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Spurrite

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Josiah Edward Spurr
Formula:
Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Colourless, grey-white, ...
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named by Fred Eugene Wright in 1908 after Josiah Edward Spurr (October 1, 1870-1950), American economic geologist. Spurr Crater in the northwestern part of Palus Putredinis near Archimedes Crater is also named for him.
This page provides mineralogical data about Spurrite.

Classification of Spurrite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.AH.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
H : Nesosilicates with CO3, SO4, PO4, etc.
53.1.1.1

53 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
1 : Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (CO3)
17.4.2

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
4 : Silicates with carbonates
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http://www.mindat.org/min-3734.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Spurrite

Year of Discovery:
1908

Physical Properties of Spurrite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless, grey-white, lilac-grey
Streak:
white
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good

Crystallography of Spurrite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.49Å, b = 6.7Å, c = 14.15Å
β = 101.32°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1.566 : 1 : 2.112
Unit Cell Volume:
V 975.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Spurrite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.640 - 1.641 nβ = 1.674 - 1.676 nγ = 1.679 - 1.681
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.039 - 0.040
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of Spurrite

Formula:
Ca5(SiO4)2(CO3)
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ti,Al,Fe,Mn,Mg,Na,K

Relationship of Spurrite to other Species

9.AH.05Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]
9.AH.10Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
9.AH.10Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
9.AH.20TernesiteCa5(SiO4)2(SO4)
9.AH.25Britholite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
9.AH.25Britholite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(OH,F)
9.AH.25Ellestadite-(Cl)Ca10(SiO4)3(SO4)3Cl2
9.AH.25Fluorbritholite-(Ce)Ca2(Ce,Ca)3(SiO4,PO4)3(F,OH)
9.AH.25FluorellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5F
9.AH.25HydroxylellestaditeCa5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(OH)
9.AH.25MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
9.AH.25Tritomite-(Ce)(Ce,La,Y,Th)5(Si,B)3(O,OH,F)13
9.AH.25Tritomite-(Y)(Y,Ca,La,Fe)5(Si,B,Al)3(O,OH,F)13
9.AH.25Fluorcalciobritholite(Ca,Ce)5 (SiO4,PO4)3F
9.AH.25Fluorbritholite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ca,Ln)3(SiO4,PO4)3(F,OH)
17.4.1TilleyiteCa5(Si2O7)(CO3)2
17.4.3Paraspurrite
17.4.4ScawtiteCa7(Si3O9)2CO3 · 2H2O
17.4.5FukaliteCa4[Si2O6][CO3](OH)2
17.4.6MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
17.4.7Cancrinite(Na,Ca,☐)8(Al6Si6O24)(CO3,SO4)2 · 2H2O
17.4.8CarletoniteKNa4Ca4Si8O18(CO3)4(OH,F) · H2O
17.4.9Iimoriite-(Y)Y2[SiO4][CO3]
17.4.10Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
17.4.11Caysichite-(Y)Ca2Y2Si4O10(CO3)3 · 4H2O
17.4.12Lepersonnite-(Gd)Ca(Gd,Dy)2(UO2)24(SiO4)4(CO3)8(OH)24 · 48H2O
17.4.13AshburtonitePb4Cu4(Si4O12)(HCO3)4(OH)3Cl · H2O
17.4.14Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2
17.4.15Tundrite-(Ce)Na2Ce2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2
17.4.16Tundrite-(Nd)Na2(Nd,Ce)2Ti(SiO4)(CO3)2O2

Other Names for Spurrite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Spurrit
Spanish:Spurrita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Spurrite

Reference List:
American Journal of Science (1908), 4th. series: 26: 547-554.

Smith, J.V., Karle, I.L., Hauptman, H., and Karle, J. (1960) The crystal structure of spurrite, Ca5(SiO4)2CO3. II. Description of structure. Acta Crystallographica: 13: 454-458.

Grice, J.D. (2005) The structure of spurrite, tilleyite and scawtite, and relationships to other slicate-carbonate minerals. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1489-1500.

Internet Links for Spurrite

Localities for Spurrite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Kativik
Daniel F. Rosa and Robert F. Martin (2010) A spurrite-, merwinite- and srebrodolskite-bearing skarn assemblage, West Clearwater Lake impact crater, northern Quebec. The Canadian Mineralogist (December 2010), 48(6):1519-1532
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
            • Southern lava flow
              • Mayener Feld
[Hentschel, G., Seltene Minerale in Calcium-reichen Auswürflingen vom Bellerberg bei Mayen/Eifel, Aufschluß 29, 77-83, 1978] [Hentschel, G. (1987): Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, 2. edition, Weise Verlag]
Ireland
 
  • Co. Louth
    • Carlingford
S. R. Nockolds and H. G. C. Vincent (1947) On Tilleyite and Its Associated Minerals from Carlingford, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine 28:151-158.
  • Co. Sligo
    • Killala Bay
Min.Mag.(1974) 39, 544-548
Israel
 
  • Negev
Shulamit Gross (1977); Sharygin, V.V., Sokol, E.V. & Vapnik, Ye. (2008): Minerals of the pseudobinary perovskite-brownmillerite series from combustion metamorphic larnite rocks of the Hatrurim Formation (Israel). Russian Geology and Geophysics 49, 709-726.
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
  • Tel Aviv District
Shulamit Gross (1977) The mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geol. Surv. of Israel, Bull. No. 70.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Hiroshima prefecture
        • Hiba-gun
Kusachi et al (1971) Koubutsugaku Zasshi, 10, 170-180.
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Ihara City (Ibara City)
          • Higashi-Mihara
Jan Bernard & Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities, p. 235
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Mineralogical Record: 27: 303.; Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences Vol. 99 (2004) , No. 2 April 67-71; I. Kusachi, Y. Takechi, C. Henmi and S. Kobayashi (1998) Parasibirskite, a New Mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine 62:521-525.; Henmi, C., Kusachi, I., Kawahara, A., & Henmi, K. (1978). 7T wollastonite from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture. Mineralogical Journal, 9(3), 169-181.; Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6 (O, OH) 18· 5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(3), 353-358.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
Matsuyama, F. (2001)
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Esashi City
Bunno, M., Shimazaki, H., & Sato, K. (1982). Occurrence and genesis of bicchulite and tilleyite skarns at the Sakae adit, the Akagane mine, Iwate Prefecture. Mining Geology, 32, 141-150
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Sierra Mojada
      • Sierra Mojada
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 841-852
Mineralogical Magazine 1964 33 : 841-852
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Cuencamé
      • Velardeña District
        • Velardeña
Panczner (1987): 357.
Hey's Mineral Index (1993); Wright F E (1908) On three contact minerals from Valardeña, Durango, Mexico. (Gehlenite, spurrite and hillebrandite). American Journal of Science 176, 545-554
Panczner (1987): 357.
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Zimapán
      • Zimapán
Panczner(1987): 93-396.
  • Queretaro
    • Mun. de Cadereyta
      • Maconi
MinRec 32:421; Panczner(1987):357.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Northland
      • Kaipara
Mason, B. (1957): Larnite, scawtite, and hydrogrossular from Tokatoka, New Zealand. American Mineralogist 42, 379-392.
Palestine
 
  • West Bank
    • Hatrurim formation
Shulamit Gross (1977)
Poland
 
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Katowice area
        • Siemianowice Śląskie
Kruszewski L. 2006: Oldhamite-periclase-portlandite-fluorite assemblage and coexisting minerals of burnt dump in Siemianowice Śląskie - Dąbrówka Wielka area (Upper Silesia, Poland) - preliminary report. Mineralogia Polonica Special Papers, vol.28, 118-120
Romania
 
  • Alba Co.
    • Apuseni District
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001)
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.; The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 39, pp. 1405-1434 (2001); Ştefan MARINCEA, Delia-Georgeta DUMITRAŞ, A.M. FRANSOLET, Essaïd BILAL (2010): Spurrite and associated minerals in the inner exoskarn zone from Cornet Hill (Metaliferi Mountains, Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 84, 110-112.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Evenkia (Evenkiyskiy Autonomous okrug)
        • Nizhnyaya Tunguska River Basin (Lower Tunguska River)
Handbook of Mineralogy; Reverdatto, V. V., Pertsev, N. N., & Korolyuk, V. N. (1979). P_ {CO_2}-T-Evolution and origin of zoning in melilite during the regressive stage of contact metamorphism in carbonate-bearing rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 70(2), 203-208
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Narin-Kunta
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
      • Baksan Valley
Galuskin, E.V., Galuskina, I.O., Kusz, J., Gfeller, F., Armbruster, T., Bailau, R., Dulski, M., Gazeev, V.M., Pertsev, N.N., Zadov, A.E., Dzieržanowski, P. (2015): Mayenite supergroup, part II: Chlorkyuygenite from Upper Chegem, northern Caucasus Kabardino-Balkaria, Russia, a new microporous mayenite supergroup mineral with “zeolitic” H2O. European Journal of Mineralogy. 27, 113-122
      • Verkhnechegemskaya caldera (Verkhni Chegem caldera; Upper Chegem caldera)
A. E. Zadov data; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 1361–1370, 2009
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Chelyabinsk coal basin
Cesnokov, B., M. Kotrly, and T. Nisanbajev (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Turkey
 
  • Black Sea Region
    • Rize Province
Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60; Armbruster T, Yang P, Liebich B W (1996) Mechanism of the SiO4 for CO3 substitution in defernite, Ca6(CO3)1.58(Si2O7)0.21(OH)7[Cl0.50(OH)0.08(H2O)0.42]: a single-crystal X-ray study at 100 K. American Mineralogist 81, 625-631
Uganda
 
  • Kabarole District
Barker, D.S. and Nixon, P.H. (1989) High-Ca, low-alkali carbonatite volcanism at Fort Portal, Uganda. Contributions to Minralogy and Petrology.: 103: 166-177.
UK
 
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Glenoe
Nawaz, R. (1977). A second occurrence of killalaite. Mineralogical Magazine, 41, 546-548. ; Henmi C, Kusachi I, Henmi K, Sabine P A, Young B R (1973) A new mineral bicchulite, the natural analogue of gehlenite hydrate, from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan and Carneal, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, Mineralogical Journal, 7, 243-251; P. A. Sabine, M. T. Styles and B. R. Young (1985) The Nature and Paragenesis of Natural Bredigite and Associated Minerals from Carneal and Scawt Hill, Co. Antrim. Mineralogical Magazine 49:663-670.
      • Larne
American Mineralogist: 33: 786; Mineralogical Magazine 1942 26 : 190-196
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands (Argyllshire)
      • Ardnamurchan
Tony Nikischer; American Mineralogist 35:1080
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Mineralogical Magazine 1965 34 : 1-15.
    • North West Highlands (Inverness-shire)
      • Isle of Muck
Tilley, C.E. (1947) The gabbro-limestone contact zone of Camas Mor, Muck, Inverness-shire. Comptes Rendus de la Société geologique de Finlande, No. 140, 97–105.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Eureka District
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
        • Crestmore quarries
          • Sky Blue Hill
Daly, John W. (1935), Paragenesis of mineral assemblages at Crestmore, California American Mineralogist: 20: 638-659; Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 367.
Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 367.
Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 352-381.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Portland
        • Collins Hill
          • Strickland pegmatite (Strickland-Cramer Quarry; Strickland-Cramer Mine; Strickland-Cramer Feldspar-Mica Quarries)
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1985), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut mineralogy.
  • New Mexico
    • Luna Co.
      • Tres Hermanas District
        • South Sisters Peak
NMGS 21st Field Conference
  • Texas
    • Brewster Co.
      • Christmas Mts
Rocks & Minerals (1991): 66:3: 196-224.
    • Culberson Co.
      • Apache Peak area
Am Min 51:1766-1774
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