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Semseyite

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Formula:
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
System:MonoclinicColour:Steel-grey to black
Lustre:MetallicHardness:
Member of:Plagionite Group
Name:
For Andor von Semsey (1833-1923), a Nobleman and amateur Hungarian mineralogist, whose first name gave rise to Andorite.


Plagionite Group

Semseyite belongs to a homologous series of lead antimony sulphides. The structure contains sheets of galena, the thickness of this sheet determines the position in the homologous series. Semseyite has the thickest sheet and fülöppite the thinnest.

Classification of Semseyite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/E.21-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.HC.10d

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
H : Sulfosalts of SnS archetype
C : With only Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:3.6.20.4

3 : SULFOSALTS
6 : 2 < ø < 2.49
Hey's CIM Ref.:5.6.13

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
6 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Pb alone
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Type Occurrence of Semseyite

Type Locality:Baia Sprie mine (Felsöbánya mine), Baia Sprie (Felsöbánya), Maramureș Co., Romania
Year of Discovery:1881

Physical Properties of Semseyite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Steel-grey to black
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Perfect
perfect on {112}, ( {001} of the galena plane)
Density (measured):6.08 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.15 g/cm3

Crystallography of Semseyite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:B2/b
Space Group Setting:C2/c
Cell Parameters:a = 13.64Å, b = 11.96Å, c = 24.46Å
β = 105.87°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.14 : 1 : 2.045
Unit Cell Volume:V 3,838.18 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Tabular {001}, often prismatic [010]. Also prismatic [4¯01] and [2¯01]. Crystals often twisted and composed of subparallel individuals; in globular aggregates and rosette-like groups.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.88 (60)
3.81 (90)
3.351 (70)
3.260 (100)
2.949 (90)
2.857 (80)
2.152 (50)

Optical Data of Semseyite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Strong
Colour in reflected light:White
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:Very weak

Chemical Properties of Semseyite

Formula:
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
Simplified for copy/paste:Pb9Sb8S21
Essential elements:Pb, S, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Pb, S, Sb
Common Impurities:Ag,Cu,Fe

Relationship of Semseyite to other Species

Member of:Plagionite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Fülöppite
Pb
 
3
Sb
 
8
S
 
15
Heteromorphite
Pb
 
7
Sb
 
8
S
 
19
Plagionite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
8
S
 
17
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.HC.05bBaumhauerite-2a
Pb
 
11
Ag(As,Sb)
 
18
S
 
36
2.HC.05bBaumhauerite
Pb
 
12
As
 
16
S
 
36
2.HC.05eChabournéite
Tl
 
21-x
Pb
 
2x
(Sb,As)
 
91-x
S
 
147
(x = 0-17.5)
2.HC.05dDufrénoysite
Pb
 
2
As
 
2
S
 
5
2.HC.05aGuettardite
PbAsSbS
 
4
2.HC.05cLiveingite
Pb
 
9
As
 
13
S
 
28
2.HC.05fParapierrotite
Tl(Sb,As)
 
5
S
 
8
2.HC.05fPierrotite
Tl
 
2
Sb
 
6
As
 
4
S
 
16
2.HC.05dRathite
Pb
 
8
Pb
 
4-x
(Tl
 
2
As
 
2
)
 
x
(Ag
 
2
As
 
2
)As
 
16
S
 
40
2.HC.05aSartorite
PbAs
 
2
S
 
4
2.HC.05aTwinnite
Pb
 
0.8
Tl
 
0.1
Sb
 
1.3
As
 
0.8
S
 
4
2.HC.05dVeenite
Pb
 
2
(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
5
2.HC.05gMarumoite
Pb
 
32
As
 
40
S
 
92
2.HC.05eDalnegroite
(Tl
 
4
Pb
 
2
)(As
 
12
Sb
 
8
)S
 
34
2.HC.10aFülöppite
Pb
 
3
Sb
 
8
S
 
15
2.HC.10cHeteromorphite
Pb
 
7
Sb
 
8
S
 
19
2.HC.10bPlagionite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
8
S
 
17
2.HC.10dRayite
Pb
 
8
(Ag,Tl)
 
2
Sb
 
8
S
 
21
2.HC.15Boulangerite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
4
S
 
11
2.HC.15Falkmanite
Pb
 
5.4
Sb
 
3.6
S
 
11
2.HC.20Robinsonite
Pb
 
4
Sb
 
6
S
 
13
2.HC.25Moëloite
Pb
 
6
Sb
 
6
S
 
14
(S
 
3
)
2.HC.30Dadsonite
Pb
 
23
Sb
 
25
S
 
60
Cl
2.HC.35Owyheeite
Ag
 
3+x
Pb
 
10-2x
Sb
 
11+x
S
 
28
, -0.13 < x > +0.20
2.HC.35Zoubekite
AgPb
 
4
Sb
 
4
S
 
10
2.HC.40Parasterryite
Ag
 
4
Pb
 
20
Sb
 
14
As
 
10
S
 
58
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
5.6.1Sartorite
PbAs
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.2Dufrénoysite
Pb
 
2
As
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.3Liveingite
Pb
 
9
As
 
13
S
 
28
5.6.4Baumhauerite
Pb
 
12
As
 
16
S
 
36
5.6.5Gratonite
Pb
 
9
As
 
4
S
 
15
5.6.6Jordanite
Pb
 
14
(As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.7Fülöppite
Pb
 
3
Sb
 
8
S
 
15
5.6.8Zinkenite
Pb
 
9
Sb
 
22
S
 
42
5.6.9Plagionite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
8
S
 
17
5.6.10Heteromorphite
Pb
 
7
Sb
 
8
S
 
19
5.6.11Launayite
CuPb
 
10
(Sb,As)
 
12
S
 
20
5.6.12Playfairite
Pb
 
16
Sb
 
18
S
 
43
5.6.14Madocite
Pb
 
19
(Sb,As)
 
16
S
 
43
5.6.15Boulangerite
Pb
 
5
Sb
 
4
S
 
11
5.6.17Robinsonite
Pb
 
4
Sb
 
6
S
 
13
5.6.18Guettardite
PbAsSbS
 
4
5.6.19Twinnite
Pb
 
0.8
Tl
 
0.1
Sb
 
1.3
As
 
0.8
S
 
4
5.6.20Veenite
Pb
 
2
(Sb,As)
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.21Sorbyite
CuPb
 
9
(Sb,As)
 
11
S
 
26
5.6.22Geocronite
Pb
 
14
(Sb,As)
 
6
S
 
23
5.6.23Galenobismutite
PbBi
 
2
S
 
4
5.6.24Cosalite
Pb
 
2
Bi
 
2
S
 
5
5.6.25Cannizzarite
Pb
 
4
Bi
 
6
S
 
13
5.6.26Lillianite
Pb
 
3-2x
Ag
 
x
Bi
 
2+x
S
 
6
5.6.27Giessenite
Pb
 
27
Cu
 
2
(Bi,Sb)
 
19
S
 
57
5.6.28Platynite
5.6.29Xilingolite
Pb
 
3
Bi
 
2
S
 
6
5.6.30Weibullite
Pb
 
5
Bi
 
8
Se
 
7
S
 
11
5.6.31Wittite
Pb
 
9
Bi
 
12
(S,Se)
 
27
5.6.32Kirkiite
Pb
 
10
Bi
 
3
As
 
3
S
 
19
5.6.33Ustarasite
Pb(Bi,Sb)
 
6
S
 
10
(?)

Other Names for Semseyite

Other Languages:
German:Semseyit
Spanish:Semseyita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Semseyite

Reference List:

- +
Krenner (1881), Ak. Magyar Értes: 15: 111.

Krenner (1881), Ungarischer Revue: 367.

Krenner (1883), Zs. Kr.: 8: 532.

Spencer (1899), Mineralogical Magazine: 12: 55.

Smith (1919), Mineralogical Magazine: 18: 354.

Finály and Koch (1929), Mineralogical Magazine: 22: 179.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 466-468.

J. J. Kohatsu and B. J. Wuensch (1974): Prediction of structures in the homologous series Pb3+nSb8S15+2n (the plagionite group). Acta Crystallographica, B30, 2935-2937.

Kohatsu, J. J., Wuensch, B. J. (1974): Semseyite (Pb9Sb8S11) and the crystal chemistry of the plagionite group, Pb3+2nSb8S15+2n. American Mineralogist, 59, 1127-1127.

Matsushita, Y. (2010): Redetermination of crystal structure of semseyite, Pb9Sb8S21. 20th General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2010), Budapest, Hungary, August 21-27, CD of Abstracts, p. 744.

Internet Links for Semseyite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Specimens:The following Semseyite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Semseyite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Jujuy
      • Humahuaca Department
        • Aguilar district
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
      • Rinconada Department
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    • Salta
      • El Quevar
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Zeltschach
    G.Blaß
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
          • Obernberg valley
            • Obernberg am Brenner
    Hanke, M. & Strasser, M. (2004): Neufunde und Neubestimmungen von Obernberg/Tirol. Lapis 29 (6), 22-24; 50.
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Cercado Province
    [MinRec 32:476]
    No reference listed
    [MinRec 32:479]
      • Dalence Province
        • Huanuni
    [MinRec 32:472]
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
        • Agua de Castilla
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
        • Huanchaca
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
      • Sud Chichas Province
        • Atocha-Quechisla District
          • Cerro Chorolque
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
      • Sud Lípez Province
        • Buena Vista
    USGS Bulletin # 1975.
    Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
        • San Pablo de Lípez
          • Santa Isabel district
    Geology and Mineral Resources of the Altiplano and Cordillera Occidental, Bolivia (USGS Bulletin no. 1975)
    Bulgaria
     
    • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
      • Rhodope Mts
    Min.Mag.(1982) 46, 357-361
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Vancouver Mining Division
        • Brandywine Creek
          • Van Silver Property (Van Silver Mine; Van Silver Claims)
    [
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Yellowknife
    COLEMAN, L.C. (1953) Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527.
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Madoc area
          • Huntingdon Township
    Boulangerite and Associated Minerals of the Rogers Mine, Reiner Mielke 1977, BSc Thesis, University of Waterloo; F. Melanson & Robinson, G. (1982) The Fluorite Mines of Madoc Ontario. Mineralogical Record 13, 87-92.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Jambor (1967b) Can. Min. 9, 191-213
    China
     
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Yizhang Co.
          • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
    Jensen, M. (2009): Mineral News 25(4), 1-11, 14; Ottens, B. (2011): Mineralogical Record 42, 557-603
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
        • Hexigten Banner (Keshiketeng Co.)
    Yan Liu, Sihong Jiang, Zhigang Zhang, Yifei Liu, and Fengjun Nie (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(5), 837-854
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Kladno
    Žáček, V., Frýda, J., Ondruš, P., Opluštil, S.: Polymetalická mineralizace v proterozoiku v podloží karbonské pánve na dole Slaný. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 123-126.
    No reference listed
        • Příbram
          • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
            • Bohutín
              • Bohutín deposit
    Litochleb, J., Sejkora, J., Litochlebová, E., Jindra, J.: Semseyit a fizélyit z polymetalického ložiska Bohutín u Příbrami, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 11-16.
          • Háje
            • Uranium Mine No. 21 (Shaft No. 21)
    Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Knížek, F., Slepička, V., Litochleb, J., Jebava, I. (2012) Výskyty unikátního monometalického stříbrného zrudnění na žíle H14F3 mezi 7. a 9. patrem šachty č. 21 Háje, příbramský uran-polymetalický revír (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 20, 2, 230-254. ISSN 1211-0329.
      • Ústí Region
        • Ústí nad Labem (Aussig)
    Wiesner I.: Nálezy některých nerostů v okolí Telnice ve východní části Krušných hor. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1979, 24, 4, 433.
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Fecht valley (Munster valley)
          • Stosswihr
    J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
          • Neuenberg
    Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Ferrières-Saint-Mary
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J.J. Périchaud : "Inventaire Minéralogique du Cantal", BRGM and Editions G. de Bussac, 1971
      • Haute-Loire
        • Allègre
          • La Chapelle-Bertin
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Brioude
          • Paulhac
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • La Chaise-Dieu
          • Saint-Pal-de-Senouire
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Langeac
          • Marsanges
    J.-J. Périchaud: "Les Minéraux d'Auvergne", Vol. 2, 1986
        • Lavoûte-Chilhac
          • Ally
            • La Rodde mine
    J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif-Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
    J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif-Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
    J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif-Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
        • Lubilhac
    J.-J. Périchaud: Les Minéraux d'Auvergne, Vol. 2, Clermont-Ferrand (1986)
        • Mercoeur
          • Chazelles-Haut (Chazelle)
    J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif-Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
        • Paulhaguet
          • Salzuit
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Pinols
          • Chazelles
    P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
          • Ferrussac
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Anzat-le-Luguet
    J.J. Périchaud : "Les Gisements Métalliques du District à Antimoine de Brioude-Massiac (Massif Central Français)", BRGM, 1968
    E. Marcoux, Y. Moëlo, P. Picot und J.-C. Baubron (1988): Évolution minéralogique et isotopique (Pb) du filon sulfuré complexe des Borderies (Massif central français) — Implications métallogéniques. Mineralium Deposita 23, 58-70.
        • Pontgibaud
          • Bromont-Lamothe
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Audierne
          • Cape Sizun
            • Lescoff
    Y. Moëlo, Y. Fouquet, C. Laforêt, L. Chauris, Bull. Minéral., 1978, 101, pp. 363-367, France.
          • Sein Island
    Y. Fouquet, C. Laforêt, L. Chauris, Bull. Minéral., 1978, 101, pp. 363-367, France.
        • Huelgoat (Locmarria-Berrien)
    R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
        • Poullaouen
    R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
      • Morbihan
        • Pontivy
    Y. Moëlo, E. Makovicky and S. Karup-Moller : "Sulfures complexes plombo-argentifères : minéralogie et cristallochimie de la série andorite-fizelyite", Documents du BRGM N° 167, 1989.
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Aude
        • Palairac
    Y. Moëlo, E. Makovicky and S. Karup-Moller : "Sulfures complexes plombo-argentifères : minéralogie et cristallochimie de la série andorite-fizelyite", Documents du BRGM N° 167, 1989.
      • Gard
        • Saint-Jean-du-Gard
    P. Picot, Z. Johan : "Atlas of Ore Minerals", BRGM, Elsevier, 1982
      • Hérault
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Bort-les-Orgues
        • Moustier-Ventadour
    Michel TREILLARD collection
        • Ussel
    [MinRec 1982, 5, p.261-268]
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Aveyron
        • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
    Inventaire Mineralogique de la France numero 7. Aveyron pages 190 - 191
      • Tarn
        • Réalmont
          • Montredon-Labessonnié
    Bernadi G. (2004), Quelques nouvelles de Peyrebrune (Tarn), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°86, pp 13-18
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
    Fourcault, J. M. (1993): The alpine sulfosalt occurence at Saint Pons, Haute-Provence (France). Mineralogical Record, 24(1), 41-44.
    Fourcault, J. M. (1993): The alpine sulfosalt occurence at Saint Pons, Haute-Provence (France). Mineralogical Record, 24(1), 41-44.
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • Orpierre
    Le Cahier des Micromonteurs,(2), 3-13
        • Saint-Maurice-en-Valgodemard
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, P.A. Poulain, "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France : Hautes-Alpes", BRGM, 1972
      • Var
        • Les Arcs
    Mari G. (1996), Le filon des Porres, Le Règne Minéral, n° spécial, pp: 18-24
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Isère
        • La Mure
    Alain TUEL Collection
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Haslach
          • Steinach
    [Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
        • Hausach
          • Adlersbach valley
    Field collected by Gunther Grundmann and G. Hübner, 1971.
        • Sulzburg
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    U. Kolitsch, G. Blaß, H.-W. Graf und J. Gröbner (2004): Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. Lapis 29 (2) 18-23; 50. (in German)
      • Wiesloch
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Meier, S. (1995). Mineralfundstellen im Fichtelgebirge. Eigenverlag, Marktredwitz, 220 p.
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • St Andreasberg District
    No reference listed
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Sauerland
        • Arnsberg
          • Uentrop
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
    Lapis, 14 (6), 11-32+50.
        • Marsberg
    Lapis, 16 (12), 13-21+58.
        • Meschede
          • Bestwig
            • Nuttlar
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
          • Ramsbeck
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
    SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62; Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
      • Siegerland
        • Eiserfeld
          • Kohlenbach Valley
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Müsen
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
        • Siegen
          • Obersdorf
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
        • Wilnsdorf
          • Wilden
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Eifel
        • Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler
          • Ahrbrück
            • Martinsknipp
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
          • Altenahr
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
        • Mayen
          • St Johann
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
      • Siegerland
        • Betzdorf
          • Kirchen
            • Freusburg
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
        • Niederfischbach
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
        • Wissen
          • Eichelhardt
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
      • Westerwald
        • Wied Iron Spar District
          • Altenkirchen
            • Oberlahr
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
            • Willroth
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
          • Neuwied
            • Puderbach
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
            • Raubach
    Wagner, T., and Cook, N.J. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 206-222.
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Stolberg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
          • Wolfsberg
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Freiberg District
          • Bräunsdorf
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Thuringia
      • Greiz
        • Neumühle
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001; Rüger, F. (2009): Die Mineralien des Kuhbergbruchs Neumühle in Thüringen. Lapis 34 (6), 25-30; 43-47; 70.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
    Voudouris, P., Melfos, V, Spry, P.G., Bonsall, T.A., Tarkian, M. & Solomon, Ch. (2008): Carbonate-replacement Pb-Zn-Ag+/-Au mineralization in the Kamariza area, Lavrion, Greece: Mineralogy and thermochemical conditions of formation. Mineralogy & Petrology 94, 85-106.
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
    Voudouris, P., Melfos, V., Spry, P. G., Bonsall, T., Tarkian, M. & Economou-Eliopoulos, M. (2008): Mineralogical and fluid inclusion constraints on the evolution of the Plaka intrusion-related ore system, Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 93, 79-110
    • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
      • Xánthi Prefecture
        • Kassiteres-Sapes area
    Michael, C. (2004). Epithermal systems and gold mineralization in western Thrace (North Greece). Bull Geol Soc Greece, 36, 416-423.
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Gyöngyösoroszi
    Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
    • Pest Co.
      • Börzsöny Mtns
        • Nagybörzsöny (Deutsch Pilsen; Deutschpilsen)
    Szakáll & Jánosi: Minerals of Hungary, 1995
    India
     
    • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
      • Ajmer Division
        • Bhilwara District
    Mineralium Deposita (2009) 44, 183-204
    Iran
     
    • West Azarbaijan Province (West Azerbaijan Province)
      • Takab (Takan Tepe)
    Daliran, F. (2008): The carbonate rock-hosted epithermal gold deposit of Agdarreh, Takab geothermal field, NW Iran—hydrothermal alteration and mineralisation. Mineralium Deposita, 43, 383-404
    Asadi, H.H., Voncken, J.H.L, Kühnel, R.A., and Hale, M. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 656-671.
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Meath
      • Navan (An Uaimh)
    No reference listed
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Borgofranco d'Ivrea
            • Biò
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Massa Marittima
    Brizzi G., Capperi M., Masotti A. - La miniera di pirite di Niccioleta, Massa Marittima (GR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 4 (1989) e Fasc. 1 - 2(1990)
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Seravezza
    Orlandi et al., 1996. Minerals of the Seravezza Marble, Tuscany, Italy. Min. Rec., 27: 47-58. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Saitama Prefecture
          • Chichibu City
            • Ohtaki-mura
              • Nakatsugawa
    Fujiwara, T. (1994): Nihon-no-Kobutsu
    Y. Okazaki specimen; Harada, K., Sakamoto, O., Nakao, K., & Nagashima, K. (1970). Bournonite from Daikoku, Chichibu Mine, Saitama, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 6(3), 186-188.
    Peru
     
    • Huancavelica Department
      • Angaraes Province
    Min.Rec. 28, no.4 (1997)
    B. Duval, Y. Moëlo and P. Picot, Bull. Minéral. , 1986, 109, pp. 649-655.
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Castelo de Paiva
        • Raiva
    Pedro Alves collection
    Pedro Alves collection
    Romania
     
    • Maramureș Co.
    Bailly, L., Milesi, J. P., Leroy, J., & Marcoux, E. (1998). Les minéralisations épithermales à Au-Cu-Zn-Sb du district de Baia Mare (Nord Roumanie): nouvelles données minéralogiques et microthermométriques. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences-Series IIA-Earth and Planetary Science, 327(6), 385-390.
        • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
    Palache et al (1944), Dana's System of Mineralogy, Seventh ed., Vol. 1: 450.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Mineralogical Record 7:139-140
    No reference listed
      • Baia Sprie (Felsöbánya)
    Math. és Term.Tud.Ért.(1881) 15, 11-113
    Marias Francisc, 2005, Metallogeny of the Baia Mare Mining District-an approach based of the Cavnic hydrothermal system-comparison with other epithermal systems in the World. Ed. Cornelius, 2005, p. 376-377.
    • Satu Mare Co.
      • Satu Mare
        • Oaș Mts
          • Negrești-Oaș
            • Turț
    Clain, E. & Haake, R. (2006): Die Blei-Zink-Lagerstätte von Turt, Oasgebirge, Rumänien. Mineralien-Welt 17 (5), 52-64. (in German)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Verkhoyansk Fold Belt
          • Verkhoyansk Silver Province
            • Western Verkhoyansk District
              • Mangazeisky ore cluster
    Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
    Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
        • Yustid ore cluster
          • Asgat-Ozernoe zone
    Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
    [Mineralien Welt 6/92:62]
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
        • Jasenie
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Poltár Co.
    Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    • Žilina Region
      • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
    Chovan, M., Majzlan, J., Ragan, M., Siman, P., Krištín, J. (1998): Pb-Sb and Pb-Sb-Bi sulfosalts and associated sulphides from Dúbrava antimony deposit, Nízké Tatry Mts. Acta Geologica Universitatis Comenianae, 53, 37-49.
        • Liptovské Kľačany
    Topa, D., Sejkora, J., Makovicky, E., Pršek, J., Ozdín, D., Putz, H., Dittrich, H. & Karup-Møller, S. (2012): Chovanite, Pb15-2xSb14+2xS36Ox (x ~ 0.2), a new sulphosalt species from the Low Tatra Mountains, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. European Journal of Mineralogy, 24, 727-740.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Pulpí
          • Pilar de Jaravia
    Calvo, M. (2003). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol.2 Sulfuros y Sulfosales. Diputación Foral de Alava. 705 pages.
    • Aragón
      • Teruel
        • Lanzuela
    LAN1
    Tajikistan
     
    • Viloyati Mukhtori Gorno-Badakhshan (Viloyati Badakhshoni Kuni)
      • Pamir Mts
        • Pamir Silver District
          • Bazardara ore cluster
    Pavlova, G.G., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 164-185.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Wadebridge District
          • St Endellion
            • Port Isaac
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Coombe Height
    No reference listed
      • Devon
        • Tavistock District
          • Wembury
    http://www.english-nature.org.uk/citation/citation_photo/1001318.pdf
    • Scotland
      • Dumfries & Galloway (Dumfriesshire)
        • Eskdale
          • Glenshanna Burn
            • Glendinning
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol.1, 1990
      • Strathclyde (Ayrshire)
        • New Cumnock
          • Hare Hill
    No reference listed
    • Wales
      • Conwy (Gwynedd; Caernarvonshire)
        • Deganwy
    BMS Database; R. E. Bevins (1988) Sixth Supplementary List of British Isles Minerals (Welsh). Mineralogical Magazine 52:121-124; Bevins, R.E., Alderton, D.H.M. & Horak, J.M. (1988): Lead-antimony mineralization at Bwlch Mine, Deganwy, Wales. Mineralogical Magazine, 52, 391-394.
    Ukraine
     
    • Donets'k Oblast' (Donetsk Oblast')
      • Gorlovka
        • Novyi Donbass
    [World of Stones 12:20]
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • Clear Creek Co.
        • Freeland
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Hinsdale Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • San Juan Co.
        • Red Mountain District
          • Anvil Mountain
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
      • Summit Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Idaho
      • Bonner Co.
        • Clark Fork District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Montana
      • Deer Lodge Co.
        • Olson Gulch District
    Laszlo Dudas dealer stock (Continental Minerals)
    • South Dakota
      • Pennington Co.
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
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