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Shattuckite

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Formula:
Cu
 
5
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
System:OrthorhombicColour:Light to dark blue.
Hardness:
Name:Named after its discovery locality, the Shattuck Mine, Bisbee, Arizona, USA.


A rare secondary copper silicate.
May be confused with Plancheite.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Shattuckite. Currently in public beta-test.

Classification of Shattuckite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/F.04-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.DB.40

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
B : Inosilicates with 2-periodic single chains, Si2O6; Pyroxene-related minerals
Dana 8th edition ID:65.1.7.1

65 : INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
1 : Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.2.2

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
2 : Silicates of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Shattuckite

Type Locality:Shattuck Mine (Shattuck-Denn Mine; Shattuck-Arizona Mine; Denn Mine), Bisbee, Warren District, Mule Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USA
Year of Discovery:1915

Occurrences of Shattuckite

Geological Setting:Oxidation zone in copper deposits

Physical Properties of Shattuckite

Lustre:Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Light to dark blue.
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Perfect
on {010} {100}
Density (measured):4.11 g/cm3
Density (calculated):4.128 g/cm3

Crystallography of Shattuckite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 9.88Å, b = 19.83Å, c = 5.38Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.498 : 1 : 0.271
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,054.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Elongated prismatic crystals
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
4.96 (90)
4.42 (100)
3.50 (80)
3.30 (80)
2.745 (70)
2.400 (60)
1.627 (70)

Optical Data of Shattuckite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.753 nβ = 1.782 nγ = 1.815
2V:Calculated: 88°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.062

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:distinct to strong
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:X= very pale blue
Y= pale blue
Z= deep blue

Chemical Properties of Shattuckite

Formula:
Cu
 
5
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Essential elements:Cu, H, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Cu, H, O, Si
Common Impurities:Fe,Mn,Mg,Ca,H2O

Relationship of Shattuckite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.DB.05Balipholite
BaLiMg
 
2
Al
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
9.DB.05Carpholite
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)(OH)
 
4
9.DB.05Ferrocarpholite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Al
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)(OH)
 
4
9.DB.05Magnesiocarpholite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Al
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)(OH)
 
4
9.DB.05Potassiccarpholite
(K,☐)(Li,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
Al
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
8
9.DB.05Vanadiocarpholite
Mn
2+
 
V
3+
 
Al(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)(OH)
 
4
9.DB.10Lorenzenite
Na
 
2
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)O
 
3
9.DB.15Lintisite
LiNa
 
3
Ti
 
2
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.DB.15Punkaruaivite
LiTi
 
2
(HSi
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.DB.17Eliseevite
LiNa
 
1.5
Ti
 
2
(H
 
1.5
Si
 
4
O
 
12
)O
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
9.DB.20Kukisvumite
Na
 
6
ZnTi
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
24
)O
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
9.DB.20Manganokukisvumite
Na
 
6
MnTi
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
24
)O
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
9.DB.25Vinogradovite
(Na,Ca,K)
 
4
Ti
 
4
AlSi
 
6
O
 
23
(OH) · 2H
 
2
O
9.DB.25Paravinogradovite
Na
 
1-2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
9.DB.30Nchwaningite
Mn
2+
2
(SiO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.DB.35Plancheite
Cu
 
8
(Si
 
8
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
9.DB.40UM2005-31-SiO:CuH
Cu
 
11
(SiO
 
4
)(OH)
 
18
· 9H
 
2
O ?
9.DB.45Aerinite
(Ca
 
5.1
Na
 
0.5
)(Fe
3+
 
,Al,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(Al,Mg)
 
6
[HSi
 
12
O
 
36
(OH)
 
12
][(CO
 
3
)
 
1.2
(H
 
2
O)
 
12
]
9.DB.50Capranicaite
KCaNaAl
 
4
B
 
4
Si
 
2
O
 
18
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.2.1Dioptase
CuSiO
 
3
· H
 
2
O
14.2.3Plancheite
Cu
 
8
(Si
 
8
O
 
22
)(OH)
 
4
· H
 
2
O
14.2.4Gilalite
Cu
 
5
Si
 
6
O
 
17
· 7H
 
2
O
14.2.5Chrysocolla
Cu
 
2-x
Al
 
x
(H
 
2-x
Si
 
2
O
 
5
)(OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O (x < 1)
14.2.6Litidionite
CuNaKSi
 
4
O
 
10
14.2.7Reinhardbraunsite
Ca
 
5
(SiO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
2
14.2.8Cuprorivaite
CaCu[Si
 
4
O
 
10
]
14.2.9Kinoite
Ca
 
2
Cu
 
2
(H
 
2
O)
 
2
[Si
 
3
O
 
10
]
14.2.10Stringhamite
CaCu(SiO
 
4
) · H
 
2
O
14.2.11Apachite
Cu
 
9
Si
 
10
O
 
29
· 11H
 
2
O

Other Names for Shattuckite

Synonyms:
Shattukite
Other Languages:
German:Shattuckit
Russian:Шаттукит
Simplified Chinese:斜硅铜矿
Spanish:Shattuckita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Shattuckite

Reference List:

- +
Schaller, W.T. (1915), Four new minerals, Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences: 5: 7.

Schaller, W. T. (1919): Plancheite and shattuckite, copper silicates, are not the same mineral. J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 9, 131-134.

Vlisidis, A.C. & W.T. Schaller (1967), The formula of shattuckite, American Mineralogist: 52: 782-786.

Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential analysis of shattuckite, American Mineralogist: 46: 67-77.

Newberg, D.W. (1964), X-ray study of shattuckite, American Mineralogist: 49: 1234-1239.

Mrose, M.E. & A.C. Vlisidis (1966), Proof of the formula of shattuckite, Cu5(SiO3)4(OH)2(abs.), American Mineralogist: 51: 266-267.

Evans, H. T., Jr. & Mrose, M. E. (1966): Shattuckite and plancheite: a crystal chemical study. Science 154, 506-507.

Le Bihan, M. T. (1967): Contribution à l'étude des silicates de cuivre. Différenciation de la shattuckite et de la planchéite. Structure atomique de la shattuckite. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie 90, 3-7 (in French).

Van Oosterwyck-Gastuche, M. C. (1968): Nomenclature of some Katangan copper silicates. Plancheite-shattuckite-bisbeeite-Katangite minerals. Ann. Soc. Géol. Belg. 91, 401-422 (in French).

Kawahara, A. (1976): The crystal structure of shattuckite. Mineral. J. 8, 193-199.

Kawamura, K., Kawahara, A., Henmi, K. (1976): Hydrothermal synthesis and x-ray study of copper silicate hydrate minerals. Kobutsugaku Zasshi 12, 403-414 (in Japanese).

Evans, H.T. & Mrose, M.E. (1977): The crystal chemistry of the hydrous copper silicates, shattuckite and planchéite. American Mineralogist 62, 491-502.

Internet Links for Shattuckite

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  • Look for Shattuckite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Shattuckite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Shattuckite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
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  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
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  • Specimens:The following Shattuckite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Shattuckite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Córdoba
      • Colón Department
        • Dumesnil
    Juan Carlos Lodovichi specimen
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Goldberg group
          • Innerfragant
            • Großfragant
    Pichler (2009)
    G. Niedermayr, F. Brandstätter: Carinthia II 188./108.:241 (1998)
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Kambove District
    Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
          • Kamoya
    Van King
    Van King
    Handbook of Mineralogy
        • Kolwezi District
    [MinRec 22:13-20,28]
        • Shinkolobwe
    Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
    Germany
     
    • Schleswig-Holstein
      • Helgoland Island
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    Greece
     
    • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
      • Kykládes Prefecture
        • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
          • Andros Island
            • Vasilikon Mt
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Sterea Hellas Department
      • Évvoia Prefecture
        • Évvia Island (Euboea; Évvoia)
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Domusnovas
    Moldovan, C., Călugăr, M. I., Onac, B. P., de Waele, J., Naseddu, A., & Fornós, J. J. (2013) A CONTRIBUTION TO THE MINERALOGY OF MONTE GUISI CAVE (SW SARDINIA, ITALY) Cave Mineralogy – poster 2013 ICS Proceedings
    • Tuscany
      • Livorno Province
        • Campiglia Marittima
    Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
    Luigi Chiappino data
    Mexico
     
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Navojoa
    Brent Thorne collection.
      • Mun. de Santa Cruz
        • Cuitaca
    Peter Megaw collection, Marcus Origlieri analysis
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Karibib District
        • Spitzkopje Area
          • Klein Spitzkopje granite stock (Kleine Spitzkoppe)
    Min Rec 36:4 pp317-335
    • Kunene Region
      • Kaokoveld Plateau
    Niedermayr, G., Schnaitmann, E. A., Brandstätter, F. (2008): Das Dioptas-Shattuckit-Vorkommen Kandesei im Kakokoland [sic]. Mineralien-Welt 19, 76-93 (in German).; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
    Schnaitmann, E. A. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.
    Palfi, A. (2005): Spessartin- und Dioptas-Mineralisationen im Kaokoland, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 16 (4), 49-61 (in German). ; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
    Schnaitmann, E. A. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.
    Schnaitmann, E. A. & Jahn, S. (2010): Mineralien aus Schürfen im Kaokoveld, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 78-90.
    - Brandstätter, F.; Niedermayr, G.; Schnaitmann,E. A.; Walter F. (2011): Neue Fundstelle in Namibia: Die Van-der-Plas-Mine im Kaokoland. Mineralien Welt 22 (5), 66-75.; Bowell, R J et al (2013) Minerals of the Kaokoveld District, Kunene Region, Namibia. Mineralogical Record 44:485-504
      • Khorixas District
        • Mesopotamia Copper Valley
    Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Republic of Congo (Brazzaville)
     
    • Bouenza Department
      • M'fouati District
        • M'Fouati
    Redpath Museum collection, McGill University, Montreal
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Bystrica Co.
        • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
    Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
    • Košice Region
      • Košice Co.
        • Košice (Kaschau)
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Vhembe District
    [MinRec 22:187]
    Minerals of South Africa - Bruce Cairncross & Roger Dixon pg 52
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Gwennap
            • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
    Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369; Schaller, W.T. (1915), Four new minerals, Jour. Wash. Acad. Sci.: 5: 7; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
      • Greenlee Co.
        • Shannon Mts
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369.
      • La Paz Co.
        • New Water Mts
    Hunt, W. (1983) Calciovolborthite from the New Water Mountains Yuma County, Arizona. Mineralogical Record 14:119
            • Moore Mine group
    The Mineralogical Record - Volume 11 - Page 263
      • Maricopa Co.
        • Big Horn Mts
          • Osborn District
            • Hummingbird Spring
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from Arizona, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438.
            • Tonopah
              • Belmont Mountain
    MRDS file #10027548.
                • Tiger Wash
    Ron Layton
        • Vulture Mts
          • Vulture District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369; Williams, S.A. (1968), Wickenburgite, a new mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 53: 1433-1438.
      • Mohave Co.
        • Artillery Mts
          • Artillery Peak
    S. A. Williams (1982) Luddenite, a New Copper-Lead Silicate from Arizona Mineralogical Magazine 1982 46 : 363-364
          • Rawhide Wash
    MRDS file #10037093.
            • Rawhide Mine area
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369.
      • Pima Co.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 193; Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential thermal analysis of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 46: 67-77.
          • Little Ajo Mts
            • Ajo
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 319-320, 369; Vlisidis, A.C. & W.T. Schaller (1967), The formula of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 52: 782-786; Mrose, M.E. & A.C. Vlisidis (1966), Proof of the formula of shattuckite, Cu5(SiO3)4(OH)2 (abs.), Am.Min.: 51: 266-267; DeKalb (1918); Evans, H.T. & M.E. Mrose (1977), The crystal chemistry of the hydrous copper silicates, shattuckite and plancheite, Am.Min.: 62: 491-502; Schaller, W.T. & A.C. Vlisidis (1958), Ajoite, a new hydrous aluminum copper silicate, Am.Min.: 43: 1107-1111; Hutton, C.O. & A.C. Vlisidis (1960), Papagoite, a new copper-bearing mineral from Ajo, AZ, Am.Min.: 45: 599-611; Sun, M.S. (1961), Differential analysis of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 46: 67-77; Newberg, D.W. (1964), X-ray study of shattuckite, Am.Min.: 49: 1234-1239; Thomas, W.J. & R.B. Gibbs (1983), Famous mineral localities: The New Cornelia mine, Ajo, AZ, Min.Rec.: 14: 283-298; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
        • Santa Catalina Mts
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 235, 369.
        • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
          • Gunsight Hills
            • Gunsight District (Meyer District)
    Rolf Luetcke
    Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
      • Pinal Co.
        • Florence District (Blackwater District; Black Rock District)
          • Florence
    MRDS database Dep. ID #10096172, MRDS ID #W002694.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 370.
        • Mammoth District
          • Tiger
            • St. Anthony deposit
    Anthony, John W., et. al. "Handbook of Mineralogy." Volume II, Part 2, page 726. Tucson: Mineral Data Publishing. 1995.
        • Mineral Mountain District
          • Superior area
            • Reymert Canyon
    M. Ascher Collection
        • San Manuel District
          • San Manuel
            • San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 370.
        • Tohono O'odham Indian Reservation
          • Silver Reef District
            • Tat Momoli Mts
              • Silver Reef Mountains
                • Chuichu area
    Mindat photo 101657
    Dan Weinrich
          • Slate Mts
            • Casa Grande District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 225, 370.
        • Tortolita Mts
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 137, 183, 330; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol.Soc.Digest: 3: 53-56.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 369.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Argus Mts (Argus Range)
          • Lookout District (Modoc District)
            • Lookout City
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 194, 515.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 266, 290, 336.
    • Nevada
      • White Pine Co.
        • Nevada District
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
      • Hidalgo Co.
    DeMark, R.S. (2004): News from the Apache mine, New Mexico. Mineral News, 20, 8.
    Min News 20:10 p 8
      • Lincoln Co.
        • Red Cloud District
          • Gallinas Mts
    R&M 71:1 p66-68; NMBMGMR Open-file Report - 532
      • Luna Co.
        • Cooks Peak District (Cooke's Peak District)
          • Old Hadley (Graphic) Mining District
    Walstrom 2006 New Mexico Mineral Symposium abstracts
      • Socorro Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
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