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Stibiotantalite

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Formula:
Sb(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
System:OrthorhombicColour:Yellow to dark brown, ...
Hardness:
Member of:Cervantite Group
Name:The name reflects its antimony (Greek = stibi) content and similarity to tantalite.


Cervantite Group

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Classification of Stibiotantalite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/D.25-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DE.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra
Dana 8th edition ID:8.1.6.2

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
1 : ABO4
Hey's CIM Ref.:18.1.28

18 : Niobates and Tantalates
1 : Niobates and tantalates containing neither rare earths nor U
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Type Occurrence of Stibiotantalite

Type Locality:Greenbushes Sn placers, Greenbushes Tinfield, Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire, Western Australia, Australia
Year of Discovery:1893

Occurrences of Stibiotantalite

Geological Setting:Uncommon accessory mineral in complex granitic pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Stibiotantalite

Lustre:Adamantine, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Yellow to dark brown, reddish or greenish brown
Streak:Light yellow, yellow-brown
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
{001} distinct; {100} indistinct.
Fracture:Sub-Conchoidal
Density (measured):5.98 - 7.34 g/cm3
Density (calculated):7.58 g/cm3
Comment:7.53 for synthetic material.

Crystallography of Stibiotantalite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mm2 - Pyramidal
Cell Parameters:a = 4.911Å, b = 11.814Å, c = 5.535Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.416 : 1 : 0.469
Unit Cell Volume:V 321.13 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Prismatic [001]. {010} and {110} striated parallel to [001]. The crystals infreqently exhibit morphological evidence of hemimorphism.
Twinning:Polysynthetic twinning with twin axis [010] and composition plane {001}; also individuals irregularly intergrown.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Horizontal Axis: ° to ° Vertical Axis: % Source Data: Filtered Data:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Stibiotantalite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 2.374 nβ = 2.404 nγ = 2.457
2V:Measured: 75° , Calculated: 76°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.083

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:relatively strong r

Chemical Properties of Stibiotantalite

Formula:
Sb(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Essential elements:O, Sb, Ta
All elements listed in formula:Nb, O, Sb, Ta
Common Impurities:Nb

Relationship of Stibiotantalite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Stibiocolumbite (see here)
Member of:Cervantite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Bismutocolumbite
Bi(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
Bismutotantalite
Bi(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
Cervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
Clinocervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
Stibiocolumbite
Sb(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DE.05Downeyite
SeO
 
2
4.DE.10Koragoite
(Mn
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(Nb,Ta,Ti)
 
2
(Nb,Mn)
 
2
(W,Ta)
 
2
O
 
20
4.DE.15Koechlinite
Bi
 
2
MoO
 
6
4.DE.15Russellite
Bi
 
2
WO
 
6
4.DE.15Tungstibite
Sb
3+
2
WO
 
6
4.DE.20Tellurite
TeO
 
2
4.DE.25Paratellurite
TeO
 
2
4.DE.30Bismutotantalite
Bi(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
4.DE.30Bismutocolumbite
Bi(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
4.DE.30Cervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
4.DE.30Stibiocolumbite
Sb(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
4.DE.30Clinocervantite
Sb
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
4.DE.35Baddeleyite
ZrO
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
18.1.1Lithiotantite
Li(Ta,Nb)
 
3
O
 
8
18.1.2Lueshite
NaNbO
 
3
18.1.3Natroniobite
NaNbO
 
3
18.1.4Franconite
Na
 
2
Nb
 
4
O
 
11
· 9H
 
2
O
18.1.5Natrotantite
Na
 
2
Ta
 
4
O
 
11
18.1.6Irtyshite
Na
 
2
(Ta,Nb)
 
4
O
 
11
18.1.7Rankamaite
(Na,K)
 
3
(Ta,Nb,Al)
 
11
(O,OH)
 
31
18.1.8Hydropyrochlore
(H
 
2
O,□)
 
2
Nb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
(H
 
2
O)
18.1.9Calciotantite
CaTa
 
4
O
 
11
18.1.10Rynersonite
Ca(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.11Microlite Group
18.1.12Belyankinite
Ca
 
1-2
(Ti,Nb)
 
5
O
 
12
· 9H
 
2
O (?)
18.1.13Latrappite
(Ca,Na)(Nb,Ti,Fe)O
 
3
18.1.14Hochelagaite
(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
11
· 8H
 
2
O
18.1.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.16Parabariomicrolite
BaTa
 
4
O
 
10
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
18.1.17Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.18Alumotantite
AlTaO
 
4
18.1.19Simpsonite
Al
 
4
(Ta,Nb)
 
3
O
 
13
(OH,F)
18.1.20Sosedkoite
(K,Na)
 
5
Al
 
2
(Ta,Nb)
 
22
O
 
60
18.1.21Thoreaulite
(Sn
2+
 
,Pb)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.22Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.23Foordite
(Sn,Pb)(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.24Changbaiite
PbNb
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.25Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)
18.1.26Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.27Stibiocolumbite
Sb(Nb,Ta)O
 
4
18.1.29Natrobistantite
18.1.30Cesplumtantite
(Cs,Na)
 
2
(Pb,Sb
3+
 
)
 
3
Ta
 
8
O
 
24
18.1.31Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
18.1.32Cesstibtantite
18.1.34Bismutotantalite
Bi(Ta,Nb)O
 
4
18.1.35Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.36Tantalite-(Mn)
MnTa
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.37Gerasimovskite
(Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)
 
5
O
 
12
· 9H
 
2
O
18.1.38Tapiolite-(Mn)
(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.39Columbite-(Mn)
(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.40Wodginite
Mn(Sn,Ta)Ta
 
2
O
 
8
18.1.41Ixiolite
(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)
 
4
O
 
8
18.1.42Columbite-(Fe)
FeNb
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.43Tantalite-(Fe)
FeTa
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.44Columbite
(Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.45Tantalite
(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.46Tapiolite
(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.47Tapiolite-(Fe)
(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.48Columbite-(Mg)
(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
18.1.50Strüverite
(Ti,Ta,Fe)O
 
2
18.1.51 Staringite
(Fe,Mn)
 
x
(Ta,Nb)
 
2x
Sn
 
6-3x
O
 
12

Other Names for Stibiotantalite

Other Languages:
German:Stibiotantalit
Russian:Стибиотанталит
Spanish:Stibiotantalita
Varieties:
Bismuthian Stibiotantalite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Stibiotantalite

Reference List:

- +
Goyder (1892), Proceedings of the Chem. Society London: 9: 184.

Goyder (1893), Journal Chem. Soc. Trans., 53, 1076.

Penfield, Samuel Lewis & William Ebenezer Ford (1906), On stibiotantalite: American Journal of Science, 4th. series: 22: 61-77;…Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 43: 334-350 (1906).

Simpson (1907), Australasian Academy of Science, Report: 11: 455.

Ungemach, H. (1909), Sur la stibiotantalite: Soc. Franc. Mineralogie, Bull. 32: 92-103.

Foote and Langley (1910), American Journal of Science: 30: 399.

Ford, William Ebenezer (1911), Note on some analyses of stibiotantalite: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 32: 287-288.

Simpson (1936), Royal Society of Western Australia, Journal: 22: 1.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 767-769.

Foord, E.E. (1981), Bismuthian stibiocolumbite-tantalite and other minerals from the Little Three mine, Ramona, California: Mineral Society of America – Friends of Mineralogy, symposium abstracts.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1981): 110: 341.

Internet Links for Stibiotantalite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Stibiotantalite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Specimens:The following Stibiotantalite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Stibiotantalite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
      • Du Ab District
        • Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field
    Herb Obodda
      • Kamdesh District
    Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
    Australia
     
    • Western Australia
      • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
        • Greenbushes Tinfield
    Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
    Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
    Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
      • Ravensthorpe Shire
    M. Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007)
      • Yilgarn shire
        • Mount Holland pegmatite field
    M. Jacobson, M. Calderwood, B. Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007) and conversations between writer (Kim Macdonald) and owner of lease Fred Rose in 2012.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • Galiléia
    Alfredo Petrov specimen (on stokesite); XRD by Dr. Anthony Kampf.
    • Rio Grande do Norte
      • Borborema mineral province
        • Equador
    http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/parabariomicrolite.pdf.; Canadian Mineralogist (1986): 24: 655-663.
    Burma (Myanmar)
     
    • Mandalay Division
      • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
        • Singu Township
          • Letpanhla
            • Male (Marle; Marla)
    Crystal-Treasure.com
    • Shan State
      • Kyaukme District
        • Momeik Township
          • Molo quarter
            • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010), Sieghard Ellenberger specimen
    Canada
     
    • Manitoba
      • Red Cross Lake
    Cerny et al. 2012; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012)
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • Pakeagama Lake Area
    Andrew G. Tindle, Fred W. Breaks and Julie B. Selway (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype granitic pegmatites; evidence of fractionation and contamination from the Paleagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist 40:753-78; Breaks, F. W., Tindle, A. G., & Smith, S. R. The Pakeagama Lake Pegmatite: Continued Field and Laboratory Investigation of Highly Evolved, Complex-Type, Petalite-Subtype Rare-Element Mineralization in the Berens River-Sachigo Subprovince Boundary Zone
    China
     
    • Henan Province
      • Sanmenxia Prefecture
        • Lushi Co.
          • Guanpo
    Ruiling He and Enkui Cao (1985): Geology of Shaanxi 3(2), 39-46.
    Czech Republic
     
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Velké Meziříčí
    Novák, M., Staněk, J.: Lepidolitový pegmatit od Dobré Vody u Velkého Meziříčí, západní Morava. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 1999, roč. 84, s. 3 - 44.
    Egypt
     
    • Red Sea Governorate
      • Eastern Desert
        • Marsa Alam
    Helba, H., Trumbull, R.B., Morteani, G., Khalil, S.O., and Arslan, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 164-179.
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Brescia Province
        • Adamello-Brenta Natural Park
          • Adamello Massif
            • Mt. Foppa
    Pezzotta, Federico and Guastoni, Alessandro, The New Discovery of a LCT Pegmatite in the Adamello Massif, Central Southern Alps, Italy; Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan, Italy.
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Ossola Valley
          • Beura-Cardezza
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Ibaraki Prefecture
          • Hitachiohta City
    Matsubara et al (1995) Mineralogical Journal, 17, 338-345.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Fukuoka Prefecture
    Banno et al (2001) JMPS, 96, 205-209.
    Madagascar
     
    • Antananarivo Province
      • Vakinankaratra Region
        • Betafo District
          • Andrembesoa Commune
            • Tetezantsio-Andoabatokely Pegmatite Field
    Pezzotta, Federico (2007): Ta-Nb borates and other rare accessory phases in granitic pegmatites of the Itremo region, central Madagascar. Bergverksmuseet Skrift 35,97-98
    Pezzotta, Federico (2007): Ta-Nb borates and other rare accessory phases in granitic pegmatites of the Itremo region, central Madagascar. Bergverksmuseet Skrift 35,97-98
    Mozambique
     
    • Zambezia Province
      • Alto Ligonha District
    Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
    Geotrade Bohemia;
    Martinas de Pedra; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
    Schappmann, J. (2005): Die gruben Morrua, Marropino und Maria III in der Pegmatitregion Alto Ligonha im Norden von Mozambique. Mineralien-Welt 16 (2): 34-46
    Van King
    Nepal
     
    • Kosi Zone (Koshi Zone)
      • Sankhuwasabha District (Sankhuwa Sahba; Shankuwa-Sava)
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    Pakistan
     
    • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
      • Baltistan
        • Skardu District
          • Haramosh Mts.
    Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
    Lapis 1991, issue 3 (see also Scvill, J. (2007): Lapis 32 (4), 40-42.)
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Ząbkowice District
        • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
          • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
    Pieczka, A.; Grew, E.S.; Groat, L.A.; Evans, R.J. (2011): Holtite and dumortierite from the Szklary Pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 303-315.
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Voron'i Tundry
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Plast
            • Kochkar' District
              • Svetlyi
    Alexandr E. Zadov data
    Slovakia
     
    • Žilina Region
      • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
    Uher P., 2000: Stibiotantalit v pegmatite Sb ložiska Dúbrava - produkt hydrotermálnej alterácie kolumbitu-tantalitu. Min.Slovaca, Bratislava, 32, 109-114
    Sri Lanka
     
    • Sabaragamuwa Province
      • Ratnapura District
        • Ratnapura
    Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
    Sweden
     
    • Västerbotten
      • Skellefteå
    Cerny et al. (2004) Am. Min. 89, 505-518; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
    USA
     
    • California
      • Riverside Co.
        • Cahuilla District
          • Cahuilla
            • Cahuilla Mountain (Coahuila Mtn)
    Phil Osborn collection, circa 1981.
        • Jurupa Mts
          • Jurupa
    MinRec 15:273-290
      • San Diego Co.
        • Mesa Grande District
          • Gem Hill
    Fisher, J., E. E. Foord, and G. A. Bricker, 1999. The geology, mineralogy, and history of the Himalaya mine, Mesa Grande, San Diego County, California. California Geology 52(1):3-18.; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
    Foord, Eugene E. and Mrose, Mary E. (1978), Rynersonite, a new mineral from San Diego County, California. American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 709-714.
    Rynerson, F. J. (1967), Exploring and mining for Gems and Gold in the West. Happy Camp, California: Naturegraph Publishers, Inc., p. 38-41.
        • Pala District
          • Pala
    Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 31; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 349.
    Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 31, 40.
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 178.
            • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
    No reference listed
        • Ramona District
          • Ramona
    Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: pages 108; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 178.
    Foord, Eugene E., Spaulding, Louis B. Jr., Martin, Robert F. & Mason, Roger A. (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 123.
    San Diego Mining Company, 1995-1997.
        • Warner Springs District
          • Chihuahua Valley
    Ritchie, S. 2000. History of the Carmelita Gem Mine in the 20th Century. Southern California Gem Industries web publication: July.
          • Warner Springs
    Rocks & Minerals, May-June 2003 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 44
    • Colorado
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Quartz Creek Pegmatite District
    Rocks & Min. Vol.71, No.3, p.193; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
    Van King
    • Maine
      • Sagadahoc Co.
        • Topsham
    Palache & Gonyer 1940, Microlite and stibiotantalite from Topsham, Maine. Am.Min. vol 25, pp. 411-417.
    • Nevada
      • Clark Co.
        • Gold Butte District
    NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
    • Wisconsin
      • Florence Co.
        • Fern
    Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Mashonaland East
      • Mudzi District
    Hornung. G. PhD thesis. Pegmatites of th N. Mtoko Region. University of Leeds, Research Institute of African Geology. !961
    Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
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