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Stibiotantalite

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Formula:
Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Yellow to dark brown, ...
Hardness:
Name:
The name reflects its antimony (Greek = stibi) content and similarity to tantalite.

Classification of Stibiotantalite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
4.DE.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
E : With medium-sized cations; with various polyhedra
8.1.6.2

8 : MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
1 : ABO4
18.1.28

18 : Niobates and Tantalates
1 : Niobates and tantalates containing neither rare earths nor U
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Type Occurrence of Stibiotantalite

Year of Discovery:
1893

Occurrences of Stibiotantalite

Geological Setting:
Uncommon accessory mineral in complex granitic pegmatites.

Physical Properties of Stibiotantalite

Adamantine, Resinous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Yellow to dark brown, reddish or greenish brown
Streak:
Light yellow, yellow-brown
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
{001} distinct; {100} indistinct.
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
5.98 - 7.34 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.58 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
7.53 for synthetic material.

Crystallography of Stibiotantalite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mm2 - Pyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.911Å, b = 11.814Å, c = 5.535Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.416 : 1 : 0.469
Unit Cell Volume:
V 321.13 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Prismatic [001]. {010} and {110} striated parallel to [001]. The crystals infreqently exhibit morphological evidence of hemimorphism.
Twinning:
Polysynthetic twinning with twin axis [010] and composition plane {001}; also individuals irregularly intergrown.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Stibiotantalite

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 2.374 nβ = 2.404 nγ = 2.457
2V:
Measured: 75° , Calculated: 76°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.083
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
relatively strong r

Chemical Properties of Stibiotantalite

Formula:
Sb(Ta,Nb)O4
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Nb

Relationship of Stibiotantalite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Stibiocolumbite (see here)
Other Members of Group:
BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4
BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
ClinocervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
4.DE.05DowneyiteSeO2
4.DE.10Koragoite(Mn2+,Fe3+)3(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(Nb,Mn)2(W,Ta)2O20
4.DE.15KoechliniteBi2MoO6
4.DE.15RusselliteBi2WO6
4.DE.15TungstibiteSb23+WO6
4.DE.20TelluriteTeO2
4.DE.25ParatelluriteTeO2
4.DE.30BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
4.DE.30BismutocolumbiteBi(Nb,Ta)O4
4.DE.30CervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
4.DE.30StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
4.DE.30ClinocervantiteSb3+Sb5+O4
4.DE.35BaddeleyiteZrO2
18.1.1LithiotantiteLi(Ta,Nb)3O8
18.1.2LueshiteNaNbO3
18.1.3NatroniobiteNaNbO3
18.1.4FranconiteNa2Nb4O11 · 9H2O
18.1.5NatrotantiteNa2Ta4O11
18.1.6IrtyshiteNa2(Ta,Nb)4O11
18.1.7Rankamaite(Na,K)3(Ta,Nb,Al)11(O,OH)31
18.1.8Hydropyrochlore(H2O,□)2Nb2(O,OH)6(H2O)
18.1.9CalciotantiteCaTa4O11
18.1.10RynersoniteCa(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.11Microlite Group
18.1.12BelyankiniteCa1-2(Ti,Nb)5O12 · 9H2O (?)
18.1.13Latrappite(Ca,Na)(Nb,Ti,Fe)O3
18.1.14Hochelagaite(Ca,Na,Sr)(Nb,Ti,Si,Al)4O11 · 8H2O
18.1.15Bariomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.16ParabariomicroliteBaTa4O10(OH)2 · 2H2O
18.1.17Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.18AlumotantiteAlTaO4
18.1.19SimpsoniteAl4(Ta,Nb)3O13(OH,F)
18.1.20Sosedkoite(K,Na)5Al2(Ta,Nb)22O60
18.1.21Thoreaulite(Sn2+,Pb)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.22Stannomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.23Foordite(Sn,Pb)(Nb,Ta)2O6
18.1.24ChangbaiitePbNb2O6
18.1.25Plumbopyrochlore (of Skorobogatova et al.)
18.1.26Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.27StibiocolumbiteSb(Nb,Ta)O4
18.1.29Natrobistantite
18.1.30Cesplumtantite(Cs,Na)2(Pb,Sb3+)3Ta8O24
18.1.31Stibiomicrolite (of Groat et al.)
18.1.32Cesstibtantite
18.1.34BismutotantaliteBi(Ta,Nb)O4
18.1.35Bismutomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)
18.1.36Tantalite-(Mn)MnTa2O6
18.1.37Gerasimovskite(Mn,Ca)(Nb,Ti)5O12 · 9H2O
18.1.38Tapiolite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.39Columbite-(Mn)(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)2O6
18.1.40WodginiteMn(Sn,Ta)Ta2O8
18.1.41Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
18.1.42Columbite-(Fe)FeNb2O6
18.1.43Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
18.1.44Columbite(Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
18.1.45Tantalite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.46Tapiolite(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.47Tapiolite-(Fe)(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)2O6
18.1.48Columbite-(Mg)(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
18.1.50Strüverite(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
18.1.51 Staringite(Fe,Mn)x(Ta,Nb)2xSn6-3xO12

Other Names for Stibiotantalite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Stibiotantalite

Reference List:
Goyder (1892), Proceedings of the Chem. Society London: 9: 184.

Goyder (1893), Journal Chem. Soc. Trans., 53, 1076.

Penfield, Samuel Lewis & William Ebenezer Ford (1906), On stibiotantalite: American Journal of Science, 4th. series: 22: 61-77;…Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 43: 334-350 (1906).

Simpson (1907), Australasian Academy of Science, Report: 11: 455.

Ungemach, H. (1909), Sur la stibiotantalite: Soc. Franc. Mineralogie, Bull. 32: 92-103.

Foote and Langley (1910), American Journal of Science: 30: 399.

Ford, William Ebenezer (1911), Note on some analyses of stibiotantalite: American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 32: 287-288.

Simpson (1936), Royal Society of Western Australia, Journal: 22: 1.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 767-769.

Foord, E.E. (1981), Bismuthian stibiocolumbite-tantalite and other minerals from the Little Three mine, Ramona, California: Mineral Society of America – Friends of Mineralogy, symposium abstracts.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1981): 110: 341.

Internet Links for Stibiotantalite

Specimens:
The following Stibiotantalite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Stibiotantalite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Du Ab District
      • Nilaw-Kolum pegmatite field
Herb Obodda
    • Kamdesh District
Lyckberg, P. (2011): Edelstein-Pegmatite in Afghanistan: Paprok. Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 46-57
Australia
 
  • Western Australia
    • Bridgetown-Greenbushes Shire
      • Greenbushes Tinfield
Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
Jacobson, M., Calderwood, M., Grguric, B.(2007): Pegmatites of Western Australia
Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
    • Ravensthorpe Shire
M. Jacobson, M Calderwood, B Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007)
    • Yilgarn shire
      • Mount Holland pegmatite field
M. Jacobson, M. Calderwood, B. Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007) and conversations between writer (Kim Macdonald) and owner of lease Fred Rose in 2012.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Doce valley
      • Galiléia
Alfredo Petrov specimen (on stokesite); XRD by Dr. Anthony Kampf.
  • Rio Grande do Norte
    • Borborema mineral province
      • Equador
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/parabariomicrolite.pdf.; Canadian Mineralogist (1986): 24: 655-663.
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Mandalay Division
    • Pyin-Oo-Lwin District
      • Singu Township
        • Letpanhla
          • Male (Marle; Marla)
Crystal-Treasure.com
  • Shan State
    • Kyaukme District
      • Momeik Township
        • Molo quarter
          • Khetchel village (Cache village; Khat Che village)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2010), Sieghard Ellenberger specimen
Canada
 
  • Manitoba
    • Red Cross Lake
Cerny et al. 2012; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012)
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Pakeagama Lake Area
Andrew G. Tindle, Fred W. Breaks and Julie B. Selway (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype granitic pegmatites; evidence of fractionation and contamination from the Paleagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist 40:753-78; Breaks, F. W., Tindle, A. G., & Smith, S. R. The Pakeagama Lake Pegmatite: Continued Field and Laboratory Investigation of Highly Evolved, Complex-Type, Petalite-Subtype Rare-Element Mineralization in the Berens River-Sachigo Subprovince Boundary Zone
China
 
  • Henan Province
    • Sanmenxia Prefecture
      • Lushi Co.
        • Guanpo
Ruiling He and Enkui Cao (1985): Geology of Shaanxi 3(2), 39-46.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Velké Meziříčí
Novák, M., Staněk, J.: Lepidolitový pegmatit od Dobré Vody u Velkého Meziříčí, západní Morava. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 1999, roč. 84, s. 3 - 44.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
      • Marsa Alam
Helba, H., Trumbull, R.B., Morteani, G., Khalil, S.O., and Arslan, A. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 164-179.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Brescia Province
      • Adamello-Brenta Natural Park
        • Adamello Massif
          • Mt. Foppa
Pezzotta, Federico and Guastoni, Alessandro, The New Discovery of a LCT Pegmatite in the Adamello Massif, Central Southern Alps, Italy; Museo Civico di Storia Naturale, Milan, Italy.
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Beura-Cardezza
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Ibaraki Prefecture
        • Hitachiohta City
Matsubara et al (1995) Mineralogical Journal, 17, 338-345.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka Prefecture
Banno et al (2001) JMPS, 96, 205-209.
Madagascar
 
  • Antananarivo Province
    • Vakinankaratra Region
      • Betafo District
        • Andrembesoa Commune
          • Tetezantsio-Andoabatokely Pegmatite Field
Pezzotta, Federico (2007): Ta-Nb borates and other rare accessory phases in granitic pegmatites of the Itremo region, central Madagascar. Bergverksmuseet Skrift 35,97-98
Pezzotta, Federico (2007): Ta-Nb borates and other rare accessory phases in granitic pegmatites of the Itremo region, central Madagascar. Bergverksmuseet Skrift 35,97-98
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
Dias, M. Bettencourt and Wilson, W. E., 2000, Mineralogical Record, 31:459-497.
Geotrade Bohemia;
Martinas de Pedra; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
Schappmann, J. (2005): Die gruben Morrua, Marropino und Maria III in der Pegmatitregion Alto Ligonha im Norden von Mozambique. Mineralien-Welt 16 (2): 34-46
Van King
Nepal
 
  • Kosi Zone (Koshi Zone)
    • Sankhuwasabha District (Sankhuwa Sahba; Shankuwa-Sava)
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Haramosh Mts.
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut)
Lapis 1991, issue 3 (see also Scvill, J. (2007): Lapis 32 (4), 40-42.)
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka, A.; Grew, E.S.; Groat, L.A.; Evans, R.J. (2011): Holtite and dumortierite from the Szklary Pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 303-315.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Voron'i Tundry
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Plast
          • Kochkar' District
            • Svetlyi
Alexandr E. Zadov data
Slovakia
 
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Uher P., 2000: Stibiotantalit v pegmatite Sb ložiska Dúbrava - produkt hydrotermálnej alterácie kolumbitu-tantalitu. Min.Slovaca, Bratislava, 32, 109-114
Sri Lanka
 
  • Sabaragamuwa Province
    • Ratnapura District
      • Ratnapura
Ceylon Aluvial Mine, (Book, Co. 2002)
Sweden
 
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Cerny et al. (2004) Am. Min. 89, 505-518; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
USA
 
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Cahuilla District
        • Cahuilla
          • Cahuilla Mountain (Coahuila Mtn)
Phil Osborn collection, circa 1981.
      • Jurupa Mts
        • Jurupa
MinRec 15:273-290
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
Fisher, J., E. E. Foord, and G. A. Bricker, 1999. The geology, mineralogy, and history of the Himalaya mine, Mesa Grande, San Diego County, California. California Geology 52(1):3-18.; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466; Jesse Fisher (2011) Mines and Minerals of the Southern California Pegmatite Province. Rocks & Minerals 86:14-34.
Foord, Eugene E. and Mrose, Mary E. (1978), Rynersonite, a new mineral from San Diego County, California. American Mineralogist, Volume 63, pages 709-714.
Rynerson, F. J. (1967), Exploring and mining for Gems and Gold in the West. Happy Camp, California: Naturegraph Publishers, Inc., p. 38-41.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 31; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 349.
Jahns, R. H. and Wright, L. A. (1951), Gem and Lithium-bearing pegmatites of the Pala District, San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines special report 7A: 31, 40.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 178.
          • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
No reference listed
      • Ramona District
        • Ramona
Weber, F. H. 1963. Geology and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology, County Report 3: pages 108; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 178.
Foord, Eugene E., Spaulding, Louis B. Jr., Martin, Robert F. & Mason, Roger A. (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 123.
San Diego Mining Company, 1995-1997.
      • Warner Springs District
        • Chihuahua Valley
Ritchie, S. 2000. History of the Carmelita Gem Mine in the 20th Century. Southern California Gem Industries web publication: July.
        • Warner Springs
Rocks & Minerals, May-June 2003 ; Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 36, No. 5, p. 44
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Quartz Creek Pegmatite District
Rocks & Min. Vol.71, No.3, p.193; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
Van King
  • Maine
    • Sagadahoc Co.
      • Topsham
Palache & Gonyer 1940, Microlite and stibiotantalite from Topsham, Maine. Am.Min. vol 25, pp. 411-417.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Gold Butte District
NBMG Bull 62 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Clark County, Nevada
  • Wisconsin
    • Florence Co.
      • Fern
Falster, A. , W.B. Simmons & P.B. Moore (1996) The mineralogy and geochemistry of the Animikie Red Ace pegmatite in Florence County, Wisconsin: Recent Research Developments in Mineralogy: 1: 7-67.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland East
    • Mudzi District
Hornung. G. PhD thesis. Pegmatites of th N. Mtoko Region. University of Leeds, Research Institute of African Geology. !961
Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 458-466
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