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Sauconite

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Formula:
Na
 
0.3
Zn
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Reddish brown
Hardness:1 - 2
Member of:Smectite Group
Name:Named in 1875 by William Theodore Roepper for its discovery locality, the Saucon Valley of Pennsylvania, USA.

Classification of Sauconite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/H.20-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.EC.45

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
Dana 8th edition ID:71.3.1b.3

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
3 : Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.12.17

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
12 : Aluminosilicates of Sr, Ba and Zn
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Type Occurrence of Sauconite

Co-type Localities:Friedensville Mine, Friedensville, Saucon Valley, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh Co., Pennsylvania, USA
Ueberroth Mine, Friedensville, Saucon Valley, Upper Saucon Township, Lehigh Co., Pennsylvania, USA
Year of Discovery:1875

Physical Properties of Sauconite

Lustre:Dull
Colour:Reddish brown
Hardness (Mohs):1 - 2

Crystallography of Sauconite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 5.2Å, b = 9.1Å, c = 15.4Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.571 : 1 : 1.692
Unit Cell Volume:V 0.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
15.4 (100)
7.77 (90)
5.58 (50b)
4.60 (90)
2.67 (100)
1.544 (100)
1.334 (75)
Comments:Air-dried sample.

Optical Data of Sauconite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.550 - 1.580 nβ = 1.590 - 1.620 nγ = 1.590 - 1.620
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.040

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate
Dispersion:r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Sauconite

Formula:
Na
 
0.3
Zn
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2·4H2O
Essential elements:H, Na, O, Si, Zn
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, Na, O, Si, Zn
Common Impurities:Ti,Fe,Mn,Cu,Mg,Ca,K

Relationship of Sauconite to other Species

Member of:Smectite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Aliettite
Ca
 
0.2
Mg
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
Beidellite
(Na,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
0.3
Al
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
Ferrosaponite
Ca
 
0.3
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Hectorite
Na
 
0.3
(Mg,Li)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
Montmorillonite
(Na,Ca)
 
0.33
(Al,Mg)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
Nontronite
Na
 
0.3
Fe
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
Pimelite
Ni
 
3
Si
 
4
O
 
10
(OH)
 
2
·4H
 
2
O
Saliotite
(Li,Na)Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
5
Saponite
Ca
 
0.25
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
Stevensite
(Ca,Na)
 
x
Mg
 
3-x
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
Swinefordite
Li(Al,Li,Mg)
 
4
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
Volkonskoite
Ca
 
0.3
(Cr,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Yakhontovite
(Ca,Na)
 
0.5
(Cu,Fe,Mg)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
Zincsilite
Zn
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.EC.05Minnesotaite
(Fe,Mg)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.05Talc
Mg
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.05Willemseite
(Ni,Mg)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.10Ferripyrophyllite
Fe
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.10Pyrophyllite
Al
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Boromuscovite
KAl
 
2
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Celadonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Fe
3+
 
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chernykhite
(Ba,Na)(V
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Montdorite
(K,Na)
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
9.EC.15Muscovite
KAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Nanpingite
CsAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.15Paragonite
NaAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Roscoelite
K(V
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Tobelite
(NH
 
4
,K)Al
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Aluminoceladonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chromphyllite
K(Cr,Al)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.15Ferro-aluminoceladonite
K(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Ferroceladonite
K(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chromceladonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Cr,Al)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Tainiolite
KLiMg
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.15Ganterite
(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Annite
KFe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Ephesite
LiNaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Hendricksite
K(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Masutomilite
(K,Rb)(Li,Mn
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Norrishite
KLiMn
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)O
 
2
9.EC.20Phlogopite
KMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.20Polylithionite
KLi
 
2
Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Preiswerkite
NaMg
 
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Siderophyllite
KFe
2+
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Tetraferriphlogopite
KMg
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorotetraferriphlogopite
KMg
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Wonesite
(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)
 
6
((Al,Si)
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
9.EC.20Eastonite
KMg
 
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Tetraferriannite
KFe
2+
3
((Fe
3+
 
,Al)Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Trilithionite
K(Li,Al)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorannite
KFe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Shirokshinite
KNaMg
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Shirozulite
K(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Sokolovaite
CsLi
 
2
Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Aspidolite
NaMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorophlogopite
KMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi
(Cs,K)(Al,Li)
 
2.6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Suhailite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Yangzhumingite
KMg
 
2.5
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Orlovite
KLi
 
2
Ti(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)OF
9.EC.20Oxyphlogopite
K(Mg,Ti,Fe)
 
3
[(Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
](O,F)
 
2
9.EC.25Brammallite
(Na,H
 
3
O)(Al,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.30Margarite
CaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Anandite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
((Si,Al,Fe)
 
4
O
 
10
)(S,OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Bityite
LiCaAl
 
2
(AlBeSi
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Clintonite
Ca(Mg,Al)
 
3
(Al
 
3
SiO
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn
2+
 
,Al)
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(O,OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.35Fluorokinoshitalite
BaMg
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.40Beidellite
(Na,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
0.3
Al
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Kurumsakite
(Zn,Ni,Cu)
 
8
Al
 
8
V
5+
2
Si
 
5
O
 
35
· 27H
 
2
O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite
(Na,Ca)
 
0.33
(Al,Mg)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Nontronite
Na
 
0.3
Fe
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Volkonskoite
Ca
 
0.3
(Cr,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.40Yakhontovite
(Ca,Na)
 
0.5
(Cu,Fe,Mg)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.EC.45Hectorite
Na
 
0.3
(Mg,Li)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.45Saponite
Ca
 
0.25
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.45Spadaite
MgSiO
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite
(Ca,Na)
 
x
Mg
 
3-x
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.45Swinefordite
Li(Al,Li,Mg)
 
4
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.45Zincsilite
Zn
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.45Ferrosaponite
Ca
 
0.3
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.50Vermiculite
(Mg,Fe,Al)
 
3
((Al,Si)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.55Baileychlore
(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Chamosite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Clinochlore
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Cookeite
(Al
 
2
Li)Al
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Franklinfurnaceite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
 
Mn
2+
3
Mn
3+
 
(Zn
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Gonyerite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
Fe
3+
 
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Nimite
(Ni,Mg,Al)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Orthochamosite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,O)
 
8
9.EC.55Pennantite
Mn
2+
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Sudoite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Donbassite
Al
 
4.33
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Glagolevite
Na(Mg,Al)
 
6
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,O)
 
8
9.EC.55Borocookeite
Li
 
1+3x
Al
 
4-x
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.60Aliettite
Ca
 
0.2
Mg
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.60Corrensite
(Mg,Fe)
 
9
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
10
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.60Dozyite
Mg
 
7
Al
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
15
)(OH)
 
12
9.EC.60Hydrobiotite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.60Karpinskite
(Ni,Mg)
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
5
(OH)
 
2
(?)
9.EC.60Kulkeite
Mg
 
8
Al(AlSi
 
7
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
10
9.EC.60Lunijianlaite
Li
 
0.7
Al
 
6.2
(AlSi
 
7
O
 
20
)(OH,O)
 
10
9.EC.60Rectorite
(Na,Ca)Al
 
4
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
9.EC.60Saliotite
(Li,Na)Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
5
9.EC.60Tosudite
Na
 
0.5
(Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
18
)(OH)
 
12
· 5H
 
2
O
9.EC.60Brinrobertsite
Na
 
0.3
Al
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 3.5 H
 
2
O
9.EC.65Macaulayite
(Fe,Al)
 
24
Si
 
4
O
 
43
(OH)
 
2
9.EC.70Burckhardtite
Pb
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)Te
4+
 
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.EC.75Ferrisurite
(Pb,Ca)
 
2.4
Fe
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)
 
1.7
(OH)
 
3
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.75Surite
(Pb,Ca)
 
3
(Al,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
9.EC.75Niksergievite
(Ba,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.80Kegelite
Pb
 
8
Al
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.12.1Stronalsite
SrNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
16.12.2Slawsonite
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.3Brewsterite
16.12.4Celsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.5Paracelsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.6Cymrite
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
(O,OH)
 
8
· H
 
2
O
16.12.7Edingtonite
Ba[Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
] · 4H
 
2
O
16.12.8Banalsite
BaNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
16.12.9Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
16.12.10Hyalophane
(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
16.12.11Balipholite
BaLiMg
 
2
Al
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
16.12.12Armenite
BaCa
 
2
Al
 
6
Si
 
9
O
 
30
· 2H
 
2
O
16.12.13Wellsite
(Ba,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 6H
 
2
O
16.12.14Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
16.12.15Anandite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
((Si,Al,Fe)
 
4
O
 
10
)(S,OH)
 
2
16.12.16Fraipontite
(Zn,Al)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
2
O
 
5
)(OH)
 
4
16.12.18Minehillite
(K,Na)
 
2-3
Ca
 
28
Zn
 
4
Al
 
4
Si
 
40
O
 
112
(OH)
 
16
16.12.19Hendricksite
K(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
16.12.20Baileychlore
(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8

Other Names for Sauconite

Other Languages:
German:Sauconit
Simplified Chinese:锌蒙脱石
Spanish:Sauconita
Varieties:
Vanuxemite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sauconite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1949): 31: 411-424.

Internet Links for Sauconite

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  • Localities for Sauconite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Western Australia
      • Leonora Shire
        • Ten Mile Outcamp
    Nickel, E.H. (1982) Secondary minerals from the oxidized zone of the Teutonic Bore sulphide deposit. The Australian Mineralogist, No. 40, December 1982, pg. 219-223.
    Belgium
     
    • Liège Province
      • Verviers
        • Plombières-Vieille Montagne District (Plombières-Altenberg)
          • Kelmis
            • Moresnet
    Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, H.A., Balassone, G., and Dejonghe, L. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 187-210.
    China
     
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Fushun Prefecture
        • Fushun Co.
    Minzhi Yang (2003): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 18(4), 220-224
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Pyrénées-Orientales
        • Montferrer
    Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 53-59.
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Var
        • Le Pradet
    http://www.mine-capgaronne.fr/site/Mineraux/ListeMineraux.html
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Isère
        • Vienne
    Designolle J-L. (1993), La mine de La Poype (Vienne), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-29
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
    Lapis 23(12), 45 (1998)
        • St Blasien
          • Urberg
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Ruhr Coal Mining area
        • Marl
          • Marl-Hüls
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
          • Sounion area
            • Agia Varvara Mines (St Barbara Mines)
    Branko Rieck Collection
    No reference listed
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
    Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
    Iran
     
    • Yazd Province
      • Bafq (Bafgh)
    Reicher, J., Borg, G., and Rashid, B. (2003): Iranian Journal of Crystallography and Mineralogy 11(2), 209-217
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Tipperary
      • Silvermines District
    Balassone, G., Rossi, M., Boni, M., Stanley, G., and McDermott, P. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 168-186.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Gifu Prefecture
          • Hida City
    Mike Scott S103678 fm Cureton #CSY fm Dr Matsubara, Natl Mus Japan 1996
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
    Elena V. Belogub data
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    Rocks & Min.: 56:247.
    Morocco
     
    • Oriental Region
      • Jbel Bou Arhous
    Flavien Choulet, Nicolas Charles, Luc Barbanson, Yannick Branquet, Stanislas Sizaret, Aomar Ennaciri, Lakhlifi Badra, Yan Chen (2014): Non-sulfide zinc deposits of the Moroccan High Atlas: Multi-scale characterization and origin. Ore Geology Reviews, 56, 115-140.
    Namibia
     
    • Karas Region
      • Lüderitz District
        • Rosh Pinah
    http://www.metalin.com/skorpion.html; Borg, G., Karner, K., Buxton, M., Armstrong, R., Schalk van der Merwe, W. (2003): Geology of the Skorpion supergene zinc deposit, southern Namibia. Economic Geology, 98, 749-771
    New Zealand
     
    • North Island
      • Northland
        • Far North
          • Cape Brett
    Brathwaite, R.L., Isaac, M.J., Challis, G.A., and Brook, F.J., 1990, Tertiary limestone and Zn-Pb mineralized skarn at Motukokako, Cape Brett, Northern New Zealand: Journal of Royal Society of New Zealand, v. 20, p. 427–438.
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Porsgrunn
        • Mørje
          • Sagåsen
    Knut Eldjarn. XRD+chemistry
    Peru
     
    • Cuzco Department
      • Paruro Province
    Maria Boni, Giuseppina Balassone, Vernon Arseneau, and Paul Schmidt (2009) The nonsulfide zinc deposit at Accha (southern Peru); geological and mineralogical characterization. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 104(2):267-289.; Maria Boni, Paul Rudolf Schmidt, Jacobus Rudolph De Wet, Jacob Daniel Singleton, Giuseppina Balassone, Nicola Mondillo (2009) Mineralogical signature of nonsulfide zinc ores at Accha (Peru): A key for recovery. Int. J. Miner. Process. 93:267–277; J.R. de Wet and J.D. Singleton (2008) Development of a viable process for the recovery of zinc from oxide ores. The Journal of The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 108:253-259
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
            • Karnasurt Mt
    Pekov, I. V., Chukanov, N. V., Yamnova, N. A., Zadov, A. E., & Tarassoff, P. (2007). Gjerdingenite-Na and gjerdingenite-Ca, two new mineral species of the labuntsovite group. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 529-539
    Pekov, I.V., Lykova, I.S., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Zolotarev, A.A., Jr., Zubkova, N.V. (2014): Zvyaginite NaZnNb2Ti[Si2O7]2O(OH,F)3(H2O) 4+x(х<1) a new mineral of epistolite group from Lovozero alkaline massif (Kola Peninsula, Russia). Zapiski RMO, 143, 45-63.
            • Seidozero Lake
              • Lepkhe-Nel'm Mt (Lepkhe-Nelm; Nepkha)
    Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
    South Africa
     
    • Northern Cape Province
      • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
    Minerals of South Africa
    Spain
     
    • Valencian Community
      • Castellón
        • Borriol
    Juan Miguel Casanova
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Le Trient Valley
        • Finhaut
    Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
      • Martigny
        • Mont Chemin
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 377.
    Turkmenistan
     
    • Lebap Province
      • South Tien-Shan Mts
        • Kugitangtau Ridge
    http://fadr.msu.ru/caves/malmin_e.html
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Dragoon Mts
          • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
            • Gleeson
              • Costello Mine group (Costello claims)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill Mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Foord, E.E., et al (1983), Cuprian fraipontite and sauconite from the Defiance-Silver Bill mines, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 131-132; Knudson, H.P. (1983), The Silver Bill Mine, Gleeson, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 127-131; Rocks & Min.: 65:17, 20 & 24.
      • Gila Co.
        • Dripping Spring Mts
          • Banner District
            • Christmas area
              • Christmas
    No reference listed
            • Hayden area
              • Chilito
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Keith, S.B. (1972), Mineralogy and paragenesis of the 79 mine lead-zinc-copper deposit, Min.Rec.: 3: 247-264.
        • Globe-Miami District
          • Miami-Inspiration District
            • Inspiration
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 361; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 109.
      • Pinal Co.
        • Pinal Mts
          • Pioneer District
            • Superior
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 188, 361.
    • California
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Clark Mts (Clark Mountain Range)
          • Clark Mountain District
            • Pactolus
              • Mohawk Hill
    [Mineralien Welt 1/93:44]
    • Colorado
      • Lake Co.
        • Leadville District
          • Leadville
            • Carbonate Hill
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
            • Fryer Hill
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
          • Weston Pass District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Iowa
      • Allamakee Co.
        • Waukon
    R&M 77:6 pp 404-413
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Ogdensburg
    [var: Vanuxemite] Shepard, Charles U., 1876, New Minerals, American Journal of Science, third series, v. 12, p. 231.
    Frondel, C.: Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, NJ - a checklist (1972); Dunn(1995):Pt4:486.
    • Pennsylvania
      • Columbia Co.
    S,ith, II, R. C. (1977)
      • Lehigh Co.
        • Upper Saucon Township
          • Saucon Valley
            • Friedensville
    Arthur Montgomery; The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania, 1922-1965, pg. 52 ; pub#9 Acadamy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia, PA; Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:394
    No reference listed
    Rocks & Min.: 6:26; 10:33-36, 58.
      • Northumberland Co.
        • Sunbury
    Smith, II R. C. (1977)
    • Virginia
      • Wythe Co.
        • New River-Cripple Creek Region
          • Austinville-Ivanhoe District
    Harvard Museum of Natural History specimen no. 125604
    • Wisconsin
      • Lafayette Co.
        • Upper Mississippi Valley District
    R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
    R&M 73:11-12 pp 378-399 Wisconsin Mineral Locality Index
    Yemen
     
    • Al Jawf Governorate
    N. Mondillo, M. Boni, G. Balassone, B. Grist (2011) In search of the lost zinc: A lesson from the Jabali (Yemen) nonsulide zinc deposit. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 108 (2011) 209–219; Mondillo, N., Boni, M., Balassone, G., Joachimski, M., & Mormone, A. (2014). The Jabali nonsulfide Zn–Pb–Ag deposit, western Yemen. Ore Geology Reviews, 61, 248-267.
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