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Sternbergite

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Kaspar Maria von Sternberg
Formula:
AgFe2S3
System:
Orthorhombic
Colour:
Golden brown, tarnishes ...
Hardness:
1 - 1½
Name:
Named after Count Caspar Maria Sternberg (1761-1838), botanist and a founder of the National Museum of Prague (Czech Republic).
Dimorph of:
May be confused with argentopyrite or other visually similar silver minerals.

Classification of Sternbergite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.CB.65

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
2.9.12.1

2 : SULFIDES
9 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
3.2.16

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
2 : Sulphides etc. of Ag
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Type Occurrence of Sternbergite

Year of Discovery:
1827

Occurrences of Sternbergite

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal veins, Co-Ni-Ag assemblage

Physical Properties of Sternbergite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Golden brown, tarnishes violet-blue
Streak:
Black
Hardness (Mohs):
1 - 1½
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN50=31 - 44 kg/mm2
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
on {001}
Density:
4.101 - 4.215 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.275 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Sternbergite

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.615(2) Å, b = 11.639(4) Å, c = 12.693(4) Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.568 : 1 : 1.091
Unit Cell Volume:
V 977.26 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
Thin pseudohexagonal basal plates, rosettes and fan like aggregates
Twinning:
Lamellar on {130}

Crystallographic forms of Sternbergite

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Sternbergite - Tabular {001}
Sternbergite - Contact twin on {130}
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

Toggle
Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

Transparency
Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

View
Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Optical Data of Sternbergite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Strong, bluish and reddish to lilac, reddish brown to light green with p-urplish pink shades
Colour in reflected light:
Light brown
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
In browns

Chemical Properties of Sternbergite

Formula:
AgFe2S3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Sternbergite to other Species

2.CB.05aColoradoiteHgTe
2.CB.05aHawleyiteCdS
2.CB.05aMetacinnabarHgS
2.CB.05cPolhemusite(Zn,Hg)S
2.CB.05bSakuraiite(Cu,Zn,Fe)3(In,Sn)S4
2.CB.05aSphaleriteZnS
2.CB.05aStilleiteZnSe
2.CB.05aTiemanniteHgSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZnCu2Fe3Zn5S10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite(Fe,Zn)S
2.CB.10aChalcopyriteCuFeS2
2.CB.10aEskeborniteCuFeSe2
2.CB.10aGalliteCuGaS2
2.CB.10bHaycockiteCu4Fe5S8
2.CB.10aLenaiteAgFeS2
2.CB.10bMooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
2.CB.10bPutoraniteCu9(Fe,Ni)9S16
2.CB.10aRoquesiteCuInS2
2.CB.10bTalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16
2.CB.10aLaforêtiteAgInS2
2.CB.15aČernýiteCu2(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS4
2.CB.15aFerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15aHocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15aIdaiteCu5FeS6
2.CB.15aKësteriteCu2(Zn,Fe)SnS4
2.CB.15aKuramiteCu3SnS4
2.CB.15bMohiteCu2SnS3
2.CB.15aPirquitasiteAg2ZnSnS4
2.CB.15aStanniteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
2.CB.15cStannoiditeCu6+Cu22+(Fe2+,Zn)3Sn2S12
2.CB.15aVelikiteCu2HgSnS4
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZnCu8(Fe,Zn)3Ge2S12 (?)
2.CB.20ChatkaliteCu6FeSn2S8
2.CB.20MawsoniteCu6Fe2SnS8
2.CB.30ColusiteCu12VAs3S16
2.CB.30GermaniteCu13Fe2Ge2S16
2.CB.30GermanocolusiteCu26V2(Ge,As)6S32
2.CB.30NekrasoviteCu26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32
2.CB.30StibiocolusiteCu13V4(Sb,Sn,As)3S16
2.CB.30Ovamboite Cu20(Fe,Cu,Zn)6W2Ge6S32
2.CB.30MaikainiteCu20(Fe,Cu)6Mo2Ge6S32
2.CB.35aHemusiteCu6SnMoS8
2.CB.35aKiddcreekiteCu6SnWS8
2.CB.35aPolkovicite(Fe,Pb)3(Ge,Fe)1-xS4
2.CB.35aRenierite(Cu,Zn)11(Ge,As)2Fe4S16
2.CB.35aVincienniteCu7+Cu32+Fe22+Fe23+Sn(As,Sb)S16
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite(Pb,Fe)3Ge1-xS4
2.CB.35bCatamarcaiteCu6GeWS8
2.CB.40LautiteCuAsS
2.CB.45CadmoseliteCdSe
2.CB.45GreenockiteCdS
2.CB.45Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
2.CB.45RambergiteMnS
2.CB.45Buseckite(Fe,Zn,Mn)S
2.CB.55aCubaniteCuFe2S3
2.CB.55bIsocubaniteCuFe2S3
2.CB.60PicotpauliteTlFe2S3
2.CB.60RaguiniteTlFeS2
2.CB.65ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
2.CB.70SulvaniteCu3VS4
2.CB.75VulcaniteCuTe
2.CB.80EmpressiteAgTe
2.CB.85MuthmanniteAuAgTe2
3.2.1AcanthiteAg2S
3.2.3NaumanniteAg2Se
3.2.4AguilariteAg4SeS
3.2.5HessiteAg2Te
3.2.6EmpressiteAgTe
3.2.7StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
3.2.8CervelleiteAg4TeS
3.2.9DervilliteAg2AsS2
3.2.10StromeyeriteAgCuS
3.2.11MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4
3.2.12JalpaiteAg3CuS2
3.2.13EucairiteAgCuSe
3.2.14CameroniteCu5-x(Cu,Ag)3+xTe10 (x = 0.43)
3.2.15Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40
3.2.17ArgentopyriteAgFe2S3
3.2.18Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
3.2.19ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8

Other Names for Sternbergite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Sternbergite

Reference List:
Haidinger (1827), Edinburgh Journal of Science: 7: 242.

Haidinger (1828), Royal Society of Edinburgh, Transactions: 11: 1.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 246-248.

American Mineralogist (1969): 54: 1198.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1986): 154: 207-222.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte (1987): 458-464.

Internet Links for Sternbergite

Localities for Sternbergite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Cloncurry district
        • Kuridala
Alan Melbournes collection
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Reißeck group
        • Kolbnitz
Pichler (2009)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Greenwood Mining Division
      • Beaverdell
[MinRec 1989]
  • Nunavut Territory
    • Mackenzie District
      • Itchen Lake
Canadian Mineralogist (1984) 22, 493-498
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Zhanjiang Prefecture
      • Lianjiang Co.
Zuwei Wang and Yongzhang Zhou (2002): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 26(2), 193-197
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hulunbuir League (Hulunbei'er Prefecture)
      • New Barag Right Banner (Xin Barag Youqi)
Dong Zhensheng et al. (1996). In: Tu Guangzhi, Ed.: Low Temperature Geochemistry, Science Press (Beijing), 32-42.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Shangrao Prefecture
      • Wannian Co.
Dong Zhensheng et al. (1996). In: Tu Guangzhi, Ed.: Low Temperature Geochemistry, Science Press (Beijing), 32-42.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Liaodong Peninsula
      • Yingkou Prefecture
        • Gaizhou Co.
Qinghua Xu, Yanlong Wang, Haiquan Zhao, and Yulan Qiao (2014): Northwestern Geology 47(2), 164-171
  • Shanxi Province
    • Datong Prefecture
      • Lingqiu Co.
Qingrong Zheng, Xinjun Zhang, and Erhu Sun (2012): Resources & Industries 14(2), 106-111
Jin Chen and Yuelin Tang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(11), 16-22, 28; Shaozhi Zhou (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(3), 6-8, 23; Shuchen Li and Lixia Zhou (2008): Geology and Prospecting 44(3), 18-21
Czech Republic (TL)
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Am Min 54 (1969), 1198
            • Svornost Mine (Einigkeit Mine)
http://www.jgeosci.org/content/JCGS2003_3-4__veselovsky2.pdf
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Dubí (Eichwald)
No reference listed
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
No reference listed
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 60-75.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Ylöjärvi
Clark Alan H. & Taylor, L. A. 1970. Sternbergite from Ylöjärvi, Finland. Occurrence and stability. Economic Geology 65 (1), 54-59
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Châteauneuf-du-Faou
http://www.micromineral.org/collec_ENSMP/ensmp-oct2003/Rech_france_oct2003.pdf
  • Lorraine
    • Vosges
      • La-Croix-aux-Mines District
        • La-Croix-aux-Mines
J.-L. Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wieden
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Waidhaus
        • Hagendorf
http://www.berthold-weber.de/h_miner.htm
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Mühltal
        • Nieder-Beerbach
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 10th Ed., Leipzig (1898)
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg District
        • Gehringswalde
Ramdohr, Paul, 1969, The Ore Minerals and their Intergrowths, Pergamon Press, p. 371.
        • Lauta
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
Baumann, L., Kuschka, E. and Seifert, T. (2000): Lagerstätten des Erzgebirges. Enke Verlag, Stuttgart, pp. 170-176
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Hungary
 
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
      • Márianosztra
Szakáll & Jánosi. Minerals of Hungary, 1995
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Chitose
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Honshu Island
    • Tohoku Region
      • Aomori Prefecture
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Suzuyama District
Matsukuma, T. (1962) Journal of the Mining College, Akita University, Ser. A, 2, #2, 20-59.
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Tohgoh-cho
T. Matsukuma (1958)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Altai Mts (Rudnyi Altai)
Глоба В.А. Месторождение Манка - новый геолого-промышленный тип месторождений золота. // Изв. НАН РК, Сер. геол. 2006, 5(403), с.20-28.
Mexico
 
  • Hidalgo
    • Mun. de Pachuca
Panczner(1987): 360.
  • Mexico
    • Mun. de Temascaltepec
      • Temascaltepec de González (Temascaltepec)
Camprubi, A., Canals, A., Cardellach, E., Prol-Ledesma, R.M., Rivera, R., 2001, The La Guitarra Ag-Au low-sulfidation epithermal deposit, Temascaltepec district, Mexico: vein structure, mineralogy, and sulfide-sulfosalt chemistry. Society of Economic Geologists Special Publication, v. 8, p. 133-158.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Imiter District
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
    • Taroudant Province
      • Jebel Siroua
Petruk, W. (1975). Mineralogy and geology of the Zgounder silver deposit in Morocco. The Canadian Mineralogist, 13(1), 43-54.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Kongsberg
Johnsen, O. (1986): Famous mineral localities: The Kongsberg silver Mines Norway. Mineralogical Record, 17: 19-35
        • Overberget Mining Field
Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem, p. 22; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 23
Brünnich, M. L. (1777): Forsøg til Mineralogie for Norge. Priskrift, Trondhjem, p. 22; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 23
        • Underberget Mining Field
Cronstedt, A.F.(1758): Försök til en Mineralogie, eller Mineralrikets Uppstälning. Stockholm 1758; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 23).
  • Nordland
    • Hemnes
      • Bleikvassli
Cook, N.J., Spry, P.G., and Vokes, F.M. (1998): Mineralogy and textural relationships among sulphosalts and related minerals in the Bleikvassli Zn-Pb-(Cu) deposit, Nordland, Norway. Mineralium Deposita 34, 35-56
Peru
 
  • Cajamarca Department
    • Celendín Province
      • Lucmapampa
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
      • Chiuzbaia (Kisbánya)
Papp, Gábor, Alan J. Criddle, Chris J. Stanley, László Kriston and Géza Nagy (2007): Parajamesonite revisited: background of the discreditation of an enigmatic mineral species. Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 100, 495-502.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p163-180]
[Der Aufschluss 1995:4 p.163-180]
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
ROGULINA, L., MAKEEVA, T., PISKUNOV, Y. G., & SVESHNIKOVA, O. (2004). Первая находка платиноидов в рудах Майского золото-серебряного месторождения (Дальнегорск, Приморье).
Dobrovol’skaya, M.G., Genkin, A.D., Bortnikov, N.S., and Golovanova, T.I. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(1), 75-85.
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
Mineralogical Record, 23 (3), 241-249
Jordi Fabre
Sweden
 
  • Västerbotten
    • Boliden
No reference listed
  • Västmanland
    • Hällefors
      • Grythyttan
Burke, E. A., & Zakrzewski, M. A. (1990). Herzenbergite and associated antimony minerals from Björkskogsnäs, Hällefors, Sweden. GFF, 112(1), 85-86.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Alston Moor District
        • South Tynedale
          • Garrigill
Ixer, R.A. and Stanley, C.J. (1987): Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society 46, 133-139.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dos Cabezas Mts
        • Dos Cabezas (Two Heads) District
          • Dos Cabezas
            • LeRoy Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 381.
  • California
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 348; micromounts@yahoogroups.com
  • Colorado
    • Clear Creek Co.
      • Georgetown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Storey Co.
R&M 74:6 p380-390
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
    • Grant Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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