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Tosudite

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Formula:
Na
 
0.5
(Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
18
)(OH)
 
12
· 5H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:White, light yellow, ...
Hardness:1 - 2
Name:Named after Toshio Sudo (1911-2000), professor of mineralogy, university of Tokyo (Japan).


Aliettite-Corrensite Group

A 1:1 regular interstratification of a chlorite group mineral and a smectite group mineral.

Classification of Tosudite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/H.18-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.EC.60

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
Dana 8th edition ID:71.4.2.4

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
4 : Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
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Type Occurrence of Tosudite

Type Locality:Solnechnogorsk Village (Kuru-Uzen'), Alushta, Crimea peninsula, Crimea Oblast', Ukraine
Year of Discovery:1963

Physical Properties of Tosudite

Lustre:Waxy, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:White, light yellow, light green, deep blue to azure
Hardness (Mohs):1 - 2
Cleavage:Perfect
{001}
Density (measured):2.83 g/cm3

Crystallography of Tosudite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Class (H-M):2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:B2 {B1 1 2} {C2} {C1 2 1}
Cell Parameters:a = 5.17Å, b = 8.97Å, c = 24.2Å
β = 94°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.576 : 1 : 2.698
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,119.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Microscopically crystalline

Optical Data of Tosudite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.542 - 1.564 nβ = 1.570 nγ = 1.548 - 1.574
2V:Measured: 59°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.006 - 0.010

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Tosudite

Formula:
Na
 
0.5
(Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
18
)(OH)
 
12
· 5H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12·5H2O
Essential elements:Al, H, Na, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, H, Mg, Na, O, Si
Common Impurities:Fe,Mg,Ca,Li

Relationship of Tosudite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.EC.05Minnesotaite
(Fe,Mg)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.05Talc
Mg
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.05Willemseite
(Ni,Mg)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.10Ferripyrophyllite
Fe
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.10Pyrophyllite
Al
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Boromuscovite
KAl
 
2
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Celadonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Fe
3+
 
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chernykhite
(Ba,Na)(V
3+
 
,Al,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Montdorite
(K,Na)
 
2
(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
9.EC.15Muscovite
KAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Nanpingite
CsAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.15Paragonite
NaAl
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Roscoelite
K(V
3+
 
,Al)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Tobelite
(NH
 
4
,K)Al
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Aluminoceladonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chromphyllite
K(Cr,Al)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.15Ferro-aluminoceladonite
K(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Al,Fe
3+
 
)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Ferroceladonite
K(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Chromceladonite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Cr,Al)(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.15Tainiolite
KLiMg
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.15Ganterite
(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Annite
KFe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Ephesite
LiNaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Hendricksite
K(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Masutomilite
(K,Rb)(Li,Mn
3+
 
,Al)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Norrishite
KLiMn
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)O
 
2
9.EC.20Phlogopite
KMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.20Polylithionite
KLi
 
2
Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Preiswerkite
NaMg
 
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Siderophyllite
KFe
2+
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Tetraferriphlogopite
KMg
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorotetraferriphlogopite
KMg
 
3
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Wonesite
(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)
 
6
((Al,Si)
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
9.EC.20Eastonite
KMg
 
2
Al(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Tetraferriannite
KFe
2+
3
((Fe
3+
 
,Al)Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Trilithionite
K(Li,Al)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorannite
KFe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Shirokshinite
KNaMg
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Shirozulite
K(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Sokolovaite
CsLi
 
2
Al(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Aspidolite
NaMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Fluorophlogopite
KMg
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi
(Cs,K)(Al,Li)
 
2.6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Suhailite
(NH
 
4
)Fe
2+
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.20Yangzhumingite
KMg
 
2.5
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.20Orlovite
KLi
 
2
Ti(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)OF
9.EC.20Oxyphlogopite
K(Mg,Ti,Fe)
 
3
[(Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
](O,F)
 
2
9.EC.25Brammallite
(Na,H
 
3
O)(Al,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.30Margarite
CaAl
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Anandite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
((Si,Al,Fe)
 
4
O
 
10
)(S,OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Bityite
LiCaAl
 
2
(AlBeSi
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Clintonite
Ca(Mg,Al)
 
3
(Al
 
3
SiO
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn
2+
 
,Al)
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite
(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(O,OH,F)
 
2
9.EC.35Fluorokinoshitalite
BaMg
 
3
(Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)F
 
2
9.EC.40Beidellite
(Na,Ca
 
0.5
)
 
0.3
Al
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Kurumsakite
(Zn,Ni,Cu)
 
8
Al
 
8
V
5+
2
Si
 
5
O
 
35
· 27H
 
2
O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite
(Na,Ca)
 
0.33
(Al,Mg)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Nontronite
Na
 
0.3
Fe
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.40Volkonskoite
Ca
 
0.3
(Cr,Mg,Fe)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.40Yakhontovite
(Ca,Na)
 
0.5
(Cu,Fe,Mg)
 
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
9.EC.45Hectorite
Na
 
0.3
(Mg,Li)
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(F,OH)
 
2
9.EC.45Saponite
Ca
 
0.25
(Mg,Fe)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.45Sauconite
Na
 
0.3
Zn
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.45Spadaite
MgSiO
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite
(Ca,Na)
 
x
Mg
 
3-x
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
9.EC.45Swinefordite
Li(Al,Li,Mg)
 
4
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH,F)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.45Zincsilite
Zn
 
3
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.45Ferrosaponite
Ca
 
0.3
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.50Vermiculite
(Mg,Fe,Al)
 
3
((Al,Si)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.55Baileychlore
(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Chamosite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Clinochlore
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Cookeite
(Al
 
2
Li)Al
 
2
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Franklinfurnaceite
Ca
 
2
Fe
3+
 
Mn
2+
3
Mn
3+
 
(Zn
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Gonyerite
(Mn
2+
 
,Mg)
 
5
Fe
3+
 
(Fe
3+
 
Si
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Nimite
(Ni,Mg,Al)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Orthochamosite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg,Fe
3+
 
)
 
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,O)
 
8
9.EC.55Pennantite
Mn
2+
5
Al(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Sudoite
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
2
Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Donbassite
Al
 
4.33
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.55Glagolevite
Na(Mg,Al)
 
6
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH,O)
 
8
9.EC.55Borocookeite
Li
 
1+3x
Al
 
4-x
(BSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8
9.EC.60Aliettite
Ca
 
0.2
Mg
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· 4H
 
2
O
9.EC.60Corrensite
(Mg,Fe)
 
9
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
10
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.60Dozyite
Mg
 
7
Al
 
2
(Al
 
2
Si
 
4
O
 
15
)(OH)
 
12
9.EC.60Hydrobiotite
K(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.60Karpinskite
(Ni,Mg)
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
5
(OH)
 
2
(?)
9.EC.60Kulkeite
Mg
 
8
Al(AlSi
 
7
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
10
9.EC.60Lunijianlaite
Li
 
0.7
Al
 
6.2
(AlSi
 
7
O
 
20
)(OH,O)
 
10
9.EC.60Rectorite
(Na,Ca)Al
 
4
((Si,Al)
 
8
O
 
20
)(OH)
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
9.EC.60Saliotite
(Li,Na)Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
5
9.EC.60Brinrobertsite
Na
 
0.3
Al
 
4
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 3.5 H
 
2
O
9.EC.65Macaulayite
(Fe,Al)
 
24
Si
 
4
O
 
43
(OH)
 
2
9.EC.70Burckhardtite
Pb
 
2
(Fe
3+
 
,Mn
3+
 
)Te
4+
 
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)O
 
2
(OH)
 
2
· H
 
2
O
9.EC.75Ferrisurite
(Pb,Ca)
 
2.4
Fe
3+
2
(Si
 
4
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)
 
1.7
(OH)
 
3
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.75Surite
(Pb,Ca)
 
3
(Al,Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
2
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
2
9.EC.75Niksergievite
(Ba,Ca)
 
2
Al
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(CO
 
3
)(OH)
 
6
· nH
 
2
O
9.EC.80Kegelite
Pb
 
8
Al
 
4
(Si
 
8
O
 
20
)(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(CO
 
3
)
 
4
(OH)
 
8

Other Names for Tosudite

Other Languages:
German:Tosudit
Spanish:Tosudita
Varieties:
Aluminum TosuditeAlushtiteLithium TosuditeMagnesium Tosudite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tosudite

Reference List:

- +
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1963): 92: 560.

Fin'ko V.I., Drits V.A., Slonimskaya N.V. (1977) Lithium tosudite from hydrothermal altered rocks of Lover Preamurie, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geologicheskaya, №12, p. 73-78 (in Rus.).

American Mineralogist (1982): 67: 394-398.

Kartashov P.M. (1989) On Li-bearing Alushtite from Crimea and its position in the tosudite group, - Novye Dannye o Mineralah, Moscow, "Nauka", v.36, pp. 67-83 (in Rus.)

Internet Links for Tosudite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Tosudite on Google
  • Look for Tosudite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Tosudite on Webmineral
  • Look for Tosudite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Tosudite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Tosudite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Find Tosudite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Localities for Tosudite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Belgium
     
    • Liège Province
    [var: Alushtite] Brown G., Bourguignon P., Thorez J. (1974) A lithium-bearing aluminian mixed layer bmontmorillonite-chlorite from Huy, Belgium, - Clay Miner., 10(3), pp. 135-144. & Kartashov P.M. (1989) On Li-bearing Alushtite from Crimea and its position in the tosudite group, - Novye Dannye o Mineralah, Moscow, "Nauka", v.36, pp. 67-83 (in Rus.)
    Bosnia and Herzegovina
     
    • Serb Republic
      • Prijedor
        • Ljubija
    www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Ljubija.html.
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Allier
        • Ébreuil
    [var: Lithium Tosudite] Merceron T., Inoue A., Bouchet A., Meunier A. (1988) Lithium-bearing donbassite and tosudite from Echassieres, Massif Central, France, - Clays and Clay Minerals, 36(1), p. 39-46.
    • Limousin
      • Creuse
        • Evaux
          • Budelière
    Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
    Germany
     
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
    [var: Aluminum Tosudite] Starke R., Landgraf K-F., Felix S. (1984) Tosudite von Ehrenfriedersdorf - weitere mineralogishe daten, - Ztschr. geol. wiss., 12(4), s. 509-516 (in Germ.)
    India
     
    • Maharashtra
      • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
        • Murud-Janjira
    A.G. Dessai, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1990, 2, pp. 667-685.
    Italy
     
    • Friuli Venezia Giulia
      • Udine Province
        • Forni Avoltri
    Ciriotti, M.E., Möckel, S., Blaβ, G., Bortolozzi, G. (2006). Cualstibite: ritrovamenti italiani. MICRO (UK report), 2006, 19-24.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Iburi Province
    米田哲朗. (1989). 北海道南白老重晶石・カオリン鉱床の粘土鉱物組成. 粘土科学, 29(2), 69-80.
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Gifu Prefecture
          • Gujou-gun
            • Takasu-mura
    [var: Lithium Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
        • Niigata Prefecture
          • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
            • Mikawa-mura
    [var: Aluminum Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
      • Kinki region
        • Hyogo Prefecture
    [var: Aluminum Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
          • Odate
    Kimbara K., Nagata H. (1974) Clay minerals in the core samples of the mineralized zone of Niida, Southern part of Odate, Akita prefecture, Japan, with special reference to the mineralogical properties of sudoite and tosudite, - J. Japan Miner. Econ. Geol., 69(7), p.239-254.
        • Aomori Prefecture
    [var: Magnesium Tosudite] Sudo T., Kodama H. (1957) An aluminium mixed-layer mineral of montmorillonite-chlorite, - Ztschr. Kristallogr., 109(4/6). s. 379-387.
        • Fukushima Prefecture
          • Koriyama
    [var: Lithium Tosudite] Shimoda S. (1969) New data for Tosudite, - Clays and Clay Miner., 17(3), p. 179-184.; Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
    • Kyushu Region
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
    Kawano, M., & Tomita, K. (1991). Mineralogy and genesis of clays in postmagmatic alteration zones, Makurazaki volcanic area, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Clays and Clay Minerals, 39(6), 597-608.
    Mozambique
     
    • Zambezia Province
      • Alto Ligonha District
    [var: Aluminum Tosudite] Gomes Figueiredo C.S. (1967) Alteration of spodumene and lepidolite with formation of dioctahedral chlorite plus dioctahedral montmorillonite interstratifications with dioctahedral chlorite, - Mem. et Notic. Miner. Univer. Coimbra, v.64, p. 32-57.
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Khabarovskiy Kray
        • Sikhote Alin Mts
          • Nikolaevsk-na-Amure
    - Fin'ko V.I., Drits V.A., Slonimskaya N.V. (1977) Lithium tosudite from hydrothermal altered rocks of Lover Preamurie, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geologicheskaya, №12, p. 73-78 (in Rus.).
    Kol'tsov A.B. e.a. (1988) Condition of formation and synthesis of Li-tosudite, - Zapiski VMO, 5, pp. 615-622 (in Rus.)
    South Korea
     
    Cho, H. G., & Kim, S. J. (1994). Li-bearing tosudite from the Bubsoo mine, Korea. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, (3), 130-137.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Málaga
    M.D. Ruiz Cruz, B. Andreo : "Tosudite in very low-grade metamorphic graywackes from the Malaga area (Betic Cordilleras, Spain)", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1391-1399.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Gloucestershire
        • Forest of Dean
    Diederik Visser List #39, July 2006
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
      • Crimea peninsula
    [var: Alushtite] - Dvoichenko P.A. (1914) Minerals of Crimea, - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei, v.4, part unofficial, p. 104 (in Rus.)
    Alexander I. Tischenko (1996). Minerals of the Crimea - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18
    [var: Alushtite] Kartashov P.M. (1989) On Li-bearing Alushtite from Crimea and its position in the tosudite group, - Novye Dannye o Mineralah, Moscow, "Nauka", v.36, pp. 67-83 (in Rus.)
    American Mineralogist, 49, 816 (1964); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
        • Bakhchisaray area
    [var: Alushtite] Kartashov P.M. (1989) On Li-bearing Alushtite from Crimea and its position in the tosudite group, - Novye Dannye o Mineralah, Moscow, "Nauka", v.36, pp. 67-83 (in Rus.)
        • Sudak Area
          • Morskoye Village
    [var: Alushtite] Geologiya SSSR (The geology of USSR) (1969) - Nedra (Moscou), 1969, vol. VIII, 575 p.
    • Donets'k Oblast' (Donetsk Oblast')
      • Gorlovka
        • Novyi Donbass
    Kovalenko A.P., Bol'shakov A.P. (1976) Tosudite- a new mineral for mercury deposits of Donbass, - Doklady AN SSSR, 229(6), pp.1440-1443 (in Rus.)
    USA
     
    • California
      • San Diego Co.
        • Mesa Grande District
          • Gem Hill
    [var: Lithium Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
        • Pala District
          • Pala
            • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
    [var: Lithium Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
    • Maine
      • Oxford Co.
        • Buckfield
    King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
        • Newry
    Van King
    • Nevada
      • Washoe Co.
        • Cottonwood District
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
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