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Taramellite

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Formula:
Ba
 
4
(Fe
3+
 
,Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
System:OrthorhombicColour:Red-brown
Hardness:
Name:Named after Torquato Taramelli (1845-1922), professor of geology, University of Pavia (Italia).

Classification of Taramellite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/E.08-30
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.CE.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
C : Cyclosilicates
E : [Si4O12]8- 4-membered single rings (vierer-Einfachringe), without insular complex anions
Dana 8th edition ID:64.3.1.1

64 : CYCLOSILICATES Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups
3 : Rings with Other Anions and Insular Silicate Groups: 4-membered rings with [Si2O7] dimers
Hey's CIM Ref.:17.5.34

17 : Silicates Containing other Anions
5 : Borosilicates
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Type Occurrence of Taramellite

Type Locality:Candoglia quarries, Candoglia, Mergozzo, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province, Piedmont, Italy
Year of Discovery:1908

Physical Properties of Taramellite

Colour:Red-brown
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Taramellite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Space Group:Pmmn {P21/m 21/m 2/n}
Cell Parameters:a = 12.05Å, b = 13.9Å, c = 7.12Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.867 : 1 : 0.512
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,192.56 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4

Optical Data of Taramellite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.770 nβ = 1.774 nγ = 1.830
2V:Measured: 77° , Calculated: 32°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.060

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r > v distinct

Chemical Properties of Taramellite

Formula:
Ba
 
4
(Fe
3+
 
,Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
Simplified for copy/paste:Ba4(Fe3+,Ti,Fe2+,Mg)4(B2Si8O27)O2Clx
Essential elements:B, Ba, Cl, Fe, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:B, Ba, Cl, Fe, Mg, O, Si, Ti
Common Impurities:Mn,Pb,Ca,Na,K,H2O

Relationship of Taramellite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Titantaramellite (see here)
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.CE.05Papagoite
CaCu[H
 
3
AlSi
 
2
O
 
9
]
9.CE.10Verplanckite
Ba
 
2
(Mn,Fe,Ti)Si
 
2
O
 
6
(O,OH,Cl,F)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O or near
9.CE.15Baotite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
Si
 
4
O
 
28
Cl
9.CE.20Nagashimalite
Ba
 
4
(V,Ti)
 
4
B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
(O,OH)
 
2
Cl
9.CE.20Titantaramellite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
9.CE.25Bario-orthojoaquinite
(Ba,Sr)
 
4
Fe
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Byelorussite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
MnTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(F,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Joaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(OH,F) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(Ce)
NaBa
 
2
Ce
 
2
FeTi
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Strontiojoaquinite
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Strontio-orthojoaquinite
(Na,Fe)
 
2
Sr
 
2
Ba
 
2
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.CE.25Orthojoaquinite-(La)
NaBa
 
2
La
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Ti
 
2
[Si
 
4
O
 
12
]
 
2
O
 
2
(O,OH) · H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Mn
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10-12H
 
2
O
9.CE.30aNenadkevichite
(Na,◻)
 
8
Nb
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30aKorobitsynite
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3-4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5-6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bVuoriyarvite-K
K
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(O,OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Na
Na
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKarupmøllerite-Ca
(Na,Ca,K)
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Mg(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
9.CE.30eLabuntsovite-Fe
Na
 
4
K
 
4
(Ba,K)
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 10H
 
2
O
9.CE.30dLemmleinite-Ba
Na
 
2
K
 
2
Ba(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Fe
K
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hNeskevaaraite-Fe
K
 
3
Na
 
2
Fe
2+
 
(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-6 H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-K
K
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Ba
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Ca
Ca(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hAlsakharovite-Zn
NaSrKZn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn
2+
 
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cLepkhenelmite-Zn
(Ba,K)
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bTsepinite-Sr
Sr(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)(OH,O)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.CE.30bParatsepinite-Na
(Na,Sr,K,Ca)
 
7
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
·nH
 
2
O n ~ 8
9.CE.30fParalabuntsovite-Mg
Na
 
8
K
 
8
Mg
 
8
Ti
 
16
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
8
(O,OH)
 
16
· nH
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Ca
K
 
2
Ca(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cGjerdingenite-Na
K
 
2
Na
 
2
(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30hGutkovaite-Mn
K
 
2
CaMn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cKuzmenkoite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Ti,Nb)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(OH,O)
 
4
·6-8H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-Mn
K
 
2
Mn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 5-7H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gOrganovaite-Zn
K
 
2
Zn(Nb,Ti)
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
9.CE.30gParakuzmenkoite-Fe
(K,Ba)
 
4
Fe(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(O,OH)
 
8
· 14H
 
2
O
9.CE.30cBurovaite-Ca
(Na,K)
 
4
Ca
 
2
(Ti,Nb)
 
8
(Si
 
4
O
 
12
)
 
4
(OH,O)
 
8
· 12H
 
2
O
9.CE.45Komarovite
(Ca,Mn)Nb
 
2
[O
 
3
|Si
 
2
O
 
7
] · 3.5H
 
2
O
9.CE.45Natrokomarovite
(Na,Ca,H)
 
2
Nb
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
(OH,F)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
17.5.1Manandonite
LiAl
 
4
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
6
17.5.2Reedmergnerite
Na[BSi
 
3
O
 
8
]
17.5.3Searlesite
Na(H
 
2
BSi
 
2
O
 
7
)
17.5.4Olenite
Na(Al
 
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
O
 
3
(OH)
17.5.5Elbaite
Na(Li
 
1.5
Al
 
1.5
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.6Kalborsite
K
 
6
Al
 
4
BSi
 
6
O
 
20
(OH)
 
4
Cl
17.5.7Boromuscovite
KAl
 
2
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
17.5.8Poudretteite
KNa
 
2
B
 
3
Si
 
12
O
 
30
17.5.9Liddicoatite
Ca(Li
 
2
Al)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.10Datolite
Ca(HBSiO
 
5
)
17.5.11Danburite
CaB
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
17.5.12Howlite
Ca
 
2
B
 
5
SiO
 
9
(OH)
 
5
17.5.13Bakerite
Ca
 
4
(H
 
5
B
 
5
Si
 
3
O
 
20
)
17.5.14Oyelite
Ca
 
10
Si
 
8
B
 
2
O
 
29
· 12.5H
 
2
O
17.5.15Kornerupine
Mg
 
3
Al
 
6
(Si,Al,B)
 
5
O
 
21
(OH)
17.5.16Harkerite
Ca
 
12
Mg
 
4
Al(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)
 
4
(CO
 
3
)
 
5
· H
 
2
O
17.5.17Serendibite
(Ca,Na)
 
2
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
[O
 
2
|(Si,Al,B)
 
6
O
 
18
]
17.5.18Stillwellite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Ca)BSiO
 
5
17.5.19Tadzhikite-(Ce)
(Ca,Ce)
 
4
(Ce,Y)
 
2
(Ti
4+
 
,Fe
3+
 
,Al)[B
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
22
](OH)
 
2
17.5.20Melanocerite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca)
 
5
(Si,B)
 
3
O
 
12
(OH,F) · nH
 
2
O
17.5.21Okanoganite-(Y)
(Na,Ca)
 
3
(Y,Ce)
 
12
Si
 
6
B
 
2
O
 
27
F
 
14
17.5.22Tritomite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Y,Th)
 
5
(Si,B)
 
3
(O,OH,F)
 
13
17.5.23Tritomite-(Y)
(Y,Ca,La,Fe)
 
5
(Si,B,Al)
 
3
(O,OH,F)
 
13
17.5.24Cappelenite-(Y)
Ba(Y,Ce)
 
6
Si
 
3
B
 
6
O
 
24
F
 
2
17.5.25Dumortierite
(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
7
(SiO
 
4
)
 
3
(BO
 
3
)O
 
3
17.5.26Holtite
(Ta
 
0.6
 
0.4
)Al
 
6
BSi
 
3
O
 
18
(O,OH)
 
2.25
17.5.27Dravite
Na(Mg
 
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.28 Ferridravite
17.5.29Axinite-(Mg)
Ca
 
2
MgAl
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
OH
17.5.30Uvite
Ca(Mg
 
3
)MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(F/OH)
17.5.31Garrelsite
Ba
 
3
NaSi
 
2
B
 
7
O
 
16
(OH)
 
4
17.5.32Tienshanite
KNa
 
3
Na
 
6
Ca
 
2
Ba
 
6
Mn
 
6
(Ti
4+
 
,Nb)
 
6
B
 
12
Si
 
36
O
 
114
(O,OH,F)
 
11
17.5.33Leucosphenite
BaNa
 
4
Ti
 
2
B
 
2
Si
 
10
O
 
30
17.5.35Titantaramellite
Ba
 
4
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
4
(B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
)O
 
2
Cl
 
x
17.5.36Nagashimalite
Ba
 
4
(V,Ti)
 
4
B
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
27
(O,OH)
 
2
Cl
17.5.37Chromium-dravite
Na(Mg
 
3
)Cr
3+
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.38Wawayandaite
Ca
 
6
Mn
 
2
BBe
 
9
Si
 
6
O
 
23
(OH,Cl)
 
15
17.5.39Werdingite
(Mg,Fe)
 
2
Al
 
14
Si
 
4
B
 
4
O
 
37
17.5.40Axinite-(Mn)
Ca
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
(OH)
17.5.41Axinite
17.5.42Tinzenite
(CaMn
2+
 
)
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
(OH)
17.5.44Schorl
Na(Fe
2+
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.45Fluor-buergerite
Na(Fe
3+
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
O
 
3
F
17.5.46Feruvite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
17.5.47Axinite-(Fe)
Ca
 
2
Fe
2+
 
Al
 
2
BSi
 
4
O
 
15
OH
17.5.48Homilite
Ca
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)B
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
17.5.49Grandidierite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
(SiO
 
4
)(BO
 
3
)O
 
2
17.5.50Hyalotekite
(Pb,Ba,K)
 
4
(Ca,Y)
 
2
(B,Be)
 
2
(Si,B)
 
2
Si
 
8
O
 
28
(F,Cl)
17.5.51Hellandite-(Y)
(Ca,REE)
 
4
Y
 
2
Al(Be,Li)
 
2-x
B
 
4
Si
 
4
O
 
22
(OH)
 
2

Other Names for Taramellite

Other Languages:
German:Taramellit
Russian:Тарамеллит
Spanish:Taramellita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Taramellite

Reference List:

- +
Atti R. Accad. Lincei. Rend. Cl. Sci. fis. mat. nat., Roma (1908), ser.5, 17, 810.

American Mineralogist (1959): 44: 469.

Pabst, Adolf (1978) Zur morphologie des taramellits. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 25: 245-256.

Mazzi, F. & G. Rossi (1980), The crystal structure of taramellite: American Mineralogist: 65: 123-128.

American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 358-373.

Grew, E.S., and Anovitz, L.M. (1996) BORON: Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry, second edition, as revised (2002).

Internet Links for Taramellite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Taramellite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Taramellite on Webmineral
  • Look for Taramellite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Taramellite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Taramellite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Taramellite specimens
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
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  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
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  • Localities for Taramellite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Canada
     
    • Yukon Territory
      • Watson Lake Mining District
        • Itsi Mt.
          • Wilson lake
    CanMin:11:444; American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Can.Min.22:653-658
    Finland
     
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
    Heikkilä, Pasi 2003. Vittinki-ryhmän metaserttien geologia ja mineralogia Etelä-Pohjanmaalla. Pro gradu, matemaattis-luonnontieteellinen tiedekunta, Geologian laitos. Helsingin Yliopisto.
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Mergozzo
          • Candoglia
    Tacconi, E. (1908): Taramellite, nuovo silicato di ferro e bario. Rendiconti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Serie V, 18, 810-814; Tacconi, E. (1908): Ueber Taramellit, ein neues Mineral. Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, 1908, 506-508; Gramaccioli, C.M. (1975): Minerali alpini e prealpini. Edizioni Atlas Bergamo.
    Mexico
     
    • Baja California (Baja California Norte; BC Norte)
      • Tres Pozos
    American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
    Sweden
     
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Fresno Co.
        • Big Creek-Rush Creek District
          • Rush Creek deposit
    Anonymous (1963), Core drilling at Rush Creek completed: California Division Mines, Mineral Information Service: 16(1): 11; Stinson, Melvin Clarence & J.T. Alfors (1964), New minerals from Fresno County – I: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service.: 17: 235-238; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 359, 381.
      • Mariposa Co.
        • El Portal
          • Eagle Peak [1]
    Matthews, Robert Alfred & John T. Alfors (1962), Sanbornite from Rush Creek, Fresno County: California Division Mines & Geology Mineral Information Service: 15(6): 1-3; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 359; Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 653-658.
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • New Idria District
            • Picacho Peak
              • Clear Creek area
    American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
      • Santa Cruz Co.
        • Santa Cruz
    Gross, E.B., Wainwright, J.E.N., and Evans, B.W. (1965) Pabstite, the tin analogue of benitoite. American Mineralogist: 50: 1164-1169; Gross, E.B., Chesterman, C.W., Dunning, G.E., and Cooper, J.F. (1967) Mineralogy of the Kalkar quarry, Santa Cruz, California. California Division Mines and Geol. Special Report 92: 3-10; Pabst, Adolf (1978) Zur morphologie des taramellits. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 25: 245-256; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 138, 466.
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