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Stibarsen

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Formula:
AsSb
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
White, reddish gray, ...
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3 - 4
Name:
The name reflects its composition: antimony (Latin = "STIBium") and ARSENic.

First recognized by P. E. Wretblad on samples found in 1935 by Dr. Olof Ödman of the Boliden Gruvaktiebolag from Varuträsk LCT pegmatite, Skellefteå, Västerbotten, Sweden.
Arsenic Group

Previously regarded as a variety of allemontite (= synonym of stibarsen).

Classification of Stibarsen

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
1.CA.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
A : Arsenic group elements
Dana 7th ed.:
1.3.1.3
1.3.1.3

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
3 : Semi-metals and non-metals
1.42

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3775.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Stibarsen

Occurrences of Stibarsen

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal veins, pegmatites

Physical Properties of Stibarsen

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
White, reddish gray, tarnishes gray
Streak:
Gray
Hardness (Mohs):
3 - 4
Cleavage:
Perfect
in one direction
Density:
5.8 - 6.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.307 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Stibarsen

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.045Å, c = 10.961Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.71
Unit Cell Volume:
V 155.32 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
6
Morphology:
Indistinct crystals, reniform, mamillary, curved lamellar, fine granular.

Chemical Properties of Stibarsen

Formula:
AsSb
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Bi,Fe,S

Relationship of Stibarsen to other Species

1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Stibarsen

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:砷锑矿

Other Information

Health Risks:
Contains arsenic. Always wash hands after handling. Do not inhale dust when breaking or grind dry.

References for Stibarsen

Reference List:
Quensel,P., Ahlborg, Knut & Westgren, A. (1937): Minerals of the Varuträsk Pegmatite. II. Allemontite: With an X-ray Analysis of the Mineral and of other Arsenic-Antimony Alloys. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger. 59, 135-144

Wretblad, P.E. (1941): Minerals of the Varuträsk Pegmatite XX. Die Allemontite und das System As-Sb. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger. 63, 19-48.

American Mineralogist (1936): 21: 202.

American Mineralogist (1974): 59: 1331.

American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 257-265.

Internet Links for Stibarsen

Specimens:
The following Stibarsen specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Stibarsen

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Birch BH Book
L.Lawrence, A.R.Ramsden & I.T.Graham 1999. On oxidation of Dyscrasite and associated minerals of the Consols Lode, Broken Hill, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy Vol.5, No.2, Dec.1999, pp. 63-68; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
H.Meixner (1974)
H. Meixner: 32(3):85-97 (1981)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
Pribitzer, F. (1956): Die Minerallagerstätte Zinkwand bei Schladming in Steiermark (Österreich). Aufschluss, 7 (3), 59-63.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
      • Agua de Castilla
        • Porco
Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Atlin Mining Division
      • Tagish Lake
G. W. Robinson, V. King (1993) Whats New in Minerals. Mineralogical Record 24:381-395
    • Skeena Mining Division
      • Queen Charlotte Islands
Dana 7:131
  • Manitoba
    • Lac-du-Bonnet area
      • Bernic Lake
[var: Bismuthian Stibarsen] Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp, 625-640 (1978)
    • Red Cross Lake
Cerny et al. 2012; Černý, O., Teertstra, D.K., Chapman, R., Selway, J.B., Hawthorne, F.C., Ferreira, K., Chackowsky, L.E., Wang, X.J. & and Meintzer, R.E. (2012); Černý, P., Teertstra, D. K., Chapman, R., Selway, J. B., Hawthorne, F. C., Ferreira, K., ... & Meintzer, R. E. (2012). Extreme Fractionation And Deformation Of The Leucogranite–Pegmatite Suite At Red Cross Lake, Manitoba, Canada. Iv. Mineralogy. The Canadian Mineralogist, 50(6), 1839-1875.
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Handbook of Mineralogy
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
HARRIS, D.C., ROBERTS, A.C. & CRIDDLE, A.J. (1989): Vaughanite (TlHgSb4S7), a new mineral from the Hemlo gold deposit, Hemlo, Ontario, Canada. Mineralogical Magazine 53, 79-83.
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Jiuquan Prefecture
      • Subei Co.
Lei Wang, Jianguo Yang, Xiaohong Wang, and Xie Xie (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(5), 28-33
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
No reference listed
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Březové Hory deposit
[Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
          • Černojamské deposit (Black pits deposit)
[Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
[Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
        • Háje
Ondruš, P. & Hyršl, J. (1989): New finds and revision of secondary minerals from Příbram district. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica 1989, 521-533.
Škácha, P., Sejkora, J., Knížek, F., Slepička, V., Litochleb, J., Jebava, I. (2012) Výskyty unikátního monometalického stříbrného zrudnění na žíle H14F3 mezi 7. a 9. patrem šachty č. 21 Háje, příbramský uran-polymetalický revír (Česká republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 20, 2, 230-254. ISSN 1211-0329.
No reference listed
Kašpar, P., Řídkošil, T., Šrein, V.: Minerogeneze žíly T 1 z Třebska u Příbrami. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1983, vol. 27, nos. 1-2, s. 61-96.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Seinäjoki
Borodaev, Y., Mozgova, N., Ozerova, N., Bortnikov, N. Oivanen, P., Iletuinen, O. (1983): Associations Of Ore Minerals In The Deposits Of The Seinajöki District And The Discussion On The Ore Formation, Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland. 55 (1), 3-23; Aho, Lea 1980. Seinäjoki-Nurmo Sb mineralisatiosta. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M19/2222/-80/1/10
France
 
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • Allemont
Dana 7:I:104 & 131.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Alpirsbach
Lapis 1987(7/8), 15ff.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
No reference listed
Naumann, Zirkel: "Elemente der Mineralogie", 13th ed., Leipzig (1898)
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Marienberg District
        • Gehringswalde
Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
Meixner, H. & Paar, W. (1982): New observations on ore formation and weathering of the Kamariza deposit, Laurion, SE Attica (Greece). Special Publication of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits 2 (Ore Genesis: State of the Art), 760-767.
        • Plaka
Voudouris, P., Tsolakos, A., Papanikitas, A. & Solomos, C. (2004): Nicht nur Mikromounts: Neufunde aus Lavrion 2003. Lapis, 29 (4), 13-15; 50.
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
P. Voudouris (2005) Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge 2005, pp 1089-1092; Voudouris, P. (2005). Gold and silver mineralogy of the Lavrion deposit, Attika, Greece. In Mineral deposit research: meeting the global challenge (pp. 1089-1092). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Sondalo
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Oshima peninsula
(Originally recorded as "allemontite") Introduction to Japanese Minerals, Geological Survey of Japan, 1970; Harada, Zyunpéi (1954) Chemical Analyses of Japanese Minerals (III) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy = 北海道大學理學部紀要, 8(4):289-348
  • Kyushu Region
    • Oita Prefecture
      • Hayami-gun
        • Yamaga
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Mexico
 
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Geologia Sudetica, 33 (1): 23-31. ; Pieczka, A.; Grew, E.S.; Groat, L.A.; Evans, R.J. (2011): Holtite and dumortierite from the Szklary Pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland. Mineralogical Magazine 75, 303-315.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Kavalerovo Mining District
[MinRec 32:8]
          • Dal'negorsk B deposit
Pavel M. kartashov data
Slovakia
 
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Duda et. all.,1981:Minerály severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovca,Monografia 2,Bratislava, 98 p
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
K.Gatedal
      • Nordmark district
        • Jakobsberg ore field
Kjell Gatedal
      • Nordmark Odal Field (Nordmarksberg)
Mineralogical Magazine (1998) 62 (3), 395-407
  • Västerbotten
    • Skellefteå
Billström, K., Mattson, B., Söderlund, U., Årebäck, H., & Broman, C. (2012). Geology and Age Constraints on the Origin of the Intrusion-Related, Sheeted Vein-Type Åkerberg Gold Deposit, Skellefte District, Sweden. Minerals, 2(4), 385-416.
Wretblad, P.E. (1941): Minerals of the Varuträsk Pegmatite XX. Die Allemontite und das System As-Sb. Geologiska Föreningens i Stockholm Förhandlinger,63, 19-48.; Am Min 59 (1974), 1331
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Adrasman
Pavel M. Kartashov data
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • Gunnison Co.
      • Elk Mountain District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Nevada
    • Storey Co.
      • Comstock District
        • Virginia City
          • Comstock Lode
Dana 7:I:131.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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