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Ruthenium

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Formula:
(Ru,Ir)
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Silver-white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
This page provides mineralogical data about Ruthenium.

Classification of Ruthenium

Approved
1.AF.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
F : Platinum group elements
Dana 7th ed.:
1.2.2.2
1.2.2.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
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http://www.mindat.org/min-3483.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Ruthenium

Year of Discovery:
1974

Physical Properties of Ruthenium

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Silver-white
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Ruthenium

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.7Å, c = 4.28Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.585
Unit Cell Volume:
V 27.02 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Ruthenium

Formula:
(Ru,Ir)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ir,Pt,Rh,Os,Pd,Fe,Ni,Cu

Relationship of Ruthenium to other Species

1.AF.05Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.AF.05Rutheniridosmine(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.AF.10Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.AF.10Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.AF.10PlatinumPt
1.AF.10Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Ruthenium

Name in Other Languages:
Afrikaans:Rutenium
Basque:Rutenio
Belarusian:Рутэній
Bosnian (Latin Script):Rutenijum
Catalan:Ruteni
Corsican:Ruteniu
Croatian:Rutenij
Czech:Ruthenium
Danish:Ruthenium
Dutch:Ruthenium
Esperanto:Rutenio
Estonian:Ruteenium
Finnish:Rutenium
French:Ruthénium
Friulian:Ruteni
Galician:Rutenio
German:Ruthenium
Hungarian:Ruténium
Icelandic:Rúþen
Indonesian:Rutenium
Italian:Rutenio
Javanese:Rutenium
Korean:루테늄
Kurdish (Latin Script):Rûtenyûm
Latin:Ruthenium
Latvian:Rutēnijs
Lithuanian:Rutenis
Lojban:rukyjinme
Luxembourgish:Ruthenium
Norwegian (Bokmål):Ruthenium
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Ruthenium
Occitan:Rutèni
Polish:Ruten
Portuguese:Rutênio
Romanian:Ruteniu
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Рутенијум
Serbo-Croatian:Rutenijum
Sicilian:Ruteniu
Simplified Chinese:自然钌
Slovak:Ruténium
Slovenian:Rutenij
Spanish:Rutenio
Swahili:Rutheni
Swedish:Rutenium
Tatar:Ruteni
Turkish:Rutenyum
Ukrainian:Рутеній
Uzbek (Latin Script):Ruteniy
Vietnamese:Rutheni

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ruthenium

Reference List:
Urashima et al (1974) Mineralogical Journal, 7, 438-444.

American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 946.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 177.

Internet Links for Ruthenium

Localities for Ruthenium

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Rosebery district
G. A. Albertson Data
Bulgaria
 
  • Blagoevgrad Oblast
Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • Baie Verte
          • Advocate Ophiolite complex
Escayola, M., Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J.A., Bédard, J.H. & Van Staal, C. (2011) Chromitite and platinum-group-element mineralization at Middle Arm Brook, Advocate Ophiolite complex, Baie Verte Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1523-1547.
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Shijiazhuang Prefecture
      • Lingshou Co.
        • Shihu-Tuling gold field
Peng Qiming and Xu Hong (1994): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 13(1), 55-60.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Huludao Prefecture
      • Suizhong Co.
Peng Qiming and Xu Hong (1994): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 13(1), 55-60.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
      • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
        • Dongqiao ophiolite (Donqiao ophiolite)
[var: Iridrhodruthenium] Shuihe Mao and Xuecui Zhou (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(2), 136-140
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggang Yan, Zhongming Zhang, Yufeng Ren, Nicheng Shi, Zhesheng Ma, and Mingquan Dai (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(1), 179-187
Colombia
 
  • Cauca Department
    • Mun. de Guapí
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
Dominican Republic
 
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Bonao
Zaccharini et al. (2009): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 335-349; Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Lewis, J. F., Longo, F., & Garuti, G. (2007). Chromian spinel composition and the platinum-group minerals of the PGE-rich Loma Peguera chromitites, Loma Caribe peridotite, Dominican Republic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 631-648.
Ethiopia
 
  • Benshangul-Gumaz Province
    • Asosa region (Assosa region)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Bouches-du-Rhône
      • Aix-en-Provence
        • Peyrolles-en-Provence
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Indonesia
 
  • Kalimantan Island (Borneo Island)
    • Kalimantan Selatan Province (South Kalimantan Province)
Japan (TL)
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
      • Uryu-gun
        • Uryugawa
Urashima et al (1974) Mineralogical Journal, 7, 438-444.
Mongolia
 
  • Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag)
    • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
http://www.dmitrenkogg.narod.ru/Mongoliy.htm
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Monche-Tundra
          • Monchegorsk
Neradovsky, Y.N., and Savchenko, E.E. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 746-748.
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Neiva river
        • Nizhnii Tagil
          • Baranchinsky Massif
            • Aktai River
Jedwab J.(1990) Native ruthenium in tantalum carbide concentrates from the Ural mountains, USSR, - Miner. and Petrol., v.43, N2, pp. 137-146.
P.M. Kartashov analytical data
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
[AmMin 84:195]
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Burgersfort
        • Sekhukhuneland
Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., and Cawthorn, R.G. (2002) Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 481-497.
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Eastern Bushveld Complex
      • Lydenburg
Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Muğla Province
      • Muğla ophiolite
Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
USA
 
  • Arkansas
    • Saline Co.
Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
  • California
    • Mariposa Co.
      • West Belt
        • Hornitos District
          • Quartzburg
            • Quartzburg School
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan District (Badger Hill District)
        • Yuba River
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Salmon Mts
          • New River District
            • New River
Tony Nikischer
          • North Fork District
Alfredo Petrov collection; Excalibur Mineral Co. analyses
    • Yuba Co.
      • Hammonton District (Yuba River District; Yuba Gold Field; Yuba Dredge Field; Yuba Consolidated Gold Fields)
        • Hammonton
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
  • Oregon
    • Jackson Co.
      • Applegate District
Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
Mineral and/or Locality  
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