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Sonoraite

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Formula:
Fe
3+
 
(TeO
 
3
)(OH) · H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Yellow-green
Hardness:3
Name:Named in 1968 by Richard Valentine Gaines, Gaibrielle Donnay, and Max H. Hey after its discovery locality.
This page provides mineralogical data about Sonoraite.

Classification of Sonoraite

IMA status:Approved 1968
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/K.09-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.JN.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
J : Arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites; iodates
N : Tellurites with additional anions, with H2O
Dana 8th edition ID:34.7.1.1

34 : SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
7 : Hydrated Selenites, Tellurites and Sulfites containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Hey's CIM Ref.:28.3.25

28 : Selenites, Selenates, Tellurites, and Tellurates
3 : Tellurites
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Type Occurrence of Sonoraite

Type Locality:Moctezuma Mine (Bambolla Mine), Moctezuma, Mun. de Moctezuma, Sonora, Mexico
Year of Discovery:1968

Physical Properties of Sonoraite

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Yellow-green
Hardness (Mohs):3

Crystallography of Sonoraite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 10.98Å, b = 10.26Å, c = 7.91Å
β = 108.48°
Ratio:a:b:c = 1.07 : 1 : 0.771
Unit Cell Volume:V 845.15 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Sonoraite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 2.018 nβ = 2.023 nγ = 2.025
2V:Measured: 20° to 25°, Calculated: 64°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.007

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:relatively weak

Chemical Properties of Sonoraite

Formula:
Fe
3+
 
(TeO
 
3
)(OH) · H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Fe3+(TeO3)(OH)·H2O
Essential elements:Fe, H, O, Te
All elements listed in formula:Fe, H, O, Te

Relationship of Sonoraite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.JN.10Poughite
Fe
3+
2
(TeO
 
3
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(H
 
2
O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
4.JN.15Cesbronite
Cu
 
5
(TeO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
4.JN.20Eztlite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
6
(Te
4+
 
O
 
3
)
 
3
(Te
6+
 
O
 
6
)(OH)
 
10
· 8H
 
2
O
4.JN.25Oboyerite
H
 
6
(Pb,Ca)
 
6
(Te
4+
 
O
 
3
)
 
3
(Te
6+
 
O
 
6
)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
4.JN.30Juabite
CaCu
 
10
(TeO
 
3
)
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
28.3.1Balyakinite
Cu(TeO
 
3
)
28.3.2Rajite
Cu(Te
4+
2
O
 
5
)
28.3.3Graemite
Cu[TeO
 
3
] · H
 
2
O
28.3.4Teineite
Cu[TeO
 
3
] · 2H
 
2
O
28.3.5Cesbronite
Cu
 
5
(TeO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· 2H
 
2
O
28.3.6Mroseite
CaTe
4+
 
(CO
 
3
)O
 
2
28.3.7Quetzalcoatlite
Zn
 
6
Cu
 
3
(TeO
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
6
· Ag
 
x
Pb
 
y
Cl
 
x+2y
28.3.8Zemannite
Mg(ZnFe)
 
2
(TeO
 
3
)
 
6
·9H
 
2
O
28.3.9Kinichilite
(Fe,Mg,Zn)
 
2
(TeO
 
3
)
 
3
(Na
 
x
H
 
2-x
) · 3H
 
2
O
28.3.10Denningite
(Mn
2+
 
,Ca,Zn)Te
4+
2
O
 
5
28.3.11Spiroffite
(Mn,Zn)
 
2
Te
4+
3
O
 
8
28.3.12Winstanleyite
TiTe
4+
3
O
 
8
28.3.13Fairbankite
Pb(TeO
 
3
)
28.3.14Plumbotellurite
Pb(TeO
 
3
)
28.3.15Choloalite
(Cu,Sb)
 
3
(Pb,Ca)
 
3
(TeO
 
3
)
 
6
Cl
28.3.16Smirnite
Bi
 
2
Te
4+
 
O
 
5
28.3.17Chekhovichite
Bi
 
2
Te
4+
4
O
 
11
28.3.18Cliffordite
(UO
 
2
)Te
4+
3
O
 
7
28.3.19Schmitterite
(UO
 
2
)(TeO
 
3
)
28.3.20Moctezumite
Pb(UO
 
2
)(TeO
 
3
)
 
2
28.3.21Emmonsite
Fe
3+
2
[TeO
 
3
]
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
28.3.22Blakeite
Fe
3+
2
[TeO
 
3
]
 
3
(?)
28.3.23Mackayite
Fe
3+
 
(Te
4+
2
O
 
5
)(OH)
28.3.24Poughite
Fe
3+
2
(TeO
 
3
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)(H
 
2
O)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
28.3.26Rodalquilarite
Fe
 
2
(TeO
 
2
OH)
 
3
(TeO
 
3
)Cl
28.3.27Eztlite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
6
(Te
4+
 
O
 
3
)
 
3
(Te
6+
 
O
 
6
)(OH)
 
10
· 8H
 
2
O
28.3.28Keystoneite
(Ni,Mg,Fe,Mn)
 
3
Te
 
3
O
 
9
· 5H
 
2
O

Other Names for Sonoraite

Synonyms:
IMA1968-001
Other Languages:
German:Sonorait
Spanish:Sonoraita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sonoraite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1968): 53: 1828-1832.

Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 14: 27-44.

Internet Links for Sonoraite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Sonoraite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Sonoraite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Shizuoka Prefecture
          • Shimoda City
            • Rendaiji
    Matsubara, S. & Miyawaki, R. (1999) Chigaku Kenkyu (Geoscience Magazine), 47, 225-228.; Takashi Yamada, Tokuhei Tagai, Takeshi Kojiro, Akira Harada, and Yasuhiro Kosuge (1999) Rare Minerals from Kawazu Mine, Shizuoka Prefecture. Chikyu-Wakusei Godo-Taikai Koen-Yoshi (Abstract of the Joint Meeting of the Societies of Earth and Planetary Sciences), conference presentation, Mc-002
    Mexico
     
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Moctezuma
        • Moctezuma
    Amer.Min.(1968) 53, 1828-1832; Panczner(1987):108-401.
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Tombstone Hills
          • Tombstone District
    In the collection of Brent Thorne.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 356, 375.
            • Tombstone
    Mike Scott S102666 fm Cureton CWB ID by A. Roberts
    • California
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Baker
          • Otto Mountain
    PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf.
    • Colorado
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Vulcan District (Cebolla District; Domingo District)
          • Vulcan
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Teller Co.
        • Cripple Creek District
          • Cripple Creek
    Min Rec 36:2 pp143-185
    • Nevada
      • Esmeralda Co.
        • Goldfield District
          • Goldfield
    Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • East Tintic Mts
          • Tintic District
    John Dagenais collection, ID'd by EDS.
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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