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Fluor-elbaite

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Formula:
Na(Li
 
1.5
Al
 
1.5
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
F
System:Trigonal
Member of:Tourmaline Group
Name:For being the F-analogue of elbaite.


Tourmaline Group.

The F-dominant analogue of elbaite. Known for a long time, finally approved in 2011.

Classification of Fluor-elbaite

IMA status:Approved 2011
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Type Occurrence of Fluor-elbaite

Type Locality:Cruzeiro mine, São José da Safira, Doce valley, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Place of Conservation of Type Material:The holotype specimen from the Cruzeiro mine is deposited in the collections of the Museum of Mineralogy, Earth Sciences Department, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy, catalogue number 33045.

Crystallography of Fluor-elbaite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Class (H-M):3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:R3m
Cell Parameters:a = 15.8720(2) Å, c = 7.1103(1) Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.448
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,551.25 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
4.200 (57)
3.974 (66)
3.447 (99)
2.938 (100)
2.568 (93)
2.032(42)
1.649 (29)
1.445 (29)
Comments:Indistinguishable from elbaite data.

Chemical Properties of Fluor-elbaite

Formula:
Na(Li
 
1.5
Al
 
1.5
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
F
Simplified for copy/paste:Na(Li1.5Al1.5)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Essential elements:Al, B, F, H, Li, Na, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, B, F, H, Li, Na, O, Si

Relationship of Fluor-elbaite to other Species

Member of:Tourmaline Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Adachiite
Chromium-dravite
Na(Mg
 
3
)Cr
3+
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Chromo-alumino-povondraite
Na(Cr
 
3
)(Al
 
4
Mg
 
2
)(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O
Darrellhenryite
Na(LiAl
 
2
)Al
 
6
(BO
 
3
)
 
3
Si
 
6
O
 
18
(OH)
 
3
O
Dravite
Na(Mg
 
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Elbaite
Na(Li
 
1.5
Al
 
1.5
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Feruvite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Fluor-buergerite
Na(Fe
3+
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
O
 
3
F
Fluor-dravite
Na(Mg
 
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
F
Fluor-feruvite
Ca(Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
F
Fluor-liddicoatite
Ca(Li
 
2
Al)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
F
Fluor-schorl
Na(Fe
2+
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
F
Fluor-tsilaisite
Na(Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
F
Fluor-uvite
Ca(Mg
 
3
)MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
F
Foitite
(□,Na)(Fe
2+
2
Al)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
OH
Liddicoatite
Ca(Li
 
2
Al)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Luinaite-(OH)
Na(Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Magnesiofoitite
(□,Na)(Mg
 
2
Al)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Maruyamaite
K(MgAl
 
2
)(Al
 
5
Mg)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(OH)
 
3
O
Olenite
Na(Al
 
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
O
 
3
(OH)
Oxy-chromium-dravite
Na(Cr)
 
3
(Cr
 
4
Mg
 
2
)(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O
Oxy-dravite
Na(MgAl
 
2
)MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O
Oxy-rossmanite
☐(LiAl
 
2
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O
Oxy-schorl
Na(Fe
2+
2
Al)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O
Oxy-vanadium-dravite
Na(V)
 
3
(V
 
4
Mg
 
2
)Si
 
6
O
 
18
(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O
Povondraite
NaFe
3+
3
(Mg
 
2
Fe
3+
4
)(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O
Rossmanite
☐(LiAl
 
2
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Schorl
Na(Fe
2+
3
)Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
Tsilaisite
Na(Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(OH)
UM2000-64-SiO:BFeHKMg
K, Mg, Fe, Si, B, O, H
Unnamed (Pb-dominant Tourmaline)
(Pb,Na)(Li,Al)
 
3
Al
 
6
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(F,OH)
Uvite
Ca(Mg
 
3
)MgAl
 
5
(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
(F/OH)
Vanadio-oxy-chromium-dravite
Na(V)
 
3
(Cr
 
4
Mg
 
2
)(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O
Vanadio-oxy-dravite
NaV
 
3
(Al
 
4
Mg
 
2
)(Si
 
6
O
 
18
)(BO
 
3
)
 
3
(OH)
 
3
O

Other Names for Fluor-elbaite

Synonyms:
IMA2011-071UM2000-//-SiO:AlBFLiNaUnnamed (F-analogue of Elbaite)
Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Fluor-elbaite

Reference List:

- +
HAWTHORNE, F. C. & HENRY, D. J. (1999): Classification of the minerals of the tourmaline group. Eur. J. Mineral. 11, 201-215. [original proposal of end-member (composition)]

Akizuki, M., Kuribayashi, T., Nagase, T., and Kitakaze, A. (2001) Triclinic liddicoatite and elbaite in growth sectors of tourmaline from Madagascar. American Mineralogist, 86, 364-369. [mentions fluor-elbaite in a sector in a non-trigonal "elbaite"; note: the locality given, "Jochy", is a misnomer]

Rozhdestvenskaya, I. V.; Frank-Kamenetskaya, O. V.; Zolotarev, A. A.; Bronzova, Yu. M.; Bannova, I. I. (2005): Refinement of the crystal structures of three fluorine-bearing elbaites. Crystallography Reports 50, 907-913.

A. Ertl, U. Kolitsch, H.-P. Meyer, T. Ludwig, C. L. Lengauer, L. Nasdala and E. Tillmanns (2009): Substitution mechanism in tourmalines of the “fluor-elbaite”-rossmanite series from Wolkenburg, Saxony, Germany. N. Jahrb. Mineral. Abh. 185, 51-61.

Natkaniec-Nowak, L., Dumańska-Słowik, M. & Ertl, A. (2009): “Watermelon” tourmaline from the Paprok mine (Nuristan, Afghanistan). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 186, 185-193.

Henry, D., Novák, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ertl, A., Dutrow, B.L., Uher, P. & Pezzotta, F. (2011): Nomenclature of the tourmaline supergroup minerals. Am. Mineral., 96, 895-913.

Bosi, F., Andreozzi, G.B., Skogby, H., Lussier, A., Ball, N.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2011) Fluor-elbaite, IMA 2011-071. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2891; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893.

Best Localities for Fluor-elbaite

Best of Species:Fluor-elbaite

Internet Links for Fluor-elbaite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Fluor-elbaite on Google
  • Look for Fluor-elbaite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Fluor-elbaite on Webmineral
  • Look for Fluor-elbaite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Fluor-elbaite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
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  • Localities for Fluor-elbaite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Afghanistan
     
    • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
      • Kamdesh District
    Natkaniec-Nowak, L., Dumańska-Słowik, M. & Ertl, A. (2009): “Watermelon” tourmaline from the Paprok mine (Nuristan, Afghanistan). Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 186, 185-193.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Doce valley
        • São José da Safira
    Dutrow, B. and Henry, D. J. (2000) Complexly zoned fibrous tourmaline: A record of evolving magmatic and hydrothermal fluids. Canadian Mineralogist, 38, 131-143; Bosi, F., Andreozzi, G.B., Skogby, H., Lussier, A., Ball, N.A. and Hawthorne, F.C. (2011) Fluor-elbaite, IMA 2011-071. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2891; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893.
      • Jequitinhonha valley
        • Itinga
          • Taquaral
            • Piauí valley
    Luigi Chiappino specimen
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Revelstoke Mining Division
        • Revelstoke
    DIXON,A., CEMPIREK, J. & GROAT, L.A. (2014) Mineralogy and geochemistry of pegmatites on Mount Begbie, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 52, 129-164.
    • Manitoba
      • Lac-du-Bonnet area
        • Bernic Lake
    Selway, J. B.; Cerny, P.; Hawthorne, F. C.; Novak, M. (2000): The Tanco pegmatite at Bernic lake, Manitoba. XIV. Internal tourmaline. Canadian Mineralogist 38, 877-891.
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • Pakeagama Lake Area
    Andrew G. Tindle, Fred W. Breaks and Julie B. Selway (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype granitic pegmatites; evidence of fractionation and contamination from the Paleagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. The Canadian Mineralogist 40:753-78
        • Root Lake pegmatite group
          • Root Lake Area
    Tindle, A. G., Selway, J. B. & Breaks, F. W. (2005): Liddicoatite and associated species from the McCombe spodumene-subtype rare-element granitic pegmatite, northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 43, 769-793.
    Tindle, A.G., Breaks, F.W., and Selway, J.B. (2002) Tourmaline in petalite-subtype gramitic pegmatites: evidence of fractionation and contamination from Pakeagama Lake and Separation Lake areas of northwestern Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist, 40, 753-788.
    Germany
     
    • Saxony
      • Limbach-Oberfrohna
        • Pegmatite occurrences
    A. Ertl, U. Kolitsch, H.-P. Meyer, T. Ludwig, C. L. Lengauer, L. Nasdala and E. Tillmanns (2009): Substitution mechanism in tourmalines of the “fluor-elbaite”-rossmanite series from Wolkenburg, Saxony, Germany. N. Jahrb. Mineral. Abh. 185, 51-61.
    Japan
     
    • Kyushu Region
      • Fukuoka Prefecture
    Yohei Shirose, Seiichiro Uehara (2013) Li tourmaline from Nagatare, Fukuoka Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences Vol. 108 (2013) No. 4 August p. 238-243
    Madagascar
     
    • Antananarivo Province
      • Vakinankaratra Region
        • Betafo District
          • Ambohimanambola Commune
    Ertl, A., Hughes, J. M., Prowatke, S., Ludwig, T., Prasad, P. S. R., Brandstätter, F., Körner, W., Schuster, R., Pertlik, F. and Marschall, H. (2006): Tetrahedrally coordinated boron in tourmalines from the liddicoatite-elbaite series from Madagascar: Structure, chemistry, and infrared spectroscopic studies. Am. Mineral. 91, 1847-1856. [F-dominant]
    Mozambique
     
    • Zambezia Province
      • Alto Ligonha District
        • Muva
    Yellow tourmaline from Muva, Simmons, W.B., Falster A.U. & Laurs, B.M. (2011): A survey of Mn-rich yellow tourmaline from worldwide localities and implications for the petrogenesis of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 49: 301-319
    Neiva, Ana M.R.; Leal Gomes, Carlos A.A. (2012): Tourmaline-group minerals in the Naipa Li-Cs-Ta granitic pegmatite group, Mozambique: tracers of magmatic to post-magmatic evolution trends. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 189, 1-20.
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Meløy
        • Holandsfjord
    Kolitsch, U., Andresen, P., Husdal, T. A., Ertl, A., Haugen, A., Ellingsen, H. V. and Larsen, A. O. (2013): Tourmaline-group minerals from Norway, part II: Occurrences of luinaite-(OH) in Tvedalen, Larvik and Porsgrunn, and fluor-liddicoatite, fluor-elbaite and fluor-schorl at Ågskardet, Nordland. Norsk Bergverksmuseet Skrift 50, 23-41.
    Sweden
     
    • Södermanland
      • Utö
        • Utö Mines
    Selway, J. B.; Smeds, S.-A.; Černý, P.; Hawthorne, F. C. (2002): Compositional evolution of tourmaline in the petalite-subtype Nyköpingsgruvan pegmatites, Utö, Stockholm Archipelago, Sweden. GFF 124, 93-102
    USA
     
    • California
      • San Diego Co.
        • Mesa Grande District
          • Gem Hill
    Ertl, A., Rossman, G.R., Hughes, J.M., London, D., Wang, Y., O’Leary, J.A., Dyar, M.D., Prowatke, S., Ludwig, T. & Tillmanns, E. (2010): Tourmaline of the elbaite-schorl series from the Himalaya Mine, Mesa Grande, California, U.S.A.: A detailed investigation. Am. Mineral., 95, 24-40.
    Zambia
     
    • Eastern Province
      • Lundazi District
    Simmons, W.B., Falster A.U. & Laurs, B.M. (2011): A survey of Mn-rich yellow tourmaline from worldwide localities and implications for the petrogenesis of granitic pegmatites. Canadian Mineralogist. 49: 301-319
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