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Connecticut
      • Litchfield Co.
        • Harwinton
    Januzzi, Ronald E. and David Seaman. (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut and Southeastern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. The Mineralogical Press, Danbury, Connecticut.
      • Middlesex Co.
        • East Hampton (Chatham)
          • Cobalt
    Januzzi (1976) p.234-5.
    • Florida
      • Hardee Co.
        • South Florida Phosphate District
    Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
      • Polk Co.
        • Central Florida Phosphate District (Bone Valley)
          • Homeland
    Denicourt, R., Micromounters of New England program, NE meeting program, May 1984; Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
          • Noralyn/Phosphoria Mines (IMC-Agrico)
    Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
    Marc V. Hurst (2012) Central Florida Phosphate District. Southeastern Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook No. 57
    • Georgia
      • Burke Co.
        • Girard District
    Jason Smith & M.E. Ciriotti (2005) [m.ciriotti@tin.it]
    • Maine
      • Androscoggin Co.
        • Poland
    King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
      • Cumberland Co.
        • Baldwin
          • West Baldwin
    Thompson, W.B., et,al., 2000, Rocks & Minerals, vol. 75, no. 6, pgs 408-418; Mineral News (2000) 16:1 pp1,4,5
      • Oxford Co.
        • Greenwood
          • Uncle Tom Mountain
    Mineral News (1995) 11:2 pp1,2,5
        • Newry
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, volume 1 and 2, with updates by Van King.
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2
        • Paris
        • Rumford
    No reference listed
    Tim Blake, Lookout Mine Owner
    King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol.1, p.264.
    • Maryland
      • Prince Georges Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868.
    • Massachusetts
      • Worcester Co.
    Harvard Mineralogical Museum
    • New Hampshire
      • Cheshire Co.
        • Alstead
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    Januzzi, R.E. and Seaman, David M. (1976) Mineral Localities Of Connecticut and Southern New York State and Pegmatite Minerals of the World. ; American Mineralogist 50:1698–1707
        • Walpole
    P. Cristofono, T. Mortimer, J.W. Nizamoff, A. Wilken, and R. Wilken (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 17-18.
      • Grafton Co.
        • Alexandria
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
        • Groton
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 868, 977.; Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
    Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004: The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.96.
    Rocks & Min., May 1999.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
      • Strafford Co.
        • Strafford
          • Parker Mountain
    Rocks & Min.:64:504.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
      • Sullivan Co.
        • Newport
    Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • New Jersey
      • Gloucester Co.
        • Harrison Township
    Henderson, Wm. A. (1980): Mullica Hill, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record 11, 307-311
      • Monmouth Co.
        • Upper Freehold Township
    Jeff Weismann
    • North Carolina
      • Cleveland Co.
        • Kings Mountain District
    Rocks and Minerals, (1985) 60:76-82; Carolina Geological Society Field Trip Guidebook 1981, 39-48
      • Gaston Co.
        • Bessemer City
    No reference listed
    • Pennsylvania
      • Northampton Co.
        • Lower Saucon Township
          • Hellertown
    Min.Rec.: 11(Sep-Oct 1980):311.
      • Snyder Co.
    Min. Col. PA; Geyer, Smith & Barnes; Pgs. 201-202
    • South Carolina
      • Cherokee Co.
        • Kings Creek District
          • Kings Creek Mine
    Rocks & Minerals 54:4 pp173-175
    • South Dakota
      • Custer Co.
        • Custer District
          • Custer
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169; Am Min (1969), 54:969-972
          • Fourmile
    Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
    Mineralogical Record: 17: 237-254; Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
          • Pringle
            • Cicero Peak
    Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
      • Pennington Co.
        • Hill City District
    Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
        • Keystone District
          • Glendale
    Rocks & Minerals: 60: 116.
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
          • Keystone
    Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
    • Utah
      • Iron Co.
        • Iron Springs District (Iron and Granite Mountains & Three Peaks)
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Virginia
      • Rockbridge Co.
        • Lyndhurst-Vesuvius District
    Rocks & Min.:64:42-45 (also see Rocks & Min.:57:20-22 & 60:168); Watson(1907).
        • Midvale
          • South Mountain
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 562, 868; American Mineralogist (1949): 34: 513-540; Rocks & Minerals:64: 44.
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