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Artinite

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Formula:
Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White; colourless in ...
Lustre:
Vitreous, Silky
Hardness:
Name:
Named after Ettore Artini (1866-1928), Professor of Mineralogy, University of Milan.
Artinite is found along with hydromagnesite and other minerals as a low-temperature alteration product as veinlets or crusts in serpentinized ultrabasic rocks.

See also UM1987-01-CO:HMgS.

Classification of Artinite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
5.DA.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
D : Carbonates with additional anions, with H2O
A : With medium-sized cations
16b.3.1.1

16b : HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : AmBn(XO3)pZqxH2O & with (m+n):p = 2:1
11.3.6

11 : Carbonates
3 : Carbonates of Mg
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First Recorded Occurrence of Artinite

Year of Discovery:
1902

Occurrences of Artinite

Geological Setting:
Low-temperature hydrothermal environments as veinlets or crusts along fracture surfaces in serpentinized ultrabasic rocks.

Physical Properties of Artinite

Vitreous, Silky
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent
Comment:
Fibrous aggregates silky.
Colour:
White; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {100} perfect; on {001} good.
Density:
2.01 - 2.03 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.047 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Artinite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 16.56Å, b = 3.15Å, c = 6.22Å
β = 99.15°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 5.257 : 1 : 1.975
Unit Cell Volume:
V 320.33 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Forms crusts of acicular crystals, elongated [010]. Also botryoidal masses of silky fibers; spherical aggregates of radiating fibers; cross-fiber veinlets.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.18 (30)
5.34 (65)
3.69 (50)
2.736 (100)
2.672 (20)
2.271 (20)
2.210 (40)

Optical Data of Artinite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.488 - 1.489 nβ = 1.533 - 1.534 nγ = 1.556 - 1.557
2V:
Measured: 71° , Calculated: 68°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.068
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none
Comments:
Optic axis nearly perpendicular to {100}.

Chemical Properties of Artinite

Formula:
Mg2(CO3)(OH)2 · 3H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Artinite to other Species

5.DA.05DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
5.DA.05GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
5.DA.05HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
5.DA.05WidgiemoolthaliteNi5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
5.DA.05UM1986-10-CO:ClHMgMnZnMg5(Zn,Mn)3(CO3)2(OH,Cl)12 · H2O
5.DA.05UM1987-01-CO:HMgSMg4(CO3)2(OH)2 · 6H2O ?
5.DA.10IndigiriteMg2Al2(CO3)4(OH)2 · 15H2O
5.DA.10ChlorartiniteMg2(CO3)(OH)Cl · 2H2O
5.DA.15OtwayiteNi2(CO3)(OH)2 · H2O
5.DA.15ZaratiteNi3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O
5.DA.20KambaldaiteNaNi4(CO3)3(OH)3 · 3H2O
5.DA.25CallaghaniteCu2Mg2(CO3)(OH)6 · 2H2O
5.DA.30Claraite(Cu,Zn)3(CO3)(OH)4 · 4H2O
5.DA.35HydroscarbroiteAl14(CO3)3(OH)36 · nH2O
5.DA.35ScarbroiteAl5(CO3)(OH)13 · 5H2O
5.DA.40CaresiteFe42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.40QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.40CharmariteMn42+Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.45Stichtite-2HMg6(Cr,Al)2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
5.DA.45BrugnatelliteMg6Fe3+(CO3)(OH)13 · 4H2O
5.DA.45ChlormagaluminiteMg4Al2(OH)12Cl2 · 3H2O
5.DA.45Hydrotalcite-2HMg6Al2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
5.DA.45Pyroaurite-2HMg6Fe23+(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O
5.DA.45ZaccagnaiteZn4Al2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.50ComblainiteNi4Co2(OH)12[CO3] · 3H2O
5.DA.50DesautelsiteMg6Mn23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50HydrotalciteMg6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50PyroauriteMg6Fe23+(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50ReevesiteNi6Fe23+(OH)16(CO3) · 4H2O
5.DA.50StichtiteMg6Cr2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50TakoviteNi6Al2(OH)16[CO3] · 4H2O
5.DA.50UM1998-10-CO:CoHNiCo6Fe2(CO3)(OH)16 · 4H2O ?
5.DA.55CoalingiteMg10Fe23+(OH)24[CO3] · 2H2O
11.3.1MagnesiteMgCO3
11.3.2BarringtoniteMgCO3 · 2H2O
11.3.3NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
11.3.4LansforditeMgCO3 · 5H2O
11.3.5PokrovskiteMg2(CO3)(OH)2
11.3.7HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
11.3.8GiorgiositeMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5-6H2O
11.3.9DypingiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 5H2O
11.3.10EiteliteNa2Mg(CO3)2
11.3.11Mcguinnessite(Mg,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2

Other Names for Artinite

Name in Other Languages:
Catalan:Artinita
German:Artinit
Italian:Artinite
Simplified Chinese:纤水碳镁石
Spanish:Artinita
Traditional Chinese:纖水碳鎂石

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble with effervescence in cold acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
None.

References for Artinite

Reference List:
Brugnatelli (1902) 1st. Lombardo, Rendus: 35: 869.

Brugnatelli (1903) 1st. Lombardo, Rendus: 36: 824.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 42.

Fenoglio (1927) Soc. geol. ital., Boll.: 46: 13.

Lincio (1930) Reale accademia nazionale dei Lincei, Att., Rome: 11: 420.

Fenoglio, M. (1936) Periodico de Mineralogia-Roma: 7: 47.

Meixner (1938) Zentralblatt Mineralien: Abteil A: 5.

Heritsch (1940) Zentralblatt Mineralien: Abteil A: 25.

Fenoglio, M. (1942) Nuove ricerche sulla simmetria e struttura dell'artinite. . Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 1- 10.

Hurlbut (1946) American Mineralogist: 31: 365.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 263-264.

Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 10: 297-330.

Internet Links for Artinite

Specimens:
The following Artinite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Artinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • St. Jakob-Breitenau
        • Eibegggraben
Bojar, H.-P. & Postl, W. (2005)
    • Knittelfeld
      • St Lorenzen bei Knittelfeld
peter neschen collection
    • Leoben
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264.
Meixner, H. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(3), 195-209.
      • St Stefan ob Leoben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Meixner (1973)
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Thetford Mines
          • Black Lake
Sabina (1967)
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Wakefield
Sabina, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 34-35 p.
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hetian Prefecture (Khotan Prefecture; Hotan Prefecture; Hoten Prefecture)
      • Yutian Co. (Keriye Co.)
Bingxiao Li (1992): Journal of Lake Sciences 4(1), 48-55
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Oslavany
        • Hrubšice
KOVÁŘ O., LOSOS Z., (2005): Artinit z hadcového lomu u Biskoupek u Oslavan, západní Morava – nový minerál pro Českou republiku. – Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz., 13, 137-139, Praha.
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Prats-de-Mollo-la Preste (Prats de Molló-la Presta)
Goujou J-C., Guitard G., Berbain C. (2000), Le massif de Costabonne, 2464 m (Pyrénées-Orientales), Le Règne Minéral, n°32, pp: 5-12
Germany
 
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Hillesheim
        • Zilsdorf
Beyer, H., Eine Magnesium-Mineralparagenese als Folge primärer biologischer Stoffanlage und sekundärem vulkanischen Erhitzungsprozeß am Arensberg / Eifel, Der Aufschluß SB 30, 1980
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Châtillon
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Cogne Valley
      • Cogne
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264.
    • Emarese
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264; Del Caldo A.,Moro C.,Gramaccioli C.M.,Boscardin M.-Guida ai Minerali-Fratelli Fabbri Editori (1973)
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Parma Province
      • Albareto
        • Taro Valley
Enrico Bonacina specimen
      • Borgo Val di Taro
GMPNP collection
GMPNP collection; Pellecchia, M. & Mavris, C. (2012): Artinite e altri carbonati nella valle del fiume Taro, Parma. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 1/2012, 10-17.
      • Taro Valley
        • Borgo Val di Taro
GMPNP collection
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
Caponera, I., Fiori, S. Pucci, R. (2004): Ritrovemento di artinite nel complesso vulcanico dei Colli Albani (RM). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2004, 31-36.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264; Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
    • La Spezia Province
      • Carro
M. Boscardin - Informazioni di mineralogia italiana - Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 7, March 1970, p. 5 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
M. Boscardin - Informazioni di mineralogia italiana - Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 7, March 1970, p. 5 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Cene
        • Rossa Valley
Gianni Peracchi collection
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Campo Franscia (Franscia)
Brugnatelli, L. (1902) Sopra un nuovo minerale delle cave d’amianto della Valle Lanterna. Rend. R. Ist. Lomb. Sc. Let., Serie II, 35, 869-874. Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264 De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264.
            • Ciappanico
Bedognè, F. (1970) Rocca di Castellaccio. In: Boscardin, M., De Michele, V., Scaini, G. Itinerari mineralogici della Lombardia. Ed. Museo Civ. St. Nat. e Soc. It. Sci. Nat., Milano, 86-88. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
            • Torreggio Valley
Gramaccioli, C.M. (1962) I minerali valtellinesi nella raccolta di Pietro Sigismund. Ed. privata, Milano, 179 pp. Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (1993) I minerali della provincia di Sondrio: Valmalenco. Bettini, Sondrio, 275 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Varaita Valley
        • Sampeyre
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Viù Valley
          • Viù
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province
      • Fiemme Valley
        • Predazzo
          • Canzoccoli
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Lagarina Valley
        • Mt. Baldo
          • Ala
            • Pilcante
"Guida mineralogica d'Italia - I vol." V. De Michele, M. Boscardin, G. Scaini pp. 192-194. Ist. Geografico De Agostini Novara - 1975
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Astico Valley
        • Cogollo del Cengio
M. Boscardin: Località mineralogiche consigliate: Le cave della val d'Astico - Notizie del Guppo Min. Lombardo - 10, Dec 1970, p. 7 - (This publication later changed its name in Rivista Minealogica Italiana)
      • Calvene
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Kamikawa Province
      • Nakagawa-cho
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi prefecture
        • Shinshiro city
Suzuki J, Ito M, Sugiura T (1976) A new copper sulfate-carbonate hydroxide hydrate mineral, (Mn,Ni,Cu)8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6·48H2O, from Nakauri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 71, 183-192
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
  • Kyushu Region
    • Fukuoka prefecture
上原誠一郎. (1987). Serpentine minerals from Sasaguri area, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. 岩石鉱物鉱床学会誌, 82(3), 106-118.
New Zealand
 
  • South Island
    • Nelson
Museum Victoria Mineralogy Collection
Norway
 
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Oppdal
Tor Witsø pers. com to Knut Edvard Larsen 2001
      • Vinstradalen
Witsø, T. (2005): Mineraler i Vinstradalen, Oppdal. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 72-73
Republic of Macedonia
 
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264.
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Satka District
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
      • Forno Valley
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 54
Turkey
 
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Erzurum Province
      • Kop Daglari
Dietrich, R. and Medenbach, O. (1978): Kämmererite from the Kop Krom mine, Kop Daglan (Turkey). Mineralogical Record. 9(5), 277-287.
USA
 
  • California
    • Alameda Co.
      • Hayward
Harris E. Mason specimen and photo
    • Fresno Co.
      • Coalinga
Mumpton, F.A. Jaffe, H.W., and Thompson, C.S. (1965) Coalingite, a new mineral from the New Idria serpentinite, Fresno and San Benito counties, California. American Mineralogist: 50: 1895; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 200.
      • Diablo Range
        • Coalinga area
Eugene Cisneros; Dunn, P.J., D.R. Peacor and T.D. Palmer (1979) Desautelsite, a new mineral of the pyroaurite group. American Mineralogist: 64: 127-130
        • New Idria District
          • Condon Peak
            • East of Condon Peak
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 88; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201.
          • Wright Mountain
American Mineralogist 1965: 50: 1893-1913.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
American Mineralogist 1965: 50: 1893-1913.; Cisneros, S.L. (1977): Artinite from San Benito County. Mineralogical Record. 8: 457-460
Moller, W.P. (1965) Minerals of southern San Benito County, California. Gems and Minerals: 331: 28-32; O’Neil, J.R. and Barnes, I. (1971) C13 and O18 compositions in some fresh-water carbonates associated with ultramafic rocks and serpentinites; western United States. Geochimica et Cosmochmica Acta: 35: 694; Cisneros, S.L., R.E. Witkowski & D.L. Oswald (1977), Artinite from San Benito County, California: Mineralogical Record: 7: 457-460; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201.
          • Picacho Peak
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 88; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201.
            • Clear Creek area
www.benitoitemine.com / Cisneros, S.L.; Witkowski, R.E. & Oswald, D.L. (1977): Artinite from San Benito County, California. Mineralogical Record 8, 457-460
https://www.mikon-online.com/shop/index.php/mikon_en/mineralien-einzelhandel/a-d/c/chrysotil-clear-creek-canyon-san-benito-co-ca-usa-ks-c06088.html
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 88; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201.
          • San Benito Mountain Natural Area
            • San Benito Peak (San Benito Mountain)
              • West of San Benito Peak
Cisneros, S.L., R.E. Witkowski & D.L. Oswald (1977), Artinite from San Benito County, California: Mineralogical Record: 7: 457-460; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 201.
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264.
    • Nye Co.
      • Paradise Range
        • Gabbs District
          • Gabbs
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
  • New Jersey
    • Hudson Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264.
  • New York
    • New York City
      • Staten Island (Richmond Co.)
Sloan, 1975. Minerals & Gem Trails of NY, NJ, PA, CT (4th ed.); Rocks & Minerals 82:472-483
Steve Okulewicz
Rocks & Minerals (1968) 43:643-647
  • Vermont
    • Orleans & Lamoille Cos.
      • Lowell & Eden
Rocks & Minerals: 21: 490; Rocks & Minerals: 22: 925; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 264; Rocks & Minerals (1996): 71.
    • Orleans Co.
      • Westmore
Rocks & Minerals (1996): vol. 71.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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