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Rucklidgeite

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Formula:
(Bi,Pb)
 
3
Te
 
4
System:TrigonalColour:Silver-white
Hardness:
Member of:Aleksite Group
Name:Named after John Christopher Rucklidge, Professor of Mineralogy, University of Toronto, who first found and partially described the mineral from the Robb-Montbray mine, Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec (Rucklidge 1969).
The Robb-Montbray mine is considered one of the type localities for the mineral (Clark 1993).

Classification of Rucklidgeite

IMA status:Approved 1975
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.12-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.GC.40c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
G : Sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites
C : Poly-sulfarsenites
Dana 8th edition ID:2.6.2.7

2 : SULFIDES
6 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.7.38

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi
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Type Occurrence of Rucklidgeite

Co-type Localities:Zod Mine (Sotk deposit), Vardenis, Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik'), Armenia
Robb-Montbray Mine, Rouyn-Noranda TE, Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Québec, Canada
Pokrovskaya vein, Kochkar' Au deposit, Kochkar' District, Plast, Chelyabinsk Oblast', Southern Urals, Urals Region, Russia
Year of Discovery:1975

Physical Properties of Rucklidgeite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Silver-white
Streak:Lead-gray
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Rucklidgeite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Cell Parameters:a = 4.41Å, c = 41.49Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 9.408
Unit Cell Volume:V 698.80 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Rucklidgeite

Formula:
(Bi,Pb)
 
3
Te
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:(Bi,Pb)3Te4
Essential elements:Bi, Te
All elements listed in formula:Bi, Pb, Te
Common Impurities:Ag,Sb

Relationship of Rucklidgeite to other Species

Member of:Aleksite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Aleksite
PbBi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
 
2
Babkinite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
(S,Se)
 
3
Kochkarite
PbBi
 
4
Te
 
7
Poubaite
PbBi
 
2
(Se,Te,S)
 
4
Saddlebackite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
 
3
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.GC.05Hatchite
AgTlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5
2.GC.05Wallisite
(Cu,Ag)TlPbAs
 
2
S
 
5
2.GC.10Sinnerite
Cu
 
6
As
 
4
S
 
9
2.GC.15Watanabeite
Cu
 
4
(As,Sb)
 
2
S
 
5
2.GC.20Simonite
TlHgAs
 
3
S
 
6
2.GC.25Quadratite
Ag(Cd,Pb)AsS
 
3
2.GC.25Manganoquadratite
AgMnAsS
 
3
2.GC.30Smithite
AgAsS
 
2
2.GC.35Trechmannite
AgAsS
 
2
2.GC.40aAleksite
PbBi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
 
2
2.GC.40bKochkarite
PbBi
 
4
Te
 
7
2.GC.40cPoubaite
PbBi
 
2
(Se,Te,S)
 
4
2.GC.40eBabkinite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
(S,Se)
 
3
2.GC.40dSaddlebackite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
 
3
2.GC.45Tvalchrelidzeite
Hg
 
3
SbAsS
 
3
2.GC.50Mutnovskite
Pb
 
4
As
 
2
S
 
6
ICl
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.7.1Patrónite
VS
 
4
3.7.2Duranusite
As
 
4
S
3.7.3Dimorphite
As
 
4
S
 
3
3.7.4Realgar
As
 
4
S
 
4
3.7.5Pararealgar
As
 
4
S
 
4
3.7.6Alacránite
As
 
8
S
 
9
3.7.7Uzonite
As
 
4
S
 
5
3.7.8Orpiment
As
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.9Jeromite
3.7.10Laphamite
As
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
3.7.11Getchellite
AsSbS
 
3
3.7.12Wakabayashilite
[(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
9
][As
 
4
S
 
5
]
3.7.13Pääkkönenite
Sb
 
2
AsS
 
2
3.7.14Stibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.15Metastibnite
Sb
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.16Tellurantimony
Sb
 
2
Te
 
3
3.7.17Bismuthinite
Bi
 
2
S
 
3
3.7.18Nevskite
Bi(Se,S)
3.7.19Guanajuatite
Bi
 
2
(Se,S)
 
3
3.7.21Ikunolite
Bi
 
4
(S,Se)
 
3
3.7.22Laitakarite
Bi
 
4
Se
 
2
S
3.7.23Poubaite
PbBi
 
2
(Se,Te,S)
 
4
3.7.24Tellurobismuthite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
3
3.7.25Součekite
PbCuBi(S,Se)
 
3
3.7.26Tsumoite
BiTe
3.7.27Pilsenite
Bi
 
4
Te
 
3
3.7.28Hedleyite
Bi
 
7
Te
 
3
3.7.29Tetradymite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
3.7.30Joséite
Bi
 
4
TeS
 
2
3.7.31Joséite-B
Bi
 
4
Te
 
2
S
3.7.32Ingodite
Bi
 
2
TeS
3.7.33Sulphotsumoite
Bi
 
3
Te
 
2
S
3.7.34Kawazulite
Bi
 
2
Te
 
2
Se
3.7.36Skippenite
Bi
 
2
TeSe
 
2
3.7.37Kochkarite
PbBi
 
4
Te
 
7
3.7.39Aleksite
PbBi
 
2
Te
 
2
S
 
2
3.7.40Junoite
Cu
 
2
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
8
(S,Se)
 
16

Other Names for Rucklidgeite

Synonyms:
IMA1975-029
Other Languages:
German:Rucklidgeit
Simplified Chinese:碲铅铋矿
碲铋铅矿
Spanish:Rucklidgeita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rucklidgeite

Reference List:

- +
RUCKLIDGE, J. (1969): Frohbergite, montbrayite and a new Pb-Bi telluride. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 709-715.

ZVYALOV, E.N. & BEGIZOV, V.D. (1977): Rucklidgeite, (Bi,Pb)3Te4, a new mineral from from the Zod and Kochkar gold ore deposits. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 106, 62-68 (in Russ.) [English translation: International Geology Review 19, 1451-1456]. Abstracted in: American Mineralogist (1978): 63: 599.

CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (606).

BAYLISS, P. (1991) Crystal chemistry and crystallography of some minerals in the tetradymite group. American Mineralogist 76: 257-265.

Canadian Mineralogist (1993): 31: 99.

Internet Links for Rucklidgeite

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  • Localities for Rucklidgeite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Armenia
     
    • Gelark'unik' Province (Geghark'unik')
      • Vardenis
    ZVMO,(1977) 106, 62-68; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Australia
     
    • Victoria
      • Benambra
        • Morass Creek gorge
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
    No reference listed
          • Kambalda Nickel mines
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
      • Dundas Shire
        • Norseman
    McQueen, K.G. and Solberg, T.N. (1990) Bismuth-lead tellurides and associated minerals in high-grade gold ore from the Crown Reef, Norseman, Western Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 5, pg. 97-105.
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • New Westminster Mining Division
        • Harrison Lake
    ; British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, Geological Fieldwork, 1986, Paper 1987-1, pp. 15-22
    • Manitoba
      • Flin Flon District
    Healy, R.E. & Petruk, W. (1990) Petrology of Au-Ag-Hg and "invisible" gold in the Trout Lake massive sulfide deposit, Flin Flon, Manitoba. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 189-206.
    • Ontario
      • Sudbury District
        • Leeson Township
    Econ Geol (1987) 82:429-439
      • Timiskaming District
        • Bannockburn Township
    Dana's New Mineralogy; D. C. Harris, W. D. Sinclair, and R. I. Thorpe (1983) Telluride minerals from the Ashley Deposit, Bannockburn Township, Ontario. Can Mineral 21: 137-143
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Rouyn-Noranda TE
    RUCKLIDGE, J. (1969): Frohbergite, montbrayite and a new Pb-Bi telluride. Canadian Mineralogist 9, 709-715. ZVYALOV, E.N. & BEGIZOV, V.D. (1977): Rucklidgeite, (Bi,Pb)3Te4, a new mineral from from the Zod and Kochkar gold ore deposits. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 106, 62-68 (in Russ.) [English translation: International Geology Review 19, 1451-1456]. CLARK, A.M. (1993): Hey's Mineral Index (3rd ed.). Chapman & Hall, London, U.K. (606).
    China
     
    • Hebei Province
      • Zhangjiakou Prefecture
        • Chongli Co.
          • Dongping Au-Te ore field
    Peihua Zhang, Jinchu Zhu, Zhenhua Zhao, Long Lu, and Di Liu (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 783-786
    • Henan Province
      • Luoyang Prefecture
        • Luoning Co.
    Huijuan Zhu, Baoshan Yang, Yuheng Li, Dingfu Qian, and Yingtang Li (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(1), 37-41
      • Sanmenxia Prefecture
        • Lingbao Co.
    Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, and Manzhi Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(2), 31-35
          • Qinling Mine
    Zhenkuan Luo, Kang Guan, Manzhi Wang, and Chuantai Wang (1999): Guizhou Geology 5(3), 69-74
    Shuzhang Tian, Jingyu Chen, and Xiumei Li (1993): Gold Geological Science and Technology 1993(4), 54-58
    • Hubei Province
      • Yichang Prefecture
        • Zigui Co.
    Taomei Liu (1984): Geology and Prospecting 20(3), 32
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Guiyang Co.
    Weining Zhou (1994): Mineral Resources and Geology 8(4), 233-244
    • Shandong Province
      • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
        • Yantai Prefecture
          • Zhaoyuan Co.
    Hongbo Xin, Jianguo Wang, Xiaoming Qu, Jun Deng, and Yanguang Wei (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(5), 61-67; Jie Sun, Ruijun Li, Zhouwei Zhao, and Fen Xu (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(4), 39-42
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
          • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
    Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
          • Habahe Co. (Kaba Co.; Qaba Co.)
    http://www.portergeo.com.au/database/mineinfo.asp?mineid=mn1051
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Jílové (Eule)
          • Jílové Gold mining District
            • Bohuliby
    Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
            • Studené (Kaltengrund)
    Lapis 2000(4), 13-30
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Nejdek (Neudek)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol.1, 1990
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
    Hytönen,K. (1999): Suomen Mineraalit. Geologian tutkimuskeskus. Erillisjulkaisu, Jyväskylä, 399 pp (p.346)
    Kojonen, Kari, Johanson, Bo, Pakkanen, Lassi and O´Brien, Hugh 1991. Ilomantsin Korvilansuo Au-malmiaiheen mineralogiaa ja petrografiaa, 40 s. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus arkistoraportti M19/4244/-91/1/42.
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Pampalo(Ward)-Gold Database.
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Kuusamo
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Huittinen
    http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/jokisivu.htm; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Orivesi
    Kinnunen, Aulis 2008. A paleoproterozoic high-sulfidation epithermal deposit at Orivesi, Southern Finland. Acta Universitatis Ouluensis, Series A. Scientiae Rerum Naturalium 507.
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Harzburg
          • Oker valley
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
          • Radau valley
    No reference listed
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Gyöngyösoroszi
          • Károlytáró
    GEODA 2010/1
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Okayama Prefecture
          • Misaki-cho
    Kase et al (1993) Canadian Mineralogist, 31, 99-104.
      • Kanto region
        • Tochigi Prefecture
          • Nikko City
            • Ashio-machi
    Ii et al (1993) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou'en-Youshi, 145.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
    P.M. Kartashov data
    Norway
     
    • Sør-Trøndelag
      • Meldal
        • Løkken Verk
    McQueen, K. G. (1990): The Dragset copper-zinc deposit: a deformed, volcanogenic sulphide occurrence in the Løkken greenstones, Central Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 70 (1), 1-19; McQueen, K. G. (1990): Tellurides in metamorphosed stringer ore from the Dragset deposit, south Trondelag, Norway. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1990, 205-216.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Ząbkowice District
    Mikulski, S. Z. (2005, January). The telluride mineralization event (s) within the late-variscan gold deposits in the western Sudetes (NE part of the Bohemian massif, SW Poland). In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1415-1418). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Romania
     
    • Hunedoara Co.
      • Brad
    Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Stanovoi Range
          • Sutamskii Region
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Ladoga Region
          • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
    V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Plast
            • Kochkar' District
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    ZVMO,(1977) 106, 62-68; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
          • Gay
    Zaikov, V.V., and Melekestseva, I.Y. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(3), 151-174.
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Arvika
        • Glava
    Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • Tayside (Perthshire)
        • Loch Tay
    Corkhill, C., Ixer, R. A., Mason, J. S., Irving, D., & Pattrick, R. A. (2010). Polymetallic auriferous vein mineralization near Loch Tay, Perthshire, Scotland. Scottish Journal of Geology, 46(1), 23-30.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 358; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.; Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    • Colorado
      • Montezuma Co.
        • La Plata District (California District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Georgia
      • Haralson Co.
    Matrix 11:4 pp 181-190
    • Nevada
      • Washoe Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Cabarrus Co.
    Callahan,J.E,Craig,J.R,Solberg,T.N,1995,Telluride mineralization of the southeastern United States,Southeastern Geology,v.35,no.3,pg.139-151
    • Virginia
      • Fluvanna Co.
        • Gold-Pyrite Belt
    Dietrich,R.V.,1990,Minerals of Virginia1990:Virginia Department of Mines,Minerals and Energy,Richmond,Virginia,477 pgs.
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
      • Angren Region
        • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
    Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Masvingo
      • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
        • Chiredzi
    Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342
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