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Zlatoust, Chelyabinsk Oblast', Southern Urals, Urals Region, Russia
© 2003 R.O. Meyer
|Hardness:||6 - 7|
|Name:||The name reflects its composition , being comprised of RUTHENium, IRIDium, and OSMIum.|
Rutheniridosmine was defined as a new species by the IMA-CNMMN-approved nomenclature of the natural alloys of Os-Ir-Ru (Harris & Cabri 1973). The natural occurrence of the mineral was confirmed in the same paper by Harris & Cabri (1973) from many Canadian localities, from Japan and from an unknown locality in New Guinea. The compositional field for rutheniridosmine was restricted by the revised nomenclature (Harris & Cabri 1991) to alloys in which Ir is the dominant element.
Not to be confused with ruthenosmiridium.
Classification of Rutheniridosmine
|IMA status:||Redefined Approved 1991|
|Strunz 8th edition ID:||1/A.13-40|
|Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:||1.AF.05|
1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
F : Platinum group elements
|Dana 7th edition ID:||188.8.131.52|
|Dana 8th edition ID:||184.108.40.206|
1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
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Type Occurrence of Rutheniridosmine
|Co-type Localities:||Ruby Creek, Atlin Mining Division, British Columbia, Canada|
Spruce Creek, Atlin Mining Division, British Columbia, Canada
Bullion Mine, Quesnel River area, Cariboo Mining Division, British Columbia, Canada
Horokanai placer, Uryugawa, Uryu-gun, Kamikawa Province, Hokkaido, Japan
|Year of Discovery:||1936|
Physical Properties of Rutheniridosmine
|Hardness (Mohs):||6 - 7|
Crystallography of Rutheniridosmine
Chemical Properties of Rutheniridosmine
|All elements listed in formula:||Ir, Os, Ru|
Relationship of Rutheniridosmine to other Species
|Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):|
|Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):|
Other Names for Rutheniridosmine
|Health Warning:||No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.|
References for Rutheniridosmine
Harris, D.C. and L.J. Cabri (1973) The nomenclature of the natural alloys of osmium, iridium and ruthenium based on new compositional data of alloys from world-wide occurrences. Canadian Mineralogist (1974): 12: 104-112.
American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 946 (abstract).
Cabri, L.J., Ed. (1981) Platinum group elements: mineralogy, geology, recovery. Canadian Institute of Min. & Met., Special Volume 23: 134–135.
Harris, D.C. and L.J. Cabri (1991) Nomenclature of platinum-group element alloys: review and revision. Canadian Mineralogist (1991): 29: 231-237 [Redefinition; all localities except those included are suspect - multiple TLs].
Criddle, A.J. and C.J. Stanley, Editors (1993) Quantitative data file for ore minerals, 3rd ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 489.
Internet Links for Rutheniridosmine
Localities for Rutheniridosmine
The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
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New Locality Added: Herdade da Malhada Mine, Vaqueiros, Alcoutim, Faro District, PortugalFrom Rui Nunes, 25th Jul 2014 15:54:30