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Sideronatrite

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Formula:
Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Yellow, yellow-brown, ...
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Name:
In allusion to the composition, containing iron (Greek "SIDEROs") and sodium (Latin "NATRIum").
A rare sodium-iron-sulphate found in arid regions.

Reversibly dehydrates to metasideronatrite depending on relative humidity and exposure to sunlight.

Two MDO polytypes are known, sideronatrite-2O (MDO1) and sideronatrite-2M (MDO2).

The structure of both polytypes, as in the case of metasideronatrite, is based on ferric-sulfate chains with 7 Å periodicity. Hydrogen bonding is present. In the orthorhombic polytype (at least) there are infinite octahedral-tetrahedral [Fe3+(SO4)2(OH)]2− are parallel to the c axis. Distorted corner-sharing Na octahedra, forming columns, provide a link for the chains. The Na polyhedra are set along the c axis and form sheets || (010).

Classification of Sideronatrite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DF.20

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
F : With large and medium-sized cations
31.8.3.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
8 : (AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
25.11.2

25 : Sulphates
11 : Sulphates of Fe and other metals
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Type Occurrence of Sideronatrite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
oxidized zone of iron-rich deposits in very arid regions; a post-mine product; also formed in pyrite oxidation by saline water in veins, coal deposits, near-sea areas

Occurrences of Sideronatrite

Geological Setting:
Secondary mineral in pyrite deposits in arid environments. Alteration of pyrite by sea spray or saline waters in metallic veins, and coal measures.

Physical Properties of Sideronatrite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Yellow, yellow-brown, straw-yellow, light orange; pale yellow to nearly colourless in transmitted light.
Comment:
Semitransparent
Streak:
Yellowish white
Hardness (Mohs):
1½ - 2
Tenacity:
Elastic
Cleavage:
Perfect
Perfect on {010}
Fair on {100}
Comment:
slightly flexible
Density:
2.22 - 2.35 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.276 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Sideronatrite

Polytype:
Formula:
Crystal System:
Class (H-M)
Space Group:
Space Group Setting:
Cell Parameters:
Ratio:
Unit Cell Volume (calc):
Z:
Sideronatrite-2MSideronatrite-2O
  
Monoclinic Orthorhombic 
2/m - Prismatic2 2 2 - Disphenoidal
P21/b P21 21 21
P21/a 
a = 20.828Å, b = 7.265Å, c = 7.120Å
β = 99.84°
a = 7.265(2) Å, b = 20.522(6) Å, c = 7.120(2) Å
a:b:c = 2.867 : 1 : 0.98a:b:c = 0.354 : 1 : 0.347
V 1,061.52 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
V 1,061.54 ų
(Calculated from Unit Cell)
  
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.15 (FFF)
3.01 (FF)
3.38 (F)
2.68 (F)
6.78 (mF)
3.58 (mF)
5.00 (f)

Optical Data of Sideronatrite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.508(3) nβ = 1.525(3) nγ = 1.586(3)
2V:
Calculated: 53° to 63°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.078
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
strong r>v
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
X = a = Nearly colourless
Y = b = Very pale golden yellow
Z = c = Pale golden yellow

Chemical Properties of Sideronatrite

Formula:
Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Sierra Gorda material, wt.%
SO3 42.98 
Fe2O3 22.40 
Na2O 17.00 
H2O 17.75 

total 100.13
Empirical Formula:
Na1.96Fe1.00(SO4)1.92(OH)1.12•2.96H2O

Relationship of Sideronatrite to other Species

7.DF.05UklonskoviteNaMg(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
7.DF.10KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
7.DF.15NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
7.DF.20MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
7.DF.25DespujolsiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DF.25FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DF.25SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DF.25MallestigitePb3Sb5+(SO4)(AsO4)(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DF.30Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
7.DF.35MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
7.DF.40LannoniteMg2Ca4Al4(SO4)8F8 · 24H2O
7.DF.40VlodavetsiteAlCa2(SO4)2F2Cl · 4H2O
7.DF.45PeretaiteCa(SbO)4(SO4)2(OH)2 · 2H2O
7.DF.50GordaiteNaZn4(SO4)(OH)6Cl · 6H2O
7.DF.55Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
7.DF.60ArzruniteCu4Pb2(SO4)(OH)4Cl6 · 2H2O (?)
7.DF.65ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
7.DF.70YecoraiteFe33+Bi5(Te6+O4)2(Te4+O3)O9 · 9H2O
7.DF.75RiomarinaiteBi(SO4)(OH) · H2O
7.DF.80DukeiteBi243+Cr86+O57(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DF.85XocolatliteCa2Mn24+(Te6+O6)2 · H2O
25.11.1NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.3MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
25.11.4FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
25.11.5AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.11.6YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
25.11.7KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
25.11.8GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.11.9JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.10VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
25.11.11UngemachiteK3Na8Fe(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
25.11.12MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
25.11.13Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
25.11.14Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.15Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
25.11.16Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.11.17Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.11.18Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
25.11.19BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
25.11.21Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
25.11.23SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
25.11.24Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
25.11.25AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
25.11.26HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
25.11.27Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
25.11.28LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
25.11.29ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

Other Names for Sideronatrite

Name in Other Languages:
Japanese:曹鉄石
Simplified Chinese:纤钠铁矾

Other Information

Other Information:
Insoluble in cold water. Soluble in boiling water with seperation of ferric oxide. Reversibly dehydrates to metasideronatrite, with dependence on relative humidity and sunlight exposure
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sideronatrite

Reference List:
Raimondi, A. (1878) Minéraux du Pérou: Catalogue raisonné d’une collection des principaux types minéraux de la République. 336pp., Paris: 233.

Frenzel (1880) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 2: 133 (as Urusite).

Frenzel (1890) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 11: 214.

Genth and Penfield (1890) American Journal of Science: 40: 201.

Scharizer (1906) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 41: 215.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 134.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 604-605.

Cesbron, F. (1964): Contribution à la minéralogie des sulfates de fer hydratés. Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral. Cristallogr. 87, 125-143.

Scordari, F. (1981) Sideronatrite, a mineral with a {Fe2(SO4)4(OH)2} guildite type chain? Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 28: 315-319.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1982): 6: 344.

Periodico di Mineralogia (1985): 54: 5.

Scordari, F. & Ventruti, G. (2009): Sideronatrite, Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH).3H2O: crystal structure of the orthorhombic polytype and OD character analysis. American Mineralogist: 94: 1679-1686.

Yang, Z., Giester, G., Ding, K., Li, H. (2015): Crystal structure of sideronatrite-2M, Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH)(H2O)3, a new polytype from Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province, China. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 427-432

Anthony, J.W., Bideaux, R.A., Bladh, K.W. and Nichols, M.C., Eds. Handbook of Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America, Chantilly, VA 20151-1110, USA. http://www.handbookofmineralogy.org/ (2016)

Internet Links for Sideronatrite

Localities for Sideronatrite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Jujuy
    • Santa Bárbara Department
      • Cerros de Santa Bárbara (Cerro Santa Bárbara)
        • El Palmar hot springs
Zavalia, Maria Florencia Marquez & Galliski, Miguel Angel (1995): Goldichite of fumarolic origin from the Santa Barbara mine, Jujuy, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1059-1062.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Murray Basin
      • Murray Riverlands
        • Barmera
Mark Raven , Rob Fitzpatrick , Paul Shand and Stuart McClure, 2010, Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. Extended Abstracts – 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference – Brisbane, August 2010
Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
        • Renmark
Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
    • Olary Province
      • Wadnaminga goldfield
Pring, A., Elliot, P. (1987) Sideronatrite: first recorded occurrences in Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 2, No. 2, pg. 3-6.
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Pernatty Lagoon
        • Mount Gunson Copper mines (Pernatty Lagoon - Mount Gunson Cu Deposits)
Pring, A., Elliot, P. (1987) Sideronatrite: first recorded occurrences in Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 2, No. 2, pg. 3-6.
  • Victoria
    • Central Goldfields Shire
      • Dunolly
Mark Raven , Rob Fitzpatrick , Paul Shand and Stuart McClure, 2010, Minerals diagnostic of acid sulfate soils. Extended Abstracts – 21st Australian Clay Minerals Conference – Brisbane, August 2010 Rob Fitzpatrick, Paul Shand, Mark Raven and Stuart McClure, 2010, Occurrence and environmental significance of sideronatrite and other mineral precipitates in Acid Sulfate Soils. 19th World Congress of Soil Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Bad Gastein
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
Belgium
 
  • Limburg Province
    • Genk
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Potosí City
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 605; Mineralogical Record: 32: 465.; Lindgren, W. and Creveling, J.G. (1928) The ores of Potosi, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 23, #3, 233-262.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cape Breton Co.
      • Sydney coalfield
        • Glace Bay
          • #26 Colliery
Erwin L. Zodrow and Keith McCandlish, "Hydrated Sulfates in the Sydney Coalfiled, Cape Breton, Nova Scotia", Canadian Mineralogist, vol. 16, pp.17-22, 1978.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Mejillones
        • Mejillones peninsula
Luigi Chiappino specimen
Samples analysed by Dr. Tony Kampf, Curator of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA; Some of the Sulphates has been identified and confirmed by Dr Tony Kampf and Dr. Stuart Mills, LAC Musuem, CA, USA
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 614.
[Sideronatrite-2M] NHM Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis; MDO2 polytype)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 457 & 605.
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Cerritos Bayos
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. 7th edition: 457.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
        • Chuquicamata District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 597.
Dana 7:II:457.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • Iquique Province
      • Santa Rosa-Huantajaya District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 605; Bull. Min. 87 (1964): 125; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index."
China
 
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Da Qaidam Co. (Dachaidan Co.)
        • Xitieshan
Guangzhi Tu, Xilin Li, Xande Xie, and Shusen Yin (1964): Acta Geologica Sinica 44(1), 99-101; American Mineralogist 90, 1518-1521 Yang, Z., Giester, G., Ding, K., Li, H. (2015): Crystal structure of sideronatrite-2M, Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH)(H2O)3, a new polytype from Xitieshan lead-zinc deposit, Qinghai Province, China. European Journal of Mineralogy: 27(3): 427-432
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Karviná
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
        • Orlová
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
          • Lazy Mine
Matýsek D., Jirásek J., Osovský M., Skupien P.. Minerals formed by the weathering of sulfides in mines of the Czech part of the Upper Silesian Basin. Mineralogical Magazine, 2014, 78, 5, 1265-1286.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Morbihan
      • Belle-Ile
        • Le Palais
R. Pierrot, L. Chauris, C. Laforêt and F. Pillard : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 9 : Morbihan", BRGM, 1980.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Bottrop
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Essen
Steve Sorrell Collection
      • Herne
No reference listed
      • Kamp-Lintfort
ko jansen; Mineralien Welt 4/2016 pages 70 and 71
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Recsk
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
Moreton et al. (1995) Irish J. Earth Sciences, 14, 1-5..
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
            • Porto Levante
GARAVELLI A., GRASSO M.F., VURRO F. (1996): Mineral occurrence and depositional processes at Baia di Levante area (Vulcano Island, Italy). - Mineralogica et Petrographica Acta - 39, 251- 261.
  • Tuscany
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
Mineralogical Record, 15 (1), 27-36.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Swakopmund District
      • Arandis
        • Rössing Mountains Area
Kleser, T. & Berghäuser, M. (2008): Vanadinit und weitere Mineralien aus der Namib Lead Mine. Mineralien-Welt 19 (4), 94-104 (in German); NHM Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD analysis; MDO2 polytype)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Turoszow
Stepisiewicz, M. (1983): Sideronatrite and copiapite from Turoszow, Lower Silesia. Archiwum Mineralogiczne 38, 35-44 (in Polish).
Romania
 
  • Harghita Co.
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
      • Červenica
Duda,R. et. all.,1981: MIneralogia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca,Monografia 2, Bratislava, 98p
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Switzerland
 
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 228.
Turkmenistan
 
  • Balkan Province
    • Cheleken peninsula
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 605.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Teath
          • Treligga
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
    • Devon
      • South Devon
        • Torquay
NHM Collection, London (2009) - EDX analysis
    • Hampshire
      • Milton
MinMag 63:757
    • North Yorkshire
      • Boulby
Paul Render
      • Goldsborough
Paul Render
      • Scarborough
No reference listed
      • Staithes
Paul Render
      • Whitby
Paul Render
    • Tyne & Wear
      • Wallsend
Mineralogical Magazine 1966 35 : 983-990
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Sudak Area
        • Morskoye Village
Geologiya SSSR (The geology of USSR) (1969) - Nedra (Moscou), 1969, vol. VIII, 575 p.
USA
 
  • California
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
        • Boron
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278-279.
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Desert District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Beowawe District
Mineralogical Research Co. mineral list.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Crescent Valley
Minerals of Nevada, by Castor and Ferdock, 2004; p. 117
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Rick Dalrymple photo
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.; Kampf, A.R., Kasatkin, A.V., Čejka, J., Marty, J. (2015): Plášilite, Na(UO2)(SO4)(OH)•2H2O, a new uranyl sulfate mineral from the Blue Lizard mine, San Juan County, Utah, USA. Journal of Geosciences. 60, 1-10
    • Wayne Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Mineral and/or Locality  
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