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Rustenburgite

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Formula:
(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Colour:
White with a yellow tint
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Rustenburg Mine, Rustenburg District, Western Bushveld Complex, Northwest Province, South Africa.
This page provides mineralogical data about Rustenburgite.

Classification of Rustenburgite

Approved
1.AG.10

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.7.1
1.2.5.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
1.73

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3479.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Rustenburgite

Year of Discovery:
1975

Physical Properties of Rustenburgite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
White with a yellow tint
Hardness (Mohs):
5

Chemical Properties of Rustenburgite

Formula:
(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Rustenburgite to other Species

1.AG.05Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)
1.AG.05Garutiite(Ni,Fe,Ir)
1.AG.10Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.AG.10Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.AG.15Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.AG.15Tatyanaite(Pt,Pd,Cu)9Cu3Sn4
1.AG.20PaolovitePd2Sn
1.AG.25PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.AG.30CabriitePd2CuSn
1.AG.35ChengdeiteIr3Fe
1.AG.35IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.AG.40FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.AG.40TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.AG.40TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.AG.45HongshiitePtCu
1.AG.45SkaergaarditePdCu
1.AG.50YixunitePt3In
1.AG.55DamiaoitePtIn2
1.AG.60NiggliitePtSn
1.AG.65BortnikovitePd4Cu3Zn
1.AG.70NielsenitePdCu3
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Rustenburgite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:方锡铂矿
等轴锡铂矿
Traditional Chinese:方錫鉑礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rustenburgite

Reference List:
Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 146-150.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 340.

Internet Links for Rustenburgite

Localities for Rustenburgite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Brazil
 
  • Pará
    • Carajás mineral province
      • Curionópolis
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
China
 
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Midu Co.
Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32; Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Inari
      • Lemmenjoki
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland
    • Sodankylä
mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
Kenya
 
  • Rift Valley Province
Schulze, H. (1998) Noble Metal Phases in Rumuruti-chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, supplement): p. A139. (July 1998)
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Mid-Pacific Rise
[AmMin 87:182]
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1203-1212; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1893
Can Mineral December 2011 vol. 49 no. 6 1479-1504
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Poirier, G., & Yakovlev, Y. N. (2000). The taimyrite–tatyanaite series and zoning in intermetallic compounds of Pt, Pd, Cu, and Sn from Noril’sk, Siberia, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 38(3), 599-609
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dovyren Highlands
Konnikov, E.G., Meurer, W.P., Neruchev, S.S., Prasolov, E.M., Kislov, E.V., and Orsoev, D.A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 526-532.; Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Ayan-Maya district
        • Aldan shield
Shcheka G.G., Lehmann B., Gierth E., Gomann K., Wallianos A. (2004) Macrocrystals of Pt-Fe alloy from the Kondyor PGE placer deposit, Khabarovskiy kray, Russia: trace-element content, mineral inclusions and reaction assemblages, - Can. Miner., v.42, N2, pp. 601-617.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
A. Yu. Barkov et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 311-316.; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag Tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
      • Waterberg District
Minerals of South Africa
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
        • Thabazimbi
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Mike Scott S102375 from Cureton #FJ ID by Cannon
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Minerals of South Africa
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 239;
Can Min 13 (1975), 146
USA
 
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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