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Shattuckite

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Formula:
Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Light to dark blue.
Hardness:
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Shattuck Mine, Bisbee, Arizona, USA.
A rare secondary copper silicate.
May be confused with Plancheite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Shattuckite.

Classification of Shattuckite

Approved
9.DB.40

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
B : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; Pyroxene-related minerals
65.1.7.1

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
14.2.2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
2 : Silicates of Cu
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3634.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Shattuckite

Year of Discovery:
1915

Occurrences of Shattuckite

Geological Setting:
Oxidation zone in copper deposits

Physical Properties of Shattuckite

Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Light to dark blue.
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {010} {100}
Density:
4.11 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.128 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Shattuckite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.88Å, b = 19.83Å, c = 5.38Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.498 : 1 : 0.271
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,054.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Elongated prismatic crystals
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.96 (90)
4.42 (100)
3.50 (80)
3.30 (80)
2.745 (70)
2.400 (60)
1.627 (70)

Optical Data of Shattuckite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.753 nβ = 1.782 nγ = 1.815
2V:
Calculated: 88°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.062
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
distinct to strong
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X= very pale blue
Y= pale blue
Z= deep blue

Chemical Properties of Shattuckite

Formula:
Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca,H2O

Relationship of Shattuckite to other Species

9.DB.05BalipholiteBaLiMg2Al3(Si2O6)2(OH)4
9.DB.05CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
9.DB.05Ferrocarpholite(Fe2+,Mg)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
9.DB.05Magnesiocarpholite(Mg,Fe2+)Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
9.DB.05Potassiccarpholite(K,☐)(Li,Mn2+)2Al4(Si2O6)2(OH,F)8
9.DB.05VanadiocarpholiteMn2+V3+Al(Si2O6)(OH)4
9.DB.10LorenzeniteNa2Ti2(Si2O6)O3
9.DB.15LintisiteLiNa3Ti2(Si2O6)2O2 · 2H2O
9.DB.15PunkaruaiviteLiTi2(HSi4O12)(OH)2 · H2O
9.DB.17EliseeviteLiNa1.5Ti2(H1.5Si4O12)O2 · 2H2O
9.DB.20KukisvumiteNa6ZnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
9.DB.20ManganokukisvumiteNa6MnTi4(Si8O24)O4 · 4H2O
9.DB.25Vinogradovite(Na,Ca,K)4Ti4AlSi6O23(OH) · 2H2O
9.DB.25ParavinogradoviteNa1-2(Ti,Fe3+)4(Si2O6)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)4 · H2O
9.DB.30NchwaningiteMn22+(SiO3)(OH)2 · H2O
9.DB.35PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
9.DB.40UM2005-31-SiO:CuHCu11(SiO4)(OH)18 · 9H2O ?
9.DB.45Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
9.DB.50CapranicaiteKCaNaAl4B4Si2O18
14.2.1DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
14.2.3PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
14.2.4GilaliteCu5Si6O17 · 7H2O
14.2.5ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O (x < 1)
14.2.6LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
14.2.7ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
14.2.8CuprorivaiteCaCu[Si4O10]
14.2.9KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
14.2.10StringhamiteCaCu(SiO4) · H2O
14.2.11ApachiteCu9Si10O29 · 11H2O

Other Names for Shattuckite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Shattuckit
Simplified Chinese:斜硅铜矿
Spanish:Shattuckita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Shattuckite

Reference List:
Schaller, W.T. (1915), Four new minerals, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences: 5: 7.

Schaller, W. T. (1919): Plancheite and shattuckite, copper silicates, are not the same mineral. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 9, 131-134.

Vlisidis, A.C. & W.T. Schaller (1967), The formula of shattuckite, American Mineralogist: 52: 782-786.

Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential analysis of shattuckite, American Mineralogist: 46: 67-77.

Newberg, D.W. (1964), X-ray study of shattuckite, American Mineralogist: 49: 1234-1239.

Mrose, M.E. & A.C. Vlisidis (1966), Proof of the formula of shattuckite, Cu5(SiO3)4(OH)2(abs.), American Mineralogist: 51: 266-267.

Evans, H. T., Jr. & Mrose, M. E. (1966): Shattuckite and plancheite: a crystal chemical study. Science 154, 506-507.

Le Bihan, M. T. (1967): Contribution à l'étude des silicates de cuivre. Différenciation de la shattuckite et de la planchéite. Structure atomique de la shattuckite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 90, 3-7 (in French).

Van Oosterwyck-Gastuche, M. C. (1968): Nomenclature of some Katangan copper silicates. Plancheite-shattuckite-bisbeeite-Katangite minerals. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg. 91, 401-422 (in French).

Kawahara, A. (1976): The crystal structure of shattuckite. Mineral. J. 8, 193-199.

Kawamura, K., Kawahara, A., Henmi, K. (1976): Hydrothermal synthesis and x-ray study of copper silicate hydrate minerals. Kobutsugaku Zasshi 12, 403-414 (in Japanese).

Evans, H.T. & Mrose, M.E. (1977): The crystal chemistry of the hydrous copper silicates, shattuckite and planchéite. American Mineralogist 62, 491-502.

Internet Links for Shattuckite

Specimens:
The following Shattuckite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Shattuckite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Córdoba
    • Colón Department
      • Dumesnil
Juan Carlos Lodovichi specimen
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Innerfragant
          • Großfragant
Pichler (2009)
G. Niedermayr, F. Brandstätter: Carinthia II 188./108.:241 (1998)
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kambove District
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
        • Kamoya
Van King
Van King
Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Kolwezi District
[MinRec 22:13-20,28]
      • Shinkolobwe
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
Germany
 
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland Island
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Andros Island
          • Vasilikon Mt
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Sterea Hellas Department
    • Évvoia Prefecture
      • Évvia Island (Euboea; Évvoia)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Moldovan, C., Călugăr, M. I., Onac, B. P., de Waele, J., Naseddu, A., & Fornós, J. J. (2013) A CONTRIBUTION TO THE MINERALOGY OF MONTE GUISI CAVE (SW SARDINIA, ITALY) Cave Mineralogy – poster 2013 ICS Proceedings
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
Luigi Chiappino data
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Navojoa
Brent Thorne collection.
    • Mun. de Santa Cruz
      • Cuitaca
Peter Megaw collection, Marcus Origlieri analysis
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
      • Spitzkopje Area
        • Klein Spitzkopje granite stock (Kleine Spitzkoppe)
Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
  • Kunene Region
    • Kaokoveld Plateau
Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Schnaitmann, E. A. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.
Palfi, A. (2005): Spessartin- und Dioptas-Mineralisationen im Kaokoland, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 16 (4), 49-61 (in German). ; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
Schnaitmann, E. A. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.
Schnaitmann, E. A. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.
- Brandstätter, F.; Niedermayr, G.; Schnaitmann,E. A.; Walter F. (2011): Neue Fundstelle in Namibia: Die Van-der-Plas-Mine im Kaokoland. Mineralien Welt 22 (5), 66-75.; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
    • Khorixas District
      • Mesopotamia Copper Valley
Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
 
  • Bouenza Department
    • M'fouati District
      • M'Fouati
Redpath Museum collection, McGill University, Montreal
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
  • Košice Region
    • Košice Co.
      • Košice (Kaschau)
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Vhembe District
[MinRec 22:187]
Minerals of South Africa - Bruce Cairncross & Roger Dixon pg 52
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369; Schaller, W.T. (1915), Four new minerals, Jour. Wash. Acad. Sci.: 5: 7; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369.
    • La Paz Co.
      • New Water Mts
Hunt, W. (1983) Calciovolborthite from the New Water Mountains Yuma County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record 14:119
          • Moore Mine group
The Mineralogical Record - Volume 11 - Page 263
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Hummingbird Spring
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from Arizona, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438.
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
MRDS file #10027548.
              • Tiger Wash
In the collection of Brent Thorne. Collected by Dick Thomssen.
Ron Layton
      • Vulture Mts
        • Vulture District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438.
    • Mohave Co.
      • Artillery Mts
        • Artillery Peak
S. A. Williams (1982) Luddenite, a New Copper-Lead Silicate from Arizona Mineralogical Magazine 1982 46 : 363-364
        • Rawhide Wash
MRDS file #10037093.
          • Rawhide Mine area
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369.
    • Pima Co.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193; Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential thermal analysis of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 46: 67-77.
        • Little Ajo Mts
          • Ajo
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 319-320, 369; Vlisidis, A.C. & W.T. Schaller (1967), The formula of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 52: 782-786; Mrose, M.E. & A.C. Vlisidis (1966), Proof of the formula of shattuckite, Cu5(SiO3)4(OH)2 (abs.), Am.Min.: 51: 266-267; DeKalb (1918); Evans, H.T. & M.E. Mrose (1977), The crystal chemistry of the hydrous copper silicates, shattuckite and plancheite, Am.Min.: 62: 491-502; Schaller, W.T. & A.C. Vlisidis (1958), Ajoite, a new hydrous aluminum copper silicate, Am.Min.: 43: 1107-1111; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611; Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential analysis of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 46: 67-77; Newberg, D.W. (1964), X-ray study of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 49: 1234-1239; Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
      • Santa Catalina Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 235, 369.
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Gunsight Hills
          • Gunsight District (Meyer District)
Rolf Luetcke
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Florence District (Blackwater District; Black Rock District)
        • Florence
MRDS database Dep. ID #10096172, MRDS ID #W002694.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 370.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, John W., et. al. "Handbook of Mineralogy." Volume II, Part 2, page 726. Tucson: Mineral Data Publishing. 1995.
      • Mineral Mountain District
        • Superior area
          • Reymert Canyon
M. Ascher Collection
      • San Manuel District
        • San Manuel
          • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 370.
      • Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation
        • Silver Reef District
          • Tat Momoli Mts
            • Silver Reef Mountains
              • Chuichu area
Mindat photo 101657
Dan Weinrich
        • Slate Mts
          • Casa Grande District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 225, 370.
      • Tortolita Mts
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 137, 183, 330; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol.Soc.Digest: 3: 53-56.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Argus Mts (Argus Range)
        • Lookout District (Modoc District)
          • Lookout City
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 194, 515.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 266, 290, 336.
  • Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • Nevada District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
  • New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Hidalgo Co.
DeMark, R.S. (2004): News from the Apache mine, New Mexico. Mineral News, 20, 8.
Min News 20:10 p 8
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Red Cloud District
        • Gallinas Mts
R&M 71:1 p66-68; NMBMGMR Open-file Report - 532
    • Luna Co.
      • Cooks Peak District (Cooke's Peak District)
        • Old Hadley (Graphic) Mining District
Walstrom 2006 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
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