Mindat Logo

Pyroaurite-2H

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
System:HexagonalColour:White, yellowish green, ...
Lustre:Vitreous, Waxy, PearlyHardness:
Name:Named for the structural relationship to pyroaurite. Originally named sjögrenite by Clifford Frondel in 1940 in honor of Stens Anders Hjalmar Sjögren (1856-1922), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Stockholm, Sweden.
A polytype of Pyroaurite

Originally named sjögrenite. Recognised as a polytype of pyroaurite and accordingly discredited (Mills et al., 2012).

Often intergrown with pyroaurite.

Classification of Pyroaurite-2H

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:5/E.01-80
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:5.DA.45

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:16b.6.1.3

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 8:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:11.13.3

11 : Carbonates
13 : Carbonates of Fe
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-3678.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Pyroaurite-2H

Type Locality:Långban, Filipstad, Värmland, Sweden

Physical Properties of Pyroaurite-2H

Lustre:Vitreous, Waxy, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:White, yellowish green, brownish green, yellowish white, brownish white
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Perfect
{0001}
Density (measured):2.08 - 2.14 g/cm3
Density (calculated):2.11 g/cm3

Crystallography of Pyroaurite-2H

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Class (H-M):6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:P63/mmc {P63/m 2/m 2/c}
Cell Parameters:a = 3.113(3) Å, c = 15.61(1) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 5.014
Unit Cell Volume:V 131.01 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Thin plates {0001}, with a hexagonal outline and striated and indistinct lateral faces.
Comment:Z = 1/4
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
7.78 (10)
3.90 (6)
2.65 (4)
2.54 (5)
2.39 (3)
2.21 (5)
1.87 (5)

Optical Data of Pyroaurite-2H

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.573 nε = 1.550
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.023

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low

Chemical Properties of Pyroaurite-2H

Formula:
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Mg6Fe3+2(CO3)(OH)16·4H2O
Essential elements:C, Fe, H, Mg, O
All elements listed in formula:C, Fe, H, Mg, O

Relationship of Pyroaurite-2H to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
5.DA.05Dypingite
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
5.DA.05Giorgiosite
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 5-6H
 
2
O
5.DA.05Hydromagnesite
Mg
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.05Widgiemoolthalite
Ni
 
5
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZn
Mg
 
5
(Zn,Mn)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH,Cl)
 
12
· H
 
2
O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgS
Mg
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O ?
5.DA.10Artinite
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.10Indigirite
Mg
 
2
Al
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 15H
 
2
O
5.DA.10Chlorartinite
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)Cl · 2H
 
2
O
5.DA.15Otwayite
Ni
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
5.DA.15Zaratite
Ni
 
3
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.20Kambaldaite
NaNi
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
· 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.25Callaghanite
Cu
 
2
Mg
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
5.DA.30Claraite
(Cu,Zn)
 
3
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.35Hydroscarbroite
Al
 
14
(CO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
36
· nH
 
2
O
5.DA.35Scarbroite
Al
 
5
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
13
· 5H
 
2
O
5.DA.40Caresite
Fe
2+
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.40Quintinite
Mg
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.40Charmarite
Mn
2+
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Stichtite-2H
Mg
 
6
(Cr,Al)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Brugnatellite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
 
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
13
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Chlormagaluminite
Mg
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
Cl
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2H
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.45Zaccagnaite
Zn
 
4
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Comblainite
Ni
 
4
Co
 
2
(OH)
 
12
[CO
 
3
] · 3H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Desautelsite
Mg
 
6
Mn
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Hydrotalcite
Mg
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Pyroaurite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Reevesite
Ni
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
(CO
 
3
) · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Stichtite
Mg
 
6
Cr
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50Takovite
Ni
 
6
Al
 
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNi
Co
 
6
Fe
 
2
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
16
· 4H
 
2
O ?
5.DA.55Coalingite
Mg
 
10
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
24
[CO
 
3
] · 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
11.13.1Siderite
FeCO
 
3
11.13.2Pyroaurite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
16
[CO
 
3
] · 4H
 
2
O
11.13.4Brugnatellite
Mg
 
6
Fe
3+
 
(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
13
· 4H
 
2
O
11.13.5Coalingite
Mg
 
10
Fe
3+
2
(OH)
 
24
[CO
 
3
] · 2H
 
2
O
11.13.6Ankerite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(CO
 
3
)
 
2

Other Names for Pyroaurite-2H

Synonyms:
SjoegreniteSjögreniteSjogrenite (of Frondel)
Other Languages:
German:Sjögrenit
Russian:Шегренит
Simplified Chinese:水碳铁镁石
Spanish:Sjögrenita
Traditional Chinese:水碳鐵鎂石

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Pyroaurite-2H

Reference List:

- +
Aminoff and Broomé (1930), Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm, Handlingar: 9: 3, no. 5: 23.

Frondel, C. (1941): Constitution and polymorphism of the pyroaurite and sjögrenite groups. American Mineralogist 26, 295-315.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 659-660.

Allmann, R. and H.-H. Lohse (1966): Die Kristallstruktur des Sjögrenits und eines Umwandlungsproduktes des Koenenits (= Chlor-Manasseits). Neues Jahrb. Mineral., Monatsh., 161–181.

Ingram, L. and H.F.W. Taylor (1967): The crystal structures of sjögrenite and pyroaurite. Mineral. Mag., 36, 465–479.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1983): 112: 617.

Ivanov, O.K., Y.V. Mozzherin, and V.I. Vilisov (1986): New data on sjögrenite. Izvestiya Akad. Nauk Kazakh. SSR, Geol. Ser. 1, 40–45 (in Russian).

Mills, S.J., Christy, A.G., Genin, J.-M.R., Kameda, T., Colombo, F. (2012): Nomenclature of the hydrotalcite supergroup: natural layered double hydroxides. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1289-1336.

Internet Links for Pyroaurite-2H

Search Engines:
  • Look for Pyroaurite-2H on Google
  • Look for Pyroaurite-2H images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Pyroaurite-2H on Webmineral
  • Look for Pyroaurite-2H on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Pyroaurite-2H on Mineralien Atlas [Link dead]
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Sjögrenite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Localities for Pyroaurite-2H

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • Corinna-Savage River district
    Bottrill & Taheri, 2008, Savage River mine, Unpub. Rept, Mineral Resources Tasmania
      • Huon district
        • Weld river
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • Trial Harbour district
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
      • Zeehan district
        • Mt Heemskirk mineral field
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Waldviertel
        • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
          • Loja
    Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
    Canada
     
    • Québec
      • Chaudière-Appalaches
        • Les Appalaches RCM
          • Saint-Julien
    SABINA, A.P. (1967) Geological Survey of canada Paper, 66-51, 170p
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Oberpfälzer Wald
          • Oberviechtach
            • Winklarn
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Goslar
          • Grane Reservoir
    Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V. Aufschluss 42, 155-171.
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Teulada
    Conti L, Cozupoli D., Lombardi G, Traversa g. 1970 - Segnalazione di Sjögrenite nelle contattiti presso Teulada (Sardegna meridionale) Per. Min. Roma, vol. 39 A, (special volume), pp. 119-127
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Trento Province
        • Ala
          • Pilcante
    Bortolozzi G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Bersani D. (2013): Cafetite e kassite della cava di Pilcante in Val d'Adige (Ala, Trento). Micro, Vol 11, 1, pagg.39-48.
    • Veneto
      • Vicenza Province
        • Cogollo del Cengio
          • Astico Valley
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
        • Laghi
    Antonio Zordan collection
        • Posina
          • Borcola Pass
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
          • Pasubio massif
            • Punta della Lucche
    Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Aichi prefecture
          • Shinshiro city
    Alfredo Petrov - unpublished document - 2007
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Northern Kazakhstan Province (Soltüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Severo-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Zlatogorsk
        • Zlatogorsk ultramafic intrusion
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Zheleznogorsk
    Mazurov, M.P., Grishina, S.N., Istomin, V.E., and Titov, A.T. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(4), 271-284.; Mazurov et al (2007) Geology of Ore Deposits, 49, 271–284.
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Kovdor Massif
    http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/kovdor.htm
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Progr.Abstr.Min.Soc.Amer.(1940) p. 6; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
        • Persberg district
    Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
    Linden, R.H. (2002): Gåsgruvan, En mineralundersökning under åren 1996-2002. Östra Värmlands Mineralsällskap (Cited in Sandström, F., Lorin, T. & Strand, U. (2009): Geologi och mineralogi i Gåsgruvefältet, Filipstad. Litofilen. 26 (2): 16-38
    Östra Värmlands Mineral Society,Långban,Sweden
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • Shetland Islands
        • Unst
          • Baltasound-Haroldswick area
    Dr Stephen Moreton collection.
    USA
     
    • California
      • San Francisco Co.
        • San Francisco
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 340; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 199.
      • Sonoma Co.
        • Healdsburg
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
    www.minresco.com/syst/s.htm
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Ogdensburg
            • Sterling Hill
    Dunn, P.J. & Leavens, Min.Rec.:12:371-372: (1981); Dunn(1995):Pt4:625.; Dunn, P. (1995) Franklin and Sterling Hill, privately published.
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: June 22, 2014 06:27:48
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds