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Rutheniridosmine

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Formula:
(Ir,Os,Ru)
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Silver-white
Hardness:
6 - 7
Name:
The name reflects its composition , being comprised of RUTHENium, IRIDium, and OSMIum.

Rutheniridosmine was defined as a new species by the IMA-CNMMN-approved nomenclature of the natural alloys of Os-Ir-Ru (Harris & Cabri 1973). The natural occurrence of the mineral was confirmed in the same paper by Harris & Cabri (1973) from many Canadian localities, from Japan and from an unknown locality in New Guinea. The compositional field for rutheniridosmine was restricted by the revised nomenclature (Harris & Cabri 1991) to alloys in which Ir is the dominant element.
Not to be confused with ruthenosmiridium.

Classification of Rutheniridosmine

Redefined Approved 1991
1.AF.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
F : Platinum group elements
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.1.5
1.2.2.3

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
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http://www.mindat.org/min-3482.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Rutheniridosmine

Year of Discovery:
1936

Physical Properties of Rutheniridosmine

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Silver-white
Hardness (Mohs):
6 - 7

Crystallography of Rutheniridosmine

Crystal System:
Hexagonal

Chemical Properties of Rutheniridosmine

Formula:
(Ir,Os,Ru)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Pt,Pd,Rh,Fe,Ni

Relationship of Rutheniridosmine to other Species

1.AF.05Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.AF.05Ruthenium(Ru,Ir)
1.AF.10Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.AF.10Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.AF.10PlatinumPt
1.AF.10Rhodium(Rh,Pt)
1.2.1.1PlatinumPt
1.2.1.2Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.2.1.3Rhodium(Rh,Pt)
1.2.1.4Palladium(Pd,Pt)

Other Names for Rutheniridosmine

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:钌铱锇矿

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Rutheniridosmine

Reference List:
Harris, D.C. and L.J. Cabri (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist (1974): 12: 104-112.

American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 946 (abstract).

Cabri, L.J., Ed. (1981) Platinum group elements: mineralogy, geology, recovery. Canadian Institute of Min. & Met., Special Volume 23: 134–135.

Harris, D.C. and L.J. Cabri (1991) Nomenclature of platinum-group element alloys: review and revision. Canadian Mineralogist (1991): 29: 231-237 [Redefinition; all localities except those included are suspect - multiple TLs].

Criddle, A.J. and C.J. Stanley, Editors (1993) Quantitative data file for ore minerals, 3rd ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 489.

Internet Links for Rutheniridosmine

Localities for Rutheniridosmine

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
Bottrill & Baker in prep
    • Heazlewood district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Rosebery district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
    • Gotse Delchev Obshtina
      • Rhodope Mts
Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Atlin Mining Division
HARRIS, D.C. & CABRI, L.J. (1973): The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112. HARRIS, D.C. & CABRI, L.J. (1991): Nomenclature of platinum-group-element alloys: review and revision. Canadian Mineralogist 29, 231-237.
HARRIS, D.C. & CABRI, L.J. (1973): The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112.
    • Cariboo Mining Division
      • Quesnel River area
HARRIS, D.C. & CABRI, L.J. (1973): The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112.
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Tulameen
Harris D C, Cabri L J (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. The Canadian Mineralogist 12, 104-112
Canadian Mineralogist (2005): 43: 1705.
Nixon, G.T., Cabri, L.J., and Laflamme, J.H.G. (1990) Platinum-group-element mineralizaton in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist: 28, 503-535.
  • Manitoba
    • Bird River Sill
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1159-1168
China
 
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Changji Autonomous Prefecture (Sanji Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Manasi Co. (Manas Co.)
Jianxun Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(12), 24-27
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Guapí
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Province
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Finland
 
Törroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kar, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper; Törnroos, Ragnar, Johanson, Bo, Kojonen, Kari 1998. Alluvial nuggets of Platinum-group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 26
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
      • Aix-en-Provence
        • Peyrolles-en-Provence
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. ; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Greece
 
  • Epirus Department (Ipeiros)
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argirios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras, Konstantin Hatzipanagiotou, Federica Zaccarini und Giorgio Garuti (2011): Mineralogy, composition and PGM of chromitites from Pefki, Pindos ophiolite complex (NW Greece): evidence for progressively elevated fAs conditions in the upper mantle sequence. Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 129-150.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Kozáni Prefecture
      • Kozáni and Grevena prefectures border area
        • Vourinos Mt ophiolite complex
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Auge, T. (1985). Platinum-group-mineral inclusions in ophiolitic chromitite from the Vourinos Complex, Greece. The Canadian Mineralogist, 23(2), 163-171.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
      • Uryu-gun
        • Uryugawa
Excalibur Mineral Co. specimens and analyses.
    • Sorachi Province
      • Yubari District
Hori Mineralogy analyses and Gunnar Farber specimens
Mongolia
 
  • Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag)
    • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
http://www.dmitrenkogg.narod.ru/Mongoliy.htm
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Parapara
www.med.govt.nz/crown_minerals/minerals/docs/comreports/report05_pgm.pdf.
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Northern Province (Oro Province)
    • Ioma area
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 510.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Pekul'nei Range
        • Northern Pekul'nei River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Koryak Mts
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka lake
Shcheka G.G., Vrzhosek A.A., Lehmann B., Tolstykh N.D. (2004) Associations of platinum-group minerals from the Zolotaya gold placiers, Primorye, Russian Far East, - Can. Miner., v.42, pp. 583-599.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
Gregor Borg et al (2001) Deep Exhumation and Tectonic Emplacement of the Nishni Tagil Ultramafic Complex and its Platinum Ores, Urals, Russia in (2001) European Union of Geosciences Conference XI (OS6)
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
R.O. Meyer collection; Ex: Fersman Museum specimen
Handbook of Mineralogy
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Bethel Borough
      • Goodnews Bay
        • Salmon River - Red Mountain District
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
  • California
    • Merced Co.
      • Cressey
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41, 43.
      • Snelling District
        • Snelling
          • Merced River
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 41, 43.
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan District (Badger Hill District)
        • Yuba River
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Sacramento Co.
      • Folsom District
        • Folsom
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 43.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Salmon Mts
          • New River District
            • Marysville
Alfredo Petrov specimen (ex-Kristalle), Bart Cannon (Cannon Microprobe) analysis.
        • Weaverville District
          • Douglas City
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Yuba Co.
      • Hammonton District (Yuba River District; Yuba Gold Field; Yuba Dredge Field; Yuba Consolidated Gold Fields)
        • Hammonton
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
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