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Rosenbuschite

This page kindly sponsored by Gerhard Niklasch
Karl Harry Ferdinand Rosenbusch
Formula:
(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)OF
System:
Triclinic
Colour:
Tannish brown to medium ...
Hardness:
5 - 6
Name:
Named after Karl Harry Ferdinand Rosenbusch [June 24, 1836 Einbeck, Germany - January 20, 1914 Heidelberg, Germany]. Mineralogist and petrologist at Heidelberg University. One of the most important developers of petrography.
Rosenbuschite Group.

Light brown, tan, or gray brown rod-like to fibrous crystals embedded in matrix. Acicular crystals in vugs.

Classification of Rosenbuschite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.BE.22

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
B : Sorosilicates
E : Si2O7 groups, with additional anions; cations in octahedral [6] and greater coordination
56.2.4.8

56 : SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
2 : Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
17.1.28

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)
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First Recorded Occurrence of Rosenbuschite

Year of Discovery:
1887
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Nepheline syenite pegmatite

Physical Properties of Rosenbuschite

Sub-Vitreous, Waxy, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Tannish brown to medium brown, grayish brown
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
5 - 6
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{010}, also {100} fair
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery
Density:
3.30 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.27 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Rosenbuschite

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.12Å, b = 11.37Å, c = 7.35Å
α = 90.63°, β = 100.75°, γ = 112.01°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.89 : 1 : 0.646
Z:
4
Morphology:
Rod-like irregular crystals, also fibrous; rarely in cavities; acicular crystals.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.96 (40)
3.06 (80)
2.94 (100)
2.63 (40)
2.48 (40)
2.20 (30)
1.89 (60)
1.82 (40)
Comments:
14-0447

Optical Data of Rosenbuschite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.678 nβ = 1.687 nγ = 1.705
2V:
Measured: 78° to 80°
Birefringence:
0.027
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
r >> v strong
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X,Y colorless, Z=yellow

Chemical Properties of Rosenbuschite

Formula:
(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)OF
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Electron microprobe. Sample from Langesundsfjorden, Norway. After Christiansen et al. (2003)
SiO2 (29.94)
TiO2 (4.56)
ZrO2 (19.66)
HfO2 (0.46)
Nb2O3 (1.35)
Ta2O3 (0.11)
MgO (0.06)
MnO (0.91)
FeO (0.50)
CaO (23.40)
SrO (0.14)
Na2O (9.16)
Y2O3 (1.00)
Ce2O3 (0.13)
F (7.15)
O=F -3.01
Total 95.84 Wt%

Common Impurities:
Ce,Fe,Mn

Relationship of Rosenbuschite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Calcian SeidozeriteNa8CaMn2+Zr3Ti3(Si2O7)4O4F4
GötzeniteNa2Ca5Ti(Si2O7)2F4
Grenmarite(Na,Ca)4(Mn,Na)(Zr,Mn)2(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
HainiteNa4Ca8(Ti,Zr,Mn)3(Si2O7)4F4
Kochite(Na,Ca)3Ca2(Mn,Ca)ZrTi(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
SeidozeriteNa8Mn22+Zr3Ti3(Si2O7)4O4F4
9.BE.02Wadsleyite(Mg,Fe2+)2(SiO4)
9.BE.05HennomartiniteSrMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05LawsoniteCaAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05NoelbensoniteBaMn23+(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.05ItoigawaiteSrAl2(Si2O7)(OH)2 · H2O
9.BE.07IlvaiteCaFe22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.07ManganilvaiteCa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.10SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2O
9.BE.12JaffeiteCa6(Si2O7)(OH)6
9.BE.15FresnoiteBa2Ti(Si2O7)O
9.BE.17BaghdaditeCa3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.17BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
9.BE.17CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17Janhaugite(Na,Ca)3(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(Ti,Zr,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
9.BE.17Låvenite(Na,Ca)2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17Niocalite(Ca,Nb)4(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17NormanditeNaCa(Mn,Fe)(Ti,Nb,Zr)(Si2O7)OF
9.BE.17WöhleriteNaCa2(Zr,Nb)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
9.BE.17Hiortdahlite INa4Ca8Zr2(Nb,Mn,Ti,Fe,Mg,Al)2(Si2O7)4O3F5
9.BE.17MarianoiteNa2Ca4(Nb,Zr)2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.20Mosandrite(◻,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4Ti(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4 · H2O
9.BE.20Nacareniobsite-(Ce)Na3Ca3(Ce,La,Nd)Nb(Si2O7)2OF3
9.BE.22GötzeniteNa2Ca5Ti(Si2O7)2F4
9.BE.22HainiteNa4Ca8(Ti,Zr,Mn)3(Si2O7)4F4
9.BE.22Kochite(Na,Ca)3Ca2(Mn,Ca)ZrTi(Si2O7)2(F,O)4
9.BE.23DovyreniteCa6Zr(Si2O7)2(OH)4
9.BE.25Barytolamprophyllite(Ba,Na)2(Na,Ti,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(OH,F)
9.BE.25EricssoniteBaMn22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.25Lamprophyllite(Sr,K,Ba)2(Na,Ti,Mn2+,Fe3+)4Ti2(Si2O7)2O(O,OH,F)
9.BE.25Ericssonite-2OBaMn22+Fe3+(Si2O7)O(OH)
9.BE.25SeidozeriteNa8Mn22+Zr3Ti3(Si2O7)4O4F4
9.BE.25NabalamprophylliteNa3(Ba,Na)2Ti3(Si2O7)2O2(OH,F)2
9.BE.25Grenmarite(Na,Ca)4(Mn,Na)(Zr,Mn)2(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.25SchülleriteBa2Na(Mn,Ca)(Fe3+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2(O,F)4
9.BE.25LileyiteBa2(Na,Fe,Ca)3MgTi2(Si2O7)2O2F2
9.BE.27MurmaniteNa2Ti2(Si2O7)O2 · 2H2O
9.BE.30EpistoliteNa2(Nb,Ti)2(Si2O7)O2 · nH2O
9.BE.32LomonosoviteNa5Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)O2
9.BE.35VuonnemiteNa11Ti4+Nb2(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O3(F,OH)
9.BE.37SoboleviteNa13Ca2Mn2Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4)4O3F3
9.BE.40InneliteNa2CaBa4Ti3(Si2O7)2(SO4)2O4
9.BE.40PhosphoinneliteNa3Ba4Ti3(Si2O7)2(PO4,SO4)2O2F
9.BE.42YoshimuraiteBa2Mn2Ti(Si2O7)(PO4)O(OH)
9.BE.45QuadruphiteNa14Ca2Ti4(Si2O7)2(PO4)2O2F
9.BE.47PolyphiteNa5(Na4Ca2)Ti2(Si2O7)(PO4)3O2F2
9.BE.50BornemaniteNa6BaTi2Nb(Si2O7)2(PO4)O2(OH)F
9.BE.50ShkatulkaliteNa10Mn2+Ti3Nb3(Si2O7)6(OH)2F · 12H2O
9.BE.55BafertisiteBa(Fe2+,Mn2+)2Ti(Si2O7)O(F,OH)2
9.BE.55HejtmaniteBa(Mn2+,Fe2+)2Ti(Si2O7)O(OH,F)
9.BE.55Bykovaite(Ba,Na,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(H2O,F,OH)2 · 3.5H2O
9.BE.55Nechelyustovite(Ba,Sr,K)2(Na,Ti,Mn)4(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O2(O,H2O,F)2 · 4.5H2O
9.BE.60Delindeite(Na,K)2(Ba,Ca)2(Ti,Fe,Al)3(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2 · 2H2O
9.BE.65BusseniteNa2Ba2Fe2+Ti(Si2O7)(CO3)(OH)3F
9.BE.67JinshajiangiteBaNaFe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
9.BE.67PerraultiteBaNaMn42+Ti2 (Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
9.BE.67SurkhobiteNaCaBa2Mn8Ti4(Si2O7)4O5F5
9.BE.70Karnasurtite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Th)(Ti,Nb)(Al,Fe)(Si2O7)(OH)4 · 3H2O
9.BE.70Perrierite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Strontiochevkinite(Sr,La,Ce,Ca)4Fe2+(Ti,Zr)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Chevkinite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Ca,Th)4(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe2+,Ti,Fe3+)2(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Polyakovite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr3+,Fe3+)2(Ti,Nb)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70RengeiteSr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70MatsubaraiteSr4Ti5(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Dingdaohengite-(Ce)(Ce,La)4Fe2+(Ti,Fe2+,Mg,Fe2+)2Ti2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Maoniupingite-(Ce)(Ce,Ca)4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,◻)(Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Perrierite-(La)(La,Ce,Ca)4(Fe,Mn2+,Mg)Fe23+(Ti,Fe3+)2(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70UKI-2008-(SiO:SrTiZr)Sr4ZrTi4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.70Hezuolinite(Sr,REE)4Zr(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O7)2O8
9.BE.72FersmaniteCa4(Na,Ca)4(Ti,Nb)4(Si2O7)2O8F3
9.BE.75BelkoviteBa3(Nb,Ti)6(Si2O7)2O12
9.BE.77NasonitePb6Ca4(Si2O7)3Cl2
9.BE.80KentrolitePb2Mn23+(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.80MelanotekitePb2Fe23+(Si2O7)O2
9.BE.82TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
9.BE.85KillalaiteCa6.4(H0.6Si2O7)2(OH)2
9.BE.87Stavelotite-(La)(La,Nd,Ca)3Mn32+Cu(Mn3+,Fe3+,Mn4+)26(Si2O7)6O5
9.BE.90Biraite-(Ce)Ce2Fe2+(Si2O7)(CO3)
9.BE.92Cervandonite-(Ce)(Ce,Nd,La)(Fe3+,Fe2+,Ti,Al)3O2(Si2O7)(As3+O3)(OH)
9.BE.95BatisiviteBaV83+Ti6(Si2O7)O22
17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10F
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6F
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
17.1.10Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
17.1.11Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
17.1.13CanasiteK2Na4Ca5(Si12O30(OH,F)4
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13(Si10O28)F10 · 6H2O
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
17.1.19Yuksporite(K,Ba)NaCa2(Si,Ti)4O11(F,OH) · H2O
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.21Mosandrite(◻,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4Ti(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4 · H2O
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa8Mn22+Zr3Ti3(Si2O7)4O4F4
17.1.25ThorosteenstrupineCaMnThSi4O11(OH)F · 6H2O
17.1.26Zircophyllite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe2+)7(Zr,Ti)2Si8O24(O,OH,F)7
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2
17.1.30SonoliteMn92+(SiO4)4(OH,F)2

Other Names for Rosenbuschite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:锆针钠钙石
Traditional Chinese:鋯針鈉鈣石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rosenbuschite

Reference List:
Brögger W C (1887): Forelöbig meddelelse om mineralerne på de sydnorske augit- og nefelinsyeniters grovkornige gange. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 9, 247-274

Shibaeva R P, Simonov V I, Belov N V (1963) Crystal structure of the Ca,Na,Zr,Ti silicate rosenbuschite, Ca3.5Na2.5Zr(Ti,Mn,Nb)[Si2O7]2F2O(F,O). Soviet Physics - Crystallography 8, 406-413

Soviet Physics – Crystallography: 8: 505-516.
Soviet Physics – Crystallography (1972): 16: 1026.

Christiansen, C.C., Johnsen, O., and Makovicky, E. (2003) Crystal chemistry of the rosenbuschite group. Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1203-1224.

Sokolova E (2006) From structure topology to chemical composition. I. Structural hierarchy and stereochemistry in titanium disilicate minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist 44, 1273-1330

Internet Links for Rosenbuschite

Localities for Rosenbuschite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
No reference listed
      • Poços de Caldas
TEIXEIRA, E.A. (1943) Zircônio em Poços de Caldas, Brazil Departamento Nacional da Produção Mineral, Divisão de Fomento da Produção Mineral, Boletim No. 55, 63 p. (in Portuguese)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Golden Mining Division
No reference listed
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Labrador
A. Kerr (2010) Rare-earth-element (REE) mineralization in Labrador: A review of known environments and the geological context of current exploration activity. Newfoundland and Labrador Department of Natural Resources Current Research 2010 pp 109-143
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Haute-Gaspésie RCM
Wallace et al. (1990) Can. Min. 28, 251; Wallace, G.M., Whalen, J.B. & Martin, R.F. (1990) Agpaitic and miaskitic nepheline syenites of the McGerrigle plutonic complex, Gaspé, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 251-266.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Guinea
 
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Moreau, C., Ohnenstetter, D., Demaiffe, D., & Robineau, B. (1996). The Los Archipelago nepheline syenite ring-structure; a magmatic marker of the evolution of the Central and Equatorial Atlantic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 34(2), 281-299.
Malawi
 
  • Balaka District
Orris, G.J., and Grauch, R.I. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-189.
Morocco
 
  • Meknès-Tafilalet Region
    • Khénifra Province
      • Tamazeght Mountain Range
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Langesundsfjorden
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp (p.198); Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Svein A.Berge observation 1992
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Hedrum
        • Lågendalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
      • Langesundsfjorden
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Knut Edvard Larsen collection, visually identified; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O., & Selbekk, R. S. (2010). Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. Journal of Petrology, 51(11), 2303-2325.
Svein A Berge collection; Knut Edvard collection # MM-2317
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp (p.151)
        • Barkevik area
Sven A. Berge Collection; Atle Michalsen Photo & collection
Brøgger, W.C. (1887): Foreløpig meddelelse om Mineralerne paa de sydnorske augit-og nefelinsyeniters grovkornige gange. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar 9, 247-274; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A. O. and Selbekk, R. S. (2010): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zirconium silicate mineral assemblages as indicators of alkalinity and volatile fugacity in mildly agpaitic magma. J. Petrology 51, 2303-2325.
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240p
Neumann, H. & Bergstøl, S. (1964): Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway No 25. Pyrophanite in the southern Part of the Oslo Area. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 44: 39-42; Andersen, T., Erambert, M., Larsen, A.O. & Selbekk, R.S. (2012): Petrology of nepheline syenite pegmatites in the Oslo Rift, Norway: Zr and Ti mineral assemblages in miaskitic and agpaitic pegmatites in the Larvik Plutonic Complex. Mineralogia Polonica. 43(2), 3- 34
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineral.16. 663 pp
        • Vesle Arøya
Brøgger, W.C. (1890): Die Mineralien der Syenitpegmatitgänge der südnorwegischen Augit-und Nephelinsyenite. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie und Mineralogie 16. p 462
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
        • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
            • Sirenevyi Kamen' Deposit
Konev, A.A., Vorob'yev, E.I., and Lazebnik, K.A. (1996) The Mineralogy of the Murun Massif. Russian Academy of Science Press, Siberian Branch, Novosbirsk, Russia (in Rus.)
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sangilen Upland
Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
          • Kukisvumchorr Mt
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Sweden
 
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Gränna
Törnebohm, A. (1906): Katapleitsyenit, en nyupptäkt varietet af nefelinsyenit i Sverige. Sveriges Geologiska Undersökning, C 199: 1-54; Thulin, H. (1996): Norra Kärr. Litiofilen 13: 17-51
  • Uppland
    • Uppsala
      • Almunge
No reference listed
USA
 
  • New Hampshire
    • Carroll Co.
      • Moultonborough
Woolley, A.R. (1987), Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World
  • New Mexico
    • Colfax Co.
      • Springer
        • Point of Rocks Mesa (Pecks Mesa)
Rocks & Min.: 60:229.
    • Otero Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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