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Rouvilleite

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Formula:
Na
 
3
(Ca,Mn,Fe)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
System:MonoclinicColour:Colorless to pale tan
Hardness:3
Name:Named after its discovery locality, the Poudrette Quarry, Mont Saint-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada.
This page provides mineralogical data about Rouvilleite.

Classification of Rouvilleite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/C.06-25
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.BC.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
C : With alkali-earth cations
Dana 8th edition ID:16a.5.5.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:12.1.3

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides
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Type Occurrence of Rouvilleite

Type Locality:Poudrette quarry (Demix quarry; Uni-Mix quarry; Desourdy quarry; Carrière Mont Saint-Hilaire), Mont Saint-Hilaire, La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM, Montérégie, Québec, Canada
Year of Discovery:1991

Physical Properties of Rouvilleite

Lustre:Vitreous, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Colorless to pale tan
Hardness (Mohs):3

Crystallography of Rouvilleite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 8.04Å, b = 15.81Å, c = 7.03Å
β = 101.16°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.509 : 1 : 0.445
Unit Cell Volume:V 876.70 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Rouvilleite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.472 nβ = 1.562 nγ = 1.569
2V:Measured: 25° to 30°, Calculated: 28°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.097

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Rouvilleite

Formula:
Na
 
3
(Ca,Mn,Fe)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
Simplified for copy/paste:Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
Essential elements:C, Ca, F, Na, O
All elements listed in formula:C, Ca, F, Fe, Mn, Na, O

Relationship of Rouvilleite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.BC.05Brenkite
Ca
 
2
(CO
 
3
)F
 
2
5.BC.15Podlesnoite
BaCa
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
12.1.1Northupite
Na
 
3
Mg(CO
 
3
)
 
2
Cl
12.1.2Barentsite
Na
 
7
Al(HCO
 
3
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
4
12.1.4Chlormagaluminite
Mg
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
Cl
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
12.1.5Defernite
Ca
 
6
(CO
 
3
)
 
2-x
(SiO
 
4
)
 
x
(OH)
 
7
(Cl,OH)
 
1-2x
(x<0.5)
12.1.6Brenkite
Ca
 
2
(CO
 
3
)F
 
2
12.1.7Stenonite
(Sr,Ba,Na)
 
2
Al(CO
 
3
)F
 
5
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)
(La,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)
(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)F
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Ce,La)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
 
2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)
Ca(Ce,La)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)
Ca(Y,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)
Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)
Ca
 
2
(Ce,La)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)
NaBaCe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
F
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)
BaCe(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)
Ba
 
2
Ce(CO
 
3
)
 
3
F
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)
Ba
 
3
Ce
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
F
 
2
12.1.22Thorbastnäsite
Th(Ca,Ce)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
F
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
12.1.23Phosgenite
Pb
 
2
CO
 
3
Cl
 
2
12.1.24Barstowite
Pb
 
4
Cl
 
6
(CO
 
3
) · H
 
2
O
12.1.25Albrechtschraufite
Ca
 
4
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
6
F
 
2
· 17-18H
 
2
O
12.1.26Kettnerite
CaBiCO
 
3
OF

Other Names for Rouvilleite

Synonyms:
IMA1989-050Unnamed (MSH UK-62)
Other Languages:
German:Rouvilleit
Russian:Рувиллит
Spanish:Rouvilleita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rouvilleite

Reference List:

- +
McDonald,A.M., Chao, G.Y. and Ramik, R.A. (1991), Rouvilleite, a new sodium calcium fluorocarbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 29, 107-112.
KHOMYAKOV, A.P., POLEZHAEVA, L.I., ROGACHEV, D.L., YAMNOVA, N.A., and PUSHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1991) New natural fluorocarbonate Na2Ca(Mn,Ca)(CO3)3F, from the Lovozero alkaline massif. (Rouvilleite) Geologia, 1991, No. 1, 85 88. (in Russian).
YAMNOVA, N.A., PUSHAROVSKY, D.Yu., KHOMYAKOV, A.P. and VYATKIN, S.V. (1991) Crystallographic structure of the natural fluorocarbonate Na3Ca(Mn,Ca)(CO3)3F. [Rouvillite] Kristallografia, 36, 30 33. (in Russian)

Internet Links for Rouvilleite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Rouvilleite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Rouvilleite on Webmineral
  • Look for Rouvilleite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Rouvilleite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project[Link Broken?]
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database[Link Broken?]
  • Rouvilleite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)[Link Broken?]
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
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  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
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  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • Find Rouvilleite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Rouvilleite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Localities for Rouvilleite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    McDonald,A.M., Chao, G.Y. and Ramik, R.A. (1991), Rouvilleite, a new sodium calcium fluorocarbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 107-112.
    Namibia
     
    • Kunene Region
      • Damaraland District
        • Kalkfeld
    American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Lovozero Massif
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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