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Rouvilleite

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Formula:
Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colorless to pale tan
Hardness:
3
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Poudrette Quarry, Mont Saint-Hilaire, Rouville Co., Québec, Canada.
This page provides mineralogical data about Rouvilleite.

Classification of Rouvilleite

Approved
5.BC.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
C : With alkali-earth cations
16a.5.5.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
5 : Miscellaneous
12.1.3

12 : Carbonates with other anions
1 : Carbonates with halides
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http://www.mindat.org/min-3465.html
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Type Occurrence of Rouvilleite

Year of Discovery:
1991

Physical Properties of Rouvilleite

Vitreous, Waxy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Colorless to pale tan
Hardness (Mohs):
3

Crystallography of Rouvilleite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.04Å, b = 15.81Å, c = 7.03Å
β = 101.16°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.509 : 1 : 0.445
Unit Cell Volume:
V 876.70 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Rouvilleite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.472 nβ = 1.562 nγ = 1.569
2V:
Measured: 25° to 30°, Calculated: 28°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.097
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Rouvilleite

Formula:
Na3(Ca,Mn,Fe)2(CO3)3F
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Rouvilleite to other Species

12.1.1NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2Cl
12.1.2BarentsiteNa7Al(HCO3)2(CO3)2F4
12.1.4ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
12.1.5DeferniteCa6(CO3)2-x(SiO4)x(OH)7(Cl,OH)1-2x (x<0.5)
12.1.6BrenkiteCa2(CO3)F2
12.1.7Stenonite(Sr,Ba,Na)2Al(CO3)F5
12.1.8Bastnäsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)(CO3)F
12.1.9Bastnäsite-(La)(La,Ce)(CO3)F
12.1.10Bastnäsite-(Y)(Y,Ce)(CO3)F
12.1.11Parisite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.12Parisite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Ce,La)2(CO3)3F2
12.1.13Synchysite-(Ce)Ca(Ce,La)(CO3)2F
12.1.14Synchysite-(Y)Ca(Y,Ce)(CO3)2F
12.1.15Synchysite-(Nd)Ca(Nd,Y,Gd)(CO3)2F
12.1.16Röntgenite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,La)3(CO3)5F3
12.1.17Cordylite-(Ce)NaBaCe2(CO3)4F
12.1.19Huanghoite-(Ce)BaCe(CO3)2F
12.1.20Zhonghuacerite-(Ce)Ba2Ce(CO3)3F
12.1.21Cebaite-(Ce)Ba3Ce2(CO3)5F2
12.1.22ThorbastnäsiteTh(Ca,Ce)(CO3)2F2 · 3H2O
12.1.23PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
12.1.24BarstowitePb4Cl6(CO3) · H2O
12.1.25AlbrechtschraufiteCa4Mg(UO2)2(CO3)6F2 · 17-18H2O
12.1.26KettneriteCaBiCO3OF

Other Names for Rouvilleite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rouvilleite

Reference List:
McDonald,A.M., Chao, G.Y. and Ramik, R.A. (1991), Rouvilleite, a new sodium calcium fluorocarbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 29, 107-112.
KHOMYAKOV, A.P., POLEZHAEVA, L.I., ROGACHEV, D.L., YAMNOVA, N.A., and PUSHAROVSKY, D.Yu. (1991) New natural fluorocarbonate Na2Ca(Mn,Ca)(CO3)3F, from the Lovozero alkaline massif. (Rouvilleite) Geologia, 1991, No. 1, 85 88. (in Russian).
YAMNOVA, N.A., PUSHAROVSKY, D.Yu., KHOMYAKOV, A.P. and VYATKIN, S.V. (1991) Crystallographic structure of the natural fluorocarbonate Na3Ca(Mn,Ca)(CO3)3F. [Rouvillite] Kristallografia, 36, 30 33. (in Russian)

Internet Links for Rouvilleite

Localities for Rouvilleite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada (TL)
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
McDonald,A.M., Chao, G.Y. and Ramik, R.A. (1991), Rouvilleite, a new sodium calcium fluorocarbonate mineral from Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist: 29: 107-112.
Namibia
 
  • Kunene Region
    • Damaraland District
      • Kalkfeld
American Mineralogist, Vol. 84, pp. 1117-1125, 1999.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Lovozero Massif
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mineral and/or Locality  
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