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Routhierite

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Pierre-Jean Routhier (1916-2008)
Formula:
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Violet-red
Hardness:
Name:
Named after Pierre-Jean Routhier (1916-2008), professor in applied geology at the Science Faculty of Paris (1961-1970) then research director at CNRS. A renowned figure of metallogeny and study of mineral deposits.
Isostructural with:
The mercury analogue of stalderite.

Classification of Routhierite

Approved
2.GA.40

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
3.4.11.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
5.5.6

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl
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First Recorded Occurrence of Routhierite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Year of Discovery:
1974

Physical Properties of Routhierite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Violet-red
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Routhierite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:
I4 2m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.9821(11) Å, c = 11.3122(12) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.133
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1127.2 ų
Z:
4

Chemical Properties of Routhierite

Formula:
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ag,Zn

Relationship of Routhierite to other Species

2.GA.05ProustiteAg3AsS3
2.GA.05PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
2.GA.10PyrostilpniteAg3SbS3
2.GA.10XanthoconiteAg3AsS3
2.GA.15SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6
2.GA.20SkinneriteCu3SbS3
2.GA.20WitticheniteCu3BiS3
2.GA.25LapieiteNiCuSbS3
2.GA.25MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3
2.GA.25MalyshevitePdCuBiS3
2.GA.25LisiguangitePtCuBiS3
2.GA.30AktashiteCu6Hg3As4S12
2.GA.30GruzdeviteCu6Hg3Sb4S12
2.GA.30NowackiiteCu6Zn3As4S12
2.GA.35LaffittiteAgHgAsS3
2.GA.40StalderiteTl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)2(As,Sb)2S6
2.GA.45ErniggliiteTl2SnAs2S6
2.GA.50BournonitePbCuSbS3
2.GA.50SeligmannitePbCuAsS3
2.GA.50SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3
5.5.1LoránditeTlAsS2
5.5.2EllisiteTl3AsS3
5.5.3ImhofiteTl5.8As15.4S26
5.5.4SimoniteTlHgAs3S6
5.5.6ChristiteTlHgAsS3
5.5.7HutchinsoniteTlPbAs5S9
5.5.8Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5
5.5.9BernarditeTl(As,Sb)5S8
5.5.10VrbaiteTl4Hg3Sb2As8S20
5.5.11RebuliteTl5Sb5As8S22
5.5.12GillulyiteTl2(As,Sb)8S13
5.5.13WeissbergiteTlSbS2
5.5.14Rohaite(Tl,Pb,K)2Cu8.7Sb2S4
5.5.15VaughaniteTlHgSb4S7
5.5.16ChalcothalliteTl2(Cu,Fe)6SbS4
5.5.17PierrotiteTl2Sb6As4S16
5.5.18ParapierrotiteTl(Sb,As)5S8
5.5.19CriddleiteTlAg2Au3Sb10S10
5.5.20ChabournéiteTl21-xPb2x(Sb,As)91-xS147 (x = 0-17.5)

Other Names for Routhierite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Routhierit
Simplified Chinese:硫砷汞铊矿
Spanish:Routhierita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Routhierite

Reference List:
JOHAN, Z., MANTIENNE, J. & PICOT, R. (1974): La routhiérite, TlHgAsS3, et la laffittite, AgHgAsS3, deux nouvelles espèces minérales, Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral., 97, 48-53.

American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 947.

American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 935-936.

Bindi, L. (2008): Routhierite, Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6. Acta Crystallographica, C64, i95-i96.

Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).

Internet Links for Routhierite

Localities for Routhierite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
M. Bonnemaison, J. Delair, F. Tollon, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 81-84.
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1974) 97, 48-53; American Mineralogist, Volume 68, pages 235-244, 1983
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Stazzema
          • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
C. Biagioni, E. Bonaccorsi, Y. Moëlo, P. Orlandi & W. Paar (2011): Monte Arsiccio mine: The first thallium ore in Apuan Alps. Plinius 37, 401; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Roszdan
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnoturjinsk (Bogolovsk; Krasnotur'insk; Krasnoturyinsk)
          • Turya river
            • Turjinsk
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mineral and/or Locality  
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