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Routhiérite

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Formula:
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)
 
2
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
6
System:TetragonalColour:Violet-red
Hardness:
Name:
Named after Pierre-Jean Routhier (1916-2008), professor in applied geology at the Science Faculty of Paris (1961-1970) then research director at CNRS. A renowned figure of metallogeny and study of mineral deposits.
Isostructural with:Stalderite


The mercury analogue of stalderite.

Classification of Routhiérite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.12-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.GA.40

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
A : Neso-sulfarsenites, etc. without additional S
Dana 8th edition ID:3.4.11.1

3 : SULFOSALTS
4 : ø = 3
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.5.6

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
5 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Tl
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Type Occurrence of Routhiérite

Type Locality:Jas Roux, La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar, Hautes-Alpes, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France
Place of Conservation of Type Material:

Red is Routhierite; Collection : National School of Mines of Paris
Year of Discovery:1974

Physical Properties of Routhiérite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Violet-red
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Routhiérite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4 2m - Scalenohedral
Space Group:I4 2m
Cell Parameters:a = 9.9821(11) Å, c = 11.3122(12) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.133
Unit Cell Volume:V 1127.2 ų
Z:4

Chemical Properties of Routhiérite

Formula:
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)
 
2
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
6
Simplified for copy/paste:Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6
Essential elements:As, Cu, Hg, S, Tl
All elements listed in formula:Ag, As, Cu, Hg, S, Sb, Tl, Zn
Common Impurities:Ag,Zn

Relationship of Routhiérite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.GA.05Proustite
Ag
 
3
AsS
 
3
2.GA.05Pyrargyrite
Ag
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.10Pyrostilpnite
Ag
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.10Xanthoconite
Ag
 
3
AsS
 
3
2.GA.15Samsonite
Ag
 
4
MnSb
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.20Skinnerite
Cu
 
3
SbS
 
3
2.GA.20Wittichenite
Cu
 
3
BiS
 
3
2.GA.25Lapieite
NiCuSbS
 
3
2.GA.25Mückeite
NiCu(Bi,Sb)S
 
3
2.GA.25Malyshevite
PdCuBiS
 
3
2.GA.25Lisiguangite
PtCuBiS
 
3
2.GA.30Aktashite
Cu
 
6
Hg
 
3
As
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.30Gruzdevite
Cu
 
6
Hg
 
3
Sb
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.30Nowackiite
Cu
 
6
Zn
 
3
As
 
4
S
 
12
2.GA.35Laffittite
AgHgAsS
 
3
2.GA.40Stalderite
Tl(Cu,Ag)(Zn,Fe,Hg)
 
2
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.45Erniggliite
Tl
 
2
SnAs
 
2
S
 
6
2.GA.50Bournonite
PbCuSbS
 
3
2.GA.50Seligmannite
PbCuAsS
 
3
2.GA.50Součekite
PbCuBi(S,Se)
 
3
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.5.1Lorándite
TlAsS
 
2
5.5.2Ellisite
Tl
 
3
AsS
 
3
5.5.3Imhofite
Tl
 
6
CuAs
 
16
S
 
40
5.5.4Simonite
TlHgAs
 
3
S
 
6
5.5.6Christite
TlHgAsS
 
3
5.5.7Hutchinsonite
TlPbAs
 
5
S
 
9
5.5.8Wallisite
(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5
5.5.9Bernardite
Tl(As,Sb)
 
5
S
 
8
5.5.10Vrbaite
Tl
 
4
Hg
 
3
Sb
 
2
As
 
8
S
 
20
5.5.11Rebulite
Tl
 
5
Sb
 
5
As
 
8
S
 
22
5.5.12Gillulyite
Tl
 
2
(As,Sb)
 
8
S
 
13
5.5.13Weissbergite
TlSbS
 
2
5.5.14Rohaite
(Tl,Pb,K)
 
2
Cu
 
8.7
Sb
 
2
S
 
4
5.5.15Vaughanite
TlHgSb
 
4
S
 
7
5.5.16Chalcothallite
Tl
 
2
(Cu,Fe)
 
6
SbS
 
4
5.5.17Pierrotite
Tl
 
2
Sb
 
6
As
 
4
S
 
16
5.5.18Parapierrotite
Tl(Sb,As)
 
5
S
 
8
5.5.19Criddleite
TlAg
 
2
Au
 
3
Sb
 
10
S
 
10
5.5.20Chabournéite
Tl
 
21-x
Pb
 
2x
(Sb,As)
 
91-x
S
 
147
(x = 0-17.5)

Other Names for Routhiérite

Synonyms:
IMA1973-030
Other Languages:
German:Routhierit
Simplified Chinese:硫砷汞铊矿
Spanish:Routhierita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Routhiérite

Reference List:

- +
JOHAN, Z., MANTIENNE, J. & PICOT, R. (1974): La routhiérite, TlHgAsS3, et la laffittite, AgHgAsS3, deux nouvelles espèces minérales, Bull. Soc. fr. Minéral., 97, 48-53.

American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 947.

American Mineralogist (1990): 75: 935-936.

Bindi, L. (2008): Routhierite, Tl(Cu,Ag)(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S6. Acta Crystallographica, C64, i95-i96.

Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).

Internet Links for Routhiérite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Routhierite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Routhiérite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Bomby Township
    Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
    M. Bonnemaison, J. Delair, F. Tollon, Chron. Rech. Min., N° 486, 1987, pp 81-84.
    France
     
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar
    Bull.Soc.fr.Min.Crist.(1974) 97, 48-53; American Mineralogist, Volume 68, pages 235-244, 1983
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Stazzema
            • Sant'Anna di Stazzema
    C. Biagioni, E. Bonaccorsi, Y. Moëlo, P. Orlandi & W. Paar (2011): Monte Arsiccio mine: The first thallium ore in Apuan Alps. Plinius 37, 401; Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Moëlo, Y., Orlandi, P. (2012): Sb-rich routhierite from Monte Arsiccio mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy): occurrence and crystal structure. European Mineralogical Conference Vol. 1, EMC2012-30 (abs.).
    Republic of Macedonia
     
    • Roszdan
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Russia
     
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Krasnoturjinsk (Bogolovsk; Krasnotur'insk; Krasnoturyinsk)
            • Turya river
              • Turjinsk
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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