Mindat Logo

Ruthenium

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
(Ru,Ir)
System:HexagonalColour:Silver-white
Lustre:MetallicHardness:
This page provides mineralogical data about Ruthenium.

Classification of Ruthenium

IMA status:Approved
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.AF.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
F : Platinum group elements
Dana 7th edition ID:1.2.2.2
Dana 8th edition ID:1.2.2.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
2 : Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-3483.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Ruthenium

Type Locality:Horokanai placer, Uryugawa, Uryu-gun, Kamikawa Province, Hokkaido, Japan
Year of Discovery:1974

Physical Properties of Ruthenium

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Silver-white
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Ruthenium

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:a = 2.7Å, c = 4.28Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.585
Unit Cell Volume:V 27.02 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Ruthenium

Formula:
(Ru,Ir)
Essential elements:Ru
All elements listed in formula:Ir, Ru
Common Impurities:Ir,Pt,Rh,Os,Pd,Fe,Ni,Cu

Relationship of Ruthenium to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.AF.05Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.AF.05Rutheniridosmine
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.AF.10Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.AF.10Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.AF.10Platinum
Pt
1.AF.10Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
1.2.2.1Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.2.2.3Rhenium
Re

Other Names for Ruthenium

Synonyms:
IMA1974-013
Other Languages:
Afrikaans:Rutenium
Arabic:روثينيوم
Armenian:Ռոթենիում
Basque:Rutenio
Belarusian:Рутэній
Bengali:রুথেনিয়াম
Bosnian (Latin Script):Rutenijum
Catalan:Ruteni
Corsican:Ruteniu
Croatian:Rutenij
Czech:Ruthenium
Danish:Ruthenium
Dutch:Ruthenium
Esperanto:Rutenio
Estonian:Ruteenium
Finnish:Rutenium
French:Ruthénium
Friulian:Ruteni
Galician:Rutenio
German:Ruthenium
Greek:Ρουθήνιο
Hebrew:רותניום
Hindi:रुथेनियम
Hungarian:Ruténium
Icelandic:Rúþen
Ido:Rutenio
Indonesian:Rutenium
Italian:Rutenio
Japanese:自然ルテニウム
Javanese:Rutenium
Kannada:ರುಥೇನಿಯಮ್
Korean:루테늄
Kurdish (Latin Script):Rûtenyûm
Latin:Ruthenium
Latvian:Rutēnijs
Lithuanian:Rutenis
Lojban:rukyjinme
Luxembourgish:Ruthenium
Malayalam:റുഥീനിയം
Manx:Rutainium
Norwegian (Bokmål):Ruthenium
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Ruthenium
Occitan:Rutèni
Persian:روتنیوم
Polish:Ruten
Portuguese:Rutênio
Romanian:Ruteniu
Russian:Рутений
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Рутенијум
Serbo-Croatian:Rutenijum
Sicilian:Ruteniu
Simplified Chinese:自然钌
Slovak:Ruténium
Slovenian:Rutenij
Spanish:Rutenio
Swahili:Rutheni
Swedish:Rutenium
Tamil:ருத்தேனியம்
Tatar:Ruteni
Thai:รูทีเนียม
Turkish:Rutenyum
Ukrainian:Рутеній
Uzbek (Latin Script):Ruteniy
Vietnamese:Rutheni
Varieties:
Iridrhodruthenium

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Ruthenium

Reference List:

- +
Urashima et al (1974) Mineralogical Journal, 7, 438-444.

American Mineralogist (1975): 60: 946.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 177.

Best Localities for Ruthenium

Best of Species:Ruthenium

Internet Links for Ruthenium

Search Engines:
  • Look for Ruthenium on Google
  • Look for Ruthenium images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Ruthenium on Webmineral
  • Look for Ruthenium on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Ruthenium on Wikipedia
  • Look for Ruthenium on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Ruthenium details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Localities for Ruthenium

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • Rosebery district
    G. A. Albertson Data
    Bulgaria
     
    • Blagoevgrad Oblast
    Цинцов, З. (1998). Състав, разпространение и транспорт на минералите на елементите от групата на платината в алувиалните седименти на Благоевградския грабен. Сп. БГД, 59(2), 59-65.
    Canada
     
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Newfoundland
        • Baie Verte Peninsula
          • Baie Verte
            • Advocate Ophiolite complex
    Escayola, M., Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J.A., Bédard, J.H. & Van Staal, C. (2011) Chromitite and platinum-group-element mineralization at Middle Arm Brook, Advocate Ophiolite complex, Baie Verte Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1523-1547.
    China
     
    • Hebei Province
      • Shijiazhuang Prefecture
        • Lingshou Co.
          • Shihu-Tuling gold field
    Peng Qiming and Xu Hong (1994): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 13(1), 55-60.
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Huludao Prefecture
        • Suizhong Co.
    Peng Qiming and Xu Hong (1994): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 13(1), 55-60.
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
        • Amdo Co. (Anduo Co.)
          • Dongqiao ophiolite (Donqiao ophiolite)
    [var: Iridrhodruthenium] Shuihe Mao and Xuecui Zhou (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(2), 136-140
      • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
        • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
    Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggang Yan, Zhongming Zhang, Yufeng Ren, Nicheng Shi, Zhesheng Ma, and Mingquan Dai (2004): Earth Science Frontiers 11(1), 179-187
    Colombia
     
    • Cauca Department
      • Mun. de Guapí
    Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
    Dominican Republic
     
    • Monseñor Nouel Province
      • Bonao
    Zaccharini et al. (2009): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 335-349; Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Lewis, J. F., Longo, F., & Garuti, G. (2007). Chromian spinel composition and the platinum-group minerals of the PGE-rich Loma Peguera chromitites, Loma Caribe peridotite, Dominican Republic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 631-648.
    Ethiopia
     
    • Benshangul-Gumaz Province
      • Asosa region (Assosa region)
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    France
     
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Bouches-du-Rhône
        • Aix-en-Provence
          • Peyrolles-en-Provence
    5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
    Indonesia
     
    • Kalimantan Island (Borneo Island)
      • Kalimantan Selatan Province (South Kalimantan Province)
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Kamikawa Province
        • Uryu-gun
          • Uryugawa
    Urashima et al (1974) Mineralogical Journal, 7, 438-444.
    Mongolia
     
    • Dzavhan Aimag (Zavkhan Aimag)
      • Khan-Taishirin-Ula range
    http://www.dmitrenkogg.narod.ru/Mongoliy.htm
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
    www.cosis.net/abstracts/EAE03/14099/EAE03-A-14099.pdf.
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Monche-Tundra
            • Monchegorsk
    Neradovsky, Y.N., and Savchenko, E.E. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 746-748.
    • Urals Region
      • Middle Urals
        • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
    P.M. Kartashov analytical data
          • Nizhnii Tagil
            • Baranchinsky Massif
              • Aktai River
    Jedwab J.(1990) Native ruthenium in tantalum carbide concentrates from the Ural mountains, USSR, - Miner. and Petrol., v.43, N2, pp. 137-146.
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
    [AmMin 84:195]
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Bushveld Complex
        • Burgersfort
          • Sekhukhuneland
    Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
        • Waterberg District
          • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
    Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., and Cawthorn, R.G. (2002) Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 481-497.
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Eastern Bushveld Complex
        • Lydenburg
    Zaccarini, F., Garuti, G., & Cawthorn, R. G. (2002). Platinum-group minerals in chromitite xenoliths from the Onverwacht and Tweefontein ultramafic pipes, eastern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 481-497.
    Turkey
     
    • Aegean Region
      • Muğla Province
        • Muğla ophiolite
    Uysal, İ., Tarkian, M., Sadiklar, M. B., Zaccarini, F., Meisel, T., Garuti, G., & Heidrich, S. (2009). Petrology of Al-and Cr-rich ophiolitic chromitites from the Muğla, SW Turkey: implications from composition of chromite, solid inclusions of platinum-group mineral, silicate, and base-metal mineral, and Os-isotope geochemistry. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 158(5), 659-674.
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Saline Co.
    Howard, 1987. Mineral Species of Arkansas, addenda
    • California
      • Mariposa Co.
        • West Belt
          • Hornitos District
            • Quartzburg
              • Quartzburg School
    Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
      • Nevada Co.
        • North San Juan District (Badger Hill District)
          • Yuba River
    Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
      • Trinity Co.
        • Klamath Mts
          • Salmon Mts
            • New River District
              • New River
    Tony Nikischer
            • North Fork District
    Alfredo Petrov collection; Excalibur Mineral Co. analyses
      • Yuba Co.
        • Hammonton District (Yuba River District; Yuba Gold Field; Yuba Dredge Field; Yuba Consolidated Gold Fields)
          • Hammonton
    Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 45.
    • Oregon
      • Jackson Co.
        • Applegate District
    Min Mag (1997) 61:367-375
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: September 10, 2014 03:13:16
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds