Mindat Logo

Rustenburgite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
Colour:White with a yellow tintHardness:5
Name:Named after its discovery locality, the Rustenburg Mine, Rustenburg District, Western Bushveld Complex, Northwest Province, South Africa.
This page provides mineralogical data about Rustenburgite.

Classification of Rustenburgite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.16-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.AG.10

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
G : PGE-metal alloys
Dana 7th edition ID:1.2.7.1
Dana 8th edition ID:1.2.5.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.73

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-3479.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Rustenburgite

Type Locality:Rustenburg Town & Townlands Mine, Rustenburg (Rustenburg District), Western Bushveld Complex, North West Province, South Africa
Year of Discovery:1975

Physical Properties of Rustenburgite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:White with a yellow tint
Hardness (Mohs):5

Chemical Properties of Rustenburgite

Formula:
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
Simplified for copy/paste:(Pt,Pd)3Sn
Essential elements:Pt, Sn
All elements listed in formula:Pd, Pt, Sn

Relationship of Rustenburgite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.AG.05Hexaferrum
(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)
1.AG.05Garutiite
(Ni,Fe,Ir)
1.AG.10Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.AG.10Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.AG.15Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.AG.15Tatyanaite
(Pt,Pd,Cu)
 
9
Cu
 
3
Sn
 
4
1.AG.20Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.AG.25Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.AG.25Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.AG.30Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.AG.35Chengdeite
Ir
 
3
Fe
1.AG.35Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.AG.40Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.AG.40Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.AG.40Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.AG.45Hongshiite
PtCu
1.AG.45Skaergaardite
PdCu
1.AG.50Yixunite
Pt
 
3
In
1.AG.55Damiaoite
PtIn
 
2
1.AG.60Niggliite
PtSn
1.AG.65Bortnikovite
Pd
 
4
Cu
 
3
Zn
1.AG.70Nielsenite
PdCu
 
3
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.21Aluminium
Al
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Ag
 
6
Cu
 
14
As
 
7
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.42Stibarsen
AsSb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.47Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.54Tellurium
Te
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.56Rhenium
Re
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
3
Fe
 
1-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.61Nickel
Ni
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.70Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.83Hongshiite
PtCu
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
1.2.7.2Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn

Other Names for Rustenburgite

Synonyms:
IMA1974-040
Other Languages:
German:Rustenburgit
Russian:Рустенбургит
Simplified Chinese:方锡铂矿
等轴锡铂矿
Spanish:Rustenburgita
Traditional Chinese:方錫鉑礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rustenburgite

Reference List:

- +
Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 146-150.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 340.

Internet Links for Rustenburgite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Rustenburgite on Google
  • Look for Rustenburgite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Rustenburgite on Webmineral
  • Look for Rustenburgite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Rustenburgite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Rustenburgite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Search for Rustenburgite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Find Rustenburgite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Localities for Rustenburgite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Brazil
     
    • Pará
      • Carajás mineral province
        • Curionópolis
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
    China
     
    • Yunnan Province
      • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
        • Midu Co.
    Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32; Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Inari
        • Lemmenjoki
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland
      • Sodankylä
    mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
    Kenya
     
    • Rift Valley Province
    Schulze, H. (1998) Noble Metal Phases in Rumuruti-chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (4, supplement): p. A139. (July 1998)
    Pacific Ocean
     
    • Mid-Pacific Rise
    [AmMin 87:182]
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1203-1212; Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts (2011) Mineralogical Magazine p1893
    Can Mineral December 2011 vol. 49 no. 6 1479-1504
              • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Poirier, G., & Yakovlev, Y. N. (2000). The taimyrite–tatyanaite series and zoning in intermetallic compounds of Pt, Pd, Cu, and Sn from Noril’sk, Siberia, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 38(3), 599-609
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
          • Dovyren Highlands
    Konnikov, E.G., Meurer, W.P., Neruchev, S.S., Prasolov, E.M., Kislov, E.V., and Orsoev, D.A. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 526-532.; Rudashevskiy N.S., Krecer D.A., Orsoev D.A., Kislov E.V. (2003) Palladium-platinum mineralization in vein Cu-Ni-ores of Yoko-Dovyrenskiy laiered massif, - DAN, 391(4), p. 519-522 (in Rus.)
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Ayan-Maya district
          • Aldan shield
    Shcheka G.G., Lehmann B., Gierth E., Gomann K., Wallianos A. (2004) Macrocrystals of Pt-Fe alloy from the Kondyor PGE placer deposit, Khabarovskiy kray, Russia: trace-element content, mineral inclusions and reaction assemblages, - Can. Miner., v.42, N2, pp. 601-617.
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Northern Karelia
          • Oulanka plutonic complex
            • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
    A. Yu. Barkov et al. , Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, pp. 311-316.; Barkov, A. Y., Martin, R. F., Tarkian, M., Poirier, G., & Thibault, Y. (2001). Pd–Ag Tellurides from a Cl-rich environment in the Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion, northern Russian Karelia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 39(2), 639-653.
    Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Fedorovo-Pansky massif (Pana layered complex)
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Bushveld Complex
        • Burgersfort
          • Sekhukhuneland
    Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
        • Waterberg District
    Minerals of South Africa
    Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
          • Thabazimbi
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Eastern Bushveld Complex
        • Lydenburg
    Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
    Rudashevsky, N. S., Avdontsev, S. N., & Dneprovskaya, M. B. (1992). Evolution of PGE mineralization in hortonolitic dunites of the Mooihoek and Onverwacht pipes, Bushveld Complex. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47(1), 37-54.
    • North West Province
      • Western Bushveld Complex
    Mike Scott S102375 from Cureton #FJ ID by Cannon
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
    Minerals of South Africa
    Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, pg 239;
    Can Min 13 (1975), 146
    USA
     
    • Montana
      • Stillwater Co.
        • Nye
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: July 24, 2014 16:41:26
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds