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Schreibersite

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Formula:
(Fe,Ni)
 
3
P
System:TetragonalColour:Silver-white to ...
Hardness:6½ - 7
Name:
Named after Karl Franz Anton von Schreibers (1775-1852) of Vienna, Austria.
This page provides mineralogical data about Schreibersite.

Classification of Schreibersite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.11-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.BD.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
B : Metallic Carbides, Silicides, Nitrides and Phosphides
D : Phosphides
Dana 7th edition ID:1.1.31.2
Dana 8th edition ID:1.1.21.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Hey's CIM Ref.:2.14

2 : Carbides, Nitrides, Silicides and Phosphides
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Type Occurrence of Schreibersite

Type Locality:Magura meteorite, Slanica, Námestovo, Námestovo Co., Žilina Region, Slovakia
Year of Discovery:1847

Occurrences of Schreibersite

Geological Setting:Meteorites, reduced differentiated lenses in basalts, hydrothermal replacement in petrified wood.

Physical Properties of Schreibersite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Silver-white to tin-white, tarnishes to brass yellow or brown
Hardness (Mohs):6½ - 7
Tenacity:Very brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
Perfect on {001}
imperfect on {010} or {110}
Density (measured):7.0 - 7.3 g/cm3
Density (calculated):7.28(16) g/cm3

Crystallography of Schreibersite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4 - Disphenoidal
Space Group:I4
Cell Parameters:a = 9.05Å, c = 4.47Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.494
Unit Cell Volume:V 366.10 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:8
Morphology:Rarely in crystals, hoppered, plates, tablets, rods or needles.

Optical Data of Schreibersite

Type:Uniaxial

Chemical Properties of Schreibersite

Formula:
(Fe,Ni)
 
3
P
Simplified for copy/paste:(Fe,Ni)3P
Essential elements:Fe, P
All elements listed in formula:Fe, Ni, P
Common Impurities:Cr

Relationship of Schreibersite to other Species

Common Associates:
TroiliteTroiliteKamacite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.BD.05Nickelphosphide
(Ni,Fe)
 
3
P
1.BD.10Barringerite
(Fe,Ni)
 
2
P
1.BD.10Monipite
MoNiP
1.BD.15Florenskyite
FeTiP
1.BD.15Allabogdanite
(Fe,Ni)
 
2
P
1.BD.15Andreyivanovite
FeCrP
1.BD.20Melliniite
(Ni,Fe)
 
4
P
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
2.1Moissanite
SiC
2.2Sinoite
Si
 
2
N
 
2
O
2.3Osbornite
TiN
2.4Tongbaite
Cr
 
3
C
 
2
2.5Carlsbergite
CrN
2.6Siderazot
Fe
 
5
N
 
2
2.7Gupeiite
Fe
 
3
Si
2.8Xifengite
Fe
 
5
Si
 
3
2.9Khamrabaevite
(Ti,V,Fe)C
2.10Haxonite
(Fe,Ni)
 
23
C
 
6
2.11Cohenite
(Fe,Ni,Co)
 
3
C
2.12Roaldite
(Fe,Ni)
 
4
N
2.13Suessite
(Fe,Ni)
 
3
Si
2.15Barringerite
(Fe,Ni)
 
2
P
2.16Perryite
(Ni,Fe)
 
5
(Si,P)
 
2
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
1.1.31.1Barringerite
(Fe,Ni)
 
2
P
1.1.31.3Nickelphosphide
(Ni,Fe)
 
3
P
1.1.31.4Melliniite
(Ni,Fe)
 
4
P

Other Names for Schreibersite

Synonyms:
DyslytitePartschite (of Shepard)RhabditeSchreibersite (of Patera)Shepardite (of Haidinger)
Other Languages:
German:Dyslytit
Rhabdit
Schreibersit
Russian:Шрейберзит
Simplified Chinese:陨磷铁镍石
陨磷铁镍矿
Spanish:Dyslytita
Rhabdita
Schreibersita

Other Information

Other Information:Strongly magnetic
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Schreibersite

Reference List:

- +
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 124-126.

Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta: 28: 971-980.

Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta: 29: 513-534.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1982): 111: 685.

Skála, R. and Císařová, I. (2005) Crystal structure of meteoritic schreibersites: determination of absolute structure: Physicas and Chemistry of Minerals: 31: 721-732.

Internet Links for Schreibersite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Schreibersite on Webmineral
  • Look for Schreibersite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Schreibersite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Schreibersite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Schreibersite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Schreibersite

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