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Todorokite

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Formula:
(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Also given as (Ca,K,Na,Mg,Ba,Mn)(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12.3H2O.
Colour:
Purplish gray, brown to black; brown in transmitted light
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy, Sub-Metallic
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.67
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named in 1934 by Toyofumi Yoshimura after its discovery locality, the Todoroki Mine, Hokkaido, Japan.
A relatively common Mn oxide that occurs in a variety of aggregate forms. Usually fibrous, either compact or isolated. Micaceous aggregates may be confused with ranciéite, fibrous forms with pyrolusite. Compare woodruffite.

As birnessite, it may be a product of mineralization of fungal (e.g., Penicillium spp., Mucor spp., Rhizopus spp.) hyphae; as such is found in cave deposits and waters (vide Burford et al., 2003).


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Classification of TodorokiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DK.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
K : With large (+- medium-sized) cations; tunnel structures
7.8.1.1

7 : MULTIPLE OXIDES
8 : AB3X7
7.4.19

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
4 : Oxides of Be, Mg and the alkaline earths

Physical Properties of TodorokiteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Resinous, Greasy, Sub-Metallic
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Purplish gray, brown to black; brown in transmitted light
Streak:
Brown
Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
{100} and {010} perfect.
Fracture:
Splintery
Density:
3.67 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.65 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TodorokiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 2.310 nβ = 2.350
Max Birefringence:
δ = 2.310
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Optical Extinction:
Y=b, Z>X
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
Pleochroic in brown.

Chemical Properties of TodorokiteHide

Formula:
(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O

Also given as (Ca,K,Na,Mg,Ba,Mn)(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12.3H2O.
IMA Formula:
(Na,Ca,K,Ba,Sr)1-x(Mn,Mg,Al)6O12 · 3-4H2O
Common Impurities:
Ba,K,Na

Crystallography of TodorokiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.75 Å, b = 2.84 Å, c = 9.59 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.433 : 1 : 3.377
Unit Cell V:
265.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Spongy banded and/or reniform aggregates composed of minute lathlike to fibrous crystals. Crystals flattened {010} and elongated [001] with terminal edges inclined about 60° and 70° to [001].
Twinning:
Contact twins with c ^ ć about 60°.
Comment:
β may be variable; formerly given as orthorhombic or tetragonal

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.65 (100)
7.02 (40)
4.82 (70)
4.48 (70)
3.20 (10)
3.07 (40)
2.75 (10)
2.46 (40)
2.42 (10)
2.35 (40)
2.28 (10)
2.20 (5)
2.13 (10)
1.98 (10)
1.91 (5)
1.77 (10)
1.67 (10)
1.64 (10)
1.54 (10)
1.42 (5)
1.406 (5)
Comments:
JCPDS 18-1411 (Charco Redondo, Cuba). See also ICDD 19-83 and ICDD 21-553.

Type Occurrence of TodorokiteHide

Other Language Names for TodorokiteHide

German:Todorokit
Italian:Todorokite
Japanese:轟石
Simplified Chinese:钙锰矿
钡镁锰矿
Spanish:Todorokita
Traditional Chinese:鈣錳礦
鋇鎂錳礦

Common AssociatesHide

AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AmethystSiO2
BaryteBaSO4
Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
CalciteCaCO3
ChabaziteChabazite now is the name of a series of related minerals.
Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
ColemaniteCa[B3O4(OH)3] · H2O
FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
HollanditeBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
LévyneZeolite Group.
MagnesiteMgCO3
ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
OpalSiO2 · nH2O
QuartzSiO2
Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
StilbiteThis name now refers to the minerals Stilbite-Ca and Stilbite-Na.
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Birnessite51 photos of Todorokite associated with Birnessite on mindat.org.
Romanèchite49 photos of Todorokite associated with Romanèchite on mindat.org.
Calcite23 photos of Todorokite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Aragonite8 photos of Todorokite associated with Aragonite on mindat.org.
Opal8 photos of Todorokite associated with Opal on mindat.org.
Franklinite6 photos of Todorokite associated with Franklinite on mindat.org.
Zirconian Halloysite6 photos of Todorokite associated with Zirconian Halloysite on mindat.org.
Tainiolite6 photos of Todorokite associated with Tainiolite on mindat.org.
Colemanite6 photos of Todorokite associated with Colemanite on mindat.org.
Fluorapatite6 photos of Todorokite associated with Fluorapatite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

4.DK.05Akaganeite(Fe3+,Ni2+)8(OH,O)16Cl1.25 · nH2OMon. 2/m
4.DK.05aCoronaditePb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
4.DK.05aCryptomelaneK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16Mon. 2/m
4.DK.05aHollanditeBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
4.DK.05aManjiroiteNa(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
4.DK.05bMannarditeBa(Ti4+6V3+2)O16Tet. 4/m : I41/a
4.DK.05bPrideriteK(Ti4+7Fe3+)O16Tet.
4.DK.05bRedledgeiteBa(Ti4+6Cr3+2)O16Tet.
4.DK.05bHenrymeyeriteBa(Ti4+7Fe2+)O16Tet. 4/m : I4/m
4.DK.05aStrontiomelaneSr(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m : P21/b
4.DK.10Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10Mon. 2/m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

7.8.1.2WoodruffiteZn2+x/2(Mn4+1-xMn3+x)O2·yH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

7.4.1BromelliteBeOHex. 6mm : P63mc
7.4.2BehoiteBe(OH)2Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
7.4.3ClinobehoiteBe(OH)2Mon. 2 : P21
7.4.4ChrysoberylBeAl2O4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
7.4.5Magnesiotaaffeite-2N’2SMg3Al8BeO16Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m)
7.4.6Magnesiotaaffeite-6N’3SMg2BeAl6O12Trig.
7.4.7PericlaseMgOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fm3m
7.4.8BruciteMg(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
7.4.9SpinelMgAl2O4Iso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m) : Fd3m
7.4.10MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.4.11LimeCaOIso. m3m (4/m 3 2/m)
7.4.12PortlanditeCa(OH)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
7.4.13ChlormayeniteCa12Al14O32[◻4Cl2]Iso. 4 3m : I4 3d
7.4.14HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2 : P21
7.4.15MarokiteCaMn3+2O4Orth.
7.4.16Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2OTrig. 3 : P3
7.4.17HollanditeBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16Mon. 2/m
7.4.18Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10Mon. 2/m

Fluorescence of TodorokiteHide

Not fluorescent in ultraviolet

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TodorokiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University (1934), series 4, 2, 289-297.
American Mineralogist (1935): 20: 678.
Levinson, A.A. (1960): Second occurrence of todorokite. American Mineralogist, 45, 802-807.
Frondel, C., Marvin, U.B., Ito, J. (1960): New occurrences of todorokite. American Mineralogist, 45, 1167-1173.
American Mineralogist (1979): 64: 1333-1334.
Burns, R.G., Burns, V.M., Stockman, H. (1983): A review of the todorokite-buserite problem: Implications to the mineralogy of marine manganese nodules: American Mineralogist, 68, 972-980.
Golden, D.C., Chen, C.C., Dixon, J.B. (1987): Transformation of birnessite to buserite, todorokite, and manganite under mild hydrothermal treatment. Clays and Clay Minerals, 35, 271-280.
Post, J.E. and Bish, D.L. (1988): Rietveld refinement of the todorokite structure. American Mineralogist 73, 861-869.
Post, J. E., Heaney, P. J., Hanson, J. (2003): Synchroton X-ray diffraction study of the structure and dehydratation behavior of todorokite. American Mineralogist 88, 142-150.
Burford, E.P., Kierans, M., Gadd, G.M. (2003): Geomycology: fungi in mineral substrata. Mycologist: 17(3): 98-107; DOI: 10.1017/S0269915X03003112

Internet Links for TodorokiteHide

Localities for TodorokiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • Sijes
CAHIT HELVACI & RICARDO N. ALONSO (2000) Borate Deposits of Turkey and Argentina; A Summary and Geological Comparison. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 9:1-27.
Atlantic Ocean
 
Kim, J.S. (1982) Textures, mineralogy and genesis of manganese nodules on the Blake Plateau, Northwestern Atlantic Ocean. In: Amstutz, G.C., Frenzel G., Kluth, C., Moh, G., Wauschkuhn, A., Zimmermann, R.A., El Goresy, A., (editors), Ore Genesis. The State of the Art, Special Publication No. 2 of the Society for Geology Applied to Mineral Deposits, Springer-Verlag, Berlin - Heidelberg - New York, pages 211-217.
Australia
 
  • Australian Capital Territory
    • Brindabella Range
      • Cotter River
McQueen, Ken G.; J. R. Caldwell; P. W. Millsteed (July 1988). "Primary and Secondary Minerals at the Paddy's River Mine, Australian Capital Territory". Australian Mineralogist 3: 83–100.
  • New South Wales
    • Argyle Co.
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
    • Brisbane Co.
Crocoite.com, Australia and New Zealand Micromineral News No 11, "Zeolites and Associated Minerals from Bunnan, Hunter Valley, New South Wales"
    • Buckland Co.
      • Ardglen
Mineralogical Record Vol 19 #6 p389.
England, B.M. (1996) Zeolites and associated minerals from Borambil, New South Wales, Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol.2, p11-20.
England, B.M. (2002) Zeolites and associated minerals from the Krui Valley, Merriwa, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol. 8, 61-71.
    • Pottinger Co.
      • Tambar Springs
Keith F Compton collection
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Gilligan, L.B., Byrnes, J.G. (1995) Metallogenic Study and Mineral Deposit Data Sheets: Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000 (SH/55-14), Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney, 240 pages.
  • Northern Territory
    • East Arnhem Region
      • Groote Eylandt
Econ Geol (1981) 76:556-567; Econ Geol (1996) 91:386-401
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Blinman
No reference listed
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • North Mt Lofty Ranges
        • Burra
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., (1983), Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide, South Australia.
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Gregory Ranges District
Jones, S., McNaughton, n.j., Grguric, B., 2013. Structural controls and timing of fault-hosted manganese at Woodie Woodie, East Pilbara, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews. 50, 52-82.
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Ora Banda Goldfield
http://www.tngltd.com.au/projects/jv_project_cu_au_ni/cawse_extended_geology.phtml
    • Moora Shire
Bridge, P.J., Pryce, M.W., Clarke, R.M., and Costello, M.B. (1978): Sampleite from Jingemia Cave, Western Australia. Mineralogical Magazine (September 1978 Vol. 42) pp 369-371.
Austria
 
  • Burgenland
    • Oberpullendorf
      • Kobersdorf
        • Pauliberg
U. Kolitsch, W. Postl, H.-P. Bojar and W. Trattner (2009): Die Mineralvorkommen im Basalt des Pauliberges. In: Autorenkollektiv (Red. M. A. Götzinger und P. Huber) (2009): Die Mineralien des Burgenlandes - Geologie, Mineralogie und mineralische Rohstoffe. – Wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aus dem Burgenland, Band 126, Amt der Burgenländischen Landesregierung, Abteilung 7 - Landesmuseum, Eisenstadt, 83-99.
    • Oberwart
      • Badersdorf
Götzinger, M. A. & Huber, P. (2009)
  • Carinthia
    • Frantschach-St Gertraud
matrixx 4, p.39-51
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Friesach
        • Olsa
European Journal of Mineralogy 17(1), 163-172(2005)
      • Hüttenberg
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Bleiberg District
        • Bad Bleiberg
Martin Rich collection
        • Heiligengeist
      • Hermagor
        • Poludnig
G. Niedermayr: Carinthia II 187./107.:175 (1997)
      • Paternion
        • Ried
A.Pichler (2009)
    • Gurktaler Alpen
      • St Veit an der Glan
        • Tauchendorf
          • Grassendorf
G. Blass, H. W. Graf: Carinthia II 191./111.:145-147 (2001)
    • Koralpe
      • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
        • Brandrücken
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Packalpe
      • Bad St Leonhard
Taucher, J. (1995): Matrixx - Mineralogische Nachrichten aus Österreich 4, 52-56
  • Lower Austria
    • Industrieviertel
      • Payerbach
Ertl (2002)
    • Waldviertel
      • Kottes-Purk
        • Bernhards
Kolitsch, U. & Löffler, E. (2009): 1595) Malachit, Todorokit und weitere Mineralien vom Steinbruch Schmoll bei Bernhards, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 214-215 in: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 189-236.
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Mühldorf
        • Amstall
GOLDMANN, Christoph & LÖFFLER, Erwin (2008): Die Mineralienfundstellen des Graphitbergbaues Amstall, NÖ.- Mefos, 19/35, 4-34, A-D, Wien.
GOLDMANN, Christoph & LÖFFLER, Erwin (2008): Die Mineralienfundstellen des Graphitbergbaues Amstall, NÖ.- Mefos, 19/35, 4-34, A-D, Wien.
      • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
        • Loja
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (I). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (3): 73-84
Löffler, E. & Kolitsch, U. (2011): Die Mineralien der Loja bei Persenbeug, Niederösterreich (II). Mineralien-Welt. 22 (4): 51-62
      • Raxendorf
        • Pfaffenhof
          • Pölla
NIEDERMAYR, Gerhard & POSTL, Walter (1992a): 876. Todorokit aus einem Graphitvorkommen von Pfaffenhof bei Raxendorf, Niederösterreich.- In: NIEDERMAYR, Gerhard et al.: Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIL, Carinthia II, 182/102, Teil 1, 138, Klagenfurt.
      • Röhrenbach
        • Winkl
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1760) Greenockit(?), Rozenit und Todorokit aus dem Marmorsteinbruch Renz bei Winkl, Neupölla, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 162-163 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
  • Salzburg
    • Abtenau
      • Tennen Mts
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Dienten
      • Bürgl Alp (Bürgel Alp)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
      • Filzensattel
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Grieswies - Krumlkeeskopf area
            • Grieswies-Schafkar
peter neschen collection
Walter, F. (2009)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Saalfelden
      • Maria Alm
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    • Schwarzach
      • Lend
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs, 1993
  • Styria
    • Bad Radkersburg
      • Klöch
Moser, B. & Postl, W. (1986); R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Bruck an der Mur
      • Laming valley
        • Oberort-Tragöß
G.Gesselbauer (2011)
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
Jakely, D. et al. (2008); Taucher, J. (1996)
      • Spital am Semmering
        • Steinhaus am Semmering
          • Fröschnitz valley (Fröschnitz)
P. Tomazic, F. Bernhard, U. Kolitsch und G. Knobloch (2012): Mineralogie eines historischen Bergbaues auf Eisen und Silber am Arzberg bei Steinhaus am Semmering. Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 4-9.
      • St. Jakob-Breitenau
        • Hochlantsch
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2012): 1772) Chalkoalumit, ein Chalkoalumit-ähnliches Mineral, Magnesiochromit, Pyrolusit, Ranciéit und Todorokit vom Magnesitbergbau Breitenau am Hochlantsch, Steiermark. Pp. 169-171 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
    • Graz
      • Gratkorn
        • Kanzelkogel
Postl, W. (1992), Exel, R. (1993)
    • Leoben
Weninger, H. (1976): Mineral-Fundstellen Band 5: Steiermark und Kärnten. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 231 pp.; Exel, R. (1993); Postl, W. (1998)
      • Galgenberg
Taucher, J. et al. (1994)
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Kammern
Taucher, J. (1993)
    • Mitterdorf
      • Veitsch
        • Kleinveitsch
          • Kaiblinggraben
Bojar, H.-P. (2006)
    • Oberhaag
      • Lieschengraben
Taucher, J. & Postl, W. (1992)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Kolitsch, U., & Strasser, M. (2010): 1634) Todorokit vom Revier Maukenötz, Brixlegg - Rattenberg, Inntal, Nordtirol. Pp. 222 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
        • Wörgl
          • Wildschönau
            • Thierbach
R. Poeverlein, J. Gröbner & U. Kolitsch (2010): Mineralien und Bergbau vom Graschberg bei Thierbach in der Tiroler Wildschönau. Lapis 35 (3), 35-40; 54 (in German).
      • Sill valley (Wipp valley)
        • Navis valley
          • Navis
BRANDSTÄTTER, F., GRILL, J., NIEDERMAYR, G. & WALTER, F. (2015): 1927) Bementit, Bixbyit, Kutnohorit, Manganberzeliit, Tilasit, Tiragalloit, Todorokit und andere Mineralien von Navis, Tirol. Pp. 232-234 in NIEDERMAYR, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Upper Austria
    • Kirchdorf an der Krems
      • Spital am Pyhrn
        • Bosruck Mt
          • A9 motorway tunnel (Bosruck tunnel)
WALLENTA, O. (1985): Bosruck – Zur Mineralogie des Bosrucktunnels (Pyhrnautobahn, Österreich). Die Eisenblüte, Jg. 6, Neue Folge, Nr. 15, 9-17.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Stavelot Massif
Hatert, F., Blondieau, M., Puccio, S., Baijot, M. et Gustine, C. (2014) - Le gisement de manganèse de la vallée de la Lienne, Belgique. Le Règne Minéral, 117, pp. 5-28, editions du Piat.
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
Hatert, F., Deliens, M., Fransolet, A.-M. & van der Meersche, E. (2002): Les minéraux de Belgique. 2ème édition, Muséum des Sciences Naturelles, Bruxelles, Ed., 304 p.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Lafaiete
http://acd.ufrj.br/geologia/posgrad/area1_d.htm
    • Governador Valadares
      • Golconda District
Luiz Alberto Dias Menezes, Fo.
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
Vassileva, M. and Ruskov, K. (2007) Ca-phyllomanganate (rancieite) from the Kremikovtsi iron deposit. Annual of the University of Mining and Geology "St. Ivan Rilski", vol. 50, Part I, Geology and Geophysics, 29-36.
Burkina Faso
 
  • Centre-Nord Region
Sattran, V. & Wenmenga, U. (2002): Géologie du Burkina Faso - Geology of Burkina Faso. Czech Geological Survey, 136 pp.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horvath et al. unpublished
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
          • El Guanaco Mine
http://biblioserver.sernageomin.cl/opac/DataFiles/ArancibiaG_y_MatthewsS.pdf
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Salar Grande
samples analysed by Anthony Kampf, Curator Emeritus of Mineral Sciences at NHM of LAC, California; Kampf, A.R., Sciberras, M.J., Williams, P.A., Dini, M. & Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Leverettite from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Provence, Chile: the Co-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 77, 3047-3054.
China
 
  • Fujian Province
    • Sanming Prefecture
      • Datian Co.
Bin Yu (2005): China's Manganese Industry 23(2), 22-24, 35
  • Guangdong Province
    • Meizhou Prefecture
Fengjun Ma (1986): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 1(2)
    • Yunfu Prefecture
      • Luoding Co.
Guicheng Huang, Xiongwu Wang, Shiyi Yang, Longqing Chen, and Jingsheng Ling (2001): Mineral Deposits 20(3), 243-250; Jianwei Li, Vasconcelos, P., Wei Zhang, Xiaodong Deng, Duzgoren-Aydin, N., Dairong Yan, Jianqiang Zhang, and Mingan Hu (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42(4), 361-383
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Chongzuo Prefecture
      • Daxin Co.
Dairong Yan, Jianwei Li, Mingan Hu, and Yinsheng Lang (2006): Geological Science and Technology Information 25(3), 61-67.
    • Fangchenggang Prefecture
      • Fangcheng District
        • Qinzhou-Fangcheng Mn ore field
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
    • Laibin Prefecture
      • Xingbin District
Su Haifeng, Wen Yanxuan, Wang Fan, Sun Yingyun, and Tong Zhangfa (2008): Hydrometallurgy 93, 136-139
    • Qinzhou Prefecture
      • Qinbei District
        • Qinzhou-Fangcheng Mn ore field
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
Guilin Institute of Metallurgical Geology, Rocks & Minerals Department, Manganese Thematic Group (1976): Geology and Prospecting 12(5), 47-52
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
Yinsheng Lang, Jianwei Li, Xiaodong Deng, Wei Zhang, Dairong Yan, and Lei Chen (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(5), 527-540
  • Hubei Province
    • Huanggang Prefecture
      • Luotian Co.
        • Hejiawan
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
    • Wuhan Prefecture
      • Huangpi District
Jingqu Yao (1992): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 11(3), 257-266
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Ulaan Chab League (Wulanchabu Prefecture)
      • Chahar Right Front Banner (Chaha'er Youyi Qianqi)
Wang Chen, Ziying Sun, Guojun Liu, Jinwa Wang, and Jianping Wang (2006): Geology and Prospecting 42(1), 26-29
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Mian Co.
Zhongtang Yang, Gengbiao Qiao, Zhiming Li, Xiaoyong Yang, Hongping Huang, Xianghua Lan, Zhongbao Song, Xiaozhou Liu, and Wei Wan (2009): Chinese Journal of Geology 44(1), 88-102
      • Ningqiang Co.
Yeh, H.-W., Hein, J.R., Ye, J., and Fan, D. (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 15(1), 55-69.
  • Shanxi Province
    • Datong Prefecture
      • Lingqiu Co.
Shaozhi Zhou (1999): Geology and Prospecting 35(3), 6-8, 23
Qingrong Zheng, Xinjun Zhang, and Erhu Sun (2012): Resources & Industries 14(2), 106-111
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Zhaoxin Han, Lijun Luan, and Chaoyou Wang (2004): Journal of Xi'an University of Science and Technology 24(3), 324-327; Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Heqing Co.
Yuchun Yang (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(8), 20-23
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Jianshui Co.
Hanzhu Wang and Zengfu Xiao (1988): Earth Science, Journal of China University of Geosciences 32(4)
Costa Rica
 
  • San José Province
    • Bajo Chacones
Micro Probe Volume VII Number 7 Spring 1993
Cuba
 
  • Cienfuegos Province
Acta Geológica Hispánica, 1998, 33(1-4):239-276
  • Granma Province
    • Santa Rita
Shen, Y. F., Zerger, R. P., Suib, S. L., McCurdy, L., Potter, D. I., & O'Young, C. L. (1992). Octahedral molecular sieves: preparation, characterization and applications. J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun., (17), 1213-1214.
  • Holguín Province
Acta Geológica Hispánica, 1998, 33(1-4):239-276
  • Santiago de Cuba Province
www.minsocam.org 45:1174-1184; USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC158-C161
    • Sierra Maestra Mts
Levinson, A.A. (1960): Second occurrence of todorokite. American Mineralogist, 45, 802-807.
Cyprus
 
  • Larnaca District (Larnaka District; İskele District)
Prüfer, P. (2010): Mineralien der Insel Zypern. Der Aufschluss 61, 97-106. (in German)
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Tachov
Pauliš P. Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Čech, part II. Kuttna, Kutná Hora 2003.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Frýdlant nad Ostravicí
        • Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem
Matýsek D., Skupien P.: The origin of native selenium microparticles during the oxidation of sideritic mudstones in the Veřovice Formation (Outer Western Carpathians). Geologica Carpathica, 2015, 66, 4, 303-310.
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J., Pauliš, P., Škoda, R.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Minerál, 2007, roč. 15, č. 4, s. 305-238.
France
 
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Haute-Saône
      • Faucogney-et-la-Mer
        • Esmoulières
          • Saphoz
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
Perseil, E. A. (1975) - Nature and mineralogical studies of manganese oxides and carbonates in Faucogney (Haute-Saone). Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, D, 280, 1931-1934
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Villé Valley
U. Kolitsch (1997): New mineral occurrences from some localities in the Vosges, France: Triembach, Bluttenberg and Val d'Ajol. Aufschluss 48 (2), 65-91. (in German)
    • Vosges
      • St Dié
        • Lusse
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 475-478.
    • Haute-Garonne
      • Argut-Dessus
Inventaire minéralogique de la France numero 8 Haute Garonne pages 20 et 21
      • Bagnères-de-Luchon
        • Peyresourde
Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéralo. Cristallo. , 1974, 97, pp. 475-478.
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
Le Règne Minéral 47: 5-21
        • Vielle-Aure
DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R., TIXADOR Y., CASTERET A. & GOUJOU JC. (2002) La mine de Coustou, Vielle-Aure, Hautes-Pyrénées. Le Règne Minéral, 47, 23-31. (in french)
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Corneilla-de-Conflent
        • Plateau d'Ambulla (Las Ambollas)
Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 80.
    • Tarn
      • Castelnau-de-Brassac
        • Fumade
Kampf et al. 2011; Favreau, G., Bernadi, G. & Gayraud, L. (2013): Fumade (Tarn): descriptions complémentaires des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 119, 3-25.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
"Les minéralisations associées au volcanisme andésitique de Biot-Villeneuve Loubet (Alpes Maritimes)" P. ROSTAN ,2005
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining District
          • Eberbächle
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Haslach
        • Welschbollenbach
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Kandern
Brill, A. R. (2011): Die Malsburger Granitsteinbrüche bei Kandern im südwestlichen Schwarzwald. Lapis 36 (7-8), 43-51; 70.
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Waldshut
        • Detzeln
Hess, E., Graeser, S. & Gabriel, W. (2011): Das Porphyrwerk Detzeln im Steinatal und seine Mineralien. Lapis 36 (4), 25-35; 54.
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Weise (Munich), 336 pp. (in German)
    • Kaiserstuhl
      • Sasbach
No reference listed
    • Kraichgau
      • Bruchsal
        • Rollenberg railway tunnel
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
Meier, S. (2017): Rhodochrosit aus dem Fichtelgebirge: Der Bergbau von Arzberg. Lapis, 42 (3), 16-24; 54.
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Hösbach
          • Rottenberg
Aufschluss 50, 65-78 (1999)
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
Lorenz, J. (1991): Die Mineralien im Rhyolithsteinbruch von Sailauf, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 1-38
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Auerbach
        • Nitzlbuch (Nitzelbuch)
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Schmeltzer, H: Mineralfundstellen Bayern
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Abtsteinach
        • Mackenheim
Nickel, E., and Fettel, M. (1985): Odenwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 65, 2nd ed., Bornträger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 231 pp.
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Vogelsberg
      • Ortenberg
    • Wetzlar
      • Weilburg
        • Essershausen
Blaß, G. & Möhn, G. (2010): Neue Mineralien von der Grube Mark bei Essershausen im Taunus. Mineralien-Welt 21 (2), 26-29.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Grund
        • Iberg
Schnorrer, G. & Klänhardt, K. (2002): Die Minerale des Iberg-Winterberg-Massives bei Bad Grund/Harz. Aufschluss, 53 (4), 181-199; Jahn, S., K. Stedingk & K. Klänhardt (2012): Das Iberg-Winterberg-Massiv bei Bad Grund. Mineralien-Welt, 23 (4), 30-67.
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 155-171
      • Bad Lauterberg
Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
      • Wildemann
        • Hütschen valley
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Hagen
NEUTKENS, H. BAKKER, R. (2008) Interessante Nickelmineralien aus der Donnerkuhle im Sauerland. - Lapis 2/2008, 13-17
      • Meschede
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Wittlich
        • Klausen
Kleser, T. (2006): Schöne Funde von der Mosel: Der Steinbruch Fuchsberg bei Neumagen-Drohn und seine Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 17 (6), 16-21. (in German)
    • Westerwald
      • Wied Iron Spar District
        • Neuwied
          • Dernbach
O Dziallas collection
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Tanne
        • Trautenstein
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • Schleswig-Holstein
    • Flensburg
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Saalfeld
Marcus Voigt Collection
Ghana
 
  • Western Region
    • Tarkwa
Mineralium Deposita Volume 34 Issue 3 (1999) pp 297-311
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Milos Island (Melos)
KILIAS, S. P. (2012). MICROBIAL MAT–RELATED STRUCTURES IN THE QUATERNARY CAPE VANI MANGANESE-OXIDE (-BARITE) DEPOSIT, NW MILOS ISLAND, GREECE. Microbial Mats in Siliciclastic Depositional Systems Through Time, SEPM (Society for Sedimentary Geology) Special Publication, 101, 97-100.
        • Syros Island (Syra)
          • Gria Spilia
Altherr, R., Soder, C., Panienka, S., Peters, D., & Meyer, H. P. (2013). Pink manganian phengite in a high P/T meta-conglomerate from northern Syros (Cyclades, Greece). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 166(5), 1323-1334.
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Vourlakos, N. (1992) The minerals of Lavreotiki and the mineral components of its rocks. Library of the Society of Lavreotiki Studies, Lavrion, Publication No. 5, 31 pp. (in Greek).
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
        • Sounion area
          • Agia Varvara Mines (St Barbara Mines)
Möckel, S. (2000): Strashimirit und 11 weitere Neubestimmungen aus Lavrion (GR). Lapis 25 (7-8), 74.
  • Macedonia Department
    • Dráma Prefecture
Miltiadis Nimfopoulos (1988) Age of hydrothermal manganese mineralization near Kato Nevrokopi, Drama, northern Greece. Transactions of the AIME B 97:B193-B195
    • Kavála Prefecture
      • Kavála
Andrew P. Fornadel, Paul G. Spry, Vasilios Melfos, Michael Vavelidis and Panagiotis Ch. Voudouris (2011): Is the Palea Kavala Bi–Te–Pb–Sb ± Au district, northeastern Greece, an intrusion-related system? Ore Geology Reviews, 39, 119-133.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Igaliku (Igaliko)
        • Narsaarsuup Qaava
McDonald, A.M., Petersen, O.V., Gault, R.A., Johnsen, O., Niedermayr, G., Brandstätter, F. & Giester, G. (2001): Micheelsenite, (Ca,Y)3Al(PO3,OH,CO3)(CO3)(OH)6•12H2O,a new mineral from Mont Saint- Hilaire, Quebec, Canada and the Nanna pegmatite, Narsaarsuup Qaava, South Greenland. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 337-351
Soerensen, H. (2001): The Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland: status of mineralogical research with new results, Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin 190, GEUS; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Szőlősardó
Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
    • Zemplén Mts (Tokaj Mts)
Sándor Szakáll; Tamás Weiszburg (1994) Minerals of Telkibánya, NE-Hungary. Miskolc Herman Ottó Múzeum
  • Komárom-Esztergom Co.
    • Gerecse Mts
      • Tardosbánya
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Bakony Mts
      • Eplény
Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
      • Úrkút
        • Csárda Hill
Szakáll & Jánosi (1996) The Minerals of Hungary
India
 
  • Andhra Pradesh
    • Adilabad District
Rao, J. S. R. Krishna; Kasipathi, C. (1985): Occurrence of todorokite from Adilabad Manganese Mines, Andhra Pradesh. Current Science 54, 862.
  • Maharashtra
    • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
      • Mumbai (Bombay)
        • Ward 38
          • Malad
Analysis by Dr. George Rossman of the California Institute of Technology
Indian Ocean
 
Bibhuranjan Nayak, Swapan Kumar Das, Kalyan Kumar Bhattacharyya (2011) Detrital and authigenic(?) baddeleyite (ZrO2) in ferromanganese nodules of Central Indian Ocean Basin. Geoscience Frontiers 2:571-576
Indonesia
 
  • Java (Jawa)
    • Jawa Barat Province (West Java Province)
      • Bogor District
Milési, J.P., Marcoux, E., Sitorus, T., Simandjuntak, M., Leroy, J., and Bailly, L. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 131-149.
  • Sulawesi (Celebes)
    • Gorontalo Province
Econ Geol (1990) 85:1208-1225
Italy
 
  • Aosta Valley
    • Nus
      • Saint-Barthélemy
• Barresi, A.A., Kolitsch, U., Ciriotti, M.E., Ambrino, P., Bracco, R., Bonacina, E. (2005): La miniera di manganese di Varenche (Aosta, Italia nord-occidentale): ardennite, arseniopleite, manganberzeliite, pirofanite, sarkinite, thortveitite, nuovo As-Sc-analogo della metavariscite e altre specie. Micro (località), 2/2005, 81-122.
    • Saint-Marcel
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Modena Province
      • Palagano
Bartoli, O., Bersani, D., Bertucci, B., Borghi, E., Garuti, G., Scacchetti, M., & Zaccarini, F. (2008). Le ofioliti dei Cinghi. Miniere e minerali. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/2008, 76-96.
    • Parma Province
      • Berceto
        • Manubiola Valley
Adorni, F. (1993). I minerali delle serpentine della bassa Val Manubiola, Berceto, PR. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2/1993, 67-78.
Orlandi P. & Albertini C.(1988): Todorokite da diverse località italiane: Baveno, Carrara, Campiglia Marittima, Appennino Parmense). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. serie A,95,29-34. and Adorni F., Orlandi P. (1989) - Wurtzite, Reevesite e altre specie minerali presenti nelle serpentine del Rio Varbore (PR) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, fasc. 4, pp.215-222
      • Neviano degli Arduini
        • Termina Valley
Adorni, F., Battilocchi, G., Bersani, D. & Calderini, V. (2010). Le septarie dell'Appennino Parmense. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 222-241.
      • Parma Valley
        • Tizzano Val Parma
Adorni, F., Battilocchi, G., Bersani, D. & Calderini, V. (2010). Le septarie dell'Appennino Parmense. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 222-241.
      • Taro Valley
        • Ceno Valley
          • Varano de' Melegari
Adorni, F., Battilocchi, G., Bersani, D. & Calderini, V. (2010). Le septarie dell'Appennino Parmense. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 222-241.
          • Varsi
Adorni F., Battilocchi G., Bersani D., Bo S., Calderini V. (2005) - Rocca Predellara e La Pianazza, Varsi, Appennino Parmense - Mineral Parma, Anno IV, n.1, 5-8.
    • Reggio Emilia Province (Reggio nell'Emilia Province)
      • Villa Minozzo
I minerali di varie ofioliti attorno a Villa Minozzo (RE). O.Bartoli, M.Scacchetti & D.Bersani. Notiziario della Società Reggiana di Scienze Naturali - 2007 - Dicembre 2007
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Antofilli, Borgo, Palenzona, 1985. I nostri minerali. Geologia e mineralogia in Liguria. Edizioni Melita, La Spezia.
      • Ne
        • Graveglia Valley
          • Reppia
Pipino, G. (1984): Gambatesa, l'ultima miniera della Liguria. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4, 131-142.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Vara Valley
        • Borghetto Vara
Bracco, R. & Ciriotti, M.E. (2003): Todorokite e Manganberzeliite dalla Liguria. Micro (UK report), 2003, 3-6
  • Lombardy
    • Varese Province
      • Ceresio Valley
No reference listed
Guastoni, A., Pezzotta, F., Demartin, F. (2004): Cuasso al Monte: recenti determinazioni su esemplari del MSNM. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4 (4-2004), 194-202.
  • Marche
    • Macerata Province
P. Mattias- M. Guerra (2008) - Le miniere nelle Marche II° parte Miniere e mineralizzazioni-Giacimenti e vicende Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze detta dei XL
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Baldissero Canavese
        • Brosso
          • Cavallaria Mount
Barresi, A. A., & Ambrino, P., 2006. Monte Cavallaria. I minerali delle cave di quarzo "Alpetta, Piani e Rio Freddo". Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 30 (2): 76-97.
      • Caselette
        • NE foot of Musinè Mt.
Giovanni Scapin Collection
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Balangero
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Tesso Valley
          • Monastero di Lanzo
            • Chiaves
Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G., Airaudi, D. (2010): Primo ritrovamento di caryopilite e kutnohorite in Piemonte: Croce di Chiaves, Ceres, Torino. Micro (UK report) 1/2010, 134-141
        • Viù Valley
          • Usseglio
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Susa Valley
        • Cesana Torinese
Brizio, P., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E., Blass, G. (2010). L'affioramento a Mn, SiO, Fe, S di Roccia Rossa, Cesana, Torino. Micro (località) 1/2010, 313-328
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Baveno
        • Oltrefiume
          • Mount Camoscio
Grill, E. (1935): I minerali del granito di Baveno, la fayalite. Periodico di Mineralogia, 129-133. - Gallitelli, P. (1936): Le miche del granito di Baveno. . Periodico di Mineralogia, 61-76 - Pagliani, G. (1948): Le Zeoliti del granito di Baveno. Periodico di Mineralogia, 175-188. - Ravagnani, D. (1974): I giacimenti uraniferi italiani - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo - Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, Ed., Milano, 188 pp. - min. Rec. 14 (3), 157-168 - Am. Min. 83, 1330-1334 (1998) - Am. Min. 84, 782-789 (1999). - Guastoni, A. & Pezzotta, F. (2004): Kristiansenite a Baveno, second ritrovamento Mondiale della specie. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2004, 247-251. - Guastoni, A., Demartin, F., Pezzotta, F. (2004): Sekaninaite delle pegmatiti granitiche di Feriolo e Baveno (VB). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 145, 59-68. - Mineralogist americano (2005) 90, 1442-1452.
Orlandi P. & Albertini C.(1988): Todorokite da diverse località italiane: Baveno, Carrara, Campiglia Marittima, Appennino Parmense). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. serie A,95,29-34.
      • Omegna
        • Agrano
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Carbonia
        • Barbusi
Sauro, F., De Waele, J., Onac, B. P., Galli, E., Dublyansky, Y., Baldoni, E., & Sanna, L. (2014). Hypogenic speleogenesis in quartzite: the case of Corona'e Sa Craba Cave (SW Sardinia, Italy). Geomorphology, 211, 77-88.
      • Portoscuso
Samples collected by Luigi Chiappino and analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Chiappino, L. (2016): Magnesio-ferri-fluoro-hornblende from Portoscuso, Sardinia, Italy: description of a newly approved member of the amphibole supergroup. Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 269-275.
      • San Pietro Island
        • Carloforte
Guerin H., Perseil E.A. (1982): Todorokite riche en fer: constituent du wad du gisment de Capo-Becco - Île de San Pietro (Sardaigne). Per. Mineral., 51, 217-224.
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
        • Prata
Bardi, T., Bazzoni, C., Bernocchi, M., Betti, C., Biagioni, C., D'Orazio, M. & Pagani, G. (2017) Cretaio. La vecchia ricerca cuprifera presso Prata, Massa Marittima (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 41, 104-118.
    • Livorno Province
Orlandi P. & Albertini C.(1988): Todorokite da diverse località italiane: Baveno, Carrara, Campiglia Marittima, Appennino Parmense). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. serie A,95,29-34.
      • Elba Island
        • Porto Azzurro
P. Roegner - (raggi X, EDS) Ratisbona Univ. - 1999-2001
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa
Biagioni C., 2004. Le mineralizzazioni manganesifere dei Diaspri Auctt. di Vagli (Alpi Apuane, Lucca). Tesina di Laurea inedita, Università di Pisa.
      • Pescaglia
        • Villa a Roggio
Luigi Matei photo
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi P. & Albertini C.(1988): Todorokite da diverse località italiane: Baveno, Carrara, Campiglia Marittima, Appennino Parmense). Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. serie A,95,29-34.
        • Massa
Paolo Orlandi - Edilio Bellè: I Minerali del marmo del bacino del Frigido, Massa
  • Tyrrhenian Sea
    • Aeolian Arc seamounts
Eckhardt, J.-D., Glasby, G. P., H. Puchelt, H., Berner, Z. (1997): Hydrothermal manganese crusts from Enarete and Palinuro seamounts in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 15, 2, 175-208.
Rossi, P. L., Bocchi, G., Lucchini, F. (1980): A manganese deposit from the South Tyrrhenian region. Oceanologica Acta, 3, 1, 107-113.
Eckhardt, J.-D., Glasby, G. P., H. Puchelt, H., Berner, Z. (1997): Hydrothermal manganese crusts from Enarete and Palinuro seamounts in the Tyrrhenian Sea. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 15, 2, 175-208.
  • Veneto
    • Verona Province
      • Negrar
        • Montecchio
          • Vajo Siresol
Boscardin, M. (2014): Provincia di Verona. In: Zorzi, F., Boscardin, M. (eds.), Minerali del Veneto. Alla scoperta sei tesori della nostra regione. Museo di Storia Naturale e Archeologia di Montebelluna - Treviso, Cierre Edizioni, Sommacampagna, 153-171.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Shiribeshi Province
      • Yoichi
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Introduction to Japanese Minerals (Geological Survey of Japan, 1970)
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Nagano Prefecture
        • Kami-Ina-gun
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Shizuoka prefecture
        • Matsuzaki
private communication - Alfredo Petrov
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
(unpublished species lists maintained by local collectors; needs confirmation)
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Katsuyama
          • Teragohchi
H. Momoi (1964) Memoirs of the Faculty of Science, Kyushu University, Series D, Geology, 15, #1, 65-72.
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Katashina
Yamada, T. (2005) Suisyou, 17, 2-4.
      • Saitama Prefecture
        • Chichibu City
          • Ohtaki-mura
            • Nakatsugawa
Dr. Matsuo Nambu ore collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Tochigi Prefecture
        • Kanuma City
Akira Kato (undated manuscript): Country rock and Minerals of the Kaso mine, Kanuma City, Tochigi Prefecture. (in japanese)
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Odate
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Aomori Prefecture
        • Nishi-Tsugaru-gun
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Shimokita peninsula
          • Higashidori
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
      • Iwate Prefecture
        • Karumai
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kunohe-gun
          • Karumai-cho
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
        • Kuzumaki
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
Dr. Matsuo Nambu collection (curated at Geological Survey of Japan)
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime prefecture
      • Seiyo City
        • Nomura
M. Nakagawa, M. Santosh, S. Maruyama (2009) Distribution and mineral assemblages of bedded manganese deposits in Shikoku, Southwest Japan: Implications for accretion tectonics. Gondwana Research 16, 609–621.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Izu Archipelago
Y. Okayama: Hydrothermal manganese oxides from southwest region of Aogashima island. Mining Geology, 42 (3), 194ff
Jordan
 
  • Tafilah
    • Wadi Arabah (Wadi Araba)
Qatar Univ. Sci. J. 21:101-117.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Zhayrem (Zhairem)
Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Frank Dzubeck
Luxembourg
 
  • Diekirch District
    • Wiltz
      • Goesdorf commune
        • Goesdorf
Philippo, S. & Hanson, A. (2007): La minéralisation en antimoine de Goesdorf. Ferrantia 49, 111-146.
Mexico
 
  • Baja California Sur (BC Sur)
    • Mun. de Mulegé
      • Santa Rosalía
Andrew G. Conly, Steven D. Scott, and Hervé Bellon (2011): Metalliferous Manganese Oxide Mineralization Associated with the Boléo Cu-Co-Zn District, Mexico. Economic Geology 106, 1173-1196.
  • Chihuahua
    • Mun. de Aldama
Cross, B. & Culp Zeitner J. (2006), Geodes Natures Treasures, P.21
    • Mun. de Aquiles Serdán
      • Santa Eulalia District
        • East Camp
Megaw, P.K.M., 1990b, Geology and geochemistry of the Santa Eulalia mining district, Chihuahua, Mexico.: Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Univ. of Arizona, 549 p
    • Mun. de Saucillo
      • Naica
Querol, F., 1986 Internal Penoles Mineralogical Report
  • Michoacan
    • Mun. de Coalcomám
Ref.: Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, volumen 17, número 2, p.143-153 (2000)
  • Puebla
    • Mun. de Zacatlán
J. Arturo Gomez-Caballero, M. Guadalupe Villasenor-Cabral, Patricia Santiago-Jacinto, and Francisco Ponce-Abad (2010) Hypogene ba-rich todorokite and associated nanometric native silver in the San Miguel Tenango mining area, Zacatlan, Puebla, Mexico. The Canadian Mineralogist (October 2010), 48(5):1237-1253
Mongolia
 
  • Dornogovi Aimag
    • Argatay
Kuleshov, V.N. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 468-476.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
FAVREAU G. & DIETRICH J.E. (2006) Tachgagalt (Maroc), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 93, 37-71. (in French)
Namibia
 
  • Erongo Region
    • Karibib District
E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
Uwe Kolitsch (single-crystal X-ray diffraction); Blaß, G., Kolitsch, U., Tremmel, G., Esche, J. (2016): Neue Mineralienfunde aus den Phonolithbrüchen von Aris in Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 27 (4), 48-60 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Blaß, G., Jahn, S., Cámara, F., von Bezing, L., Wartha, R. R., Tremmel, G., Sturla, M., Cerea, P., Skebo, M. and Ciriotti, M. E. (2016): Aris - mineralogy of the famous alkaline phonolite. AMI - Associazione Micromineralogica Italiana, Cremona, Italy, 95 pp.
  • Kunene Region
    • Khorixas District
      • Mesopotamia Copper Valley
Gerhard Niedermayr: Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit
New Caledonia
 
  • Northern Province
    • Houaïlou Commune
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Waikato
      • Thames-Coromandel
        • Coromandel peninsula
ko jansen
  • South Island
    • Canterbury
      • Lyttelton
Thornton, J. (Ed.), The Micro-Scope, No. 26, July 1998
    • Otago
      • Dunedin
Amer. Mineral. (1971) 56, 416-426
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 pp
Larsen, A. O.; Åsheim, A.; Raade, G. & Taftø, J. (1992): Tvedalite, (Ca,Mn)4Be3Si6O17(OH)4• 3H2O, a new mineral from syenite pegmatite in the Oslo Region, Norway, American Mineralogist 77, 438-443
Pacific Ocean
 
  • Clarion-Clipperton zone
    • Clipperton Island (Ile de Clipperton; Ile de la Passion)
      • USA-4
Mee Burns, V., Burns, R.G. (1978) Authigenic todorokite and phillipsite inside deep-sea manganese nodules. American Mineralogist, 63, 827-831.
  • Marcus-Wake ridge
Fengyou Chu, Daqian Hu, and Jie Yao (2006): Global Geology 26(3), 245-253
  • South California Borderland
Hein, J.R., Reid, J.A., Conrad, T.A., Dunham, R.E., Clague, D.A., Schulz, M.S., and Davis, A.S. (2010): USGS Open-File Report 10-1069
Hein, J.R., Reid, J.A., Conrad, T.A., Dunham, R.E., Clague, D.A., Schulz, M.S., and Davis, A.S. (2010): USGS Open-File Report 10-1069
Hein, J.R., Reid, J.A., Conrad, T.A., Dunham, R.E., Clague, D.A., Schulz, M.S., and Davis, A.S. (2010): USGS Open-File Report 10-1069
Hein, J.R., Reid, J.A., Conrad, T.A., Dunham, R.E., Clague, D.A., Schulz, M.S., and Davis, A.S. (2010): USGS Open-File Report 10-1069
Hein, J.R., Reid, J.A., Conrad, T.A., Dunham, R.E., Clague, D.A., Schulz, M.S., and Davis, A.S. (2010): USGS Open-File Report 10-1069
Hein, J.R., Reid, J.A., Conrad, T.A., Dunham, R.E., Clague, D.A., Schulz, M.S., and Davis, A.S. (2010): Seamounts and Ferromanganese Crusts Within and Near the U.S. EEZ Off California - Data for RV Farnella Cruise F7-87-SC. USGS Open-File Report 10-1069
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Kraków
Gołębiowska, B., Pieczka, A., Rzepa, G., Matyszkiewicz, J., & Krajewski, M. (2010). Iodargyrite from Zalas (Cracow area, Poland) as an indicator of Oligocene–Miocene aridity in Central Europe. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 296(1), 130-137.
Red Sea
 
Sediment-Hosted Mineral Deposits: Proceedings of a Symposium Held in Beijing, People's Republic of China, 30 July-4 August 1988
Romania
 
  • Brașov Co.
    • Racoş Commune
Szakáll, S., Kristály, F., 2010. Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Sfântu Gheorghe-Miercurea Ciuc-Târgu Mureş. 2010.
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
  • Harghita Co.
    • Odorheiu Secuiesc (Székelyudvarhely; Oderhellen)
      • Racoş (Racoşu de Jos)
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
      • Kolyma River Basin
        • Ducat District
          • Omsukchan
            • Ducat ore field
Filimonova, L.G., and Chugaev, A.V. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(6), 489-498.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
        • Seidozero Lake
          • Lepkhe-Nel'm Mt (Lepkhe-Nelm; Nepkha)
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ilmen Mts
          • Ilmen Natural Reserve
Palchik, N. A., Moroz, T. N., Grigorieva, T. N., & Miroshnichenko, L. V. (2014). Manganese minerals from the Miassovo freshwater lake: Composition and structure. Russian Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, 59(5), 511-518.
        • Kusinskii raion
          • Magnitka
J. W. Anthony et al.: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. III (1997)
        • Satka District
Chukhrov, F.V., Gorshkov, A.I., Sivtsov, A.V., and Berezovskaya, V.V. (1978): Izvest. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Ser. geol. 12, 86-95.
      • Orenburgskaya Oblast'
        • Orsk
          • Khalilovskii District
            • Khabarninskii massif
Sharkov, A.A. (2009): Lithology and Mineral Resources 44(1), 19-35.
        • Svetlyi
          • Buruktal District
            • Buruktal massif
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
Haber M., Jelen S., Shkolnik E. L., Gorshkov A. A., Zhegallo E. A., 2003. The partecipation of micro-organisms at the formation of todorokite from oxidation zone (Terézia Vein, Banskà Stiavnica deposit, Slovak Republic). Acta Miner. Petr., 1.
    • Žarnovica Co.
      • Hodruša-Hámre (Hodritsch)
Martin Števku-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
  • Bratislava Region
    • Malacky Co.
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
Šoltés S., Rojkovič I., 2003: Manganese mineralization in the Toarcian Mariatal shales (Malé Karpáty Mts.), Slovakia. Acta Iniv. Palackianae Olomuc., Geologica, 38, 23 -31
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Bystrý Potok
Rojkovič, I. (2001): Geolines 13, 34-41.
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Rojkovič, I. (2001): Geolines 13, 34-41.
  • Prešov Region
    • Stará Ľubovňa Co.
Rojkovič I., Ožvoldová L., Sýkora M., 2003: Manganese mineralisation near Šarišské Jastrabie village, Pieniny Klippen Belt, Western Carpathians, Slovakia. Slovak Geol. Mag., 9,51 – 64
  • Trenčín Region
    • Ilava Co.
Rokovič I., Aubrecht R., Mišík M., 2003: Mineral and chemical composition of manganese hardgrounds in Jurassic limestones of the Western Carpathians. Geol.Carpathica, 54, 317 - 328
      • Vršatské Podhradie
Rokovič I., Aubrecht R., Mišík M., 2003: Mineral and chemical composition of manganese hardgrounds in Jurassic limestones of the Western Carpathians. Geol.Carpathica, 54, 317 - 328
    • Nové Mesto nad Váhom Co.
Rokovič I., Aubrecht R., Mišík M., 2003: Mineral and chemical composition of manganese hardgrounds in Jurassic limestones of the Western Carpathians. Geol.Carpathica, 54, 317 - 328
Rokovič I., Aubrecht R., Mišík M., 2003: Mineral and chemical composition of manganese hardgrounds in Jurassic limestones of the Western Carpathians. Geol.Carpathica, 54, 317 - 328
    • Trenčín Co.
Rokovič I., Aubrecht R., Mišík M., 2003: Mineral and chemical composition of manganese hardgrounds in Jurassic limestones of the Western Carpathians. Geol.Carpathica, 54, 317 - 328
  • Trnava Region
    • Piešťany Co.
Rokovič I., Aubrecht R., Mišík M., 2003: Mineral and chemical composition of manganese hardgrounds in Jurassic limestones of the Western Carpathians. Geol.Carpathica, 54, 317 - 328
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Ehlanzeni District
      • Nelspruit
Martini, J.E.J. et al (1997), "Mbobo Mkulu Cave, South Africa", in "Cave Minerals of the World" (1997)
  • North West Province
    • Dr Kenneth Kaunda District
      • Potchefstroom
http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd-03272006-160210/
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Kalahari manganese field
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 249
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 249; Cairncross, B., and Beukes, N. J., (2013) The Kalahari Manganese Field, the adventure continues. Struik Nature Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa, 221 pp.
      • Hotazel
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 249
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) pg 293-294; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 215;
      • Kuruman
        • N'Chwaning Mines
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 249
Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA; Preston, P. C. C. R. (2009). Physical and chemical characterization of the manganese ore bed at the Mamatwan mine, Kalahari manganese field (Doctoral dissertation).
Von Bezing, K. L. et al. (1991) The Kalahari manganese field: An Update, Mineralogical Record 22(4) 279-302; Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 249
  • Western Cape Province
    • Cape Town
      • Hout Bay
Cairncross, B., and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA, pg 249
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Granada
      • Busquístar
- Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
    • Huelva
      • Almonaster la Real
Jorge (2000)
    • Jaén
      • Linares-La Carolina District
        • Linares
Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
  • Aragón
    • Huesca
      • Estopiñán del Castillo
Mata-Perelló,J.M. (1979).- "Las Mineralizaciones de manganeso de Estopiñan y de Natchá" Acta Geol. Hispánica, t. XIV (tomo homenaje al Dr., Luis Sole y Sabaris), 4p. Barcelona.
    • Teruel
      • Camañas
Calvo, M. (2008) Minerales de Aragón. Prames (Zaragoza). 463 pages
      • Ojos Negros
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames, Zaragoza. 463 pags.
  • Balearic Islands
    • Majorca
      • Llucmajor
Onac, B.P., Fornós, J.J., Merino, A., Ginés, J., Diehl, J. (2014): Linking mineral deposits to speleogenetic processes in Cova des Pas de Vallgornera (Mallorca, Spain). International Journal of Speleology, 43, 2, 143-157.
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
      • Lanzarote
        • Haría
Strasser, A., Kirchner, E., (2006): Minerale aus einem Alkali-Basalt-Differentiat vom Risco Famara, Lanzarote, Kanarische Inseln, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 57, 335-338
        • Yaiza
          • Playa Blanca
Kratzsch E. (2001) Mineralfundstellen auf Lanzarote, Kanarische Inseln; Lapis 2001, 3, 13-23 (reference via Ferdinando Giovine)
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Ciudad Real
A. Crespo & R. Lunar (1997): Terrestrial hot-spring Co-rich Mn mineralization in the Pliocene-Quaternary Calatrava Region (central Spain). Geological Society, London, Special Publications, vol. 119, 253-264.
      • Pozuelo
Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp.
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Mineralogistes de Catalunya, vol. III num. 5
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Atamaría
          • Campos de Golf area
            • Las Nogueras ravine
Joan Rosell - Rosellminerals.com
  • Valencian Community
    • Valencia
      • Requena
        • Campo Arcís
Mata Perelló, J.M., 1994, Geogaceta. 16: 154-155
Sweden
 
  • Småland
    • Jönköping
      • Månsarp
Swedish Nat.Musuem
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Strand, Urban & Österberg,Örjan (2015) Todorokitt, ett nytt mineral för Långban, Långbansnytt Vol. 21, No,1, p14.
      • Nordmark district
No reference listed
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (2004): Harstigen ett mineralogisk eldorado i Bergslagen. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 28: 5-13
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409.
Perseil E.A. Untersuchungen über die Anwesenheit von Strontium in den Manganvererzungen von Falotta und Parsettens (GR). Schweiz. mineral. petrogr. Mitt.70, 315 - 310 (1990)
    • Engadin
      • Piz Corvatsch
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Lugano lake
      • Carona
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409.
    • Malcantone
Le Cristallier Suisse, 11 (7), 309-323.
Vanini F., Oppizzi P., Steiger E. (1998): I minerali di Novaggio, Malcantone, Ticino. Schweizer Strahler 11(7), 309-323 (in Italian and German).
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Saint-Luc
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    • Lötschen valley
      • Lonza valley
        • Mittal
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 409.
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Pipjitälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
Turkey
 
  • Black Sea Region
    • Zonguldak Province
USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC158-C161
USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC158-C161
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Endellion
          • Port Quin
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals (2007); UKJMM Vol.29 p.8
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
Calvert, S.E., and Price, N.B. (1970): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 29, 215-233.
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
Chukhrov F.V., Gorshkov A.I., Berezovskaya V.V., Sivtsov A.V. (1987) New data on mineralogy of Kerch ores, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geol., 4, p. 60-77 (in Rus.); Geologiya SSSR (The geology of USSR) (1969) - Nedra (Moscou), 1969, vol. VIII, 575 p.
    • Simferopol area
      • Mramornoe Village area
Alexander I. Tischenko (1996)/ Minerals of the Crimea. - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18.
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • Valdez-Cordova Borough
      • Copper River District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Yukon-Koyukuk Borough
      • Kaiyuh District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Dragoon Mts
        • Turquoise District (Courtland-Gleeson District)
          • Courtland
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 137.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 398.
    • Greenlee Co.
      • Shannon Mts
        • Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District)
          • Morenci
Merritt Stephen Enders (2000) The Evolution of Supergene Enrichment in the Morenci Porphyry Copper Deposit, Greenlee County, Arizona. PhD Thesis, University of Arizona
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mineral Mountain District
        • Superior area
          • Reymert Canyon
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 165, 188, 252, 398.; Wilson, K. S. (1984). The geology and epithermal silver mineralization of the Reymert Mine, Pinal County, Arizona. MS Thesis University of Arizona
    • Yuma Co.
      • Kofa Mts (S.H. Mts)
        • Kofa District
          • Kofa Game Range
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 124, 165, 240, 343, 398.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 140.
            • North Star Mine (Northstar Mine)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 240, 339, 398.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Amargosa Range
        • Black Mts
Bob Massey micromount collection, # GRM 1963A
Bob Massey micromount collection, # GRM 1963A
Reiner Mielke
      • Furnace Creek District (Furnace Creek Borate District; Death Valley Area Borate Deposits; Ryan area)
        • Ryan
Erd, R.C., J.F. McAllister & A.C. Vlisidis (1961), Nobleite, another new hydrous calcium borate from the Death Valley region, California: American Mineralogist: 46: 560-571; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 168.
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
        • Boron
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9): 168; Carnahan, V. (1970), Notes on some minerals from Boron: Bulletin of the Mineralogical Society of Southern California, November: 10.
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • Palos Verdes peninsula
American Mineralogist (1979): 64: 1199-1218.
          • George Canyon (George F. Canyon)
Mitchell, R.S. and Corey, A. (1973) Braunite and sursassite from Los Angeles County, California. Mineralogical Record: 4: 291; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 169.
    • Marin Co.
      • Sausalito
; Milton, D.J. and Bastron, H. (1971). "Churchite and Florencite (Nd) from Sausalito, California." Mineralogical Record: 2(4): 166-168; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 169.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • West Belt
        • Hornitos District
          • Quartzburg
Field collected by Alfredo Petrov, May 2014, PXRD by John Attard, XRF by Alfredo Petrov.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Picacho Peak
Mineralogical Record: 36(4): 337-363.
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
Foord, E. E. (1977), Famous Mineral Localities: the Himalaya Dike System, Mesa Grande District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record 8(6): p. 471.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Hiriart Mountain (Hariat Mtn; Harriot Mtn; Heriart Mtn; Heriot Mtn; Hiriat Hill)
http://minerals.gps.caltech.edu/FILES/DENDRITE/Index.htm
      • Ramona District
        • Ramona
Foord, Eugene E. et al (1989), Mineralogy and Paragenesis of the Little Three Mine Pegmatites, Ramona District, San Diego County, California. Mineralogical Record, 20(2): p. 124.
Rob Lavinsky (ex. Chuck Houser specimen)
    • Trinity Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Mad River Rock
Steve Pullman
        • Three Forks
Huebner, J. Stephen; Flohr, Marta J. (1990) Microbanded manganese formations; protoliths in the Franciscan Complex, California; USGS Professional Paper 1502.
    • Ventura Co.
      • Santa Monica Mts
        • Newbury Park
DeVito, A. N. (1991), Wulfenite from the Santa Monica Mountains. Bull. Min. Soc. So. Calif.: 61(12) (Dec 1991): 8-9.
  • Colorado
    • Custer Co.
      • Silver Cliff District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Park Co.
Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • Haddam
Schooner, Richard. (circa 1980s), Untitled manuscript on central Connecticut minerals.
  • Maine
    • Androscoggin Co.
      • Auburn
        • West Mount Apatite District
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1, p.349
      • Poland
King, V. T. and Foord, E. E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, Descriptive Mineralogy, volume 1, Maine Geological Survey, Augusta, Maine, USA, pp. 418 + 88 plates. "Maine Mineral Localities, 3rd Ed." by Thompson, W.B., et. al., 1998
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Baldwin
        • West Baldwin
Gene Bearss, "What's New at the Estes Quarry" Micromounters of New England 2010 Symposium presentation
    • Oxford Co.
      • Albany
King, V. T., 2009, Maine Feldspar, Families, and Feuds.
      • Buckfield
Van King
      • Greenwood
Maine Pegmatite Workshop 2004
Kink, V. and Foord, E.E., 1992 Maine Mineralogy, Vol. 1, Maine Geologic Surevey, Augusta.
        • Uncle Tom Mountain
Mineral News (1994) 10:12 pp1,2
      • Hebron
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1, p.349
      • Newry
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed.), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2, with updates by Van King
King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1, p.349
      • Peru
No reference listed
      • Rumford
Van King
Van King
      • Stoneham
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, Vol. 1, p.349
  • Maryland
    • Calvert Co.
http://www.irocks.com/chesapeake-biominerals-hazen-article/
    • Carroll Co.
      • Medford
Mr. Fred Parker, Columbia, MD.
  • Montana
    • Beaverhead Co.
      • Blacktail Range Area
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
    • Granite Co.
      • Philipsburg District (Flint Creek District)
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
        • Durango & Moorlight Group (Durango & Moonlight Group)
Geology and Ore Deposits of the Philipsburg District, Granite Co., Montana; William C. Prinz, 1967
AmMin 47:59; USGS Prof Paper 550C ppC158-C161
H.A. Barrett and M.P.S. Krekeler (2011) The 38th Rochester Mineralogical Symposium, April 14-17, 2011, lecture abstracts, page 9.
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
    • Mineral Co.
      • De Borgia
American Mineralogist 47:59-66
  • Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • McCoy District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Shoshone Mts
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Hot Creek Range
NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • White Pine Co.
      • White Pine District
        • Silver Belt
          • Treasure Hill
            • Summit area
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Groton
Rocks & Min. (Sept/Oct 1981)
  • New Jersey
    • Somerset Co.
      • Bernards Township
Maertens, J. (2007) Collecting Minerals at Tilcon's Millington Quarry. The Tilcon Times, Summer:10.
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Dunn(1995):Pt4:605.
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Baum, J.L.: The Sterling Hill mud zone: The Picking Table:3(2):8-10.
Frondel, C., et al: Am.Min.:45:1167-1173 (1960); Chukrov, , et al: On Structural varieties of todorokite: Academii Nauk S.S.S.R. Izvestia, Ser. Geol.:12:86-95 (1978); Dunn(1995):Pt4:605.
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
      • Taylor Creek District
        • Sawmill Creek
NMGS 37th Field Conference
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996; Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII (2001) 1454.pdf
    • Grant Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • McKinley Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
        • Ambrosia Lake Sub-district
NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
    • Sierra Co.
      • Black Range
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Socorro Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
  • North Carolina
    • Gaston Co.
      • Bessemer City
Van King
  • Oregon
    • Wheeler Co.
      • Spray
Rudy Tschernich Zeolite Collection
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Lincoln
        • Lime Rock
Michael W. Kieron collection
  • South Dakota
    • Custer Co.
      • Custer District
        • Fourmile
Rocks & Minerals: 60: 117.
        • Pringle
          • Cicero Peak
Paul B. Moore (1974) Jahnsite, Segelerite, and Robertsite, Three New Transition Metal Phosphate Species. Am. Min. 59: 48-59
    • Pennington Co.
      • Hill City District
Rocks & Minerals: 75(3): 156-169.
      • Keystone District
        • Keystone
Seaman, 1976. Pegmatite Minerals of the World
Mineral and/or Locality  
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