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Rubellite

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A variety of Tourmaline

A red gemmy Li-rich and more or less (Fe+Mg)-free variety of Tourmaline (primarily Elbaite, but may also be Olenite or Liddicoatite).

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Rubellite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Rubellite

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Other Names for Rubellite

Synonyms:
Aphrite (of ?)ApyriteRubeliteRubylite
Other Languages:
German:Apyrit
Rubelit
Rubellit
Simplified Chinese:红电气石
红碧玺
Spanish:Apyrita
Rubelita
Rubellita
Ukrainian:Рубеліт

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rubellite

Reference List:

- +
Klaproth, M.H. (1810): Untersuchung des Rubellites aus Mähren, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Fünfter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 86-90

Kurylenko, C. (1949) Contribution a l'étude de la rubellite. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 72: 319-321.

Internet Links for Rubellite

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  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Specimens:The following Rubellite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Rubellite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]
      • Chapa Dara District
      • Dara-i-Pech District (Pech District)
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Nangarhar Province (Ningarhar Province)
      • Surkh Rod District
        • Surkh-Rod (Surk-Rod) pegmatite field
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
      • Kamdesh District
    Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
    Argentina
     
    Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, Industria y Minería. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
      • Tafí del Valle Department
    Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
    Australia
     
    • Western Australia
      • Port Hedland Shire
        • Wallareenya Station
    Graham Myerson
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Wachau
        • Spitz
          • Miesling valley
    Ertl, A. (1995): Elbait, Olenit, Dravit-Buergerit-Mischkristalle, Dravit, Uvit und ein neuer Al-Turmalin (?) von österreichischen Fundstellen. - Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 140, 55-72.
      • Waldviertel
        • Weinzierl am Walde
    Ertl, A. (1995): Elbait, Olenit, Dravit-Buergerit-Mischkristalle, Dravit, Uvit und ein neuer Al-Turmalin (?) von österreichischen Fundstellen. - Mitt. Österr. Miner. Ges., 140, 55-72.
    ERTL, A. (1995): Elbait, Olenit und Dravit aus Maigen bei Weinzierl am Walde, Niederösterreich
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • Conselheiro Pena
    Lallemant, A. (1978): What's new in Minerals ?: New Tourmaline discovery in Brazil. Mineralogical Record. 9 (5): 298-299
    [www.johnbetts-fineminerals.com]; Wilson, W E (2012) Famous Mimeral localities: The Jonas Mine, Itatiaia, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Mineralogical Record 43:289-317.
        • Itambacuri
        • São José da Safira
      • Jequitinhonha Valley
        • Coronel Murta
          • Barra de Salinas
    Rock Currier
        • Itinga
          • Monte Belo
    [MinRec 12:74]
          • Taquaral
            • Piauí Valley
    Quéméneur, J., & Lagache, M. (1999). Comparative study of two pegmatitic fields from Minas Gerais, Brazil, using rubidium and cesium content of the micas and feldspars. Brazilian Journal of Geology, 29(1), 27-32.
        • Malacacheta district
    Basílio, M. S., Pedrosa-Soares, A. C., & Jordt-Evangelista, H. (2013). Depósitos de alexandrita de Malacacheta, Minas Gerais. Revista Geonomos, 8(1)
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
        • Mogok Township
          • Pein-Pyit (Painpyit; Pyan Pyit)
    Ted Themelis (2008) Gems & mines of Mogok
        • Singu Township
          • Letpanhla
            • Male (Marle; Marla)
    R Bottrill collection
    • Shan State
      • Kyaukme District
    Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:253
          • Molo quarter
            • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
    Andreas Ertl, John M. Hughes, Stefan Prowatke, Thomas Ludwig, Franz Brandstätter, Wilfried Körner, and M. Darby Dyar (2007): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in Li-bearing olenite from “mushroom” tourmaline from Momeik, Myanmar. Can. Mineral. 45, 891-899.
    Canada
     
    • Manitoba
      • Lac-du-Bonnet area
        • Bernic Lake
    CanRockhound (Fall, 1997); Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 11,pp.591-608 (1972)
    • Nunavut Territory
      • Kitikmeot Region
        • Bathurst Inlet
    P.B. Tomascak, M.A. Wise, P. Cerni, and D.L. Trueman (1994) Reconnaissance studies of four pegmatite populations in the Northwest Territories. pp 33-62. in W.D. Sinclair and D.G. Richardson eds. Studies Of Rare-Metal Deposits In The Northwest Territories. Geological Survey Of Canada Bulletin 475
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • Lilypad Lakes pegmatites
          • Ferguson Lake Area
    J.C. Pedersen (2000) Report on 2000 Winter Diamond Drill Program Lilypad Lakes Tantalum - Cesium Property. Assessment File
          • Opikeigan Lake Area
    Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 369-384.; J.C. Pedersen (2000) Report on 2000 Winter Diamond Drill Program Lilypad Lakes Tantalum - Cesium Property. Assessment File
      • Leeds and Grenville Co.
        • Bastard Township
    China
     
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Ji'an Prefecture
        • Suichuan Co.
    Yunhuai Lin and Shiyang Chen (1985): Geology and Prospecting 21(3), 23-31
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    Kutina J. (1944): Nové nálezy nerostů na Říčansku a Jílovsku. Věda přírodní, č. 2, s. 33-41.
      • South Bohemia Region
        • Český Krumlov
    Welser, P. et al.: Lithný pegmatit Nová Ves. Minerál, Special volume, 2007, roč. 15.
        • Písek
    Historic mineral collection National museum of Czech Republic
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • South Moravia Region
        • Tišnov
          • Drahonín
    Černý, P.: Lithný pegmatit od Drahonína. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, Vědy přírodní, 1960, 45, 53-55.
      • Vysočina Region
    Novák M., Mazuch J. (1987): Nový lithný pegmatit z Dolní Rožínky. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. nat., 72, 257-258.
        • Hrotovice
          • Biskupice
    Rieder, M., Huka, M., Kučerová, D., Minařík, L., Obermajer, J., and Povondra, P. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 27, 131-158.
    Nemec, D. (1989): Chemical composition of tourmalines in pegmatites of the Jihlava massif (western Moravia, Czechoslovakia). Chemie der Erde 49, 317-340.
    Staněk, J.: Příspěvky k mineralogii některých západomoravských pegmatitů. Časopis Moravského musea v Brně, 1952, roč. 37, s. 112-125.
    Nemec, D. (1982): A pegmatite with lithium mineralization at Radonin, western Moravia. Chemie der Erde 41, 241-253 (in German).
    Novák, M.: Bór obsahující minerály z granitických pegmatitů moldanubika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 164-169.
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
    Sekanina, J.: Nerosty moravských pegmatitů. Časopis Moravského zemského musea, 1929-1930, sv. 26-27, s. 113-224.
    Novák, M., Houzar, S., Pfeiferová, A.: Přehled mineralogie, petrografie a historie klasické lokality lepidolitového pegmatitu v Rožné u Bystřice nad Pernštejnem, západní Morava. Acta Musei Moraviae, Sci. geol., 83:3-48.
    P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
    P. Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.
          • Strážek (Straschkau)
    Koudelka, L.: Nález jednoho z největších krystalovaných rubelitů v Československu. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1978, roč. 23, č. 2, s. 213.
        • Želetava
    Sekanina, J.: Nerosty moravských pegmatitů. Časopis Moravského zemského musea, 1929-1930, sv. 26-27, s. 113-224.
    Sekanina J.: Nerosty moravských pegmatitů. Časopis Moravského zemského musea, 1929-1930, sv. 26-27, str. 113-224.
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Seinäjoki
        • Peräseinäjoki
    Haapala, I. (1966): On the granitic pegmatites in the Peräseinäjoki-Alavus area, South Pohjanmaa, Finland. Bulletin de la commission géologique de Finland 224, 98p.
    France
     
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Ambazac
        • Saint-Sylvestre
    Aufschluss 1974(3), 193-197
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Tarn
        • Castelnau-de-Brassac
    J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF; Gayraud et al., 2012
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Lower Bavaria
        • Böbrach
    Grimm, M.C. (1991): Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Pegmatite im Bayerischen Wald, 2: die Verbandsverhältnisse des Turmalinpegmatits Maisried bei Böbrach/Bayerischer Wald. Aufschluss, 42 (3), 179-192.
    • Saxony
      • Chemnitz
        • Penig
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001, 146
      • Erzgebirge
        • Ehrenfriedersdorf
          • Geyer
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Marienberg District
    H. Vollstädt, R. Baumgärtel: "Einheimische Edelsteine", 2nd. ed., Steinkopff (Dresden), 1977
    India
     
    • Madhya Pradesh
      • Jabalpur Division
    Richard M. Pearl: "Minerals of India", Mineral Digest, vol. 2.
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Elba Island
          • Campo nell'Elba
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Ibaraki Prefecture
          • Hitachiohta City
    Alfredo Petrov collection
    • Kyushu Region
      • Fukuoka Prefecture
    Dr. Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at Geological Survey museum, Japan)
    Madagascar
     
    • Antananarivo Province
      • Vakinankaratra Region
        • Betafo District
          • Ambohimanambola Commune
    Wilson, W.E. (1989) The Anjanabonoina pegmatite, Madagascar. Mineralogical Record 20: 191-200
          • Andrembesoa Commune
            • FKT Antsentsindrano
    Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur quelques minéraux des pegmatites du Vakinankaratra (Madagascar). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, Paris 35 , 76-84
            • Tetezantsio-Andoabatokely Pegmatite Field
    Robert Bosi photo & specimen, photo id 453778
    Duparc, L., Wunder, M., Sabot, R. (1910): Les minéraux des pegmatites des environs d´Antsirabe á Madagscar. Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Geneve, 36, 3, 283-407
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Gratacap, L. P. (1916): Some minerals from Madagascar as described in prof. A Lacroix's Mineralogie de France et ses colonies. American Mineralogist, 1: 17-34
        • Sahatany Pegmatite Field (Mt Ibity area)
          • Manandona Valley
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Arliguie M. photo and specimen
    Rakotoarison, W. (1964): Les pegmatites de la Sahatany. Archive du Service Géologique Madagascar. A.1983, p.1-39.
    Rakotoarison, W. (1964): Les pegmatites de la Sahatany. Archive du Service Géologique Madagascar. A.1983, p.1-39
    Rakotoarison, W. (1964): Les pegmatites de la Sahatany. Archive du Service Géologique Madagascar. A.1983, pp.1-39.
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Rakotoarison, W. (1964): Les pegmatites de la Sahatany. Archive du Service Géologique Madagascar. A.1983, p.1-39.
    Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur une nouvelle espèce minérale (manandonite) des pegmatites de Madagascar. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, 35, 223-226
    Lacroix, A. (1912): Sur quelques minéraux des pegmatites du Vakinankaratra (Madagascar). Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie, Paris 35 , 76-84
    Rakotoarison, W. (1964): Les pegmatites de la Sahatany. Archive du Service Géologique Madagascar. A.1983, p.1-39
    Rakotoarison, W. (1964): Les pegmatites de la Sahatany. Archive du Service Géologique Madagascar. A. 1983, 39p
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Amoron'i Mania Region
        • Ambatofinandrahana District
          • Fenoarivo Commune
    Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive. p. 56
        • Ambositra District
          • Ilaka Centre Commune
            • Col des Tapias
    Behier, J. (1960): Travaux mineralogiques. In Besaire, H. (ed): Rapport Annuel du Service Geologique pour 1960. Republique Madagascar, Tananarive. 181-199
        • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
          • Ambatofinandrahana District
    Behier, J. (1960): Contribution á la mineralogie de Madagascar. Annales Géologiques de Madagascar XXIX, Tananarive, p 13
      • Matsiatra Region
        • Ivohibato Alakamisy-Itenina District
    Mozambique
     
    • Zambezia Province
      • Alto Ligonha District
    Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1964, LXXXVII, p. 553-556.
    Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1964, LXXXVII, p. 553-556.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Otjua Farm 37
    Rob Lavinsky photo
    • Karas Region
      • Karasburg District
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 384 pp. (in English)
    Nepal
     
    • Kosi Zone (Koshi Zone)
      • Sankhuwasabha District (Sankhuwa Sahba; Shankuwa-Sava)
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    Nigeria
     
    • Oyo State
    Rob Lavinsky
    North Korea
     
    • South Hamgyong Province
      • Munchon-gun
        • Pungha-myon
    Shibata, H.: Lithia mica deposits in Korea with special reference to spodumene and amblygonite. (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, University of Tokyo Press, 1969; pp 158-168)
    Pakistan
     
    • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
      • Baltistan
        • Skardu District
    Luigi Matei photo
    Portugal
     
    • Guarda District
      • Guarda
    Rui Nunes collection
    Pedro Alves collection. Fuchs, A., Fuchs, R.: Rosaroter Elbait aus der Serra de Estrela, Portugal, Lapis vol.39, 03/2014, 12-20
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Krasnyi Chikoy
            • Malkhan pegmatite field (Malchan; "Malechansk")
    [Lapis 1993:1 p13-15]
    [MinRec 32:44]
    International Geological Congress (2008) MRD-06 The Sosedka gem tourmaline-rich mine: Emplacement of extremely chemically heterogeneous pegmatite-forming medium
          • Menza District
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
          • Sarapulka District (Murzinka)
    Van King
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Plast
            • Kochkar' District
              • Svetlyi
    Igor Savin's data
    South Korea
     
    • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
      • Chechon-gun
        • Hansu-myon
    Kinosaki, Y. (1942) Miscelaneous Reports of the Geological Survey, Government-General of Korea, no. 11, 35.
    • Gyeonggi-do (Kyonggi-do)
      • Kapyong-gun
        • Nam-myon
          • Homyong-ni
    Shibata, H.: Lithia mica deposits in Korea with special reference to spodumene and amblygonite. (in: Geology and Mineral Resources of the Far East, University of Tokyo Press, 1969; pp 158-168)
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Málaga
        • Estepona
    Utrera, C., Calvo, M. and Viñals, J. (2008). Turmalinas y granates de Estepona y Cártama, Málaga. Revista de Minerales, (2008-1), 40-43; Romero Silva, JC (2003). Minerales y Rocas de la provincia de Málaga. Edited by Cedma. Malaga County Council 318 pg. 1 map
    • Catalonia
      • Girona (Gerona)
        • Alt Empordà
          • Cadaqués
    Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.
    Sri Lanka
     
    • Sabaragamuwa Province
      • Ratnapura District
        • Ratnapura
    Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
    Sweden
     
    • Lappland
      • Gällivare
        • Leipojärvi
    Augsten, R. (2008): Pegmatite in Lappland: Rubellit aus Suorravaara. Lapis, 33 (3), 29-32.
    • Norrbotten
      • Piteå
    No reference listed
    • Västerbotten
      • Skellefteå
    Colleen Thomson Photo & specimen
    Tajikistan
     
    • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
      • Pamir Mts
        • Rangkul' Highlands
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Redruth
            • Treleigh Wood Mine
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Devon
        • Okehampton area (Northern Dartmoor)
    http://www.mineralman.f9.co.uk/quarries/meldon.htm; Peter G. Embrey (1978) Fourth Supplementary List of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine 42:169-177
    USA
     
    • California
      • Fresno Co.
        • Kings Canyon National Park
          • Mount Goddard
    Bradley, W.W. (1916b), Fresno and Kings Counties: California Mining Bureau. Report 14: 439; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 370.
      • Riverside Co.
        • Cahuilla District
          • Cahuilla
            • Cahuilla Mountain (Coahuila Mtn)
    Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: p. 121-22.
    Geffner, P. and Fisher, J. (1997) Recent Work at the Lithia Dyke Claim, Cahuilla Mountain, Riverside County, California. Rocks & Minerals, 72 (3): pp. 156-161.
            • Juan Diego Flat
    Laurano, A. F., Jr. (1991) Rainbow mine (Juan Diego) case files, 1988 thru 1991: unpublished.
          • Sage
            • Red Mountain
    Rynerson, F. 1967. Exploring and Mining Gems & Gold in the West; Ch. 7, p.47; Ch. 14, p. 118-120: Naturegraph Publishers, Inc., Happy Camp, California.
          • Thomas Mountain [town]
            • Thomas Mountain
    Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau Bulletin 37: p. 21, 122-123, 171 p.
        • Jurupa Mts
          • Jurupa
    Anonymous (1955), World news on mineral occurrences: Rocks & Minerals: 30: 141-142; Cooney, R.L. (1956), The mineralogy of the Jensen and Henshaw quarries near Riverside, California: Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of California at Los Angeles: 16; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 503.
      • San Diego Co.
        • Aguanga Mountain District (Smith Mountain District)
          • Oak Grove
            • Aguanga Mountain
    Fisher, J. 2002. Gem and rare-element pegmatites of southern California. Mineralogical Record 33(5): 371-373.
    Ware, J. W. (1935) Gem Mining in San Diego Co., California: Precious Blue Topaz; Gems & Gemology, Vol. I, No. 8, March-April, pages 218-219; 240pp.
        • Banner District
          • Rodriguez Canyon
    Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 188.
        • Mesa Grande District
          • Gem Hill
    Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 100.
    Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 104.
    Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37; pages 133-135.
    Mesa Grande Tourmaline & Gem Company 1906. Do It Now!! Buy Tourmaline Stock; The Pacific Monthly, Advertisement Section, January 1906. The Pacific Monthly Publishing Co.; Portland, Oregon.
    Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 110.
          • Mesa Grande
    Kunz, George Frederick (1905a), Gems, jewelers’ materials, and ornamental stones of California: California Division Mines Bulletin 37, p. 136-137.
        • Pala District
          • Pala
            • Chief Mountain
              • Elizabeth R. Mine (Hazel W. claim)
    Mauthner, M. H. F. (2011), Recent Updates from the Oceanview Mine. The Vug quarterly magazine 4(1): 41-43.
            • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
    Kunz, G. F. 1905. Gems, jeweler's materials, and ornamental stones of California. California State Mining Bureau bulletin 37: pages 86, 132-133.
            • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
    Schaller, W. T. 1919. Gems & Precious Stones. Mineral Resources U.S., 1916, Part II - Nonmetals. Department of Interior, US Geological Survey, Government Printing Office, Washington; p. 897.
    Jahns, Richard Henry & Lauren A. Wright (1951), Gem and lithium bearing pegmatites of the Pala district, San Diego County, California: California Division Mines Special Report 7-A: 57-59.
    Swoboda, E. R. 2001. Pala district 1947-48: Unpublished field notes and personal interviews. Swoboda Inc., Beverly Hills, Los Angeles County, CA; 5/2; 8 p.
    Rocks & Min.: 63:21.
    Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 72 pp.
    Sheppard, J. B. (2008), History of the surface prospects and underground mining developments made along the northern portion of the Stewart pegmatite; personal communication with Scott L. Ritchie, San Diego Mining Company (SDMC). June/July.
    Sheppard, J. B. (2008), History of the surface prospects and underground mining developments made along the northern portion of the Stewart pegmatite; personal communication with Scott L. Ritchie, San Diego Mining Company (SDMC). June/July.
    Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: pages 55-56.
    Rocks & Min.: 63:48.
        • Rincon District
          • Rincon
            • Ditch Mountain
    Hanley, J. B. 1951. Economic Geology of the Rincon Pegmatites, San Diego County, California. Department of Natural Resources, California Division of Mines, Special Report 7B: p 23.
            • Rincon Mountain
    Rogers, A. F. 1910. Minerals From The Pegmatite Veins Of Rincon, San Diego Co., California. Columbia University School Of Mines Quarterly Journal Of Applied Science, Vol. 31 pp. 208-218.
        • Warner Springs District
          • Chihuahua Valley
    Schaller, Waldemar Theodore (1916), Gems and precious stones: Mineral Resources U.S., 1915, part 2; Department of the Interior, Geological Survey: 856; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 371; San Diego Mining Company, 1998.
          • Warner Springs
    Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: p. 106; illus., maps.
    • Colorado
      • Fremont Co.
        • Eight Mile Park pegmatite District
    Pearl, 1958. Colorado Gem Trails & Mineral Guide
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Quartz Creek Pegmatite District
    Rocks & Min.: 24:233-234.
    Van King
    • Connecticut
      • Hartford Co.
        • Glastonbury
          • East Glastonbury
    Rocks & Min.: 70:379
      • Middlesex Co.
        • Haddam
    - Shelton, William. (1967): Notes on a Find at Haddam. Rocks and Minerals, volume 42, No. 7 (July) pages 502-3.
        • Portland
          • Collins Hill
            • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
    Rocks & Min.: 12: 141-143.
    Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World; Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:443-449; Rocks & Minerals (1970) 45:595-600
    • Maine
      • Androscoggin Co.
        • Auburn
          • East Mount Apatite District
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
          • West Mount Apatite District
    No reference listed
    Rocks and Minerals, (1997) 72:44-48]
    No reference listed
        • Poland
    King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates.
      • Oxford Co.
        • Hebron
    USGS Bull 445
    USGS Bull 445
        • Newry
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
    King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
        • Paris
    No reference listed
        • Rumford
    www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/825.PDF.; USGS Bull 445
      • Sagadahoc Co.
        • Georgetown
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine.
        • Topsham
    No reference listed
    • North Carolina
        • Wilton
    Wilson,W.F and McKenzie,B.J,1978, Mineral Collecting Sites in North Carolina, Information Circular 24
    • Pennsylvania
      • Philadelphia Co.
        • Philadelphia
          • Tacony Creek Valley
    Gordon: Min. Penn (1922) p. 230
    • South Dakota
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone District
          • Keystone
    Rocks & Min.:10:147 & 60:112,116.
    • Wisconsin
      • Florence Co.
        • Fern
    Rocks and Minerals 63:455
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Mashonaland West
      • Karoi District (Urungwe; Hurungwe District)
    Bartholomew, D. S. (1990). Base metal and industrial mineral deposits of Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe Geological Survey, Mineral Resources Survey No. 22
    • Masvingo
      • Bikita Area
    Mineralogical Magazine 1946 27 : 157-165
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