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Tochilinite

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Formula:
Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Colour:
Bronze-black
Hardness:
1 - 1½
Name:
Named after Mitrofan Stepanovich Tochilin, Professor of Mineralogy, Voronezh University, Russia.
Valleriite Group.

The Mg analogue of ferrotochilinite.

Classification of Tochilinite

Approved 1971
2.FD.35

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
F : Sulfides of arsenic, alkalies; sulfides with halide, oxide, hydroxide, H2O
D : With O, OH, H2O
2.14.2.1

2 : SULFIDES
14 : Hydroxysulfides and Hydrated Sulfides
4.8

4 : Oxysulphides
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First Recorded Occurrence of Tochilinite

Year of Discovery:
1971

Physical Properties of Tochilinite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Bronze-black
Hardness (Mohs):
1 - 1½

Chemical Properties of Tochilinite

Formula:
Fe2+5-6(Mg,Fe2+)5S6(OH)10
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Tochilinite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
Ekplexite(Nb,Mo,W)S2·(Mg1-xAlx)(OH)x2+
FerrotochiliniteFe62+(Fe2+,Mg)5S6(OH)10
Ferrovalleriite2(Fe,Cu)S·1.5Fe(OH)2
Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
Yushkinite(Mg,Al)V4+S2(OH)2
2.FD.UKI-2004-(OS:BiCuPb)PbCu4Bi4S2O16 (?)
2.FD.05KermesiteSb2S2O
2.FD.10Viaeneite(Fe,Pb)4S8O
2.FD.20ErditeNaFeS2 · 2H2O
2.FD.25CoyoteiteNaFe3S5 · 2H2O
2.FD.30Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
2.FD.30Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
2.FD.30Yushkinite(Mg,Al)V4+S2(OH)2
2.FD.40WilhelmramsayiteCu3FeS3·2H2O
2.FD.45VyalsoviteFeCaAlS(OH)5
2.FD.50BazhenoviteCa8S2(S3)(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O
4.1BazhenoviteCa8S2(S3)(S2O3)(OH)12 · 20H2O
4.2KermesiteSb2S2O
4.3SarabauiteCaSb103+S6O10
4.4SchöllhorniteNa0.3CrS2 · H2O
4.5Yushkinite(Mg,Al)V4+S2(OH)2
4.6VyalsoviteFeCaAlS(OH)5
4.7Valleriite(Fe2+,Cu)4(Mg,Al)3S4(OH,O)6
4.9Haapalaite(Fe2+,Ni)2(Mg,Fe2+)1.61S2(OH)3.22
4.10ApuaniteFe2+Fe43+Sb43+O12S
4.11VersiliaiteFe2Fe4Sb6O16S

Other Names for Tochilinite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Tochilinit
Simplified Chinese:羟镁硫铁矿
Spanish:Tochilinita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tochilinite

Reference List:
Organova, N. I., Genkin, A. D., Drits, V. A., Molotkov, S. P., Kuz'mina, O. V., Dmitrik, A. L. (1971): Tochilinite, a new sulfide-hydroxide of iron and magnesium. Zapiski Vsesoyuznogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva, 100, issue 4 477-487 [in russian]

Fleischer, M. (1972): New mineral names. American Mineralogist. 57, 1552-1561 (p.1552).

Zolensky, M. E., & Mackinnon, I. D. R. (1986): Microstructures of cylindrical tochilinites. American Mineralogist. 71, 1201-1209

Internet Links for Tochilinite

Localities for Tochilinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Entre Ríos
M. A. Nazarov, Franz Brandstaetter, G. Kurat & T. Ntaflos. (1998). Chemistry of P-rich Sulfides in Murchison, Cold Bokkeveld and Nogoya CM Chondrites. 29th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, abstract no. 1628. (March 1998).; Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
Armenia
 
  • Erevan Province (Yerevan)
Nazarov, M. A., Brändstatter, F. & Kurat, G. (1993) Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXIV, Abstracts: 1053-1054 (March 1993); Nazarov, M. A., Brandstätter, F., Kurat, G., Spettel, B. & Palme, H. ( 1994) Chemistry of Carbonaceous Xenoliths from the Erevan Howardite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXV, Abstracts: 981-982 (March 1994)
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Zeehan district
      • Zeehan mineral field
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Shepparton
      • Murchison
Ma, C., Beckett, J.R., Rossman, G.R. (2010): Discovery of a new chromium sulfide mineral, Cr5S6, in Murchison. 73rd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting, 2010; Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
  • Western Australia
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Grguric, B.A., Seat, Z., Karpuzov, A.A., Simonov, O.N. (2013) The West Jordan deposit, a newly-discovered Type 2 dunite-hosted nickel sulphide system in the northern Agnew-Wiluna Belt, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 51, pg. 79-92
      • Mount Keith
[AmMin 87:182]
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (2005)
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (I). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 73-84
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2009): 1608) Magensioferrit, Pyroaurit und Tochilinit vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. P. 226-227 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
Brazil
 
  • São Paulo
    • Cajati
American Mineralogist, Volume 93, pages 81–87, 2008
Canada
 
  • Nunavut Territory
    • Coppermine River area
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Ontario
    • Hastings Co.
      • Dungannon Township
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
MSC Report 39; Sabina, A.P. (1982): Some rare minerals of the Bancroft area. Mineralogical Record 13 (4), 226-228
      • Herschel Township
Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 39
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
    • Outaouais
      • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
        • Chelsea
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Wakefield
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Sabina, A.P. (1987) Rocks & Minerals for the collector; Hull-Maniwaki, Quebec, Ottawa-Peterborough, Ontario. GSC Misc. Report 41, 34-35 p.
Denmark
 
  • Sjælland Region
Michael K. Weisberg et al., (2009) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 96, September 2009. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 44 (9): 1355-1397.; Horstmann, M., Vollmer, C., Barth, M. I. F., Chaussidon, M., Gurenko, A. & Bischoff, A. (2014) Tracking Aqueous Alteration of CM Chondrites —- Insights from In Situ Oxygen Isotope Measurements of Calcite: 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference: Woodlands, Texas. LPI Contribution No. 1777, p.1761. (Mar 2014)
Finland
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Siikainen
Sandström, F. (2012): Otamo dolomitbrott i Siikainen, Finland. Litiofilen. 29 (2), 23-38
France
 
  • Ile-de-France
    • Paris
Weisberg, M. K., et al. (2007) The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 97: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 45(3): 449-493. (March 2007); http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php?sea=Paris&sfor=names&ants=no&falls=&valids=&stype=contains&lrec=50&map=ge&browse=&country=All&srt=name&categ=CM+chondrites&mblist=All&rect=&phot=&snew=0&pnt=Normal%20table&code=50907; Marrocchi, Y., Gounelle, M., Blanchard, I., Caste, F. & Kearsley, A.T. (2014) The Paris CM chondrite: secondary minerals and asteroidal processing. Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 49 (7): 12321249. (July 2014).; Hewins, Roger H. & 16 others (2014) The Paris meteorite, the least altered CM chondrite so far. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 124: 190-222. (1 January 2014)
India
 
  • Rajasthan (Rajputana)
    • Jaipur Division
      • Jhunjhunu District
Metzler, K., Bischoff, A. & Stöffler, D. (1992) Accretionary dust mantles in CM chondrites: evidence for solar nebula processes. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 56 (7), 2873-2897. (July 1992)
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
Devin L. Schrader, Harold C. Connolly, Jr. & Dante S. Lauretta (2008). Opaque phases in type-II chondrules from CR2 chondrites: Implications for CR parent body formation. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, Vol. 72, #24, 6124-6140.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Chiusella Valley
          • Traversella
Ferraris, G. (1973): Minerale nero fibroso di Traversella. Notiziario del Gruppo Mineralogico Piemontese, 1, 10
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Astico Valley
        • Cogollo del Cengio
Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
      • Laghi
Boscardin M., Daleffe A., Rocchetti I., Zordan A. “I minerali nel Vicentino”, Museo “G. Zannato”, Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), 2011.
Zordan A. (2014): Provincia di Vicenza. In: Zorzi F., Boscardin M. (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta sei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 173-246.
      • Tretto di Schio
        • Val Munari
          • Contrade Maglio-Pornaro
- Zordan A., Boscardin M. (2006). Aggiornamenti di mineralogia nel Vicentino. Determinazioni 2006. - Studi e Ricerche - Associazione Amici del Museo , Museo Civico "G.Zannato" Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza) vol. 13, pp.35-40.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Takayama City
Matsubara, S. and Kato, A. (1992) Bulletin of the National Science Museum (Tokyo), 18, 117-120.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Kamaishi City
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Lithuania
 
  • Paneyezys
Zolensky, M. E., Weisberg, M. K., Buchanan, P. C. & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1996) Mineralogy of carbonaceous chondrite clasts in HED achondrites and the Moon Meteoritics & Planetary Science 31 ( 4): 518-537. (July 1996); Gounelle, M., Zolensky, M. E., Liou, J.-C., Bland, P. A. & Alard, O.] (2003) Mineralogy of carbonaceous chondritic microclasts in howardites: identification of C2 fossil micrometeorites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67(3): 507-527. (Feb 2003)
Oman
 
  • Dhofar Province (Al Janubiyah Province)
Ivanova, M. A., Taylor, L. A., Clayton, R. N., Mayeda, T. K., Nazarov, M. A., Brandstaetter, F., & Kurat, G. (2002, March). Dhofar 225 vs. the CM clan: Metamorphosed or new type of carbonaceous chondrite?. In Lunar and Planetary Institute Science Conference Abstracts (Vol. 33, p. 1437).
Russia
 
  • Central Region
    • Voronezhskaya Oblast'
      • Upper Don River
        • Nizhnii Mamon Village
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Daldyn-Alakit kimberlite field
        • Daldyn
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Mirny
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Gritsenko, Y.D., and Spiridonov, E.M. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 590-598.
South Africa
 
  • Western Cape Province
    • Cape Winelands District
      • Ceres
        • Koue Bokkeveld Mtn
www.lpi.usra.edu/meetings/metsoc2000/pdf/5306.pdf.; Thomas J. Zega & Peter R. Buseck (2003). Fine-grained-rim mineralogy of the Cold Bokkeveld CM chondrite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 67, #9, 1711-1721. (May 2003.)
South Sudan
 
Zolensky, M. E., Weisberg, M. K., Buchanan, P. C., & Mittlefehldt, D. W. (1996) Mineralogy of carbonaceous chondrite clasts in HED achondrites and the Moon: Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 31 (4): 518-537. (July 1996)
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Graeser, et al. (2008) Faszination Lengenbach. KristalloGrafik-Verl., Achberg
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Ukraine
 
  • Mykolayiv Oblast' (Nikolajev; Nikolayev; Nikolaev)
T.V. Shingareva, A. T. Basilevsky, A. V. Fisenko, L. F. Semjonova, N. N. Korotaeva (2004). Mineralogy and Petrology of Laser Irradiated Carbonaceous Chondrite Mighei. Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV, 1137.pdf.
USA
 
  • California
    • Del Norte Co.
      • Klamath Mts
Gail E. Dunning and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2002) Paragenesis of Troilite from the Low Divide District, Del Norte County, California
          • Low Divide
California Geology: 48(5):119; Gail E. Dunning and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2002) Paragenesis of Troilite from the Low Divide District, Del Norte County, California
California Geology: 48 (5): 119
    • El Dorado Co.
      • Coloma
Zolensky, M. & 21 others (2014) Mineralogy and petrography of C asteroid regolith: The Sutter's Mill CM meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49(11): 1997-2016. (Nov 2014)
  • Kentucky
    • Calloway Co.
Zolensky, M. E., Barrett, R. A., Kloeck, W., & Gooding, J. L. (1990). Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, vol. 21, pp. 1383-1384. (1990) ; Palmer, E.E. & Lauretta, D.S. (Oct 2011) Aqueous alteration of kamacite in CM chondrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science: 46 (10): 1587-1607 (Oct 2011)
  • Maryland
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Rockville
Min Rec 36:4 pp 435-446
  • Oklahoma
    • Logan Co.
Rubin, A. E. et al., (2007) Progressive aqueous alteration of CM carbonaceous chondrites: Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 71:2361-2382.
  • Pennsylvania
    • Berks Co.
      • Morgantown
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990 Ref. 2) The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania; Robert Smith II, Pgs. 256-261
    • Lebanon Co.
      • Cornwall Borough (Cornwall)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
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