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Rucklidgeite

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Formula:
(Bi,Pb)3Te4
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Silver-white
Hardness:
Member of:
Name:
Named after John Christopher Rucklidge, Professor of Mineralogy, University of Toronto, who first found and partially described the mineral from the Robb-Montbray mine, Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec (Rucklidge 1969).
The Robb-Montbray mine is considered one of the type localities for the mineral (Clark 1993).

Classification of Rucklidgeite

Approved 1975
2.GC.40c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
C : Poly-sulfarsenites
2.6.2.7

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
3.7.38

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi
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Type Occurrence of Rucklidgeite

Year of Discovery:
1975

Physical Properties of Rucklidgeite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Silver-white
Streak:
Lead-gray
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Rucklidgeite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.41Å, c = 41.49Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 9.408
Unit Cell Volume:
V 698.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Rucklidgeite

Formula:
(Bi,Pb)3Te4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ag,Sb

Relationship of Rucklidgeite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
BabkinitePb2Bi2(S,Se)3
KochkaritePbBi4Te7
PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4
SaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3
2.GC.05HatchiteAgTlPbAs2S5
2.GC.05Wallisite(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs2S5
2.GC.10SinneriteCu6As4S9
2.GC.15WatanabeiteCu4(As,Sb)2S5
2.GC.20SimoniteTlHgAs3S6
2.GC.25QuadratiteAg(Cd,Pb)AsS3
2.GC.25ManganoquadratiteAgMnAsS3
2.GC.30SmithiteAgAsS2
2.GC.35TrechmanniteAgAsS2
2.GC.40aAleksitePbBi2Te2S2
2.GC.40bKochkaritePbBi4Te7
2.GC.40cPoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4
2.GC.40eBabkinitePb2Bi2(S,Se)3
2.GC.40dSaddlebackitePb2Bi2Te2S3
2.GC.45TvalchrelidzeiteHg3SbAsS3
2.GC.50MutnovskitePb4As2S6ICl
3.7.1PatróniteVS4
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4S
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3
3.7.9Jeromite
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2S
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTe
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2S
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2S
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeS
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2S
3.7.34KawazuliteBi2Te2Se
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16

Other Names for Rucklidgeite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:碲铅铋矿
碲铋铅矿
Spanish:Rucklidgeita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rucklidgeite

Reference List:
RUCKLIDGE, J. (1969): Frohbergite, montbrayite and a new Pb-Bi telluride. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 709-715.

ZVYALOV, E.N. & BEGIZOV, V.D. (1977): Rucklidgeite, (Bi,Pb)3Te4, a new mineral from from the Zod and Kochkar gold ore deposits. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 106, 62-68 (in Russ.) [English translation: International Geology Review 19, 1451-1456]. Abstracted in: American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 599.

CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (606).

BAYLISS, P. (1991) Crystal chemistry and crystallography of some minerals in the tetradymite group. American Mineralogist 76: 257-265.

Canadian Mineralogist (1993): 31: 99.

Internet Links for Rucklidgeite

Localities for Rucklidgeite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Armenia (TL)
 
  • Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik')
    • Vardenis
ZVMO,(1977) 106, 62-68; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Australia
 
  • Victoria
    • Benambra
      • Morass Creek gorge
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
No reference listed
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
    • Dundas Shire
      • Norseman
McQueen, K.G. and Solberg, T.N. (1990) Bismuth-lead tellurides and associated minerals in high-grade gold ore from the Crown Reef, Norseman, Western Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 97-105.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
      • Harrison Lake
; British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
Healy, R.E. & Petruk, W. (1990) Petrology of Au-Ag-Hg and "invisible" gold in the Trout Lake massive sulfide deposit, Flin Flon, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 189-206.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Leeson Township
Econ Geol (1987) 82:429-439
    • Timiskaming District
      • Bannockburn Township
Dana's New Mineralogy; D. C. Harris, W. D. Sinclair, and R. I. Thorpe (1983) Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 21: 137-143
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
RUCKLIDGE, J. (1969): Frohbergite, montbrayite and a new Pb-Bi telluride. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 709-715. ZVYALOV, E.N. & BEGIZOV, V.D. (1977): Rucklidgeite, (Bi,Pb)3Te4, a new mineral from from the Zod and Kochkar gold ore deposits. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 106, 62-68 (in Russ.) [English translation: International Geology Review 19, 1451-1456]. CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (606).
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
      • Chongli Co.
        • Dongping Au-Te ore field
Peihua Zhang, Jinchu Zhu, Zhenhua Zhao, Long Lu, and Di Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 783-786
  • Henan Province
    • Luoyang Prefecture
      • Luoning Co.
Huijuan Zhu, Baoshan Yang, Yuheng Li, Dingfu Qian, and Yingtang Li (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(1), 37-41
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lingbao Co.
Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, and Manzhi Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(2), 31-35
        • Qinling Mine
Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74; Wei Jian, Bernd Lehmann, Jingwen Mao, Huishou Ye, Zongyan Li, Jinge Zhang, Hai Zhang, Jiangwei Feng, and Yongzhe Ye (2014) Telluride and Bi-sulfosalt Mineralogy of the Yangzhaiyu Gold Deposit, Xiaoqinling Region, Central China. Can Mineral 52:883-898
Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geology 5(4), 54-58
  • Hubei Province
    • Yichang Prefecture
      • Zigui Co.
Taomei Liu (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(3), 32
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
  • Shandong Province
    • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
      • Yantai Prefecture
        • Zhaoyuan Co.
Hongbo Xin, Jianguo Wang, Xiaoming Qu, Jun Deng, and Yanguang Wei (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(5), 61-67; Jie Sun, Ruijun Li, Zhouwei Zhao, and Fen Xu (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(4), 39-42
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
        • Habahe Co. (Kaba Co.; Qaba Co.)
http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1051
Cuba
 
  • Camagüey Province
    • Camagüey District
      • Guáimaro
López K Jesús M., Moreira Jesús, Gandarillas José (2006): GEOLOGY OF THE FLORENCIA GOLD – TELLURIDE DEPOSIT (CAMAGÜEY, CUBA) AND SOME METALLURGICAL CONSIDERATIONS. Earth Sciences Research Journal 10(2), 105-116.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Jílové (Eule)
        • Jílové Gold mining District
          • Bohuliby
Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
          • Studené (Kaltengrund)
Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
    • Plzeň Region
      • Tachov
´Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp (p.346)
Kojonen, Kari, Johanson, Bo, Pakkanen, Lassi and O´Brien, Hugh 1991. Ilomantsin Korvilansuo Au-malmiaiheen mineralogiaa ja petrografiaa, 40 s. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M19/4244/-91/1/42.
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Pampalo(Ward)-Gold Database.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kuusamo
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Huittinen
http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/jokisivu.htm; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Oker valley
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyösoroszi
        • Károlytáró
GEODA 2010/1
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Kume-gun
          • Misaki-cho
Kase et al (1993) Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 99-104.
    • Kanto region
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Nikko City
          • Ashio-machi
Ii et al (1993) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 145.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
P.M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Meldal
      • Løkken Verk
McQueen, K. G. (1990): The Dragset copper-zinc deposit: a deformed, volcanogenic sulphide occurrence in the Løkken greenstones, Central Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 70 (1), 1-19; McQueen, K. G. (1990): Tellurides in metamorphosed stringer ore from the Dragset deposit, south Trondelag, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990, 205-216.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
Mikulski, S. Z. (2005, January). The telluride mineralization event (s) within the late-variscan gold deposits in the western Sudetes (NE part of the Bohemian massif, SW Poland). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1415-1418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Brad
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Stanovoi Range
        • Sutamskii Region
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
        • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Pervomayskiy
Spiridonov, A. M., Kulikova, Z. I., Zorina, L. D., Granina, E. M., Parshin, A. V., & Budyak, A. E. Material Composition of Ores and Metasomatically Altered Rocks at Bereznyakovskoe Epithermal Gold Ore Deposit (the South Urals).
        • Plast
          • Kochkar' District
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
ZVMO,(1977) 106, 62-68; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Gay
Zaikov, V.V., and Melekestseva, I.Y. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 151-174.
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Arvika
      • Glava
Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Tayside
      • Loch Tay
Corkhill, C., Ixer, R. A., Mason, J. S., Irving, D., & Pattrick, R. A. (2010). Polymetallic auriferous vein mineralization near Loch Tay, Perthshire, Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology, 46(1), 23-30.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 358; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
  • Colorado
    • Montezuma Co.
      • La Plata District (California District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Georgia
    • Haralson Co.
Matrix 11:4 pp 181-190
  • Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Cabarrus Co.
Callahan,J.E,Craig,J.R,Solberg,T.N,1995,Telluride mineralization of the southeastern United States,Southeastern Geology,v.35,no.3,pg.139-151
  • Virginia
    • Fluvanna Co.
      • Gold-Pyrite Belt
Dietrich,R.V.,1990,Minerals of Virginia1990:Virginia Department of Mines,Minerals and Energy,Richmond,Virginia,477 pgs.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
      • Chiredzi
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342; Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
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