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Stibarsen

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Sonora, Mexico
© J.N. Wingard




Formula:
AsSb
System:TrigonalColour:White, reddish gray, ...
Lustre:MetallicHardness:3 - 4
Name:The name reflects its composition: antimony (Latin = "STIBium") and ARSENic.


Arsenic Group

Previously regarded as a variety of allemontite (= synonym of stibarsen).

Classification of Stibarsen

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/B.01-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.CA.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
A : Arsenic group elements
Dana 7th edition ID:1.3.1.3
Dana 8th edition ID:1.3.1.3

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
3 : Semi-metals and non-metals
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.42

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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Type Occurrence of Stibarsen

Type Locality:Varuträsk, Skellefteå, Västerbotten, Sweden
Year of Discovery:1941

Occurrences of Stibarsen

Geological Setting:Hydrothermal veins, pegmatites

Physical Properties of Stibarsen

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:White, reddish gray, tarnishes gray
Streak:Gray
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 4
Cleavage:Perfect
in one direction
Density (measured):5.8 - 6.2 g/cm3
Density (calculated):6.307 g/cm3

Crystallography of Stibarsen

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:R3m {R3 2/m}
Cell Parameters:a = 4.045Å, c = 10.961Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2.71
Unit Cell Volume:V 155.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:6
Morphology:Indistinct crystals, reniform, mamillary, curved lamellar, fine granular.

Chemical Properties of Stibarsen

Formula:
AsSb
Essential elements:As, Sb
All elements listed in formula:As, Sb
Common Impurities:Bi,Fe,S

Relationship of Stibarsen to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
1.CA.05Antimony
Sb
1.CA.05Arsenic
As
1.CA.05Bismuth
Bi
1.CA.10Arsenolamprite
As
1.CA.10Pararsenolamprite
(As,Sb)
1.CA.15Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.21Aluminium
Al
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Ag
 
6
Cu
 
14
As
 
7
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.47Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.54Tellurium
Te
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.56Rhenium
Re
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
3
Fe
 
1-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.61Nickel
Ni
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.70Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.73Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.83Hongshiite
PtCu
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)
Related Minerals - Dana Grouping):

- +
1.3.1.1Arsenic
As
1.3.1.2Arsenolamprite
As
1.3.1.4Antimony
Sb
1.3.1.5Bismuth
Bi
1.3.1.6Pararsenolamprite
(As,Sb)

Other Names for Stibarsen

Synonyms:
AllemontiteAllemontite IIArsenoestibioStibarsenic
Other Languages:
German:Stibarsen (Synonym)
Russian:Стибарсен
Simplified Chinese:砷锑矿
Varieties:
Bismuthian Stibarsen

Other Information

Health Warning:Contains arsenic. Always wash hands after handling. Do not inhale dust when breaking or grind dry.

References for Stibarsen

Reference List:

- +
Wretblad, P.E. (1941), Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm Förhandlinger: 63: 424.

American Mineralogist (1936): 21: 202.

American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 1331.

American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 257-265.

Internet Links for Stibarsen

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Stibarsen details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Search for Stibarsen on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Localities for Stibarsen

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Yancowinna Co.
    Birch BH Book
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
        • Hüttenberg
    H.Meixner (1974)
    H. Meixner: 32(3):85-97 (1981)
    Meixner, H. (1950): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 2(3), 195-209.
    • Styria
      • Schladming
        • Schladminger Tauern
          • Obertalbach valley
    Pribitzer, F. (1956): Die Minerallagerstätte Zinkwand bei Schladming in Steiermark (Österreich). Aufschluss, 7 (3), 59-63.
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
        • Agua de Castilla
          • Porco
    Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Atlin Mining Division
        • Tagish Lake
    G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395
    • Manitoba
      • Lac-du-Bonnet area
        • Bernic Lake
    [var: Bismuthian Stibarsen] Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978)
      • Red Cross Lake
    Cerny et al. 2012; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012); Černý, P., Teertstra, D. K., Chapman, R., Selway, J. B., Hawthorne, F. C., Ferreira, K., ... & Meintzer, R. E. (2012). Extreme Fractionation And Deformation Of The Leucogranite–Pegmatite Suite At Red Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Iv. Mineralogy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1839-1875.
    • Ontario
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Bomby Township
    Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Handbook of Mineralogy
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
    HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Jiuquan Prefecture
        • Subei Co.
    Lei Wang, Jianguo Yang, Xiaohong Wang, and Xie Xie (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(5), 28-33
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    No reference listed
        • Příbram
          • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
            • Březové Hory deposit
    [Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
            • Černojamské deposit (Black pits deposit)
    [Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
    [Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
          • Háje
    Ondruš, P. & Hyršl, J. (1989): New finds and revision of secondary minerals from Příbram district. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica 1989, 521-533.; P. Haas collection
    Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Knížek, F., Slepička, V., Litochleb, J., Jebava, I. (2012) Výskyty unikátního monometalického stříbrného zrudnění na žíle H14F3 mezi 7. a 9. patrem šachty č. 21 Háje, příbramský uran-polymetalický revír (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 20, 2, 230-254. ISSN 1211-0329.
          • Třebsko
    Kašpar, P., Řídkošil, T., Šrein, V.: Minerogeneze žíly T 1 z Třebska u Příbrami. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1983, vol. 27, nos. 1-2, s. 61-96.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
    Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Seinäjoki
    Aho, Lea 1980. Seinäjoki-Nurmo Sb mineralisatiosta. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M19/2222/-80/1/10
    France
     
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Isère
        • Allemont
    Picot, P. and Johan, Z. (1977). Atlas des Minéreaux Métalliques, BRGM, Elsevier.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Alpirsbach
    Lapis 1987(7/8), 15ff.
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Harzburg
          • Radau valley
    No reference listed
        • St Andreasberg District
          • Beerberg
    No reference listed
          • St Andreasberg
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Marienberg District
          • Lauta
    Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
    Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
          • Plaka
    Voudouris, P., Tsolakos, A., Papanikitas, A. & Solomos, C. (2004): Nicht nur Mikromounts: Neufunde aus Lavrion 2003. Lapis, 29 (4), 13-15; 50.
    Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
    P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092
    Italy
     
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valtellina
          • Sondalo
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Oshima peninsula
    (Originally recorded as "allemontite") Introduction to Japanese Minerals, Geological Survey of Japan, 1970; Harada, Zyunpéi (1954) Chemical Analyses of Japanese Minerals (III) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy = 北海道大學理學部紀要, 8(4):289-348
    • Kyushu Region
      • Oita Prefecture
        • Hayami-gun
          • Yamaga
    Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    Mexico
     
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Ząbkowice District
        • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
          • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
    Geologia Sudetica, 33 (1): 23-31. ; Pieczka, A.; Grew, E.S.; Groat, L.A.; Evans, R.J. (2011): Holtite and dumortierite from the Szklary Pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 303-315.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Primorskiy Kray
        • Kavalerovo Mining District
    [MinRec 32:8]
            • Dal'negorsk B deposit
    Pavel M. kartashov data
    Slovakia
     
    • Prešov Region
      • Prešov Co.
    Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    K.Gatedal
        • Nordmark (Nordmarksberg)
    Kjell Gatedal
    Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
    • Västerbotten
      • Skellefteå
    Billström, K., Mattson, B., Söderlund, U., Årebäck, H., & Broman, C. (2012). Geology and Age Constraints on the Origin of the Intrusion-Related, Sheeted Vein-Type Åkerberg Gold Deposit, Skellefte District, Sweden. Minerals, 2(4), 385-416.
    Am Min 59 (1974), 1331
    Tajikistan
     
    • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
      • Adrasman
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • Gunnison Co.
        • Elk Mountain District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
    • Nevada
      • Storey Co.
        • Comstock District
          • Virginia City
            • Comstock Lode
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
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