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Stibiopalladinite

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Formula:
Pd
 
5
Sb
 
2
System:HexagonalColour:Silver, white to ...
Hardness:4 - 5
Member of:Arsenopalladinite Group
Name:The name reflects its composition: antimony (Greek "stibi") and palladium.

Classification of Stibiopalladinite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/A.05-80
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.AC.20a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
A : Alloys
C : Alloys of metalloids with PGE
Dana 8th edition ID:2.3.3.1

2 : SULFIDES
3 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.12.32

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals
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Type Occurrence of Stibiopalladinite

Type Locality:Tweefontein Farm, Mokopane (Potgietersrus), Waterberg District, Bushveld Complex, Limpopo Province, South Africa
Year of Discovery:1927

Physical Properties of Stibiopalladinite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Silver, white to steel-gray
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 5

Crystallography of Stibiopalladinite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:a = 7.59Å, c = 28.11Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 3.704
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,402.41 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Stibiopalladinite

Formula:
Pd
 
5
Sb
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Pd5Sb2
Essential elements:Pd, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Pd, Sb
Common Impurities:Cu,Sn,As

Relationship of Stibiopalladinite to other Species

Member of:Arsenopalladinite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Arsenopalladinite
Pd
 
8
(As,Sb)
 
3
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.AC.05aAtheneite
Pd
 
2
As
 
0.75
Hg
 
0.25
2.AC.05bVincentite
Pd
 
3
As
2.AC.10cArsenopalladinite
Pd
 
8
(As,Sb)
 
3
2.AC.10bMertieite-II
Pd
 
8
(Sb,As)
 
3
2.AC.10aStillwaterite
Pd
 
8
As
 
3
2.AC.15aIsomertieite
Pd
 
11
Sb
 
2
As
 
2
2.AC.15bMertieite-I
Pd
 
11
(Sb,As)
 
4
2.AC.15aMiessiite
Pd
 
11
Te
 
2
Se
 
2
2.AC.20bPalarstanide
Pd
 
8
(As,Sn)
 
3
2.AC.20cMenshikovite
Pd
 
3
Ni
 
2
As
 
3
2.AC.25eMajakite
PdNiAs
2.AC.25aPalladoarsenide
Pd
 
2
As
2.AC.25fPalladobismutharsenide
Pd
 
2
(As,Bi)
2.AC.25cPalladodymite
(Pd,Rh)
 
2
As
2.AC.25bRhodarsenide
(Rh,Pd)
 
2
As
2.AC.25dNaldrettite
Pd
 
2
Sb
2.AC.30UM1999-02-As:NiRh
(Rh,Ni)
 
7
As
 
4
2.AC.30Polkanovite
Rh
 
12
As
 
7
2.AC.35aGenkinite
(Pt,Pd,Rh)
 
4
Sb
 
3
2.AC.35bUngavaite
Pd
 
4
Sb
 
3
2.AC.40Polarite
Pd(Bi,Pb)
2.AC.45cBorishanskiite
Pd
 
1+x
(As,Pb)
 
2
, x = 0-0.2
2.AC.45aFroodite
α-PdBi
 
2
2.AC.45bIridarsenite
(Ir,Ru)As
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.12.1Seinäjokite
(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)
 
2
3.12.2Laurite
RuS
 
2
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite
(Ru,Ni)As
3.12.4Anduoite
(Ru,Os)As
 
2
3.12.5Ruarsite
(Ru,Os)AsS
3.12.6Xingzhongite
(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)
 
2
S
 
4
3.12.7Rhodplumsite
Rh
 
3
Pb
 
2
S
 
2
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite
(Cu,Fe)Rh
 
2
S
 
4
3.12.9Konderite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)
 
8
S
 
16
3.12.10Bowieite
(Rh,Ir,Pt)
 
2
S
 
3
3.12.11Cherepanovite
RhAs
3.12.12Hollingworthite
(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
3.12.13Vysotskite
(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.14Vasilite
(Pd,Cu)
 
16
(S,Te)
 
7
3.12.15Palladseite
Pd
 
17
Se
 
15
3.12.16Oosterboschite
(Pd,Cu)
 
7
Se
 
5
3.12.17Telluropalladinite
Pd
 
9
Te
 
4
3.12.18Temagamite
Pd
 
3
HgTe
 
3
3.12.19Sopcheite
Ag
 
4
Pd
 
3
Te
 
4
3.12.20Michenerite
PdBiTe
3.12.21Kotulskite
Pd(Te,Bi)
3.12.22Telargpalite
(Pd,Ag)
 
3
(Te,Bi)
3.12.23Merenskyite
(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)
 
2
3.12.24Palladoarsenide
Pd
 
2
As
3.12.25Stillwaterite
Pd
 
8
As
 
3
3.12.26Atheneite
Pd
 
2
As
 
0.75
Hg
 
0.25
3.12.27Majakite
PdNiAs
3.12.28Palarstanide
Pd
 
8
(As,Sn)
 
3
3.12.29Arsenopalladinite
Pd
 
8
(As,Sb)
 
3
3.12.30Vincentite
Pd
 
3
As
3.12.31Palladobismutharsenide
Pd
 
2
(As,Bi)
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite
(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
3.12.34Sudburyite
(Pd,Ni)Sb
3.12.35Testibiopalladite
PdTe(Sb,Te)
3.12.36Borovskite
Pd
 
3
SbTe
 
4
3.12.37Isomertieite
Pd
 
11
Sb
 
2
As
 
2
3.12.38Mertieite-I
Pd
 
11
(Sb,As)
 
4
3.12.39Mertieite-II
Pd
 
8
(Sb,As)
 
3
3.12.40Sobolevskite
Pd(Bi,Te)
3.12.41Froodite
α-PdBi
 
2
3.12.42Polarite
Pd(Bi,Pb)
3.12.43Urvantsevite
Pd(Bi,Pb)
 
2
3.12.44Cooperite
PtS
3.12.45Braggite
(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
3.12.46Kharaelakhite
(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
3.12.47Malanite
Cu(Pt
3+
 
,Ir
3+
 
)
 
2
S
 
4
3.12.48Moncheite
(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)
 
2
3.12.49Maslovite
PtBiTe
3.12.50Sperrylite
PtAs
 
2
3.12.51Platarsite
(Pt,Rh,Ru)AsS
3.12.52Geversite
PtSb
 
2
3.12.53Daomanite
CuPtAsS
 
2
3.12.54Genkinite
(Pt,Pd,Rh)
 
4
Sb
 
3
3.12.55Stumpflite
Pt(Sb,Bi)
3.12.56Insizwaite
Pt(Bi,Sb)
 
2
3.12.57Erlichmanite
OsS
 
2
3.12.58Omeiite
(Os,Ru)As
 
2
3.12.59Osarsite
(Os,Ru)AsS
3.12.60Kashinite
(Ir,Rh)
 
2
S
 
3
3.12.61Inaglyite
Cu
 
3
Pb(Ir,Pt)
 
8
S
 
16
3.12.62Cuproiridsite
(Cu,Fe)Ir
 
2
S
 
4
3.12.63Iridarsenite
(Ir,Ru)As
 
2
3.12.64Irarsite
(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
3.12.65Tolovkite
IrSbS

Other Names for Stibiopalladinite

Synonyms:
AllopalladiumEugenesite
Other Languages:
German:Eugenesit
Stibiopalladinit
Russian:Стибиопалладинит
Simplified Chinese:锑钯矿
Spanish:Eugenesita
Stibiopalladinita
Traditional Chinese:銻鈀礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Stibiopalladinite

Reference List:

- +
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 175; (also on pages 113-114 as allopalladium).

American Mineralogist (1973): 58: 1-10.

Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 321-335.

American Mineralogist (1976): 61: 1249-1254.

Internet Links for Stibiopalladinite

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  • Localities for Stibiopalladinite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Western Australia
      • Coolgardie Shire
        • Kambalda
          • Kambalda Nickel mines
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Leoben
    Min.& Pet. 73:247-277
        • St Stefan ob Leoben
          • Mitterberg
    Kollegger, P., Mogessie, A. & Mali, H. (2008): Geochemie und Vererzung im Kraubath-Massiv, südöstlich von Kraubath an der Mur, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie 4, 53-97.
    Brazil
     
    • Goiás
      • Cavalcante
    Botelho, N.F., Moura, M.A., Peterson, R.C., Stanley, C.J., Silva, D.V.G. (2006): "Kalungaite, PdAsSe, a new platinum-group mineral from the Buraco do Ouro gold mine, Cavalcante, Goiás State, Brazil", Mineralogical Magazine 70, 123-130
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
        • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
          • Passagem de Mariana
    Varajão, C. A. C., Colin, F., Vieillard, P., Melfi, A. J., & Nahon, D. (2000). Early weathering of palladium gold under lateritic conditions, Maquiné Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Applied Geochemistry, 15(2), 245-263.
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Sudbury District
        • McKim Township
    Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Lac des Iles Area
    ontariominerals.com; CanMin 22:233-237
    D. H. Watkinson and G. Dunning v(1979) Geology and platinum-group mineralization, Lac-des-Iles Complex, northwestern Ontario. Can Mineral 17:453-462
      • Timiskaming District
        • Boston Township
    Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836; CM 30, 109; STONE, W.E., FLEET, M.E.,CROCKET, J.H. & KINGSTON, D.M. (1992) Platinum group minerals in pyroxenite from the Boston Creek Flow basaltic komatite, Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 109-119.
    • Yukon Territory
      • Whitehorse Mining District
        • Kluane District
    Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Jinchang Prefecture
        • Jinchuan District
    Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Liuzhou Prefecture
        • Rongshui Co.
          • Yuanbao Mtns (Yuanbaoshan)
    Jun Xu (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(3), 193-204
    • Heilongjiang Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Jixi Prefecture
        • Jidong Co.
    http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
    • Yunnan Province
      • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
        • Midu Co.
    Min Liu (2002): Multipurpose Utilization of Mineral Resources 10(5), 28-32; Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108
    Ethiopia
     
    • Oromia Province (Oromiya Province)
      • Gimbi
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1278-1285
    Finland
     
    Törnroos Ragnar, Johanson Bo, Kojonen Kari, 1998. Alluvial nuggets of platinum group minerals and alloys from Finnish Lapland. Geological survey of Finland, Special Paper
      • Inari
        • Lemmenjoki
    33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Pt-Pd selenides from river placers, northern Finland
      • Penikat complex
    Huhtelin, T. A., Alapieti, T. T., & Lahtinen, J. J. (1990). The Paasivaara PGE reef in the Penikat layered intrusion, northern Finland. Mineralogy and Petrology, 42(1-4), 57-70.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
      • Sodankylä
    Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
    mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Sachsa
          • Zorge
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Tilkerode (Abberode)
    Lapis 2002(11), 42-43
    Iran
     
    • Kerman Province
      • Esfandagheh
    Jannessary, M. R., Melcher, F., Lodziak, J., & Meisel, T. C. (2012). Review of platinum-group element distribution and mineralogy in chromitite ores from southern Iran. Ore Geology Reviews, 48, 278-305.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Sorachi Province
    Urashima and Nedachi (1978) Watanabe Manjiro Sensei Beiju Kinen Ronshu, 115-121.
    Urashima and Nedachi (1978) Watanabe Manjiro Sensei Beiju Kinen Ronshu, 115-121.; Urashima, Y., & Wakabayashi, T. (1972). Mineral compositions of placer platinum from Teshio in Hokkaido, Japan(Quantitative analysis and identification of chemical properties of minerals in Japanese placer platinoids). Kagoshima Daigaku Rika Hokoku,(Kagoshima), (21), 119-135.
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Tottori Prefecture
    Arai et al (1999) Mineralogical Magazine, 63, 369-377.
    Norway
     
    • Finnmark
      • Porsanger
    Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
    • Nord-Trøndelag
      • Grong
        • Grong ore field
    Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
      • Leka
    Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49; Econ Geol (1993) 88:782-803
    • Sør-Trøndelag
      • Røros
        • Feragen
    Nilson, L. P. (1990): Platinum-group mineral inclusions in chromitite from the Osthammeren ultramafic tectonite body, South Central Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology 42: 249-263
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Aldan Shield
    [AmMin 85:199]
      • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
        • Taimyr Peninsula
          • Putoran Plateau
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1203-1212
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Chiney massif
    Can Min (2002) 40, (2), 679-692
      • Tuva Republic
        • Sayan Mts
          • Eastern Sayan
    Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Kamchatka Oblast'
    [CanMin 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Northern Karelia
          • Oulanka plutonic complex
            • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
              • Lukkulaisvaara ultrabasic Massif (Lukkulaisvaara pluton; Lukkulaisvaara layered intrusion)
    Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 973-978.
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Monche-Tundra
            • Monchegorsk
    33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
    South Africa
     
    • Free State Province
      • Lejweleputswa District
    Minerals of South Africa
    Minerals of South Africa
    • Limpopo Province
    www.bgr.de/b423/oberthuer_ptconf_pgm_bushveld.pdf.
        • Burgersfort
          • Sekhukhuneland
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Sitnikova, M., Rudashevsky, N. S., Rudashevsky, V. N., Cabri, L. J., ... & Gast, L. (2008). Combination of novel mineralogical methods in the study of noble metal ores–focus on pristine (Bushveld, Great Dyke) and placer platinum mineralisation. In Ninth International Congress for Applied Mineralogy ICAM (pp. 187-194).; Melcher, F., & Lodziak, J. (2007). Platinum-group minerals of concentrates from the Driekop platinum pipe, Eastern Bushveld Complex Tribute to Eugen F. Stumpfl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Abhandlungen: Journal of Mineralogy and Geochemistry, 183(2), 173-195.
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
        • Waterberg District
          • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
    Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 414.
    Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
    Cabri, L. J. & Chen, T.T. (1976) : Stibiopalladinite from the type locality. American Mineralogist. 61, 1249-1254
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Eastern Bushveld Complex
        • Lydenburg
    Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 344.
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Cabri, L. J., Laflamme, J. G., & Stewart, J. M. (1977). Platinum-group minerals from Onverwacht; II, Platarsite, a new sulfarsenide of platinum. The Canadian Mineralogist, 15(3), 385-388.
    • North West Province
      • Western Bushveld Complex
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
    Brynard, H. J., De Villiers, J. P. R., & Viljoen, E. A. (1976). A mineralogical investigation of the Merensky Reef at the Western Platinum mine, near Marikana, South Africa. Economic Geology, 71(7), 1299-1307.
      • Witwatersrand field
        • Klerksdorp
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Spain
     
    • Catalonia
      • Tarragona
        • Conca de Barberà
          • Vimbodí
            • Poblet Monastery
    C.. Canet et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, 2003, V41, pp. 581-595
    UK
     
    • Scotland
      • Shetland Islands
        • Unst
    A G Gunn, R C Leake and M T Styles (1985) Platinum-group element mineralisation in the Unst ophiolite, Shetland British Geological Survey Mineral Reconnaissance report 73
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Bethel Borough
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
        • Ketchikan District
          • Prince of Wales Island
            • Kasaan Peninsula
    Econ Geol(1992) 87:185-184; US Geological Survey, 2005, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF)
    • Montana
      • Sweet Grass Co.
        • Stillwater Complex
    Econ Geol (1986) 81:1953-1975
    • Pennsylvania
      • Chester Co.
        • State Line Chromite District
    Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
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