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Scacchite

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Formula:
MnCl
 
2
System:TrigonalColour:Colourless, rose-red, ...
Member of:Lawrencite Group
Name:
Named after Arcangelo Scacchi (1810- 1893) Professor of Mineralogy, University of Naples, Italy.
Isostructural with:Chloromagnesite, Lawrencite

Classification of Scacchite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:3/A.07-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:3.AB.20

3 : HALIDES
A : Simple halides, without H2O
B : M:X = 1:2
Dana 8th edition ID:9.2.3.2

9 : NORMAL HALIDES
2 : AX2
Hey's CIM Ref.:8.10.1

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
10 : Halides of Mn
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Type Occurrence of Scacchite

Type Locality:Mt Vesuvius, Somma-Vesuvius Complex, Naples Province, Campania, Italy
Year of Discovery:1869

Physical Properties of Scacchite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Colourless, rose-red, darkening to brown or red-brown
Cleavage:Perfect
O {0001} ?
Density (measured):2.98 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.04 g/cm3

Crystallography of Scacchite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m {R3 2/m}
Cell Parameters:a = 3.7Å, c = 17.56Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 4.746
Unit Cell Volume:V 208.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Scacchite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.708 nε = 1.622
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.086

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Moderate

Chemical Properties of Scacchite

Formula:
MnCl
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:MnCl2
Essential elements:Cl, Mn
All elements listed in formula:Cl, Mn

Relationship of Scacchite to other Species

Member of:Lawrencite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Chloromagnesite
MgCl
 
2
Lawrencite
(Fe
2+
 
,Ni)Cl
 
2
Tolbachite
CuCl
 
2
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
3.AB.Fluorocronite
PbF
 
2
3.AB.05Tolbachite
CuCl
 
2
3.AB.10Coccinite
HgI
 
2
3.AB.15Sellaite
MgF
 
2
3.AB.20Chloromagnesite
MgCl
 
2
3.AB.20Lawrencite
(Fe
2+
 
,Ni)Cl
 
2
3.AB.25Fluorite
CaF
 
2
3.AB.25Frankdicksonite
BaF
 
2
3.AB.25Strontiofluorite
SrF
 
2
3.AB.30Tveitite-(Y)
(Y, Na)
 
6
Ca
 
6
Ca
 
6
F
 
42
3.AB.35Gagarinite-(Y)
NaCaYF
 
6
3.AB.35Gagarinite-(Ce)
Na(REE
 
x
Ca
 
1-x
)(REE
 
y
Ca
 
1-y
)F
 
6
3.AB.35Polezhaevaite-(Ce)
NaSrCeF
 
6
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
8.10.2Kempite
Mn
2+
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
8.10.3Chlormanganokalite
K
 
4
[MnCl
 
6
]

Other Names for Scacchite

Synonyms:
Scacchite (of Adam)
Other Languages:
German:Scacchit
Italian:Protochloruro di Manganese
Russian:Скаккит
Spanish:Scacchita

Other Information

Other Information:Deliquescent. Readily soluble in water.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Scacchite

Reference List:

- +
Scacchi (1855) Mem. Incend. Vesuv.: 181 (as protochloruro di Manganese).

Adam (1869) Tableau minéralogique, Paris: 70.

Ferrari, Celeri, and Giorgio (1929) Reale accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, Rend.: 9: 782.

Pauling (1929) Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, Washington: 15: 709.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 40-41.

Acta Crystallographica: 16: 846-847.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1990): 192: 147-148.

Internet Links for Scacchite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Scacchite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Scacchite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Italy
     
    • Campania
      • Naples Province
        • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 41.
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