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Spangolite

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Formula:
Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Dark to emerald green, ...
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Name:
Named in 1890 by Samuel Lewis Penfield in honor of Norman Spang [1842 Etna, Pennsylvania, USA - Decemeber, 1922 Paris, France], iron manufacturer and mineral collector of Etna, Allegheny County, Pennsylvania, USA, contributor of the type specimen for study.
Spangolite Group

A secondary mineral commonly occurring with other secondary copper minerals in oxidized zones of copper-bearing ore bodies.

Note: The exact type locality is uncertain; the original specimen found “within a radius of 200 miles of Tombstone” (probably from Bisbee).

Thin tabular spangolite may be confused with chalcophyllite.

Classification of Spangolite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Explanation of status:
Type material was in collection of Spang, who lived in Tombstone Arizona. His collection was from mines within 200 miles of town, but exact location for type specimen is unknown.
7.DD.15

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.1.5.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
26.8

26 : Sulphates with Halide
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3721.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Occurrences of Spangolite

Geological Setting:
Oxidized zones of copper-bearing ore bodies.

Physical Properties of Spangolite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Dark to emerald green, blue-green; light green in transmitted light.
Streak:
Pale green
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Comment:
About 2 on {0001} and about 3 on the inclined faces.
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {0001}, perfect.
On p{1011}, _p -p, and -_p: distinct.
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
3.14 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.14 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Spangolite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3 1c
Cell Parameters:
a = 8.24Å, c = 14.34Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.74
Unit Cell Volume:
V 843.21 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals frequently holohedral in aspect; either short prismatic [0001], or, more commonly, tabular {0001}. Less commonly hemimorphic with large {0001} and tapering toward the antilogous pole. The prism and trigonal pyramid faces are horizontally striated with series of trigonal pyramids and prisms in oscillatory combination. The geometrically equivalent positive and negative trigonal pyramids are seemingly always equally developed, rendering a hexagonal appearance to the crystal.
Twinning:
On {0001}, rare, with the acute (antilogous) poles of the two individuals joined together.
Comment:
Cell parameters are variable: a = 8.245-8.278 A, c = 14.32-14.53 A
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Spangolite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.694 nε = 1.641
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.053
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
Dichroic:
O = Green
E = Bluish green

Chemical Properties of Spangolite

Formula:
Cu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Spangolite to other Species

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFex3+)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFex3+)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2O
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe62+Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn22+Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
7.DD.50Namuwite(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.55Bechererite(Zn,Cu)6Zn2(SO4,HSiO4)2(OH)12
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
7.DD.80Guarinoite(Zn,Co,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10 · 5H2O
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.80Thérèsemagnanite(Co,Zn,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)10 · 8H2O
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
26.1KogarkoiteNa3(SO4)F
26.2SulphohaliteNa6(SO4)2FCl
26.3SchaireriteNa3(SO4)(F,Cl)
26.4GaleiteNa15(SO4)5F4Cl
26.5ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
26.6ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
26.7KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OCl
26.9AubertiteCuAl(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
26.10Magnesioaubertite(Mg,Cu)Al(SO4)2Cl · 14H2O
26.11Svyazhinite(Mg,Mn2+,Ca)(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)2F · 14H2O
26.12D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3
26.13AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl
26.14KainiteKMg(SO4)Cl · 3H2O
26.15Mosesite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4,MoO4) · H2O
26.16Kleinite(Hg2N)(Cl,SO4) · nH2O
26.17WilcoxiteMgAl(SO4)2F · 17H2O
26.18CreediteCa3SO4Al2F8(OH)2 · 2H2O
26.19LannoniteMg2Ca4Al4(SO4)8F8 · 24H2O
26.20Chukhrovite-(Y)Ca3(Y,Ce)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2O
26.21Chukhrovite-(Ce)Ca3(Ce,Y)[F|SO4|(AlF6)2] · 10H2O
26.22GrandreefitePb2(SO4)F2
26.23PseudograndreefitePb6(SO4)F10
26.24SundiusitePb10(SO4)O8Cl2
26.25CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3Cl
26.26MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2
26.27AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3Cl
26.28XitieshaniteFe3+(SO4)Cl · 6H2O
26.29NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OCl

Other Names for Spangolite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:氯铜铝矾
Spanish:Spangolita
Traditional Chinese:氯銅鋁礬

Other Information

Electrical:
Pyroelectric.
Other Information:
Insoluble in water. Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Spangolite

Reference List:
Penfield (1890) American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 39: 370.

Miers (1894) Mineralogical Magazine: 10: 273.

Pelloux (1909) Ann. Mus. Civico Stor. Nat. Genova: 4: [3a]: 194.

Frondel, C. (1949) American Mineralogist: 34: 181.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 576-578.

Merlino S., Pasero M., Sabelli C., Trosti-Ferroni R.(1992): Crystal structure refinements of spangolite, a hydrated basic sulphate of copper and aluminum, from three different occurrences. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1992: 349-357.

American Mineralogist (1993): 78: 649-652.

T Fennell, J O Piatek, R A Stephenson, G J Nilsen and H M Rønnow (2011): Spangolite: an s = 1/2 maple leaf lattice antiferromagnet? J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 23, 164201.

Internet Links for Spangolite

Specimens:
The following Spangolite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Spangolite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
[UKJMM 19:28]
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Mount Isa district
Steve Sorrell Collection
  • Tasmania
    • Rosebery district
      • Colebrook Hill
Bottrill, RS, unpub data 2001
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Hoher Sonnblick
Schnorrer, G. & Bacher, F. (2000): Die Mineralien von der Sonnblick- Nordwand, Rauris, Salzburg / Österreich - insbesondere der erste Khaidarkanit- Fund in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 52-57.
  • Styria
    • Ennstaler Alpen
      • Johnsbach
        • Severinggraben
POSTL, W. & WALTER, F. (1983): 544. Antlerit-xx und Baryt-xx aus der Kupferschlacke Severinggraben, Johnsbach, Steiermark. P. 355 in NIEDERMAYR, G., W. POSTL & F. WALTER (1983): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XXXII. Carinthia II, 173./93.: 339-362.; Postl, W. & Moser, B. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen aus der Steiermark. Mitt. Abt. Miner. Landesmuseum Joanneum, 56, 5-47.; R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Gratlspitz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
            • St Gertraudi
              • Kleinkogel
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
          • Schwaz
            • Falkenstein District
              • Falkenstein
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Skeena Mining Division
      • Stewart
Personal collection of John Dagenais
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • Inca de Oro
        • San Pedro de Cachiyuyo District
maurizio dini collection - analysed material
    • Copiapó Province
      • Puquios district
        • Carrera Pinto
Maurizio Dini - analysis by Dr. Robert A. Jenkins.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Collahuasi District
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kambove District
Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
France
 
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Corte
        • Ghisoni
M. Arliguie collection
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Gard
      • Alzon
Patrice Queneau Collection
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Tarn
      • Trébas
PIERROT R., PICOT P., FORTUNÉ J.P., TOLLON F. (1976): Inventaire minéralogique de la France n° 5, Tarn. Editions du B.R.G.M., Orléans, 117-118 pp.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Garonne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
CLAUDE Jean-Marie trouvaille (08/1980) and collection personelle;
Georges FAVREAU collection
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
          • Les Rats Mine
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining District
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Süss
        • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
Schnorrer, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuigkeiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis, 20 (12), 43.
    • Siegerland
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Wilnsdorf
Mineralien-Welt 17, (4), 36-37; SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schmiedeberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Helgoland Island
Markus Gerstmann - Collection
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Serifos Island (Seriphos)
          • Avissalos (Avyssalos; Avessalos; Aghriomelisa Mountain)
Fritz Schreiber collection (analysed by U. Kolitsch)
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
NIEDERMAYR, G. (1982): Neues von Lavrion: Spangolith aus der Oxidationszone. Lapis, 7 (6), 16-17.
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
            • Hilarion area
Wendel, W. (2000): Lavrion-News 2000. Lapis 25 (10), 45-47.; J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Colleen Thomson collection
No reference listed
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
        • Megala Pefka area
          • Megala Pefka Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
      • Lavrion District slag localities
        • Sounion area
van Kalmthout, P. (2012): De slakkenmineralen van Lavrion (Gr.) - Ontwikkelingen na 1996, inclusief een archeologische ontdekking. GEA, 45 (1), 14-19 (in Dutch).; Fritz Schreiber Collection
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
Redazionale (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia del Ferrania Club, 19 , 3-5.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Sinnai
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Brizzi G., (1993): Sarrabus Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", 208 pp.
      • Villaputzu
Campostrini, I. & Gramaccioli, C. M. (2001): Selenium-rich secondary minerals from the Baccu Locci mine (Sardinia, Italy). Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 177, 37-59.
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
      • Fluminimaggiore
        • Oridda Valley
[O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283]
    • Nuoro Province
      • Gadoni
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Sabelli, C., Ibba, A. (1999): I minerali di Funtana Raminosa. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/1999, 10-27.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
Luigi Chiappino collection
Perchiazzi, N. & Marinai, W. (1990): Alteration minerals in metallurgical slags from Rocca S. Silvestro, Livorno, Tuscany. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana 1990, (3), 145-150. (In Italian.); Gianni Porcellini collection
        • Sassetta
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Piombino
Cerutti, G. and Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20 (4), 13-18; 50 (in German).
Luigi Chiappino data
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kinki Region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
        • Taka-gun
Takada & Matsuuchi (1981) Chigaku Kenkyu, 32, 191-199.; Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Dzhezkazgan (Zhezqazghan)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
  • Southern Kazakhstan Province (Ongtüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Karatau Range
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Mexico
 
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Santa Cruz
      • Cuitaca
Peter Megaw collection
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Tíjola
Georges FAVREAU collection
    • Granada
      • Albuñol
FMF Forum
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
No reference listed
[Embrey & Symes, 1987, 124 - "Minerals of Cornwall and Devon"]
      • Liskeard District
        • St Cleer
          • Crow's Nest
Golley & Williams (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual, p. 57
BMS Database
    • Cumbria
      • Braithwaite District
No reference listed
    • Leicestershire
      • Stanton under Bardon
UKJMM 26:31-42
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 198, 376.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
Bruce J. Murophy specimen
            • Queen Hill
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 376; Ford, W.E. (1914), New occurrences of spangolite, Amer. Jour. Sci.: 38: 503-504.
Frondel, C. (1949), Crystallography of spangolite, Am.Min.: 34: 181-187; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65; Dana 7:II:573.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175, 376; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
      • Tombstone Hills
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 578.
    • Coconino Co.
      • Grandview District
        • Horseshoe Mesa
Dr Marcus Origlieri
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Clifton
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 376; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 65; Dana 7:II:578,1094.
Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
  • Colorado
    • Saguache Co.
      • Bonanza District (Kerber Creek District)
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
T. Kennedy collection
    • Esmeralda Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Dr. William S. Wise presentation to Northwest Micro Mineral Study Group on 1 May 2004, Update on Mineralogy of the Silver Coin Mine, Iron Point District, Edna Mountains, Humboldt Co., Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
Collected by Sugar White.
          • Yerington
Pullman, Steven, and Thomssen, Richard, "Nevada Mineral Locality Index" Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 74 No. 6. pg. 375
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579, 1009.; Ameican Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 704-708, 1978
"Sigurd Stordal" Collection
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Jenkins, R.E., II: The Picking Table:34(1):6-9 (1993); Dunn(1995):Pt5:639.
  • New Mexico
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Red Cloud District
        • Gallinas Mts
Min Rec 24:5 p383; NMBMGMR Open-file Report - 532
    • Sandoval Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
      • Hansonburg District
        • Bingham
[O'Donoghue, 1978 - "Encyclopedia of Minerals & Gemstones", p283]
Jason B. Smith specimen
Min News 21:8 p 8
M Massis collection
[MinRec 20:24]; GF Loughlin (1942) Geology and ore deposits of the Magdalena mining district, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 200.
        • Magdalena
GF Loughlin (1942) Geology and ore deposits of the Magdalena mining district, New Mexico. USGS Professional Paper 200.
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
          • Mammoth
Dana 7:II:573 & 578.
    • Tooele Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Ophir District
          • Ophir
Brent Thorne collection; Elmar Lackner collection
          • Ophir Hill area
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62; Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62
Mineral and/or Locality  
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