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Tiemannite

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Formula:
HgSe
Colour:Steel-gray to blackHardness:
Member of:Sphalerite Group
Name:Named after Johann Carl Wilhelm Tiemann (1848-1899), Berlin (Germany).

Classification of Tiemannite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/C.01-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.CB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
B : With Zn, Fe, Cu, Ag, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.8.2.4

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.5.5

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
5 : Sulphides etc. of Hg and Tl
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Type Occurrence of Tiemannite

Type Locality:St Lorenz Mine, Burgstatt veins, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
Year of Discovery:1855

Physical Properties of Tiemannite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Steel-gray to black
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):
Tenacity:Brittle

Chemical Properties of Tiemannite

Formula:
HgSe
Essential elements:Hg, Se
All elements listed in formula:Hg, Se
Common Impurities:Cd,S,Pb

Relationship of Tiemannite to other Species

Member of:Sphalerite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.CB.05aColoradoite
HgTe
2.CB.05aHawleyite
CdS
2.CB.05aMetacinnabar
HgS
2.CB.05cPolhemusite
(Zn,Hg)S
2.CB.05bSakuraiite
(Cu,Zn,Fe)
 
3
(In,Sn)S
 
4
2.CB.05aSphalerite
ZnS
2.CB.05aStilleite
ZnSe
2.CB.05UM1998-15-S:CuFeZn
Cu
 
2
Fe
 
3
Zn
 
5
S
 
10
2.CB.05aRudashevskyite
(Fe,Zn)S
2.CB.10aChalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
2.CB.10aEskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
2.CB.10aGallite
CuGaS
 
2
2.CB.10bHaycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
2.CB.10aLenaite
AgFeS
 
2
2.CB.10bMooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10bPutoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
2.CB.10aRoquesite
CuInS
 
2
2.CB.10bTalnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16
2.CB.10aLaforêtite
AgInS
 
2
2.CB.15aČernýite
Cu
 
2
(Cd,Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aFerrokesterite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aHocartite
Ag
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aIdaite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
2.CB.15aKesterite
Cu
 
2
(Zn,Fe)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15aKuramite
Cu
 
3
SnS
 
4
2.CB.15bMohite
Cu
 
2
SnS
 
3
2.CB.15aPirquitasite
Ag
 
2
ZnSnS
 
4
2.CB.15aStannite
Cu
 
2
(Fe,Zn)SnS
 
4
2.CB.15cStannoidite
Cu
+
6
Cu
2+
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
3
Sn
 
2
S
 
12
2.CB.15aVelikite
Cu
 
2
HgSnS
 
4
2.CB.15cUM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZn
Cu
 
8
(Fe,Zn)
 
3
Ge
 
2
S
 
12
(?)
2.CB.20Chatkalite
Cu
 
6
FeSn
 
2
S
 
8
2.CB.20Mawsonite
Cu
 
6
Fe
 
2
SnS
 
8
2.CB.30Colusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(As,Sn,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Germanite
Cu
 
13
Fe
 
2
Ge
 
2
S
 
16
2.CB.30Germanocolusite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Ge,As)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Nekrasovite
Cu
 
26
V
 
2
(Sn,As,Sb)
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Stibiocolusite
Cu
 
13
V
 
4
(Sb,Sn,As)
 
3
S
 
16
2.CB.30Ovamboite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu,Zn)
 
6
W
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.30Maikainite
Cu
 
20
(Fe,Cu)
 
6
Mo
 
2
Ge
 
6
S
 
32
2.CB.35aHemusite
Cu
 
6
SnMoS
 
8
2.CB.35aKiddcreekite
Cu
 
6
SnWS
 
8
2.CB.35aPolkovicite
(Fe,Pb)
 
3
(Ge,Fe)
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35aRenierite
(Cu,Zn)
 
11
(Ge,As)
 
2
Fe
 
4
S
 
16
2.CB.35aVinciennite
Cu
+
7
Cu
2+
3
Fe
2+
2
Fe
3+
2
Sn(As,Sb)S
 
16
2.CB.35aMorozeviczite
(Pb,Fe)
 
3
Ge
 
1-x
S
 
4
2.CB.35bCatamarcaite
Cu
 
6
GeWS
 
8
2.CB.40Lautite
CuAsS
2.CB.45Cadmoselite
CdSe
2.CB.45Greenockite
CdS
2.CB.45Wurtzite
(Zn,Fe)S
2.CB.45Rambergite
MnS
2.CB.45Buseckite
(Fe,Zn,Mn)S
2.CB.55aCubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.55bIsocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Picotpaulite
TlFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.60Raguinite
TlFeS
 
2
2.CB.65Argentopyrite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.65Sternbergite
AgFe
 
2
S
 
3
2.CB.70Sulvanite
Cu
 
3
VS
 
4
2.CB.75Vulcanite
CuTe
2.CB.80Empressite
AgTe
2.CB.85Muthmannite
AuAgTe
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.5.1Cinnabar
HgS
3.5.2Hypercinnabar
HgS
3.5.3Metacinnabar
HgS
3.5.4Imiterite
Ag
 
2
HgS
 
2
3.5.6Balkanite
Cu
 
9
Ag
 
5
HgS
 
8
3.5.7Danielsite
(Cu,Ag)
 
14
HgS
 
8
3.5.8Coloradoite
HgTe
3.5.9Gortdrumite
(Cu,Fe)
 
6
Hg
 
2
S
 
5
3.5.10Polhemusite
(Zn,Hg)S
3.5.11Carlinite
Tl
 
2
S
3.5.12Crookesite
Cu
 
7
(Tl, Ag)Se
 
4
3.5.13Sabatierite
Cu
 
6
TlSe
 
4
3.5.14Picotpaulite
TlFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.5.15Raguinite
TlFeS
 
2
3.5.16Thalcusite
Tl
 
2
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
4
3.5.17Bukovite
Tl
 
2
(Cu,Fe)
 
4
Se
 
4
3.5.18Gallite
CuGaS
 
2
3.5.19Roquesite
CuInS
 
2
3.5.20Indite
FeIn
 
2
S
 
4

Other Names for Tiemannite

Other Languages:
German:Selenquecksilber
Tiemannit
Russian:Тиманнит
Simplified Chinese:灰硒汞矿
硒汞矿
Spanish:Tiemannita
Traditional Chinese:灰硒汞礦
硒汞礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tiemannite

Reference List:

- +
Marx (1828), Schweigger's Journal: 54: 223.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 217-218.

American Mineralogist (1950): 35: 358.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 132: 276-287.

Internet Links for Tiemannite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Tiemannite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Tiemannite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • La Rioja
      • Sañogasta District
    M.K. de Brodtkorb (ed.) (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325
      • Sierra de Cacho
    de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
    Milka K. de BRODTKORB and Sabrina CROSTA (2010) RESEÑA DE LA UBICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE LOS SELENIUROS DE LA SIERRA DE UMANGO, PROVINCIA DE LA RIOJA. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 67 (2), 272 - 277.
    Milka K. de BRODTKORB and Sabrina CROSTA (2010) RESEÑA DE LA UBICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE LOS SELENIUROS DE LA SIERRA DE UMANGO, PROVINCIA DE LA RIOJA. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 67 (2), 272 - 277.
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
      • Vinchina Department
    Recursos Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325
    Paar W H, Topa D, Makovicky E, Sureda R J, de Brodtkorb M K, Nickel E H, Putz H (2004) Jaguéite, Cu2Pd3Se4, a new mineral species from El Chire, La Rioja, Argentina, The Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1745-1755
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Tablelands Region
        • Mareeba Shire
          • Dimbulah
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Western Australia
      • East Pilbara Shire
        • Rudall River District
    Nickel, Ernest H. (2002): An Unusual Occurrence of Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Hg Mineralisation in the Pilbara Region of Western Australia. Canadian Mineralogist. 40: 419-433.
    Austria
     
    • Lower Austria
      • Industrieviertel
        • Bucklige Welt
          • Aspang-Markt
            • Kirchschlag
              • Judenbauer
    Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1892) Akanthit, Allanit-(Ce), Albit, Bohdanowiczit, Bornit, Calcit, Chalkopyrit, Chalkosin, Clausthalit, ein Mineral der Crichtonitgruppe, Chrysokoll, Covellin, Dravit, Fluorapatit, Hamatit, Ilmenit, Klinochlor, Klockmannit, Kupfer, Limonit, Malachit, Muskovit, Naumannit, Phlogopit, Quarz, Rutil, Tiemannit, Uraninit, Xenotim-(Y) und Zirkon aus einem kleinen Steinbruch beim Judenbauer, nordwestlich Kirchschlag in der Buckligen Welt, Niederösterreich. Pp. 127-130 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
    Belgium
     
    • Luxembourg Province
      • Wellin
    Jedwab J., Dejonghe L. (1982): Bulletin de la société belge de Géologie 91(4), 217-233
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
    [MinRec 21:133]
      • Chayanta Province
        • Pakajake Canyon (Pacajake Canyon)
    [MinRec 32:476]; Amer.Min.(1969) 54, 1519-1527
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Skeena Mining Division
        • Queen Charlotte Islands
          • Graham Island
    Anthony B. Christie (1989) Cinola Gold Deposit, Queen Charlotte Islands (l03F/9E). BC Geological Survey Geological Fieldwork 1988 pp423-428
    • Saskatchewan
      • Beaverlodge Region
        • Lake Athabasca
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
          • Shirley Peninsula
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Can Min Vol. 29, pp. 4ll-4l8 (1991)
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Luqu Co.
    Yuanzhen Zhang, Dakang Song, and Jingyao Sun (1992): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 12(1), 83-86; Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Minzhi Yang (2000): Bulletin of Mineralogy, Petrology and Geochemistry 19(4), 381-383; Hanjie Wen, Carignan, J., Yuzhuo Qiu, and Shirong Liu (2006): Environmental Science and Technology 40(4), 1126-1132
    • Guizhou Province
      • Zunyi Prefecture
        • Zunyi Co.
          • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
    Coveney, R.M., Grauch, R.I., and Murowchick, J.B. (1993), In: Reddy, R.G., and Weizenbach, R.N. (eds): The minerals, metals and materials society, Proceedings of the Paul E. Queneau International Symposium "Extractive Metallurgy of Copper, Nickel and Cobalt", 369–375.
    • Hunan Province
      • Zhangjiajie Prefecture
        • Cili Co.
    Wallis, E. (2006): PhD Thesis, Technical University of Berlin, Germany (in German with English abstract), Vol. 1, 136-154.
    • Sichuan Province
      • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Huili Co.
    Zhi Li, Zhenjie Chen, and Fengge Wang (1973): Geology and Prospecting 10(2), 20-24
      • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
    De'an Zhu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 36-42; Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, Wenquan Lu, Minghua Zheng, Yufeng Zhou, Xuexiang Gu, and Bin Zhang (1998): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 18(4), 445-451
    De'an Zhu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 36-42
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
        • Příbram
          • Háje
    Josef Vajdak (2008) Mineral News, 24, #3, 15.
      • Hradec Králové Region
        • Krkonoše Mtn (Riesengebirge)
    Duda, Rejl, Slivka: "Mineralien", 1991; Kopecký, S., Pauliš, P., Škoda, R. (2010): Nový nález selenidů na výskytu uranových rud Černý Důl v Krkonoších (Česká republika) [New occurrence of selenides from the Černý Důl uranium deposit in the Giant Mountains (Czech Republic)]. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení 18 (2), 43-49.
      • Plzeň Region
        • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
    Scharmová, M., Scharm, B.: Minerály selenu na uranovém ložisku Zadní Chodov. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 43-47.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Nové Město na Moravě
    Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
        • Rožná deposit
    Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
    Germany
     
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Schwandorf
          • Wölsendorf Fluorite mining District
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Sachsa
          • Zorge
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Burgstatt veins
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
          • Rosenhof veins
            • Lerbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Lautenthal
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • St Andreasberg District
          • Sieber
    Heider, J. (2014): Die Selenidmineralisation der Grube Henriette. Aufschluss, 65, 216-226.
    No reference listed
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Palatinate
        • Alsenz-Obermoschel
    Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
        • Rockenhausen
    Lapis 2001(6), 13-40
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Gernrode
          • Rieder
    Schaarschmidt, H. (2007): Weltweit einmalig: Clausthalit als freie Kristalle aus dem Harz. Lapis 32 (3), 41-42. (in German); Heider, J. & Siemroth, J. (2012): Die Selenidmineralisation im Grauwacke-Tagebau Rieder bei Gernrode, Harz. Aufschluss, 63, 213-223.
        • Tilkerode (Abberode)
    Lapis 2002(11), 42-43
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schlema-Hartenstein District
          • Alberoda
            • Shaft 366
    The Canadian Mineralogist, V 42, 2004, pp. 1719-1732.
    FÖRSTER et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1433-1444
    Italy
     
    • Tuscany
      • Lucca Province
        • Apuan Alps
          • Stazzema
            • Ponte Stazzemese
    Biagioni, C. & Orlandi, P. (2009). Tiemannite e metacinabro della miniera Buca della Vena (Alpi Apuane). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 114, 13-17.
    Mexico
     
    • Queretaro
      • Mun. de Cadereyta
        • El Doctor (Doctor)
    Pancnzer(1987):376.
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Moctezuma
    Lapis 2001(1), 11-40
    Bonev, I. K., Petrunov, R., Cook, N. J., & Ciobanu, C. L. (2005). Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Geochem. Mineral. Petrol.(Bulg. Acad. Sci.), 42, 1-22.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Jelenia Góra District
        • Kowary area
    Mochnacka K. 1966: Minerały kruszcowe złoża polimetalicznego w Kowarach (Dolny Śląsk). Pr. Miner. Kom. Nauk PAN Oddz. w Krakowie nr 4; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
      • Kłodzko District
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
        • Kuril Islands
          • Kunashir Island
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
          • Uchaly
    Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Spiro, B., and Yakovleva, V.A. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(2), 339-354; Yakovleva, V.A., Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A. (2003): Mineralogical Magazine 67(2), 355-361; Belogub, E.V., Novoselov, K.A., Yakovleva, V.A., and Spiro, B. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 33, 239-254
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Almería
        • Huércal-Overa
          • Cuesta Alta
            • Cerro Minado Mines
    BERTRAN-OLLER et al. (2012)
    • Castile and Leon
      • León
        • Cármenes (Villamanín)
          • Villanueva de Pontedo
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    UK
     
    • England
      • Devon
        • South Devon
          • Torquay
    [Camm, 1995, 71 - "Gold in the Counties of Cornwall and Devon"]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; C. J. Stanley, A. J. Criddle and D. Lloyd (1990) Precious and Base Metal Selenide Mineralization at Hope's Nose, Torquay, Devon. Mineralogical Magazine 54:485-493
    USA
     
    • California
      • Lake Co.
    www.mineralsocal.org
          • East Mayacmas District
            • Castle Rock Springs
    Watts, Wm. L. (1893), Lake County; California Mining Bureau. Report 11: 240; Yates, Robert G. & Lowell S. Hilpert (1946), Quicksilver deposits of eastern Mayacmas district, Lake and Napa Counties, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 42): 42: 278; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 367.
            • Middletown
              • Great Western-Mirabel group
    Nichols, J.B. (1948) Minerals of Lake County, California. Mineralogist: 16: 176.
        • Sulphur Creek District (Sulfur Creek District; Wilbur Springs District)
          • Wilbur Springs area
    Blake, Wm. P. (1866), Annotated catalogue of the principal mineral species hitherto recognized n California and the adjoining states and territories; being a report of the California State Board of Agriculture. 31 pp., Sacramento: 21; Watts, Wm. L. (1893), Lake County; California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Mining Bureau. (Report 11): 11: 240; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 254, 367.
      • Napa Co.
        • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
          • Calistoga District (Silverado District)
            • Calistoga
      • San Benito Co.
        • Diablo Range
          • New Idria District
            • Idria (New Idria)
    Learned, R.E. (1962) Paragenesis of mercury-ore deposits. Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of California, Los Angeles: 2; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 125; www.mineralsocal.org
      • San Mateo Co.
        • Emerald Lake Hills
    Dunning, Gail, The Challenge Mercury Deposit, Redwood City, San Mateo County, California., BAM Journal, Vol. 9 No. 1.
      • Santa Clara Co.
        • Santa Cruz Mts
          • New Almaden District
            • New Almaden
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 367.
      • Sonoma Co.
        • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
          • West Mayacmas District
            • Castle Rock Springs area
    Bradley, W.W. (1918), Quicksilver resources of California, with a section on metallurgy and ore dressing: California Mining Bureau. Bulletin 78, 389 pp.: 191, 195; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 367.
    • Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Carlin Trend
          • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
    MinRec 26(5):449-469.
        • Lynn District
          • Elko
    MinRecord 26:467
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Sulphur District
          • Sulphur
            • Hycroft Mine (Crofoot-Lewis Mine; Standard Slag Mine; Crofoot Gold project; Crofoot project; Crofoot Mine; Lewis Mine; Hycroft-Lewis Mine; Brimstone; Gap; Graveyard [Boneyard]; North pit; South Central pit; South Extension pit; Peninsula)
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Borealis District
          • Borealis mine
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Utah
      • Piute Co.
    Norman King
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
        • Tushar Mts
          • Cottonwood Creek
            • Mount Baldy District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; Mccaskey, H.D., 1912, Quicksilver In 1911, Production And Resources, Advance Chapter From Mineral Resources Of United States For 1911, P. 28-29.
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Kyzylkum Desert
      • Central Kyzylkum Region
    Minerals of Uzbekistan (1975), Tashkent, v.1, p.234-235 (in Rus.)
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