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Spionkopite

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Formula:
Cu
 
39
S
 
28
System:TrigonalColour:Blue
Hardness:2½ - 3
Name:Named after its discovery locality.


See also the closely related yarrowite.

Classification of Spionkopite

IMA status:Approved 1978
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/B.01-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CA.05c

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
A : With Cu
Dana 8th edition ID:2.4.7.7

2 : SULFIDES
4 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.1.6

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Spionkopite

Type Locality:Spionkop Creek, Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit, Alberta, Canada

Physical Properties of Spionkopite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Blue
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3

Crystallography of Spionkopite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Cell Parameters:a = 22.96Å, c = 41.42Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.804
Unit Cell Volume:V 18,909.69 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Spionkopite

Formula:
Cu
 
39
S
 
28
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu39S28
Essential elements:Cu, S
All elements listed in formula:Cu, S
Common Impurities:Fe,Zn

Relationship of Spionkopite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CA.05aCovellite
CuS
2.CA.05bKlockmannite
CuSe
2.CA.05dYarrowite
Cu
 
9
S
 
8
2.CA.10Nukundamite
Cu
 
3.4
Fe
 
0.6
S
 
4
2.CA.15Calvertite
Cu
 
5
Ge
 
0.5
S
 
4
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.1.1Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
3.1.2Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
3.1.3Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.4Anilite
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
3.1.5Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.7Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
3.1.8Covellite
CuS
3.1.9Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.10Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.11Umangite
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
3.1.12Yarrowite
Cu
 
9
S
 
8
3.1.13Athabascaite
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
3.1.14Klockmannite
CuSe
3.1.15Krut'aite
CuSe
 
2
3.1.16Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
3.1.17Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
3.1.18Vulcanite
CuTe
3.1.19Bambollaite
Cu(Se,Te)
 
2
3.1.20Lautite
CuAsS
3.1.21Mgriite
Cu
 
3
AsSe
 
3
3.1.22Cubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.23Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
3.1.24Fukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
3.1.25Chalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
3.1.26Mooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.27Haycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
3.1.28Isocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.29Idaite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
3.1.30Nukundamite
Cu
 
3.4
Fe
 
0.6
S
 
4
3.1.31Putoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.32Orickite
2CuFeS
 
2
· H
 
2
O
3.1.33Eskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
3.1.34Chaméanite
(Cu,Fe)
 
4
As(Se,S)
 
4
3.1.35Talnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16

Other Names for Spionkopite

Synonyms:
IMA1978-023
Other Languages:
German:Spionkopit
Simplified Chinese:斯硫铜矿
高硫铜矿
Spanish:Spionkopita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Spionkopite

Reference List:

- +
Canadian Mineralogist (1980): 18: 511-518.

American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1279.

Canadian Mineralogist (1985): 23: 61-76.

Internet Links for Spionkopite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Spionkopite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Spionkopite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Córdoba
      • Colón Department
        • Dumesnil
    Colombo, F., Lira, R., Ripley, E. M., & del Tanago, J. G. (2011). Geology, mineralogy and possible origin of the copper mineralization in marble near Saldan, Cordoba (Argentina). Journal of GEOsciences, 56(3), 299-316.
    • Río Negro
      • Valcheta
        • San Martin Pluton
    GOZALVEZ, Martín Ricardo. Characterizationof San Martín pluton and associated tungsten deposits, Valcheta Department, Río Negro Province. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 409-425.
    Atlantic Ocean
     
    • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 99-105
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
        • Gunpowder District
          • Mount Gordon
    Richardson, S.M. and Day, A.D. (1997) Geology of the Esperanza copper deposit. Proceedings of the 3rd International Mining Geology Conference, Launceston. pg. 51-56
    • Western Australia
      • Wiluna Shire
        • Mount Keith
    Grguric, B.A. (2003) Minerals of the MKD5 nickel deposit, Mount Keith, Western Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 9, No. 2 , pg. 55-71.
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Graz
    Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (1999)
      • Köflach
        • Voitsberg
          • Krems
    Moser & Postl (1990); Exel (1993)
      • Koralpe
        • Soboth
          • Krumbach
    Postl, W., Bernhard, F. & Jakely, D. (2013): Über eine Erz- und Kluftmineralisation in Krumbach bei Soboth, südliche Koralpe, Steiermark. Der Steirische Mineralog, 27, 40-48.
    Canada
     
    • Alberta
      • Yarrow Creek-Spionkop Creek deposit
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Ontario
      • Algoma District
        • Gould Township
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.45
        • Plummer Additional Township
          • Bruce Mines
    Sabina, Ann P., GSC Miscellaneous Report 49, page 49, Bruce Mines Copper Mines
      • Rainy River District
        • Little Turtle Lake Area
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.159
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Kolwezi District
          • Kolwezi
    Can.Min. 46,19-31(2008)
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Calw
    Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Menzenschwand
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Pforzheim
          • Würm
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
            • Gallenbach valley
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
        • St Blasien
          • Urberg
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Spessart
          • Schöllkrippen
            • Großkahl
    A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
            • Huckelheim
    Schmitt, R. T. (1993): "Sulfide und Arsenide aus den Gruben Segen Gottes bei Huckelheim und Hilfe Gottes bei Großkahl im Spessart", Der Aufschluss 44, 111-122. (in German)
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Bockswies veins
            • Oberschulenberg
    Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Hunsrück
        • Birkenfeld
          • Sonnenberg-Winnenberg
    Roger Lang analyses/research 1994-1998
        • Idar-Oberstein
          • Fischbach
    Scheiderhöhn & Kautzsch 1936, research R. Lang, 1994-1998
    • Saxony-Anhalt
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Schleswig-Holstein
      • Helgoland Island
    Markus Gerstmann - Collection
    Greece
     
    • Sterea Hellas Department
      • Fthiótis Prefecture
        • Lamia
          • Othrys Mt ophiolite complex (Othris)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Indonesia
     
    • Jawa Island (Java Island)
      • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
        • Bogor District
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 41, pp. 185-200 (2003)
    Iran
     
    • Yazd Province
      • Ardakan (Ardekan)
    http://www.fos.ut.ac.ir/~journal/G.80.1E_2.htm
    Ireland
     
    • Co. Kerry
      • Killarney
        • Lough Leane
    Ixer, R.A. 2004. Catalogue of Petrographic Descriptions for Rock and Ore Samples, Ross Island Mine. In: O'Brien, W. ed. Ross Island - Mining, Metal and Society in Early Ireland. Bronze Age Studies 6, Department of Archaeology, National University of Ireland, Galway, 768pp.
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Masino Valley
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Trentino-Alto Adige
      • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
        • Vizze Valley (Pfitsch Valley)
          • San Giacomo
            • Vizze pass (Pfitsch pass)
    Folie, K., P. Gentile, M. Hanke & I. Rocchetti (2010): Mineralien aus der Umgebung des Pfitscher Jochs in Südtirol (II). Mineralien-Welt 21 (4), 42-67.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Legnica
        • Lubin District
    Kucha H. 2007: Mineralogia kruszcowa i geochemia ciała rudnego złoża Lubin-Sieroszowice. Biuletyn PIG, vol. 423, pp. 77-94
    Spain
     
    • Catalonia
      • Lleida (Lérida)
        • El Pallars Jussà
          • La Torre de Cabdella
            • La Plana de Mont-ros
              • Castell-estaó
    - Castillo,M.,Torró,L.,Campeny,M.,Villanova,C.,Tauler,E.,Melgarejo,J.C.(2009) "Mineralogía del Depósito de Uranio Eureka (Castell-estaó, Pirineo, Cataluña) " Soc. Esp. de Mineralogía, Revista Macla nº 11 pp. 53-54. Madrid.
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Vorderrhein Valley
        • Tujetsch (Tavetsch)
          • Curnera Valley
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Anniviers Valley
        • Chandolin
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
        • Saint-Luc
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 109.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    UK
     
    • England
      • Leicestershire
        • Stanton under Bardon
    UKJMM 26:43-51
      • North Yorkshire
        • North Pennines
          • Craven District
            • Settle - Malham Area
    [J.Russell Soc. 1998:41]
      • Warwickshire
        • Nuneaton
    UKJMM 26:43-51
    • Scotland
      • North West Highlands (Ross-shire; Ross & Cromarty)
        • Loch Kishorn
    Faithfull, J., Young, B., Starkey, R.E. (2012) Copper mineralisation at Rassal, Kishorn, Highland Region. Journal of the Russell Society, Vol. 15, pg. 49-58.
    • Wales
      • Conwy (Gwynedd; Caernarvonshire)
        • Llandudno
          • Great Orme
    BMS Database; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 978-982.
      • Isle of Anglesey (Gwynedd; Anglesey)
        • Amlwch
    No reference listed
      • Powys (Radnorshire)
        • Old Radnor
          • Wethel
    Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    [MinRec 24:421]
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 379; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    Rob Bowell, lab tested
    • California
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Mescal
    Ronald Wynn Sheets, James R. Craig, Robert J. Bodnar (1995) Composition And Occurrence Of Electrum At The Morning Star Deposit, San Bernardino County, California: Evidence For Remobilization Of Gold And Silver. Canadian Mineralogist 33:137-151
    • Colorado
      • Park Co.
        • Alma District
          • Mount Bross
    Min News 20:9 pp1,3,10,11
    • Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Buffalo Mountain District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New York
      • St. Lawrence Co.
        • De Kalb Township
    Dana's New Mineralogy
    Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 18, pp. 519-523 (1980)
    • Virginia
      • Charlotte Co.
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
      • Halifax Co.
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
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