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Smaltite

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Big Photo

Hesse, Germany
© 2000 John H. Betts




Formula:
(Co,Fe,Ni)As
 
2
Name:The earliest name that possibly refers to any skutterudite-like material, cobaltum eineraceum, was introduced by Georgius Agricola in 1529. Wallerius used several names for a smaltite-like mineral (kobaltglants, kobaltmalm, minera cobalti cinerea, cobaltum arsenico mineralisatum). Named speiskobalt by Werner (see Hausmann, 1813), but also seemingly equally applied to safflorite. Named in 1832 by François Sulpice Beudant in reference to "smalt", a cobalt ore used as a blue glass-coloring agent. Name modified to smaltine by François Sulpice Beudant in 1852. (Arsenikkobaltkies was used by Karl Johann August Theodor Scheerer for Norwegian skutterudite in 1837. Arsenikkobalt was used in 1852 by Gustav Rose.) Lewis S. Ramsdell (1925)studied smaltite-chloanthite, but did not solve the problem of the chemistry of the series. Ivar Oftedal (1926) reached the conclusion that smaltite and chloanthite was a series that was non-stochiometric, but with the skutterudite structure.
A variety of Skutterudite

Arsenic-deficient variety of skutterudite; also used as a synonym for skutterudite.

Classification of Smaltite

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Chemical Properties of Smaltite

Formula:
(Co,Fe,Ni)As
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:(Co,Fe,Ni)As2
Essential elements:As, Co
All elements listed in formula:As, Co, Fe, Ni

Other Names for Smaltite

Synonyms:
Bismuth CobaltGlants-CobaltGrauer SpeisskoboldGray Cobalt oreGrey Cobalt
KobaltmalmKoboltglantsSmaltineTin-white CobaltWeisser Speisskobold
Other Languages:
German:Smaltit
Simplified Chinese:砷钴矿
Spanish:Smaltita
Varieties:
Bismutosmaltin

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Smaltite

Reference List:

- +
Hausmann (1813): 155 (as speiskobalt).
Beudant, François Sulpice (1852): v. 2: 584.
Ramsdell, Lewis S. (1925) American Mineralogist, v. 10, p. 296.
Oftedal, Ivar (1926) The Crystal Structure of Skutterudite and Related Minerals, Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, v. 8, p. 250-257.
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 342-347.

Internet Links for Smaltite

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  • Fabre Minerals - search for Smaltite specimens
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  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Specimens:The following Smaltite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Smaltite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Lowgar Province (Lawgar Province; Lawghar Province; Logar Province; Loghar Province; Lowghar Province)
      • Mohammad Agha District (Muhammad Agha District)
        • Aynak Cu deposit (Mes Aynak)
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Gough Co.
        • Torrington district
    Rocks & Minerals 82:402-407
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Leigh Creek
            • Lyndhurst
              • Nichol Nob
    H Y L Brown (1893) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals, with the Mines and other localities where found. South Australia Geological Department
    H Y L Brown (1893) Catalogue of South Australian Minerals, with the Mines and other localities where found. South Australia Geological Department
      • Olary Province
        • Mt Victor Plumbago Station
    Record of Mines-Summary Card No:60
          • The Ethiudna Mines
    SA Geodata Database, Deposit Number: 973
      • Yorke Peninsula
        • Kadina
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Larecaja Province
        • Sorata
    [MinRec 32:474]
    Canada
     
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Great Bear Lake
          • Port Radium District
    Kidd & Haycock (1935).
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Madoc Area
          • Madoc Township
    GSC Paper 69-50, Ann P. Sabina, Pg.132.
      • Timiskaming District
        • Cobalt-Gowganda region
          • Cobalt area
            • Bucke Township
    Satterly, J. 1977: A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    geological survey of canada paper 73-13
            • Coleman Township
    geological survey of canada paper 73-13; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Mining and scientific press, Volume 97 p 663
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Satterly, J. 1977: A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    ontariominerals.com
    geological survey of canada paper 73-13
    geological survey of canada paper 73-13
    Dana 7:I:343.; Satterly, J. 1977: A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    ontariominerals.com
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Dana 7:I:311.; Am Min (1940), 25:561-577; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    ontariominerals.com; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Satterly, J. 1977: A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Dana 7:I:300.; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    the Canadian Mineralogist V 11 Part 1 1971
    Satterly, J. 1977: A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    ontariominerals.com
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Mining and scientific press, Volume 97 p 663; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
            • Gillies Limit
    MDI Number: MDI31M05SE00126
    Annual report of the Ontario Department of Mines, Volume 16, Issues 1-2 (1907)
    MDI Number: MDI31M05SE00055
          • Elk Lake area
            • Auld Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • Cane Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • James Township
    Dana 7:I:193-194.;Am Min (1940), 25:561-577; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
          • Gowganda area
            • Charters Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • Corkill Township
    Sabina,A.P.2000, Rocks and Minerals For The Collector, GSC Misc. Report.57; A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • Donovan Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • Haultain Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
            • Lawson Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • Leith Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • Milner Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    WH Collins (1913) The Geology of Gowganda Mining Div
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • Morel Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
            • Nichol Township
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    Geological Survey of Canada Paper 73-13; A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
    A. Q. Burrows (1921) Thirtieth Annual Report of the Ontario Department Of Mines Being Vol. XXX, Part III, 1921
          • South Lorrain Township
    Ontario Department of Mines, 1970, Geological Report 83, Geology of South Lorrain Township, by W. H. McIlwaine.
    Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
    Sergiades,A.O. 1968. Silver Cobalt Calcite Vein Deposits of Ontario, ODM, Mineral Resources Circular No.10, 498p
    Sergiades,A.O. 1968. Silver Cobalt Calcite Vein Deposits of Ontario, ODM, Mineral Resources Circular No.10, 498p
    Sergiades,A.O. 1968. Silver Cobalt Calcite Vein Deposits of Ontario, ODM, Mineral Resources Circular No.10, 498p
    geological survey of canada paper 73-13; Am Min (1940), 25:561-577; Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
    Satterly, J. (1977) A Catalogue of the Ontario Localities Represented by the Mineral Collection of the Royal Ontario Museum; Ontario Geological Survey Miscellaneous Paper MP70,464p.
    MDI Number: MDI31M03NW00021
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Abitibi RCM
    SABINA, A.P. (2003): Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Kirkland Lake - Rouyn-Noranda - Val d'Or, Ontario & Quebec. GSC Misc. Report 77, 134.
    Chile
     
    • Atacama Region
      • Copiapó Province
    Sample in the I. Domeyko Museum, of La Serena School of Mines
    • Valparaíso Region
      • San Felipe de Aconcagua Province
    C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Bayan Nur League (Bayannao'er Prefecture)
        • Urad Rear Banner (Wulate Houqi)
    Zhaolong Li, Wendou Xu, Yijie Xi, and Xinming Jiang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(6), 7-14
      • Ulanhad League (Chifeng Prefecture)
        • Linxi Co.
    Liqing Zhao, Gongjiong Qin, Shihua Sun, Yuwang Wang, Yongzheng Wang, Anli Zhang, and Yaoming Wang (2002): Gold Geology 21(3), 7-13; Liqing Zhao, Takeshi Uemoto, Gongjiong Qin, Shihua Sun, Yuwang Wang, Yongzheng Wang, Anli Zhang, and Yaoming Wang (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(4), 22-27
    • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Jilin Prefecture
        • Panshi Co.
    Han Zhong, Gaoshan Li, and Yonghe Zhou (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 14-18
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Sulzburg
    Wimmenauer, W. (1955): Der Mineralbestand der uranhaltigen Erze aus der Kobaltgrube 'Gottes Segen' bei Sulzburg. Jh. geol. Landesamt Bad.-Württ., 1, 61-71.
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Ala Valley
            • Balme
    Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975). Minerali alpini e prealpini. Istituto Italiano Edizioni Atlas, Bergamo, 2 vol.
          • Viù Valley
            • Usseglio
    Boscardin M. (1990) - Una rara paragenesi Alpina - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, Fasc. 2, pp. 69-74
    • Sardinia
      • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
        • Fluminimaggiore
    AA.VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Gonnosfanadiga
    .
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
          • Mine City
    Rocks & Min.: 22:223.
      • Kinki Region
        • Nara Prefecture
          • Yoshino-gun
            • Totsukawa village
    www.mineralmundi.com
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Dzhezkazgan (Zhezqazghan)
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Madagascar
     
    • Tuléar Province (Toliara)
      • Menabe Region
        • Miandrivazo District
          • Ankavandra Commune
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Jelenia Góra District
        • Kowary area
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
      • Wałbrzych District
    Muszer A., Szuszkiewicz A., Łobos K. 2006: New occurence of clausthalite (PbSe) in the Sudetes (SW Poland). Mineralogia ; Muszer A., Szuszkiewicz A., Łobos K. 2006: New occurence of clausthalite (PbSe) in the Sudetes (SW Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 37., no. 2, 123-132
    Portugal
     
    • Aveiro District
      • Albergaria-a-Velha
        • Branca
        • Ribeira de Fráguas
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Bodaibo
            • Lena Gold District
              • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
    http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
      • Tuva Republic
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Evseev, A. A. (1973) Siberia's Crystals and Symmetry in the Distribution of Occurences of Minerals. World of Stone 1:11-20
        • Sangilen Upland
    Kapustin, Y. L., & Bykova, A. V. (1965). First find of hiortdahlite in the USSR. Doklady Akad. Nauk SSSR, 161, 121-124.
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Brezno Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    • Košice Region
      • Gelnica Co.
        • Gelnica (Göllnitz)
    Háber,M., 1980: Mineralogische – geochemische und paragenetische Erfoschung hydrotermaler Gänge im Gebiet zwischen Prakovce und Kojšov (SGR). Záp.Karpáty – sér. Miner.,petrograf.,geochém., metalog., 7 – 131
      • Rožňava Co.
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
    Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
    South Korea
     
    • Jeollanam-do (Cholla-namdo; Jeonranamdo)
      • Sunchon-gun
        • So-myon
    Nakamura, K. (1943) Journal of the Geographic Society, Tokyo, 55, 652.
    Sweden
     
    • Hälsingland
      • Ljusdal
    No reference listed
    • Lappland
      • Malå
    No reference listed
    Gavelin, S. Arsenic-Cobalt-Nickel-Silver veins in the Lindsköld Copper Mine, N Sweden. SGU Ser 469.1945
    • Närke
      • Askersund
    No reference listed
    No reference listed
    • Småland
      • Västervik
    No reference listed
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Camborne
            • Tuckingmill
    Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
          • Carn Brea
            • East Pool and Agar Mine
    Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society (1870): 38. Annual Report, pp. 30-31; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
          • Chacewater
    Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 1, pp. 403-404.
          • Redruth
            • Gilberts Coombe
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
    Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society (1870): 38. Annual Report, pp. 30-31; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), pp. 108.
    Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
        • Mount's Bay District
          • Penzance
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Sir Arthur Russell (1949) The Wherry Mine, Penzance, Its History and its Mineral Productions. Mineralogical Magazine 28:517-533.
        • St Agnes District
          • St Agnes
            • Porthtowan
    Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
        • St Austell District
          • St Mewan
            • Polgooth
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.; Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 548-550
          • St Stephen-in-Brannel
            • Downderry
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1871): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon. D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.; Dines, H.G. (1956): The metalliferous mining region of south-west England. HMSO Publications (London), Vol. 2, pp. 545-546
        • St Erth - Gwithian Area
          • Gwinear-Gwithian
            • Copperhouse
              • Rosewarne and Herland United Mines (Rosewarne and Herland Mine; incl. Wheal Fancy; Wheal Pleasure)
    Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.; Hill, J.B., MacAlister, D.A., and Flett, J.S. (1906): The geology of Falmouth and Truro and of the mining district of Camborne and Redruth. HSMO Publications (London), 335 pp.
          • Hayle
    Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 20; Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 112
        • St Just District
          • St Just
            • Botallack
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Braithwaite District
            • Causey Pike
              • Scar Crag
    BMS Database
            • Coledale
    Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
        • South Western Region (Furness)
          • Coniston District
    BMS Database
    BMS Database
      • Devon
        • Tavistock District
          • Sampford Spiney
    Phillips, W. (1823): An Elementary Introduction to the Knowledge of Mineralogy, 3rd ed. William Phillips (London), 535 pp.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Cameron District
    Bollin, E. M., & Kerr, P. F. (1958). Uranium mineralization near Cameron, Arizona. In Guidebook of the Black Mesa Basin, northern Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society, 9th Field Conference Society Guidebook (Vol. 9, pp. 161-168).
            • Huskon Mines
    Peirce, H.W., S.B. Keith and J.C.Wilt (1970), Coal, oil, natural gas, helium, and uranium in Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 182: 103-159 202-289; Bollin & Kerr (1958), Guidebook for New Mexico Geol.Soc., 9th. Field Conference F.P. 164-168.
    • California
      • Calaveras Co.
        • East Belt
          • Calaveritas District
            • Calaveritas
    USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10029485.
          • Mountain Ranch District
            • Sheep Ranch
    Logan, Clarence August (1924), Sacramento field division: California Mining Bureau. Report 20: 4; Hess, Frank L. (1927), Rare metals – cobalt: Mineral Resources U.S., 1924, part 1: 451; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 179, 340; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 78.
      • Inyo Co.
        • Chocolate Peak
    Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1938), Mineral resources of Inyo County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology: 34(4): 378; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 340.
    Irelan, William, Jr. (1890a), Ninth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 9, 352 pp.: 47; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 179, 340.
      • Los Angeles Co.
        • San Gabriel Mts
          • San Gabriel Canyon
    Irelan, William, Jr. (1890a), Ninth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 9, 352 pp.: 47; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 179, 340.
    Dana 6: 1096; Irelan, William, Jr. (1890a), Ninth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 9, 352 pp.: 47; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 179, 287, 297, 340; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 320.
      • Napa Co.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 179, 340.
      • Nevada Co.
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 340.
      • Siskiyou Co.
        • Klamath Mts
          • Callahan District (Scott River District)
    Bradley, W.W. (1939), Thirty-fifth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 35: 497; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 180, 340.
    • Colorado
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Elk Mountain District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
        • Richmond Mountain
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • San Juan Co.
        • Elk Park
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Connecticut
      • Middlesex Co.
        • East Hampton (Chatham)
          • Cobalt
    Gray, Norman (2005): The Historic New-Gate And Cobalt Mines Of Connecticut. Field Trip A1 in Guidebook For Field Trips in Connecticut, New England Inter Collegiate Geological Conference.
    • Idaho
      • Lemhi Co.
        • Blackbird District
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Michigan
      • Keweenaw Co.
        • Mohawk
    [Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
    • Missouri
      • Madison Co.
        • Fredericktown District
          • Mine La Motte
    Dana 6:1083; Rocks & Minerals: 21: 277.
    • New Jersey
      • Somerset Co.
    The Minerals of New York City & Its Environs, New York Mineralogical Club Bull. Vol. 5, No. 1, Manchester, J.G. (1931): 88.
    • New Mexico
      • Grant Co.
        • Big Burro Mts
          • Black Hawk District (Bullard's Peak District)
    Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
      • Hidalgo Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Oregon
      • Grant Co.
        • Quartzburg District (Comer District)
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
          • Prairie City
            • Dixie Meadows flat
    Rocks & Min.: 7:126.; U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 624; Rocks & Minerals (1927) 2:4 p 138
    • Utah
      • San Juan Co.
        • White Canyon District
          • White Canyon
            • Copper Point
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Vermont
      • Lamoille Co.
        • Johnson
    Rocks & Minerals: 16: 407.
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