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Scorzalite

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Formula:
Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Dark azure blue, ...
Hardness:
6
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1949 by William Thomas Pecora and Joseph John Fahey in honor of Brazilian mineralogist, Evaristo Penna Scorza [August 20, 1899 Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil - March 29, 1969 Brazil]. Scorza was a field geologist, as well as an administrator later in his career. He published on a wide range of geological topics although many of his research papers were mineralogical.

Classification of Scorzalite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
8.BB.40

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 about 1:1
41.10.1.2

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
10 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq
19.14.30

19 : Phosphates
14 : Phosphates of Fe and other metals
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3596.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Scorzalite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Natural History Museum London 1965,207
Year of Discovery:
1947

Occurrences of Scorzalite

Geological Setting:
Secondary mineral in complex zoned granitic pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Scorzalite

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Dark azure blue, green-blue, blue-green
Streak:
White to light blue
Hardness (Mohs):
6
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {110}
Indistinct on {101}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
3.33 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.32 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Scorzalite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Space Group Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.15Å, b = 7.31Å, c = 7.25Å
β = 120.58°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.978 : 1 : 0.992
Unit Cell Volume:
V 326.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Generally massive, rare crystals are dipyramidal.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
6.17 (m)
4.72 (m)
3.24 (vs)
3.20 (vs)
3.14 (s)
3.08 (m)
2.55 (m)
Comments:
Corrego Frio Pegmatite, Minas Gerais, Brazil. X-ray pattern nearly identical to lazulite.

Optical Data of Scorzalite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.626 - 1.645 nβ = 1.654 - 1.674 nγ = 1.663 - 1.680
2V:
Measured: 62° , Calculated: 58° to 68°
Birefringence:
0.036
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.037
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r < v perceptible
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= colorless
Y=Z= blue

Chemical Properties of Scorzalite

Formula:
Fe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Scorzalite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Lazulite (see here)
Member of:
Other Members of Group:
BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
WilhelmkleiniteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.05AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
8.BB.05MontebrasiteLiAl(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.05TavoriteLiFe3+(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.10Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
8.BB.10Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
8.BB.15SarkiniteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.15Triploidite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.15Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
8.BB.15Wolfeite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.15Stanĕkite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(PO4)O
8.BB.15JoosteiteMn2+(Mn3+,Fe3+)(PO4)O
8.BB.15HydroxylwagneriteMg2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.20HoltedahliteMg2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.20Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(PO4)(OH,O)
8.BB.25AlthausiteMg4(PO4)2(OH,O)(F,☐)
8.BB.30AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30EveiteMn22+(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.30OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30ZincolibetheniteCuZn(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.30ZincoliveniteCuZn(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.30AuriacusiteFe3+Cu2+(AsO4)O
8.BB.35ParadamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
8.BB.35TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
8.BB.40BarbosaliteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40HentscheliteCuFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.40WilhelmkleiniteZnFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.45TrolleiteAl4(PO4)3(OH)3
8.BB.50NamibiteCu(BiO)2(VO4)(OH)
8.BB.55PhosphoellenbergeriteMg14(PO4)6(HPO4,CO3)2(OH)6
8.BB.60UrusoviteCuAl(AsO4)O
8.BB.65TheoparacelsiteCu3(As2O7)(OH)2
8.BB.70TuraniteCu5(VO4)2(OH)4
8.BB.75StoiberiteCu5(VO4)2O2
8.BB.80FingeriteCu11(VO4)6O2
8.BB.85AverieviteCu6(VO4)2O2Cl2
8.BB.90LipscombiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
8.BB.90RichelliteCaFe23+(PO4)2(OH,F)2
8.BB.90ZinclipscombiteZnFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2
19.14.1CyriloviteNaFe33+(PO4)2(OH)4 · 2H2O
19.14.2KidwelliteNaFe93+(PO4)6(OH)11 · 3H2O
19.14.3Rosemaryite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe2+)(Fe3+,Mg)Al(PO4)3
19.14.4Wyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
19.14.5Ferrowyllieite(Na,Ca,Mn)(Fe,Mn)(Fe,Fe,Mg)Al(PO4)3
19.14.6NatrodufréniteNaFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.7LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.14.8Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
19.14.9BurangaiteNaFe2+Al5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.10Satterlyite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)2(PO4)(OH,O)
19.14.11UshkoviteMgFe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.12Garyansellite(Mg,Fe)3(PO4)2(OH,O) · 1.5H2O
19.14.13ThadeuiteCa(Mg,Fe2+)3(PO4)2(OH,F)2
19.14.14AnapaiteCa2Fe2+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
19.14.15XanthoxeniteCa4Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 3H2O
19.14.16CalcioferriteCa2Fe23+(PO4)3(OH) · 7H2O
19.14.17MitridatiteCa2Fe33+(PO4)3O2 · 3H2O
19.14.18MélonjosephiteCaFe2+Fe3+(PO4)2(OH)
19.14.19DelvauxiteCaFe4(PO4,SO4)2(OH)8 · 4-6H2O not confirmed ·
19.14.20CollinsiteCa2(Mg,Fe2+)(PO4)2 · 2H2O
19.14.21SegeleriteCa2 Mg2 Fe23+(PO4)4(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.22KingsmountiteCa4(Fe2+,Mn2+)Al4(PO4)6(OH)4 · 12H2O
19.14.23VauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
19.14.24MetavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.25ParavauxiteFe2+Al2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 8H2O
19.14.26SigloiteFe3+Al2(PO4)2(OH)3 · 7H2O
19.14.27CacoxeniteFe243+Al(PO4)17O6(OH)12 · 17H2O
19.14.28KoninckiteFe3+PO4 · 3H2O
19.14.29Lazulite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(PO4)2(OH)2
19.14.31Souzalite(Mg,Fe2+)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.32Gormanite(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al,Fe3+)4(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
19.14.33ZaïriteBi(Fe3+,Al)3(PO4)2(OH)6

Other Names for Scorzalite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Scorzalit
Simplified Chinese:多铁天蓝石
Spanish:Scorzalita
Traditional Chinese:多鐵天藍石

Other Information

Not fluorescent in UV
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Scorzalite

Reference List:
Pecora, W.T. and Fahey, J.J. (1949) The Corrego Frio pegmatite, Minas Gerais: Scorzalite and souzalite, two new phosphate minerals. American Mineralogist: 34: 83-93.

American Mineralogist (1949): 34: 685-687.

Pecora, W.T. and Fahey, J.J. (1950) The lazulite-scorzalite isomorphous series. American Mineralogist: 35: 1-18.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 908-911.

Journal of the Mineral Society of Japan (1980): 14: 285.

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W., and Nichols, M.C. (2000) Handbook of Mineralogy, Volume IV. Arsenates, Phosphates, Vanadates. Mineral Data Publishing, Tucson, AZ, 680pp.: 532.

Internet Links for Scorzalite

Specimens:
The following Scorzalite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Scorzalite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Bargi Matal District
      • Pachigram (Pachighram) pegmatite field
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • North Burnett Region
Duggan, et al., Can. Min. 28,125-131(1990)
  • Victoria
    • East Gippsland Shire
      • Omeo
        • Mt Wills Mining District
          • Glen Wills
Personally collected by Ryan Eagle in 2009
Museum Victoria Natural Sciences Collection
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Millstatt lake ridge
      • Spittal
        • Millstatt lake
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Cornelio Saavedra Province
      • Machacamarca District (Colavi District)
Brian Kosnar specimen (checked by PXRD)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Divino das Laranjeiras
        • Linópolis
American Mineralogist (1948): 33: 205; Mineralogical Record: 14: 233.
      • Mendes Pimentel
Atencio, D., Coutinho, J.M.V., Mascarenhas, Y.P., Ellena, J. (2006): Matioliite, the Mg-analog of burangaite, from Gentil mine, Mendes Pimentel, Minas Gerais, Brazil, and other occurrences. American Mineralogist, 91, 1932-1936.
Canada
 
  • Nunavut Territory
    • Kitikmeot Region
      • Bathurst Inlet
P.B. Tomascak, M.A. Wise, P. Cerni, and D.L. Trueman (1994) Reconnaissance studies of four pegmatite populations in the Northwest Territories. pp 33-62. in W.D. Sinclair and D.G. Richardson eds. Studies Of Rare-Metal Deposits In The Northwest Territories. Geological Survey Of Canada Bulletin 475
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Jan Hloušek
    • Plzeň Region
      • Poběžovice (Ronsperg; Ronsberg; Ronsperk)
        • Otov
Masau, M., Staněk, J., Černý, P., Chapman, R. (2000). Metasomatic wolfeite and associated phosphates from the Otov I granitic pegmatite, western Bohemia. J. Czech Geol. Soc. 45, 159-173.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
Staněk, J.: Asociace minerálů významnějších pegmatitových žil v Hatích u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae naturales, 1997, roč. 82, 3-19.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
        • Échassières
Econ Geol (1995) 90:548-576
Germany
 
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Nakatsugawa City
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Abu town
Matsubara, S. & A. Kato: Phosphates from the Hinomaru-Nako mine, Abu-cho, Yamaguchi Prefecture, Western Japan: Mem.Natn.Sci.Mus., Tokyo, 30,167-183(1998); Mineralogical Journal Vol. 21 (1999) , No. 4 pp 145-150
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Kasumigaura City
          • Chiyoda-machi
Matsubara, S. & Kato, A. (1980) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 14, 269-286.
Morocco
 
  • Marrakech-Tensift-El Haouz Region
    • El Kelaâ des Sraghna Province
      • Sidi Bou Othmane
Favreau, G. (2012): Deux pegmatites à phosphates de Sidi Bou Othmane (Maroc). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2012, 71-109.
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
FRANSOLET, A.-M. (1975) On scorzalite from the Angarf-Sud pegmatite, Zenaga Plain, Anti-Atlas, Morocco. Fortschr. Miner., 52, 285-291
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Usakos
Von Bezing, L., Bode, R., and Jahn, S., (2008) Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern. 409 (in English).;
in the collection of F.J.Emmerich
Portugal
 
  • Bragança District
Rui Nunes collection
      • Felgar
Pedro Alves collection
  • Guarda District
    • Sabugal
      • Bendada
Schnorrer-Köhler (1991), Mineral Occurrences.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Buriatia Republic (Buryatia)
        • Dzhida Basin
American Mineralogist (2001) 86:200
Rwanda
 
  • Western Province
    • Gatumba District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. IV; Daltry, V.D.C. and O. von Knorring (1998) Type-Mineralogy of Rwanda with Particular Reference to the Buranga Pegmatite. Geologica Belgica 1:1-9
Fransolet, Andre-Mathieu, 1989, The Problem of Na-Li Substitution in Primary Li-Al Phosphates: New Data on Lacroixite, a Relatively Widespread Mineral, Canadian Mineralogist, v. 27, p. 211-217.
F. Hatert, P. Lefèvre, A.M. Fransolet, M.R. Spirlet, F. Fontan, P. Keller : "Ferrorosemaryite, []NaFe2+Fe3+Al(PO4)3, a new phosphate mineral from the Rubindi pegmatite, Rwanda", Bull. Liaison S.F.M.C., Vol. 16, 2004, pp 44-45.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Alt Empordà
        • Cadaqués
Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Ed. Museu Mollfulleda de Mineralogia - Grup Mineralògic Català, 269 p.
Sweden
 
  • Södermanland
    • Norrö
Gustafson, Lars.(1989): Norrö glimmerbrott.Stuffen (Medlemsblad för Södertörn Amatörgeologiska Sällskap). Nr 39, nov 1989, 8-12; Gustafsson, Lars & Otter, Bertil (1991): Mineralförekomster i Stockholmstrakten.Del 2. STEIN 18(4),4-12
  • Uppland
    • Sigtuna
      • Arlanda
No reference listed
  • Värmland
    • Torsby
Henriques, Å. (1956): An iron-rich scorzalite from Hållsjöberget (Horrsjöberget), Sweden. Arkiv för Mineralogi og Geologi 2 (3): 127-131.
  • Västergötland
    • Tidaholm
Switzerland
 
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lago Maggiore
      • Brissago
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 252.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Rob Bowell, lab tested
    • Yavapai Co.
AmMin 67: 97-113 (1982)
  • California
    • Imperial Co.
      • Cargo Muchacho Mts
        • Cargo Muchacho District (Hedges District; Ogilby District)
          • Obregon
www.mineralsocal.org
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 310.
    • Madera Co.
      • Ritter Range
Smerud, Sara K. & Wm. H. McDonald (1956), Scorzalite and lazulite: Gems & Minerals, No. 224: 20-21, 86, May, 1956: 20; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 333.
    • Mono Co.
      • White Mts
        • White Mountain Peak
Gross, E.B. and Parwel, A. (1968) Rutile mineralization at the White Mountain andalusite deposit, California. Arkiv för Mineralogie och Geologi 4, No. 29: 493-497; Sinkankas, J. (1976) Gemstones of North America II. Van Nostrand Reinhold Co., New York: 256; Wise, W. S. (1977): Mineralogy of the Champion mine White Mountains, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 480, 484-485; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 311.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 333.
  • Colorado
    • Larimer Co.
      • Glendevey
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
        • Haddam Neck
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Albany
King, V. T., 2009, Maine Feldspar, Families, and Feuds, book in press.
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 1; King, V, 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, Oxford County, Maine, Mineral News, v. 22 (6), p. 1-3.
      • Rumford
Scott Soucey and Tim Blake specimen
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Alexandria
No reference listed
      • Groton
Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
No reference listed
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Am. Min. 50 (1965), 713-717; Mineralogical Record (1973) 4:103-130; NIZAMOFF, James W., SIMMONS, William B., and FALSTER, Alexander U. (2004) PHOSPHATE MINERALOGY AND PARAGENESIS OF THE PALERMO #2 PEGMATITE, NORTH GROTON, NEW HAMPSHIRE Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
Whitmore & Lawrence, 2004: The Pegmatite Mines Known As Palermo, p.96.
Rocks & Min., May 1999.; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 115
No reference listed
    • Sullivan Co.
      • Newport
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Star Lake
        • Benson
Marian Lupulescu, D. Bailey, and Mike Hawkins (2010) Mineralogy of the Benson Mines Proterozoic iron deposit, Star Lake, St. Lawrence County, NY. The 37th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 15-18, 2010
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Custer
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 911; Rocks & Minerals (2000): 75(3): 156-169.
    • Pennington Co.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Mineral and/or Locality  
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