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[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
White, light pink
Named after its discovery locality, Tobermory, Isle of Mull, Scotland.
There are three structural variants known: Tobermorite-9 Å (= Riversideite), Tobermorite-11 Å (= Tobermorite sensu stricto) and Tobermorite-14 Å (= Plombièrite).
"Tobermorite-10 Å" is Oyelite.

Some specimens of Tobermorite-11 Å shrink on dehydration and are called "normal tobermorite", while others do not shrink and are therefore called "anomalous".

The structure contains composite layers consisting of infinite sheets of (CaO7) polyhedra, to both sides of which wollastonite-type dreier single chains of (SiO4) tetrahedra are attached, running along the b-axis. Those layers are stacked along the c axis and linked by Si-O-Si bonds between the single chains in adjacent layers, forming dreier double chains whose individual strands belong to different layers. The open channels running along the b axis between the layers are occupied either by water molecules, resulting in the formula Ca4(H2Si6O17)·5H2O (anomalous tobermorite) or by both water molecules and Ca2+ ions, resulting in the formula Ca4.5(HSi6O17)·5H2O (normal tobermorite). Upon heating, the water molecules are lost, and the structure is rearranged in order to fulfill the coordination requirements of the interlayer calcium ions. The structure of clinotobermorite, which also shrinks upon heating, is very closely related to that of normal tobermorite (Merlino et al., 2001).

Tobermorite has been redefined by IMA in 2014 as two minerals: tobermorite and kenotobermorite.

NOTE: All localities listed here under "tobermorite" should be checked if they are to be assigned to tobermorite or kenotobermorite

May appear visually similar to Tacharanite.

The CSH-phases (calcium-silicate-hydrate phases) in hardened cement mostly consist of tobermorite-like phases, often poorly crystalline.

Classification of Tobermorite

Redefined Approved 2014

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
D : Inosilicates
G : Inosilicates with 3-periodic single and multiple chains

72 : PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
3 : Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
5 : Silicates of Ca URL:
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Tobermorite

Year of Discovery:

Physical Properties of Tobermorite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
White, light pink
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Tobermorite

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 11.17Å, b = 7.38Å, c = 22.94Å
β = 90°
a:b:c = 1.514 : 1 : 3.108
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,891.05 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
14.0 (100)
5.50 (25)
3.076 (65)
3.001 (45)
2.812 (30)
2.798 (13)
1.835 (35)

Optical Data of Tobermorite

Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.570 nβ = 1.571 nγ = 1.575
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v

Chemical Properties of Tobermorite

[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:

Relationship of Tobermorite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
9.DG.08Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
9.DG.10Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
9.DG.10RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
9.DG.20JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O
9.DG.25ParaumbiteK3Zr2H(Si3O9)2 · nH2O
9.DG.25UmbiteK2(Zr,Ti)Si3O9 · H2O
9.DG.45ZoriteNa8(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 14H2O
9.DG.45ChivruaiiteCa4(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,O)5 · 13-14H2O
9.DG.50Haineaultite(Na,Ca)5Ca(Ti,Nb)5(Si6O17)2(OH,F)8 · 5H2O
9.DG.55EpididymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
9.DG.60EudidymiteNa2Be2Si6O15 · H2O
9.DG.65ElpiditeNa2ZrSi6O15 · 3H2O
9.DG.80FluorcanasiteK3Na3Ca5Si12O30F4 · H2O
9.DG.85MiseriteK1.5-x(Ca,Y,REE)5(Si6O15)(Si2O7)(OH,F)2 · yH2O
9.DG.90FrankameniteK3Na3Ca5(Si12O30)(F,OH)4 · H2O
9.DG.92Charoite(K,Sr)15-16(Ca,Na)32[Si6O11(O,OH)6]2[Si12O18(O,OH)12]2[Si17O25(O,OH)18]2(OH,F)4 · ~3H2O
9.DG.95Yuksporite(K,Ba)NaCa2(Si,Ti)4O11(F,OH) · H2O
9.DG.97Eveslogite(Na,K,Ca,Sr,Ba)48 [(Ti,Nb,Mn,Fe2+)12Si48O144(OH)12](F,OH,Cl)14
14.5.11AfwilliteCa3(HSiO4)2 · 2H2O
14.5.16SuoluniteCa2(H2Si2O7) · H2O
14.5.18OkeniteCa10Si18O46 · 18H2O
14.5.19RiversideiteCa5(HSi3O9)2 · 2H2O
14.5.21GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2O
14.5.22FoshallasiteCa3[Si2O7] · 3H2O(?)
14.5.24Clinotobermorite[Ca4Si6O17 · 2H2O]·(Ca·3H2O)
14.5.26Plombièrite[Ca4Si6O16(OH)2 · 2H2O]·(Ca·5H2O)
14.5.27JenniteCa9(Si3O9)2(OH)8 · 8H2O

Other Names for Tobermorite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:雪硅钙石
Traditional Chinese:雪矽鈣石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tobermorite

Reference List:
Currie, J. (1905). Note on some new localities for Gyrolite and Tobermorite. Mineralogical Magazine, 14, 93-95.

McConnell, J.D.C. (1954), The hydrated calcium silicates riversideite, tobermorite and plombierite, Mineralogical Magazine: 30: 293-305.

American Mineralogist (1954): 39: 1038.

Megaw, H.D., and Kelsey, C.H. (1956): Crystal Structure of Tobermorite. Nature 177, 390-391.

Hamid, S.A. (1981): The crystal structure of the 11Å natural tobermorite Ca2.25[Si307.5(OH)1.5].1 H20. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie 154, 189-198.

American Mineralogist (1999): 84: 1613-1621.

Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E., and Armbruster, T. (2001): The real structure of tobermorite-11Å: normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modifications. European Journal of Mineralogy 13(3), 577-590.

J. Kikuma, M. Tsunashima, T. Ishikawa, S. Matsuno, A. Ogawa, K. Matsui and M. Sato (2009): Hydrothermal formation of tobermorite studied by in situ X-ray diffraction under autoclave condition. J. Synchrotron Rad. 16, 683-686.

Internet Links for Tobermorite

The following Tobermorite specimens are currently listed for sale on

Localities for Tobermorite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
  • Tasmania
    • Cape Grim district; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.49
    • Central Plateau
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Marrawah district
      • Redpa
    • Moina District (Middlesex District)
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Upper Mersey Valley
  • Victoria
    • Rural City of Benalla
Aust.Jour. Earth Sci. 46:251 (1999)
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Postl, W. et al. (2008)
  • Qobustan District (Gobustan; Kobustan)
    • Caspian Sea
Novgorodova M.I., Mamedov Yu.G.. Native aluminium from mud volcano at the Bulla island (caspian Sea), - Lithology and Mineral Resourses,1996,N4,p. 339-349
  • Québec
    • Chaudière-Appalaches
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
Canadian Museum of Nature & Horvath collections
  • Aisén del General Carlos Ibáñez del Campo Region
    • Aisén Province (Aysén Province)
Aguirre, L., Dominguez-Bella, S., Morata, D., Wittke, O. (1998) An occurrence of tobermorite in Tertiary basalts from Patagonia, Chile. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 1149-1155.
  • Hebei Province
    • Baoding Prefecture
      • Laiyuan Co.
Cao Zhengmin, Bi Yurun, and Wang Peiying (1986): Acta Scientiarium Naturalium Universitatis Pekinensis 32(2)
    • Handan Prefecture
      • She Co.
Cao Zhengmin, Bi Yurun, and Wang Peiying (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(2), 158-163
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Ústí Region
Z.Dvořák,M.Radoň-Vzácné a nové minerály Českého středohoří (čas. Minerál 2/2009)
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Havlíčkův Brod (Německý Brod; Deutschbrod)
Pauliš, P.: Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech II. Kutná Hora: Kuttna, 2003, s. 96 - 98.
  • Auvergne
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Clermont-Ferrand
        • Ceyrat
XRD analysis (B. Devouard and E. Médard, Clermont-Ferrand)
      • Saint-Dier-d'Auvergne
        • Saint-Jean-des-Ollières
Boisson, J.-M. & Leconte, J. (2014): Analyses 2012-2013 MNHN-MICROMONTEURS. La revue de Micromonteurs, 21.
  • Midi-Pyrénées
    • Aveyron
      • Espalion
Boutry C., Pelisson P., Pillard F. (1986), Les zéolites d'Espalion, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 3-7
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Favreau G., Meisser N., Chiappero P.J. (2004), Saint-Maime (Alpes-de-Haute-Provence): un exemple de pyrométamorphisme en région provençale, n°3, pp: 59-92
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Hegau
      • Immendingen
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Tschernich, R. (1992), Zeolites of the World, p.42
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Maroldsweisach
Pöllmann, H. (1991): Die Afwillit-Portlandit Paragenese im Basalt des Zeilbergs bei Maroldsweisach/Unterfranken. Aufschluss, 42, 257-266
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Roßdorf
Zeolite collection of Volker Betz
    • Vogelsberg
      • Ortenberg
Kolitsch, U. (1997): Tacharanit vom Gaulsberg bei Ortenberg (Vogelsberg, Hessen). Mineralien-Welt 8 (2), 25-26
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
        • Hoffeld
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1987
      • Daun
        • Üdersdorf
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
      • Hillesheim
        • Zilsdorf
Hentschel, G.,Begleitmineralien des Basaltes vom Arensberg bei Zilsdorf/Eifel, Notizbl. Hess. L.-Amt Bodenforsch., 101, 310-316, 1973
      • Mayen
        • Ettringen
          • Bellerberg volcano
[Hentschel, G., Seltene Minerale in Calcium-reichen Auswürflingen vom Bellerberg bei Mayen/Eifel, Aufschluß 29, 77-83, 1978] [Lapis, 15 (5), 9-36]
            • Southern lava flow
Hentschel, G., Dent Glasser, L.S., Lee, C.K. (1983): Jasmundite. Ca22(Si04)8O4S2. a new mineral, N. Jb. Mineral., Mh., 337-342.
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise (München), 1983
      • Mendig
        • Bell
Hentschel, G., Die Mineralien der Eifelvulkane, Weise Verlag München, 1983
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Bakony Mts
        • Sümegprága
      • Bazsi
        • Prága Hill
Kovács-Pálffy, P. et al. (2005): A Magyar Állami Földtani Intézet Évi Jelentése, 95-118.
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Uzsa (Uzsabánya)
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min. Spec., 1993; Kovács, I. et al. (2009): Guide to the Bakony-Balaton Volcanic Highland, Field Trip 1, 7th September 2009. MinPet2009 field trip booklet, 23 pp.
        • Zalahaláp
Szakáll & Gatter: Hun. Min.Spec., 1993; Kónya-MÁFI,2008
  • Vestmannaeyjar archipelago (Westman islands)
    • Surtsey Island
Jacobsson et al (1992) Encrustations from Lava Caves in Surtsey, Iceland. A Preliminary Report: Surtsey Research Progress Report X: 73-78 Reykjevik, Iceland.
  • Negev
Gross, S. (1977): The Mineralogy of the Hatrurim Formation, Israel. Geological Survey of Israel, Bulletin no. 70, 80 pp.
  • Latium
    • Rome Province
Caponera, I., Fiori, S., Pucci, R., & Signoretti, E. (2007). I minerali dei Colli Albani. Un aggiornamento sugli ultimi dieci anni di ricerche. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (2), 74-91.
      • Campagnano di Roma
• Stoppani, F.S. & Curti, E. (1982): I minerali del Lazio. Editoriale Olimpia, Firenze, 291 pp.
      • Rome
        • Valleranello
Pucci, R. (2004): Vertumnite e tobermorite in un nodulo termometamorfosato nella leucitite di Vallerano (RM). Il Cercapietre, 1-2/2004, 70-71.
    • Viterbo Province
      • Montalto di Castro
        • Pietra Massa Locality
Passaglia, E. & Turconi, B. (1982): Silicati ed altri minerali di Montalto di Castro - VT. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1982, 97-110.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Tiglieto
        • Olbicella
  • Sicily
    • Catania Province
      • Northern Iblean plateau
Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408
Sicurella, G., Russo, S., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010): Mineralogia della formazione di Monte Caliella, Palagonia (Catania, Sicilia). Micro (località), 2/2010, 371-408.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Lagarina Valley
        • Mori
          • Pannone
G. Gottardi, E. Passaglia (1967): Tobermorite "non espandibile" e Gyrolite del Monte Biaena (Trento). Periodico di Mineralogia, XXXVI, pagg. 1079-1083.
        • Mt. Baldo
          • Avio
- Exel R. (1980): Die Mineralien Tirols. Band 1. Südtirol und Trentino. Athesia Druck, Bolzano-Bozen, 213 pp. - Exel R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Casa Editrice Athesia, Bolzano-Bozen, 205 pp.
          • Brentonico
Gottardi G., Passaglia E. (1965): Tobermorite “non espandibile” di Prà de la Stua (Trento). Period. Mineral. 35 197-204.
  • Umbria
    • Perugia Province
      • Spoleto
Stoppa F., Scordari F., Mesto E., Sharygin V.V. and Bortolozzi G. - Calcium-aluminium-silicate-hydrate "cement" phases and rare Ca-zeolite association at Colle Fabbri, Central Italy (2010). Centr.Eur.J.Geosci. 2 (2), pag. 175-187 .
  • Veneto
    • Padova Province
      • Euganei Hills
        • Faedo
Passaglia E. and Taglavini A. (1995): Erionite from Faedo, Colli Euganei, Italy. N.Jb.Miner.Mh.,4, pagg.185-191.
      • Galzignano Terme
        • Euganei Hills
Zorzi F. and Boscardin M. (2014): Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta dei tesori della nostra regione. Cierre Ed.. Sommacampagna (VR), p. 332.
    • Vicenza Province
      • Altavilla Vicentina
Antonio Zordan collection
      • Altissimo
        • Del Tesoro Mt.
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Astico Valley
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Cornedo Vicentino
        • Spagnago
Lapis, 15 (12), 27-32+50.; Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Crespadoro
        • Chiampo Valley
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Gambellara
        • S.Marco hill
"Minerali del Vicentino - La natrolite" M. Boscardin, S. Pegoraro. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana n. 1 / 2000 pp. 4-11
      • Posina
        • Pasubio Massif
          • Punta della Lucche
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • San Vito di Leguzzano-Schio
Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. “I minerali nel Vicentino”, Museo “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Takahashi City
          • Bicchu-cho (Bitchu-cho)
            • Fuka
Henmi, C., & Kusachi, I. (1992). Clinotobermorite, Ca5Si6 (O, OH) 18· 5H2O, a new mineral from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Magazine, 56(3), 353-358.; KUSACHI, I., & HENMI, C. (1991). Sillenite from fuka, okayama prefecture, Japan. Mineralogical Journal, 15(8), 343-348.
    • Kanto Region
      • Chiba Prefecture
        • Awa-gun
          • Tawara-mura
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Minamiboso City
          • Tomiyama-machi
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto)
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
        • Yamakita
Dr. Kameki Kinoshita collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
    • Kinki region
      • Mie Prefecture
        • Ise City
Minakawa, T., Inaba, S., Noto, S. (1986) Oyelite from Suisho-dani, Ise, Mie Prefecture. Ganseki Koubutsu Koushou Gakkaishi, 81, 138-142
        • Toba City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Fukushima Prefecture
Matsuyama, F. (2001)
  • Shikoku Island
    • Kochi Prefecture
      • Kochi City
        • Rendai
Mineralogical Journal Vol. 13 (1986) , No. 6 pp368-375
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Concepción del Oro
Specimen in the collection of Miguel Romero [Rock Currier 2010]
    • Mun. de Mazapil
      • Noche Buena
Panczner (1987): 100-378.
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Yakovenchuk et al. (2011) Can. Min. 49, 1165.
New Zealand
  • North Island
    • Northland
      • Kaipara
Baker, C. K. & Black, P. M. (1980): Assimilation and metamorphism at a basalt-limestone contact, Tokatoka, New Zealand. Mineralogical Magazine 43, 797-807.
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Bjørkedalen
Andersen, F.,Berge, S.A. & Burvald, I. (1996): Die Mineralien des Langesundsfjords und des umgebenden Larvikit-Gebietes, Oslo-Region, Norwegen. MineralienWelt 7(4):21-100
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
    • Skien
Jamtveit B., Dahlgren S. and Austrheim H. (1997): High-grade contact metamorphism of calcareous rocks from the Oslo Rift, Southern Norway. American Mineralogist. 82 : 1241 - 1254
  • Brașov Co.
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
Marincea, S., Dumitraş. D-G., Ghinet, C, Fransolet, A.-M., Hatert, F. & Rondeaux, M. (2011): Gehlenite from three occurrences of high-temperature skarns, Romania: new mineralogical data. Canadian Mineralogist. 49, 1001-1014
  • Harghita Co.
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
Marincea, Ş., Bilal, E., Verkaeren, J., Pascal, M.-L., and Fonteilles, M. (2001) Superposed paragenesis in spurrite-, tilleyite- and gehlenite-bearing skarns from Cornet Hill, Apuseni Mountains, Romania. Canadian Mineralogist: 39: 1435-1453.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Asbest
Antonov A.A. [Антонов А.А.] (2003): Mineralogy of rodingites of the Bazhenovsk ultrabasic massif [Минералогия родингитов Баженовского гипербазитого массива]. Nauka, Sankt-Peterburg, 129 pp. (in Russian).
        • Sysert' District
          • Polevskoi (Polevskoi Zavod)
Zadov, A. E.; Grabezhev, A. I.; Pertsev, N. N.; Chukanov, N. V.; Pribavkin, S. V. (2006): Tobermorite-plombierite metasomatites of the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit, Middle Urals. Doklady Earth Sciences 407A, 495-497. ; American Mineralogist, Volume 94, pages 323–333, 2009; Grabezhev, A. I., Pertsev, N. N., Zadov, A. E., Pribavkin, S. V., & Murzin, V. V. (2007). Calcic hydrosilicate metasomatic rocks at the Gumeshevsk skarn-porphyry copper deposit in the central Urals, Russia. Petrology, 15(5), 514-522.
  • Prešov Region
    • Vranov nad Topľou Co.
Ďuďa,R., et al., 1981: Mineralógia severnej časti Slanských vrchov. Min.Slovaca, Monografia 2, 98s
South Africa
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
      • Hotazel
Gutzmer, J. & Cairncross, B. (1993): Recent discoveries from the Wessels mine South Africa. Mineralogocal Record 24 (5): 365-368; Merlino, S., Bonaccorsi, E., & Armbruster, T. (2001). The real structure of tobermorite 11Å normal and anomalous forms, OD character and polytypic modifications. European Journal of Mineralogy, 13(3), 577-590.
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Maresme
        • Fogars de la Selva
Bareche, E. (2005) "Els minerals de Catalunya. Segle XX" Grup Mineralògic Català, Barcelona, 269 pages.
  • Skåne
    • Hässleholm
      • Häglinge
The Swedish Museum of Natural History collection # 19930479
  • Taiwan Province
    • Taitung Co.
Kung-Suan Ho et al (2009) The First occurrence of Suolonite in Taiwan. Coll and Res 22:1-13
  • Black Sea Region
    • Rize Province
Am Min 73:11-12 p 1497; Sarp H, Burri G (1987) Yeni bir mineral, trabzonit, Ca4 Si3 O10 2H2O. Bulletin of the Geological Society of Turkey 30, 57-60
  • Northern Ireland
    • Co. Antrim
      • Glenoe
Henmi C, Kusachi I, Henmi K, Sabine P A, Young B R (1973) A new mineral bicchulite, the natural analogue of gehlenite hydrate, from Fuka, Okayama Prefecture, Japan and Carneal, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, Mineralogical Journal, 7, 243-251
  • Scotland
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Skye
Livingstone, A. (1988): Reyerite, tobermorite, calcian analcime, and bytownite from amygdales in a Skye basalt. Mineralogical Magazine 52, 711-713.
        • Trotternish
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
    • Strathclyde
      • Isle of Mull
MM 30 (1954), 293; HB2/2 (1995)
      • Kilbirnie
Webb, A. B. S. T. (1971). Tobermorite from Castle Hill near Kilbirnie, Ayrshire. Mineralogical Magazine, 38, 253.
  • Arizona
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 397, 428; Cesbron, F.P. & S.A. Williams (1980), Apachite and gilalite, two new copper silicates from Christmas, AZ, Min.Mag.: 43: 639-641.
  • Arkansas
    • Hot Spring Co.
Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek District
        • Rush Creek deposit
          • Big Creek
Bob Walstrom, p.c.
    • Riverside Co.
      • Crestmore
[]; American Mineralogist: 51: 56-74; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 477, 478.
          • Sky Blue Hill
Woodford, A.O., Crippen, R.A., and Garner, K.B. (1941) Section Across Commercial Quarry, Crestmore, California. American Mineralogist: 26: 352-381.
  • Idaho
    • Adams Co.
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
    • Idaho Co.
      • Skookumchuck Creek
Ream, Lanny R. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • North Carolina
    • Durham Co.
      • Durham
Kenny Gay message 15.09.2005
  • Oregon
    • Grant Co.
      • Ritter
Micro Probe Volume VII Number 8 Fall 1993
    • Lake Co.
      • Lakeview
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
  • Texas
    • Culberson Co.
      • Apache Peak area
Rocks & Minerals: 66(3): 196-224.; Am Min 51:1766-1774
  • Utah
    • Salt Lake Co.
      • Oquirrh Mts
        • Bingham District (West Mountain District)
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; North, Jerry (2010) Displays of Nature : History, Minerals & Crystals of Utah's Bingham Canyon Copper Mine.
  • Virginia
    • Highland Co.
      • Doe Hill
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich; R. S. Mirchell and W. F. Giannini (1987) Tacharanite in an amygdaloidal basalt, Highland County, Virginia. Mineralogical Magazine 51:467-468
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