Mindat Logo

Russellite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
Bi
 
2
WO
 
6
System:OrthorhombicColour:Yellow-green, yellow
Hardness:
Name:
Named in 1938 by Max Hey and Frederick Allen Bannister in honor of Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montague Russell [November 30, 1878 Folkestone, Kent, England, UK - February 23, 1964]. Sir Arthur Edward Ian Montague Russell (1878-1964) 6th Baronet, of Swallowfield Park, Reading, Berkshire, was perhaps the greatest British mineral collector of the 20th century. Sir Arthur Russell’s Will, directed that his collection should be given to the British Museum (Natural History) – now the Natural History Museum. The Russell Society, an organisation for amateur and professional mineralogists, dedicated to British topographical mineralogy, was named in his honor. Arthurite was also a mineral named in his honor and a name shared with his friend Arthur Kingsbury.


An alteration product of primary bismuth minerals and wolframite.

The tungstate analogue of koechlinite and the Bi analogue of tungstibite.

Classification of Russellite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:6/G.01-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DE.15

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra
Dana 8th edition ID:48.2.1.1

48 : ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
2 : A2XO4
Hey's CIM Ref.:27.4.10

27 : Sulphites, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
4 : Tungstates
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-3478.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Russellite

Type Locality:Castle-an-Dinas Mine, Castle-an-Dinas, St Columb Major, St Austell District, Cornwall, England, UK
Year of Discovery:1938

Physical Properties of Russellite

Colour:Yellow-green, yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
Density (measured):7.33 - 7.37 g/cm3
Density (calculated):7.4 g/cm3

Crystallography of Russellite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 5.43Å, b = 16.43Å, c = 5.45Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.33 : 1 : 0.332
Unit Cell Volume:V 486.22 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Russellite

Type:Biaxial (+)
Dispersion:relatively strong

Chemical Properties of Russellite

Formula:
Bi
 
2
WO
 
6
Simplified for copy/paste:Bi2WO6
Essential elements:Bi, O, W
All elements listed in formula:Bi, O, W

Relationship of Russellite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DE.05Downeyite
SeO
 
2
4.DE.10Koragoite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(Nb,Ta,Ti)
 
2
(Nb,Mn)
 
2
(W,Ta)
 
2
O
 
20
4.DE.15Koechlinite
Bi
 
2
MoO
 
6
4.DE.15Tungstibite
Sb
3+
2
WO
 
6
4.DE.20Tellurite
TeO
 
2
4.DE.25Paratellurite
TeO
 
2
4.DE.30Bismutotantalite
Bi(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
4.DE.30Bismutocolumbite
Bi(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
4.DE.30Cervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
4.DE.30Stibiotantalite
Sb(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
4.DE.30Stibiocolumbite
Sb(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
4.DE.30Clinocervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
4.DE.35Baddeleyite
ZrO
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
27.4.1Cuprotungstite
Cu
 
2
(WO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
27.4.2Scheelite
Ca(WO
 
4
)
27.4.4Anthoinite
AlWO
 
3
(OH)
 
3
27.4.5Mpororoite
WAlO
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· 2(H
 
2
O)
27.4.6Yttrotungstite-(Y)
YW
 
2
O
 
6
(OH)
 
3
27.4.7Yttrotungstite-(Ce)
(Ce,Nd,Y)W
 
2
O
 
6
(OH)
 
3
27.4.8Stolzite
Pb(WO
 
4
)
27.4.9Raspite
Pb(WO
 
4
)
27.4.11Pinalite
Pb
 
3
WO
 
5
Cl
 
2
27.4.12Uranotungstite
(Fe
2+
 
,Ba,Pb)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(WO
 
4
)(OH)
 
4
· 12H
 
2
O
27.4.13Hübnerite
MnWO
 
4
27.4.14Ferberite
FeWO
 
4
27.4.15Wolframite
(Fe
2+
 
)WO
 
4
 
 
to (Mn
2+
 
)WO
 
4
27.4.16Ferritungstite
27.4.17Phyllotungstite
(H
 
2
O,M)
 
x
(W,Fe)(O,OH)
 
3
· yH
 
2
O (M = Ca, Cs, Pb or K)
27.4.18Qitianlingite
(Fe,Mn)
 
2
(Nb,Ta)
 
2
WO
 
10

Other Names for Russellite

Other Languages:
German:Russellit
Russian:Русселит
Simplified Chinese:钨铋矿
Spanish:Russellita
Traditional Chinese:鎢鉍礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Russellite

Reference List:

- +
Hey, Max and Bannister, Frederick Allen (1938), Russellite, a new British mineral, Mineralogical Magazine: 25: 41-55.
American Mineralogist (1938): 23: 121.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman, and Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 604-605.
Knight, K. S. (1992) The crystal structure of russellite; a re-determination using neutron powder diffraction of synthetic Bi2WO6, Mineralogical Magazine 56: 399-409.
American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 454.

Internet Links for Russellite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Russellite on Google
  • Look for Russellite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Russellite on Webmineral
  • Look for Russellite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Russellite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Russellite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Russellite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Russellite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Russellite specimens
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Find Russellite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Search for Russellite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Localities for Russellite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Gough Co.
        • Elsmore
    Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Austral. J. Mineral. 8, 55-60.; Rankin, J., Lawrence, L. J., Sharpe, J. L. and Williams, P. A. (2002): Rare secondary bismuth, tungsten and molybdenum minerals from Elsmore, New England district of New South Wales. Austral. J. Mineral. 8, 55-60.
    • South Australia
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Lobethal
    A. Pring, W. Aird and U. Kolitsch (2003): Perite and russellite from South Australia. Austral. J. Mineral. 9, 87-90.
    • Victoria
      • Pittong
    Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
      • Thologolong
    Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
    • Western Australia
      • Cue Shire
    Hodge, L.C.(1970): Russellite- a second occurrence, Mineralogical Magazine, 1970: 37: 705-707
    Hodge, L.C.(1970): Russellite- a second occurrence, Mineralogical Magazine, 1970: 37: 705-707
    Canada
     
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Mackenzie Mts
          • Nahanni River area
    MinRec 17:340
    • Yukon Territory
      • Mayo Mining District
        • Mayo
          • Kalzas Mt
    J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Horní Slavkov (Schlaggenwald)
          • Krásno (Schönfeld)
    Sejkora, J., Ondruš, P., Fikar, M., Veselovský, F., Mach, Z., Gabašová, A., Skoda, R. & Beran, P. (2006): Supergene minerals at the Huber stock and Schnöd stock deposits, Krásno ore District, the Slavkovský les area, Czech Republic. Journal of the Czech Geological Society 51, 57-101.
      • Liberec Region
    Pauliš, P., Kopista, J., Sláma, J.: Zajímavá lokalita Sn-W minerálů v Jeřmanicích u Liberce. Minerál, 2008, roč. 16, č. 3, s. 238-243.
      • Ústí Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Krupka (Graupen)
            • Steinknochen area (Lux vein)
    Lapis 23(4), 18-34 (1998)
    France
     
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Meymac
    Ansermet, S., Cuchet, S. & Meisser, N. (2010): Minéralogie de la mine de La grange, Meymac, Corrèze. Le Règne Minéral, 91: 23-31
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Nordrach
    No reference listed
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); KOLITSCH, U. & GÖTZINGER, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Altenberg
    Mineralien-Welt, (2), 17-39.
        • Johanngeorgenstadt District
          • Steinbach
    No reference listed
        • Schneeberg District
    Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
    J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch: Lapis 30(7/8):71-73 (2005)
      • Vogtland
        • Oelsnitz
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Germany & Czech Republic
     
    • Saxony & Ústí Region (Bohemia; Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts
    Jansa, J., Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Scharmová, M.: Supergenní minerály Sn-W ložiska Cínovec v Krušných horách (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1998, roč. 6, s. 83-101; Lapis 17(2), 31-35 (1992)
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
    Jeremolenko, V. (2002): Kara-Oba: Mineralogische Perle der Betpak-Ebene bei Dzhambul, Kasachstan. Lapis 27 (4), 13-34 + 50; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
      • Karibib District
    Schnaitmann, E. A., Nägele, H., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Jahn, S. (2007): Das Metazeunerit-Pocket auf Tubussis 22, Erongo. Mineralien-Welt 18 (2), 33-43. (in German)
      • Omaruru District
        • Omaruru
    Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Callington District
          • Calstock
            • Gunnislake
    Golley, P., and Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.; Weiss, S., Green, D.H., Hooper, J.J., and Elton, N. (2007): Lapis 32(11), 13-25
        • St Austell District
          • St Columb Major
            • Castle-an-Dinas
    [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications; Hey M H, Bannister F A, Russell A (1938) Russellite, a new British mineral, Mineralogical Magazine, 25, 41-56
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Southern Fells
            • Waberthwaite
    BMS Database
      • Devon
        • Tavistock District
          • Plympton
    Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:249
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: October 24, 2014 19:33:21
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds