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Sonolite

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Formula:
Mn92+(SiO4)4(OH,F)2
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Red-orange, pinkish ...
Hardness:
Name:
Named in 1963 by Mayumi Yoshinaga after its discovery locality, the Sono mine, Sohraku-gun, Kyoto Prefecture, Kinki Region, Honshu Island, Japan.

Classification of Sonolite

Approved
8/B.04-110
9.AF.55

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
F : Nesosilicates with additional anions; cations in [4], [5] and/or only [6] coordination
52.3.2d.3

52 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
17.1.30

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
1 : Silicates with fluoride (not containing Al)
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First Recorded Occurrence of Sonolite

Year of Discovery:
1963

Physical Properties of Sonolite

Vitreous, Dull
Colour:
Red-orange, pinkish brown to dark brown
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Sonolite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.87Å, b = 10.66Å, c = 14.28Å
β = 100.3°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.457 : 1 : 1.34
Unit Cell Volume:
V 729.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Sonolite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.765 nβ = 1.778 nγ = 1.787
2V:
Measured: 75° to 82°, Calculated: 78°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Sonolite

Formula:
Mn92+(SiO4)4(OH,F)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Fe,Mg,Ca,H2O,C

Relationship of Sonolite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
9.AF.05SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
9.AF.10AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
9.AF.10KanonaiteMn3+Al(SiO4)O
9.AF.15KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
9.AF.20MulliteAl4+2xSi2-2xO10-x
9.AF.20Krieselite(Al,Ga)2(GeO4)(OH)2
9.AF.23BoromulliteAl9BSi2O19
9.AF.25YoderiteMg(Al,Fe3+)3(SiO4)2O(OH)
9.AF.30Magnesiostaurolite(Mg,Li,Fe2+)1.5-2Al9(SiO4)4O6(OH)2
9.AF.30Staurolite(Fe2+,Mg,Zn)1.5-2Al9(SiO4)4O6(OH,O)2
9.AF.30Zincostaurolite(Zn,Li,Fe2+,Mg)1.5-2Al9(SiO4)4O6(OH)2
9.AF.35TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
9.AF.40NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
9.AF.45AlleghanyiteMn52+(SiO4)2(OH)2
9.AF.45Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
9.AF.45ReinhardbraunsiteCa5(SiO4)2(OH,F)2
9.AF.45KumtyubeiteCa5(SiO4)2F2
9.AF.45HydroxylchondroditeMg5(SiO4)2(OH)2
9.AF.50Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
9.AF.50Manganhumite(Mn2+,Mg)7(SiO4)3(OH)2
9.AF.50Unnamed (Ca-analogue of Humite)Ca7(SiO4)4F2
9.AF.55ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
9.AF.55HydroxylclinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4(OH)2
9.AF.60LeucophoeniciteMn72+(SiO4)3(OH)2
9.AF.65Ribbeite(Mn2+,Mg)5(SiO4)2(OH)2
9.AF.70JerrygibbsiteMn92+(SiO4)4(OH)2
9.AF.75FranciscaniteMn62+(V5+,☐)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6
9.AF.75ÖrebroiteMn32+(Sb5+,Fe3+)(SiO4)(O,OH)3
9.AF.75WeliniteMn62+(W6+,Mg)2(SiO4)2(O,OH)6
9.AF.80EllenbergeriteMg6(Mg,Ti,Zr,◻)2(Al,Mg)6Si8O28(OH)10
9.AF.85Chloritoid(Fe2+,Mg,Mn2+)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
9.AF.85MagnesiochloritoidMgAl2(SiO4)O(OH)2
9.AF.85Ottrélite(Mn2+,Fe2+,Mg)Al2(SiO4)O(OH)2
9.AF.90PoldervaartiteCaCa[SiO3(OH)](OH)
9.AF.90OlmiiteCaMn2+[SiO3(OH)](OH)
17.1.1HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
17.1.3AgrelliteNaCa2Si4O10F
17.1.4Fluorapophyllite-(Na)NaCa4(Si8O20)F · 8H2O
17.1.5Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
17.1.6Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
17.1.7HsianghualiteCa3Li2(Be3Si3O12)F2
17.1.8LeucophaniteNaCaBeSi2O6F
17.1.9NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
17.1.10Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
17.1.11Humite(Mg,Fe2+)7(SiO4)3(F,OH)2
17.1.12ClinohumiteMg9(SiO4)4F2
17.1.13CanasiteK2Na4Ca5(Si12O30(OH,F)4
17.1.14Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
17.1.15CuspidineCa4(Si2O7)(F,OH)2
17.1.16BultfonteiniteCa2(HSiO4)F · H2O
17.1.17ZeophylliteCa13(Si10O28)F10 · 6H2O
17.1.18Rowlandite-(Y)(Y,Ce)4Fe2+(Si2O7)2F2 (?)
17.1.19Yuksporite(K,Ba)NaCa2(Si,Ti)4O11(F,OH) · H2O
17.1.20Yftisite-(Y)(Y,Dy,Er)4(Ti,Sn)(SiO4)2O(F,OH)6
17.1.21Mosandrite(◻,Ca,Na)3(Ca,REE)4Ti(Si2O7)2[H2O,OH,F]4 · H2O
17.1.22Hiortdahlite(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)(O,OH,F)2
17.1.23BurpaliteNa2CaZr(Si2O7)F2
17.1.24SeidozeriteNa8Mn22+Zr3Ti3(Si2O7)4O4F4
17.1.25ThorosteenstrupineCaMnThSi4O11(OH)F · 6H2O
17.1.26Zircophyllite(K,Na)3(Mn,Fe2+)7(Zr,Ti)2Si8O24(O,OH,F)7
17.1.27JinshajiangiteBaNaFe42+Ti2(Si2O7)2O2(OH)2F
17.1.28Rosenbuschite(Ca,Na)3(Zr,Ti)(Si2O7)OF
17.1.29NarsarsukiteNa4(Ti,Fe)2[Si8O20](O,OH,F)2

Other Names for Sonolite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Sonolith
Japanese:園石
Spanish:Sonolita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sonolite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 1413.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1989): 410.

Mineralogical Magazine (1994): 58: 333.

Internet Links for Sonolite

Localities for Sonolite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Mitterdorf
      • Veitsch
        • Kleinveitsch
          • Kaiblinggraben
Francis, C.A., Postl, W., Tropper, P., Bernhard, F., Walter, F. & Ettinger K. (2004): Über Sonolith und Tephroit von den Veitscher Manganerzvorkommen, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie, 2, 85-100.
Francis, C.A. (2004)
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
Heikkilä, Pasi 2003. Vittinki-ryhmän metaserttien geologia ja mineralogia Etelä-Pohjanmaalla. Pro gradu, matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta, Geologian laitos. Helsingin Yliopisto.
France
 
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Vielle Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Oshima peninsula
      • Kumaishi
Kobayashi H (1977) Kanoite, (Mn2+,Mg)2[Si2O6], a new clinopyroxene in the metamorphic rock from Tatehira, Oshima Peninsula, Hokkaido, Japan. Journal of the Geological Society of Japan 83, 537-542
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi Prefecture
        • Kita-Shidara-gun
          • Shidara-cho
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
      • Fukui Prefecture
        • Mikata-kaminaka-gun
          • Wakasa-cho
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Kami-Ina-gun
          • Hamayokokawa mine (Hamayokogawa mine)
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
Akira Kato (2011) Explanations of distributed specimens at the Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group, No. 34 (January, 20011).
    • Chugoku Region
      • Yamaguchi Prefecture
        • Iwakuni City
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Midori City
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Takanomine mine
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Hannou
Kato, A. (2010) Mumeikai Group meeting, No. 30.
      • Tochigi Prefecture
Fukuoka, M. (1981) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 24, #4, 207-252.
        • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese); Yoshinaga, Mayumi. "Sonolite, a new manganese silicate mineral." Mem Fac Sci Kyushu Univ Ser D Geol 14 (1963): 1-21.
Kato, A. (2010) Ordinary Meeting of Mumeikai Group No. 30, 488.
    • Kinki Region
      • Kyoto Prefecture
        • Kizugawa City
Am Min 85:242-250
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
        • Nantan City
Toyofumi Yoshimura, "Manganese deposits in Japan - Addendum, PartII", Science reports, Department of Geology, Kyushu University (1969)
        • Sohraku-gun
          • Wazuka-cho
ZVMO 119/2 (1990), 98; Yoshinaga, Mayumi. "Sonolite, a new manganese silicate mineral." Mem Fac Sci Kyushu Univ Ser D Geol 14 (1963): 1-21.
      • Shiga Prefecture
        • Ritto City
Yoshinaga, Mayumi. "Sonolite, a new manganese silicate mineral." Mem Fac Sci Kyushu Univ Ser D Geol 14 (1963): 1-21.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Iwaki
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 18 (1996) , No. 4 pp 155-160
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Miyako City
Yoshinaga, Mayumi. "Sonolite, a new manganese silicate mineral." Mem Fac Sci Kyushu Univ Ser D Geol 14 (1963): 1-21.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Issyk-Kul'skaya Oblast
    • Inyl'chek Range
      • Muzeinyi Valley
Pautov L.A., Ignatenko K.I., Belakovskii D.I. New data on sonolite, - ZVMO, 1990, N3, p.98-101.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Sedel'nikovo
Brusnitsyn A.I. (2000) Rhodonite deposits of Middle Ural, - S.-Peterburg Univercity press, p. 200 (in Rus.).
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183. ; K:Gatedal
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Min.Mag.(1978) 42, 133-136
Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (1994): Sonolite from Harstigen, Värmland County, central Sweden. GFF 116, 132; Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13.
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Moore, P. B. (1967). Welinite, a new mineral from LAngban. Arkiv fOr Mineralogi och Geologi, 4, 407-411.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Engadin
      • Piz Corvatsch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 379.
Taiwan
 
  • Taiwan Province
    • Yilan Co. (Ilan Co.)
      • Suao
Mayumi Yoshinaga (1963) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 14, 1, 1-22.
USA
 
  • California
    • Nevada Co.
      • Lake of the Pines
Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
    • Santa Clara Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Black Wonder District
          • Mount Hamilton
            • San Antonio Valley
Pete J. Dunn, Donald R. Peacor, Richard C. Erd, and Robert A. Ramik (1986) Franciscanite and örebroite, two new minerals from California and Sweden, related to redefined welinite. American Mineralogist, 71:1522-1526.
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Plainfield
"Western Massachusetts Mineral Localities" by Alan Plante, Valley Geology Press, 1992.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Cook, D.K.: Am.Min.:54:1392-1398 (1969); Dunn, P.J.: Am.Min.:70:379-387 (1985); Grice, J.D. & Dunn, P.J.: Min.Mag.:58:333-336 (1994); Dunn(1995):Pt3:349-350.
FOMS Millsite Committee (1986) (circa), List of Mineral Species Found on the Franklin Mill Site, Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society (unpublished).
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Grice, J.D. & Dunn, P.J.: Min.Mag.:58:333-336 (1994); Dunn(1995):Pt3:349-350.
  • North Carolina
    • Alleghany Co.
      • Sparta
        • Bald Knob
Rocks & Min.: 60:130-135.
  • Virginia
    • Pittsylvania Co.
      • James River-Roanoke River Mn-Fe-Ba District
AmMin 88:740-747 (2003)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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