Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Tin

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Sn
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Tin-white
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
1½ - 2
Name:
Old English origin, related to dutch "tin" and german "zinn".
Occurs as greyish metallic grains and nuggets to 1 cm.

Classification of Tin

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
1.AC.10

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
C : Indium-tin family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.19.1
1.1.13.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.29

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3965.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Tin

Physical Properties of Tin

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Tin-white
Streak:
Grey-white
Hardness (Mohs):
1½ - 2
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN10=7 - 9 kg/mm2
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Malleable
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Hackly
Density:
7.31 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.286 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Tin

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
I41/amd
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.831Å, b = 5.831Å, c = 3.182Å
α = 90°, β = 90°, γ = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 1 : 1 : 0.546
Unit Cell Volume:
V 108.19 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Rounded grains and nuggets to a mm

Chemical Properties of Tin

Formula:
Sn
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Empirical Formula:
Sn

Relationship of Tin to other Species

1.AC.05IndiumIn
1.AC.15Eta-bronzeCu6Sn5
1.AC.15SorositeCu1+x(Sn,Sb), where 0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.2
1.AC.15YuanjiangiteAuSn
1.AC.15UM1965-07-E:CuSnCu3Sn
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Tin

Name in Other Languages:
French:Etain
German:Zinn
Italian:Stagno
Latin:Stannum
Russian:Олово
Simplified Chinese:自然锡

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tin

Reference List:
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 126.

Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society: 23: 30.

US National Bureau of Standards Circular: 359.

American Mineralogist (1967): 52: 299.

Vesselin M. Dekov, Ulf Hålenius, Kjell Billström, George D. Kamenov, Frans Munnik, Lars Eriksson, Alan Dyer, Mark Schmidt and Reiner Botz (2009): Native Sn–Pb droplets in a zeolitic amygdale (Isle of Mull, Inner Hebrides). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 2907-2919.

Internet Links for Tin

Localities for Tin

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Constantine Province
    • El Milia
G. Tchimichkian, Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 87-88.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Sierra Leone fracture zone
      • Markov Deep
Sharkov, E.V., Abramov, S.S., Simonov, V.A., Krinov, D.I., Skolotnev, S.G., Bel’tenev, V.E., and Bortnikov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 467-486.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clarke Co.
Jan h. Bernard and Jaroslav Hyrsl ,2004, Minerals and their Localities, pg # 605
Steve Sorrell Collection;
Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Dorrigo-Coffs Harbour Metallogenic Map (SH/56-10, SH/56-11), 1992: LB Gilligan, JW Brownlow, RG Cameron and HF Henley. Published by the Geological Survey of New South Wales
  • Tasmania
    • Scottsdale district
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Loayza Province
Alfredo Petrov & Jaroslav Hyrsl collections
Burma (Myanmar)
 
  • Kachin State
    • Mohnyin District (Moe Hnyin District)
      • Hpakant Township (Hpakan; Phakant; Phakan)
        • Hpakant-Tawmaw Jade Tract
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data, specimen of Sieghard Ellenberger
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
SABINA, A.P. (1976): Rocks & minerals for the collector: The Magdalen Islands, Quebec and the island of Newfoundland. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 75-36, 199p. Reissued in 2003 as Île de la Madeleine, Quebec, the Island of Newfoundland and Labrador. Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 58, 160-161.
  • Ontario
    • Sudbury District
      • Creighton-Davies Township
Ford, F.D., Wecholaz, C.R. & Lee, A. (2011) Predicting process outcomes for Sudbury platinum-group minerals using grade-recovery modeling from mineral liberation analyzer (MLA) data. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1627-1642.
      • Levack Township
Ford, F.D., Wecholaz, C.R. & Lee, A. (2011) Predicting process outcomes for Sudbury platinum-group minerals using grade-recovery modeling from mineral liberation analyzer (MLA) data. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1627-1642.
  • Saskatchewan
    • Beaverlodge Region
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Jack F. B. Silman (1954) Native tin associated with pitchblende at Nesbitt LaBine Uranium Mines. American Mineralogist 39:529-531.
China
 
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Xichuan Co.
Zexian Xu, Runji Zhang, Zhenyun Liu, and Xingtu Sheng (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(4), 351-357
  • Hunan Province
    • Chenzhou Prefecture
      • Guiyang Co.
Yuanliang Chen (1985): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 5(1), 91-95
      • Suxian District
        • Dongpo ore field
Bingtao Li (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(1), 22-27
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Tonghua Prefecture
      • Tonghua Co.
Xiangwen Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 689-692
  • Qinghai Province
    • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
      • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
Zhang Dequan, Wang Yan, Feng Chengyou, Li Daxin, Yan Shenghao, and Cui Yanhe (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(3), 213-222; Chengyou Feng, Dequan Zhang, Hongquan She, Xingyan Dang, Daxin Li, Jinwen Li, and Yanhe Cui (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(5), 544-56
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Dechang Co.
Xie Yuling, Hou Zengqian, Xu Jiuhua, Yuan Zhongxin, Bai Ge, and Li Xiaoyu (2006): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 49(6), 597-603.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
Colombia
 
  • Chocó Department
    • Mun. de Novita
      • San Juan Basin
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kolwezi District
        • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/STUMAT.pdf.
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Sastamala
      • Suodenniemi
Knauf, V., Sandberg, E., Sokolov, P. and Tabuns, E. 2000. Gold geochemistry and mineralogy of till. A new approach for data integration. bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland Volume 72 (1-2) 57-69.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Hüsten
D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
Fadda, S., Fiori, M., & Grillo, S. M. (2005). Chemical variations in tetrahedrite-tennantite minerals from the Furtei epithermal Au deposit, Sardinia, Italy: Mineral zoning and ore fluids evolution. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 79-84.
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work .
          • Vulcano Island
MONTRASIO A., SCIESA E., VIGNOLA P. (1996) – Collezionare minerali – Hobby & Work, Ed., Milano, 800 pp.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
      • Krasnyi Oktyabr'
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov data
Nigeria
 
  • Bauchi State
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Bodaibo
          • Lena Gold District
            • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
Keren Tan (1998): Gold Science and Technology 6(4), 29-37
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
[World of Stones 12:49]
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Polar Yakutia
Pavel M. Kartashov data
      • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
        • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
      • Kolyma area
        • Bol'shoi Anyui River Basin
          • Baimka River
            • Aluchinskii Massif (Aluchin horst)
American Mineralogist, Volume 83, pages 901–906, 1998
      • Okhotsk-Chukotka belt
[AmMin 82:821]
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
No reference listed
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
      • Kolyma River Basin
        • Ducat District
          • Omsukchan
            • Ducat ore field
No reference listed
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka Lake
V.V. Seredin data
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Ladoga Region
        • Pitkyaranta District (Pitkäranta District)
V. I. Ivashchenko, O. B. Lavrov, K. Sundblad and A. N. Toritsin (2007) Au-Ag-Bi-Te-Se vein mineralization at Roikonkoski, Karelia, northern Lake Ladoga region. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53 pp 51-56
      • Northern Karelia
P.M. Kartashov analytical data (1987)
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Neiva river
Pavel Kartashov specimen
        • Nizhnii Tagil
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
M.I. Novgorodova Doklady AN SSSR, 1979, v.248, N4, pp.965-968
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
Ďuďa R., 1993 : Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - lagersttäte von Kremnitz ( Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt /Haltern,Nemecko/,5, s. 20 - 32
South Korea
 
  • Chungcheongbukdo (Chungchong-pukto)
    • Chungju (Chung Won Kum; Chung-ju)
      • Joongwon-gun
        • Mt. Eorae
P.M. Kartashov data
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Damman, A. H & Kieft, C. (1990): W-MO polymettallic mineralization and associated calc-silicate assemblages in the Gåsborn area, West Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Canadian Mineralogist. 28, 17-36
Damman, A. H & Lustenhouwer, W. (1991): Native lead and tin from the Gåsborn area, Filipstad, Sweden. Geologiska Föreningen i Stockholm Förhandlingar. 113, 35-37
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
P.M. Kartashov data
  • Mare Fecunditatis
Mokhov, A.V., Kartashov, P.M., Bogatikov, O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Russian)
U.S. Virgin Islands
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
      • Isle of Mull
        • Carsaig
Vesselin M. Dekov, Ulf Hålenius, Kjell Billström, George D. Kamenov, Frans Munnik, Lars Eriksson, Alan Dyer, Mark Schmidt and Reiner Botz (2009): Native Sn–Pb droplets in a zeolitic amygdale (Isle of Mull, Inner Hebrides). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 73, 2907-2919.
USA
 
  • California
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Weitchpec District
          • Orleans (Orleans Bar; New Orleans Bar)
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 367.
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • East Belt
        • Columbia District
          • Columbia
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 367.
  • Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Sulphur District
        • Sulphur
          • Hycroft Mine (Crofoot-Lewis Mine; Standard Slag Mine; Crofoot Gold project; Crofoot project; Crofoot Mine; Lewis Mine; Hycroft-Lewis Mine; Brimstone; Gap; Graveyard [Boneyard]; North pit; South Central pit; South Extension pit; Peninsula)
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • South Dakota
    • Pennington Co.
      • Hill City District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
  • Vermont
    • Windsor Co.
      • Plymouth
        • Five Corners
Josef Vajdak (1999) Mineral News, 15, #7, 2.
Uzbekistan
 
  • Sidaryo Viloyati (Syrdar'ya)
    • North Nuratau Range
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56
        • Kuraminskie Mtn
Sabir K. Mustafin data
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2015, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: July 4, 2015 21:58:30 Page generated: June 30, 2015 22:47:45