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Arrojadite-(KFe)

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Formula:
{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Olive-green
Hardness:
5
Name:
Originally named arrojadite for Miguel Arrojado Lisbôa, Brazilian geologist; redefinition after the new arrojadite nomenclature (CNMMN 05-D, October 2005).

Classification of Arrojadite-(KFe)

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Explanation of status:
Redefinition after the new arrojadite nomeclature (CNMMN 05-D, October 2005)
8.BF.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
F : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 0.5:1
41.7.2.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
7 : (AB)7(XO4)4Zq
19.12.53

19 : Phosphates
12 : Phosphates of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Arrojadite-(KFe)

Year of Discovery:
1925

Physical Properties of Arrojadite-(KFe)

Vitreous
Colour:
Olive-green
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {100} good; on {010}, distinct.
Density:
3.5 - 3.6 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Arrojadite-(KFe)

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.53Å, b = 10.05Å, c = 24.75Å
β = 105.65°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.645 : 1 : 2.463
Unit Cell Volume:
V 3,959.20 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Arrojadite-(KFe)

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.664 nβ = 1.670 nγ = 1.675
2V:
Measured: 86° , Calculated: 84°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X = Yellowish green
Z = Grass-green

Chemical Properties of Arrojadite-(KFe)

Formula:
{KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Arrojadite-(KFe) to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Dickinsonite-(KMnNa) (see here)
Other Members of Group:
Arrojadite-(BaFe){Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(BaNa)BaNa3(NaCa)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)
Arrojadite-(KFeNa){KNa}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(KNa){KNa}{Na2}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(NaFe){Na2}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(PbFe){Pb◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Arrojadite-(SrFe){Sr◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
Ferri-arrojadite-(BaNa){Ba◻}{Na2}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Fe3+}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
Fluorarrojadite-(BaFe){Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
Fluorarrojadite-(KNa){KNa}{Na2}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
Fluorarrojadite-(NaFe){Na2}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
8.BF.05Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(BaFe){Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(SrFe){Sr◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(KNa){KNa}{Na2}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(PbFe){Pb◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
8.BF.05Fluorarrojadite-(BaFe){Ba◻}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(NaFe){Na2}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)(OH)2
8.BF.05Arrojadite-(BaNa)BaNa3(NaCa)Fe132+Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)
8.BF.05Fluorarrojadite-(KNa){KNa}{Na2}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
8.BF.05Fluorarrojadite-(NaFe){Na2}{Fe2+◻}{Ca}{Na2◻}{Fe132+}{Al}(PO4)11(HPO4)F2
8.BF.10Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe22+Mn22+Al2(PO4)10(OH)2
8.BF.15GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
8.BF.20NabiasiteBaMn92+(VO4,AsO4)6(OH)2
19.12.1MetaswitzeriteMn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.2BermaniteMn2+Mn23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.3NatrophiliteNaMn2+PO4
19.12.4SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)
19.12.5Niahite(NH4)(Mn2+,Mg)(PO4) · H2O
19.12.6RobertsiteCa3Mn43+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.7PararobertsiteCa2Mn33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.12.8SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2O
19.12.9MangangordoniteMn2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.10Heterosite(Fe3+,Mn3+)PO4
19.12.11Purpurite(Mn3+,Fe3+)PO4
19.12.12Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.13Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
19.12.14LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.12.15FrondeliteMn2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.16RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
19.12.17Kryzhanovskite(Fe3+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2(OH,H2O)3
19.12.18LandesiteMn2+3-xFex3+(PO4)2(OH)x · (3-x)H2O
19.12.19Phosphoferrite(Fe2+,Mn2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.20Reddingite(Mn2+,Fe2+)3(PO4)2 · 3H2O
19.12.21EarlshannoniteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 4H2O
19.12.22Hureaulite(Mn,Fe)5(PO4)2(HPO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.23Switzerite(Mn,Fe)3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
19.12.24LaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.25PseudolaueiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.26StrunziteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.12.27StewartiteMn2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.28Alluaudite(Na,Ca)Mn2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)2(PO4)3
19.12.29Ferroalluaudite(Na,Ca)Fe2+(Fe3+,Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)3
19.12.30Fillowite{Mn2+}{Na8}{Ca4Na4}{(Mn2+,Fe2+)43}(PO4)36
19.12.31JohnsomervilleiteNa10Ca6Mg18Fe25(PO4)36
19.12.32WicksiteNaCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)4MgFe3+(PO4)6 · 2H2O
19.12.33Dickinsonite-(KMnNa){KNa}{Mn2+◻}{Ca}{Na3}{Mn132+}{Al}(PO4)12(OH)2
19.12.34Sarcopside(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.35Ludlamite(Fe,Mn,Mg)3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.12.36Graftonite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3(PO4)2
19.12.37WilhelmvierlingiteCaMnFe3+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.12.38FairfielditeCa2(Mn2+,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.39Beusite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Ca,Mg)3(PO4)2
19.12.40MesseliteCa2(Fe2+,Mn2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.12.41Jahnsite-(CaMnFe){Ca}{Mn2+}{Fe22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.42Jahnsite-(CaMnMn){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mn22+}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.43Jahnsite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{(Mg,Fe2+)2}{Fe23+}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.44KeckiteCaMn2+Fe23+Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)3(H2O)7
19.12.45StanfielditeCa7Ca2Mg9(PO4)12
19.12.46Laubmannite(Fe2+,Mn2+,Ca)3Fe63+(PO4)4(OH)12
19.12.47ZodaciteCa4Mn2+Fe43+(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.12.48HagendorfiteNaCaMn2+Fe22+(PO4)3
19.12.49Maghagendorfite(□,Na,)(Na,Ca,Fe2+)Mn(Mg,Fe2+,Fe3+)3(PO4)3
19.12.50VaruliteNaCaMn2+Mn22+(PO4)3
19.12.51GriphiteNa4Li2Ca6(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)19Al8(PO4)24(F,OH)8
19.12.52Attakolite(Ca,Sr)Mn(Al,Fe)4(HPO4,PO4)3(SiO4,PO4)(OH)4
19.12.54Lun'okite(Mn,Ca)(Mg,Fe,Mn)Al(PO4)2OH · 4H2O
19.12.55Eosphorite(Mn2+,Fe2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.56Ernstite(Mn2+,Fe3+)Al(PO4)(OH,O)2 · H2O
19.12.57Childrenite(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(OH)2 · H2O
19.12.58BobfergusoniteNa2Mn5FeAl(PO4)6
19.12.59QingheiiteNaMn3+Mg(Al,Fe3+)(PO4)3
19.12.60Whiteite-(CaFeMg){Ca}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.61Whiteite-(CaMnMg){Ca}{Mn2+}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.62Whiteite-(MnFeMg){(Mn2+,Ca)}{(Fe2+,Mn2+)}{Mg2}{Al2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.63Rittmannite{(Mn2+,Ca)}{Mn2+}{(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)2}{(Al,Fe3+)2}(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.12.64ZanazziiteCa2Mg5Be4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 6H2O
19.12.65Samuelsonite(Ca,Ba)Ca8Fe22+Mn22+Al2(PO4)10(OH)2

Other Names for Arrojadite-(KFe)

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Arrojadite-(KFe)

Reference List:
Mason, Brian (1942) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 64: 335 (as Arrojadite).
Eriksson (1946) Arkiv för Kemi, Mineralogi och Geologi, Stockholm: 23A, no. 8 (as Hühnerkobelite).
Lindberg, Marie L. (1950) American Mineralogist: 5: 59 (as Hühnerkobelite).
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 669 (as Hühnerkobelite).
Acta Crystallographica: B37: 1733-1736.
Moore, P. B. and Ito, J. (1979) Alluaudites, Wyllieites, Arrojadites: Crystal Chemistry and Nomenclature, Mineralogical Magazine, v. 43, p. 227-235.
American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1034-1049.
Cámara, F., Oberti, R., Chopin, C., Medenbach, O. (2006): The arrojadite enigma: I. A new formula and a new model for the arrojadite structure. American Mineralogist, 91, 1249-1259
Chopin, Christian, Oberti, Roberta, and Camara, Fernando (2006) The Arrojadite Enigma: II. Compositional Space, New Members, and Nomenclature of the Group, American Mineralogist, v. 91, p. 1260-1270.

Internet Links for Arrojadite-(KFe)

Specimens:
The following Arrojadite-(KFe) specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Arrojadite-(KFe)

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • Nevados de Palermo
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); M. A. Galliski (1981). Estructura, mineralogía y génesis de las pegmatitas de El Quemado, Salta, República Argentina. Tesis doctoral, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba.; Galliski, M. A. (1983). Distrito minero El Quemado, Deptos. La Poma y Cachi, provincia de Salta. II. Geología de sus pegmatitas. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argentina, 38, 340-380.
Galliski, M. A., & Hawthorne, F. C. (2002). Refinement of the crystal structure of ushkovite from Nevados de Palermo, Republica Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(3), 929-937.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
      • Galiléia
        • Laranjeiras
[MinRec 12:70]
  • Paraíba
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Pedra Lavrada
Am Min (1955) 40:55-63
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 680; Rocks & Minerals (Jan.2000).
Canada
 
  • Yukon Territory
    • Dawson Mining District
[MinRec 23:14-15]
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47.
[MinRec 23:14-15]
        • Kulan Camp (Area A; Area 1)
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Robinson, G.W., Van Velthuizen, J., Ansell, H.G. & Sturman, B.D. (1992): Mineralogy of the Rapid Creek and Big Fish River area, Yukon Territory. Mineralogical Record 23, 1-47
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
Finland
 
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Kemiö Island (Kimito Island)
GFF (1899) 21, 639-640
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
Berbain,C., Riley, T., Favreau, G., (2012): Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs. 117, 121-172
        • Collioure (Cotlliure)
BERBAIN. C, RILEY. T, FAVREAU. G, (2012) Phosphates des pegmatites du massif des Albères. Ed Association Française de Microminéralogie
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Razès
        • Chanteloube
          • Vilatte Quarries (La Vilate)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 4, 2000
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Zwiesel
        • Rabenstein
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Thomas, R., and Webster, J.D. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 570-582.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasumigaura City
          • Chiyoda-machi
The Mineral Species of Japan (5th ed) Matsubara
Morocco
 
  • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
    • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
Fontan, F. (1978) : Etude minéralogique et essais expérimentaux sur les phosphates de fer et de manganèse des pegmatites des Jebilet (Maroc) et des Pyrénées (France), PhD thesis, Toulouse, 272 p.
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Okatjimukuju Farm 55 (Friedrichsfelde Farm)
P. Keller and O. von Knorring, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1989, 1, pp. 567-593.
Portugal
 
  • Viseu District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Spain
 
  • Castile and Leon
    • Salamanca
      • Garcirrey
Encarnación Roda-Robles, Alfonso Pesquera (2007) Locality no. 4: The Phosphates-Rich Cañada Pegmatite (Aldehuela de La Bóveda, Salamanca, Spain) in ALEXANDRE LIMA & ENCARNACIÓN RODA ROBLES ed (2007) GRANITIC PEGMATITES: THE STATE OF THE ART - FIELD TRIP GUIDEBOOK. MEMÓRIAS N. º 9, UNIV. DO PORTO, FACULDADE DE CIÊNCIAS, DEPARTAMENTO DE GEOLOGIA pp 67-72.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Norrö
Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
  • Uppland
    • Sigtuna
      • Arlanda
No reference listed
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Buchan Grampian
      • Strathdon
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
USA
 
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Januzzi (1976) p.234-5.
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Rocks & Minerals: 67(6): 380-388.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 680, 687; Mineralogical Record: 17: 300.
Handbook of Mineralogy
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Karoi District (Urungwe; Hurungwe District)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
      • Mwami (Miami)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV
Mineral and/or Locality  
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