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Tosudite

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Formula:
Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
White, light yellow, ...
Hardness:
1 - 2
Name:
Named after Toshio Sudo (1911-2000), professor of mineralogy, university of Tokyo (Japan).
Aliettite-Corrensite Group

A 1:1 regular interstratification of a chlorite group mineral and a smectite group mineral.

Classification of Tosudite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
9.EC.60

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
C : Phyllosilicates with mica sheets, composed of tetrahedral and octahedral nets
71.4.2.4

71 : PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
4 : Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
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Type Occurrence of Tosudite

Year of Discovery:
1963

Physical Properties of Tosudite

Waxy, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
White, light yellow, light green, deep blue to azure
Hardness (Mohs):
1 - 2
Cleavage:
Perfect
{001}
Density:
2.83 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Crystallography of Tosudite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2 - Sphenoidal
Space Group:
B2
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.17Å, b = 8.97Å, c = 24.2Å
β = 94°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.576 : 1 : 2.698
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,119.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Microscopically crystalline

Optical Data of Tosudite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.542 - 1.564 nβ = 1.570 nγ = 1.548 - 1.574
2V:
Measured: 59°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.006 - 0.010
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of Tosudite

Formula:
Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Fe,Mg,Ca,Li

Relationship of Tosudite to other Species

9.EC.05Minnesotaite(Fe,Mg)3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.05TalcMg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.05Willemseite(Ni,Mg)3(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.10FerripyrophylliteFe23+(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.10PyrophylliteAl2(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15BoromuscoviteKAl2(BSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Chernykhite(Ba,Na)(V3+,Al,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.15MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15NanpingiteCsAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.15ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15RoscoeliteK(V3+,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15Tobelite(NH4,K)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15AluminoceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Al(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15ChromphylliteK(Cr,Al)2(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.15FerroaluminoceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Al,Fe3+)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15FerroceladoniteK(Fe2+,Mg)(Fe3+,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15ChromceladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)(Cr,Al)(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.15TainioliteKLiMg2(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.15Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20AnniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20EphesiteLiNaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20HendricksiteK(Zn,Mg,Mn2+)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20Masutomilite(K,Rb)(Li,Mn3+,Al)3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20NorrishiteKLiMn23+(Si4O10)O2
9.EC.20PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20PreiswerkiteNaMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.20FluorotetraferriphlogopiteKMg3(Fe3+Si3O10)F2
9.EC.20Wonesite(Na,K)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Al,Si)4O10)2(OH,F)4
9.EC.20EastoniteKMg2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TetraferrianniteKFe32+((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20FluoranniteKFe32+(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20ShirokshiniteKNaMg2(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20ShirozuliteK(Mn2+,Mg)3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20SokolovaiteCsLi2Al(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20AspidoliteNaMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20FluorophlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20UM2004-49-SiO:AlCsFHKLi(Cs,K)(Al,Li)2.6((Si,Al)4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.20Suhailite(NH4)Fe32+(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
9.EC.20YangzhumingiteKMg2.5(Si4O10)F2
9.EC.20OrloviteKLi2Ti(Si4O10)OF
9.EC.20OxyphlogopiteK(Mg,Ti,Fe)3[(Si,Al)4O10](O,F)2
9.EC.25Brammallite(Na,H3O)(Al,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.30MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Anandite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3((Si,Al,Fe)4O10)(S,OH)2
9.EC.35BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35ClintoniteCa(Mg,Al)3(Al3SiO10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Kinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Mn2+,Al)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
9.EC.35Ferrokinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Fe2+,Mg)3(Al2Si2O10)(OH,F)2
9.EC.35Oxykinoshitalite(Ba,K)(Mg,Ti,Fe3+,Fe2+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(O,OH,F)2
9.EC.35FluorokinoshitaliteBaMg3(Al2Si2O10)F2
9.EC.40Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40Kurumsakite(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V25+Si5O35 · 27H2O (?)
9.EC.40Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.40VolkonskoiteCa0.3(Cr,Mg,Fe)2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.40Yakhontovite(Ca,Na)0.5(Cu,Fe,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 3H2O
9.EC.45HectoriteNa0.3(Mg,Li)3(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
9.EC.45SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
9.EC.45SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45SpadaiteMgSiO2(OH)2 · H2O (?)
9.EC.45Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
9.EC.45SwineforditeLi(Al,Li,Mg)4((Si,Al)4O10)2(OH,F)4 · nH2O
9.EC.45ZincsiliteZn3(Si4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.45FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.50Vermiculite(Mg,Fe,Al)3((Al,Si)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
9.EC.55Baileychlore(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Clinochlore(Mg,Fe2+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55FranklinfurnaceiteCa2Fe3+Mn32+Mn3+(Zn2Si2O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Gonyerite(Mn2+,Mg)5Fe3+(Fe3+Si3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Nimite(Ni,Mg,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Orthochamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55PennantiteMn52+Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55Sudoite(Mg,Fe2+)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55DonbassiteAl4.33(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.55GlagoleviteNa(Mg,Al)6(AlSi3O10)(OH,O)8
9.EC.55BorocookeiteLi1+3xAl4-x(BSi3O10)(OH)8
9.EC.60AliettiteCa0.2Mg6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 4H2O
9.EC.60Corrensite(Mg,Fe)9((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)10 · nH2O
9.EC.60DozyiteMg7Al2(Al2Si4O15)(OH)12
9.EC.60HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
9.EC.60Karpinskite(Ni,Mg)2Si2O5(OH)2 (?)
9.EC.60KulkeiteMg8Al(AlSi7O20)(OH)10
9.EC.60LunijianlaiteLi0.7Al6.2(AlSi7O20)(OH,O)10
9.EC.60Rectorite(Na,Ca)Al4((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · 2H2O
9.EC.60Saliotite(Li,Na)Al3(AlSi3O10)(OH)5
9.EC.60BrinrobertsiteNa0.3Al4(Si4O10)2(OH)4 · 3.5 H2O
9.EC.65Macaulayite(Fe,Al)24Si4O43(OH)2
9.EC.70BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
9.EC.75Ferrisurite(Pb,Ca)2.4Fe23+(Si4O10)(CO3)1.7(OH)3 · nH2O
9.EC.75Surite(Pb,Ca)3(Al,Fe2+,Mg)2((Si,Al)4O10)(CO3)2(OH)2
9.EC.75Niksergievite(Ba,Ca)2Al3(AlSi3O10)(CO3)(OH)6 · nH2O
9.EC.80KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8

Other Names for Tosudite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Tosudit
Spanish:Tosudita

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tosudite

Reference List:
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1963): 92: 560.

Fin'ko V.I., Drits V.A., Slonimskaya N.V. (1977) Lithium tosudite from hydrothermal altered rocks of Lover Preamurie, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geologicheskaya, №12, p. 73-78 (in Rus.).

American Mineralogist (1982): 67: 394-398.

Kartashov P.M. (1989) On Li-bearing Alushtite from Crimea and its position in the tosudite group, - Novye Dannye o Mineralah, Moscow, "Nauka", v.36, pp. 67-83 (in Rus.)

Internet Links for Tosudite

Localities for Tosudite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
[var: Alushtite] Brown G., Bourguignon P., Thorez J. (1974) A lithium-bearing aluminian mixed layer bmontmorillonite-chlorite from Huy, Belgium, - Clay Miner., 10(3), pp. 135-144. & Kartashov P.M. (1989) On Li-bearing Alushtite from Crimea and its position in the tosudite group, - Novye Dannye o Mineralah, Moscow, "Nauka", v.36, pp. 67-83 (in Rus.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
 
  • Serb Republic
    • Prijedor
      • Ljubija
www.gl.rhbnc.ac.uk/geode/ABCD/Ljubija.html.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Allier
      • Ébreuil
[var: Lithium Tosudite] Merceron T., Inoue A., Bouchet A., Meunier A. (1988) Lithium-bearing donbassite and tosudite from Echassieres, Massif Central, France, - Clays and Clay Minerals, 36(1), p. 39-46.
  • Limousin
    • Creuse
      • Evaux
        • Budelière
Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
[var: Aluminum Tosudite] Starke R., Landgraf K-F., Felix S. (1984) Tosudite von Ehrenfriedersdorf - weitere mineralogishe daten, - Ztschr. geol. wiss., 12(4), s. 509-516 (in Germ.)
India
 
  • Maharashtra
    • Mumbai District (Bombay District)
      • Murud-Janjira
A.G. Dessai, Eur. J. Mineral. , 1990, 2, pp. 667-685.
Italy
 
  • Friuli-Venezia Giulia
    • Udine Province
      • Forni Avoltri
Ciriotti, M.E., Möckel, S., Blaβ, G., Bortolozzi, G. (2006). Cualstibite: ritrovamenti italiani. MICRO (UK report), 2006, 19-24.
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Iburi Province
      • Shiraoi-gun
        • Shiraoi-cho
米田哲朗. (1989). 北海道南白老重晶石・カオリン鉱床の粘土鉱物組成. 粘土科学, 29(2), 69-80.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Gujou-gun
          • Takasu-mura
[var: Lithium Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Aga-machi (Higashi-Kanbara-gun)
          • Mikawa-mura
[var: Aluminum Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
    • Kinki region
      • Hyogo Prefecture
[var: Aluminum Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
    • Tohoku Region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Odate
Kimbara K., Nagata H. (1974) Clay minerals in the core samples of the mineralized zone of Niida, Southern part of Odate, Akita prefecture, Japan, with special reference to the mineralogical properties of sudoite and tosudite, - J. Japan Miner. Econ. Geol., 69(7), p.239-254.
      • Aomori Prefecture
[var: Magnesium Tosudite] Sudo T., Kodama H. (1957) An aluminium mixed-layer mineral of montmorillonite-chlorite, - Ztschr. Kristallogr., 109(4/6). s. 379-387.
      • Fukushima Prefecture
        • Koriyama
[var: Lithium Tosudite] Shimoda S. (1969) New data for Tosudite, - Clays and Clay Miner., 17(3), p. 179-184.; Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
Kawano, M., & Tomita, K. (1991). Mineralogy and genesis of clays in postmagmatic alteration zones, Makurazaki volcanic area, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Clays and Clay Minerals, 39(6), 597-608.
Mozambique
 
  • Zambezia Province
    • Alto Ligonha District
[var: Aluminum Tosudite] Gomes Figueiredo C.S. (1967) Alteration of spodumene and lepidolite with formation of dioctahedral chlorite plus dioctahedral montmorillonite interstratifications with dioctahedral chlorite, - Mem. et Notic. Miner. Univer. Coimbra, v.64, p. 32-57.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Sikhote Alin Mts
        • Nikolaevsk-na-Amure
- Fin'ko V.I., Drits V.A., Slonimskaya N.V. (1977) Lithium tosudite from hydrothermal altered rocks of Lover Preamurie, - Izvestiya AN SSSR, ser. geologicheskaya, №12, p. 73-78 (in Rus.).
Kol'tsov A.B. e.a. (1988) Condition of formation and synthesis of Li-tosudite, - Zapiski VMO, 5, pp. 615-622 (in Rus.)
South Korea
 
Cho, H. G., & Kim, S. J. (1994). Li-bearing tosudite from the Bubsoo mine, Korea. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte, (3), 130-137.
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Málaga
M.D. Ruiz Cruz, B. Andreo : "Tosudite in very low-grade metamorphic graywackes from the Malaga area (Betic Cordilleras, Spain)", Eur. J. Mineral. , 1996, 8, 1391-1399.
UK
 
  • England
    • Gloucestershire
      • Forest of Dean
Diederik Visser List #39, July 2006
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
[var: Alushtite] - Dvoichenko P.A. (1914) Minerals of Crimea, - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei, v.4, part unofficial, p. 104 (in Rus.)
Alexander I. Tischenko (1996). Minerals of the Crimea - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18
[var: Alushtite] Kartashov P.M. (1989) On Li-bearing Alushtite from Crimea and its position in the tosudite group, - Novye Dannye o Mineralah, Moscow, "Nauka", v.36, pp. 67-83 (in Rus.)
American Mineralogist, 49, 816 (1964); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Bakhchisaray area
[var: Alushtite] Kartashov P.M. (1989) On Li-bearing Alushtite from Crimea and its position in the tosudite group, - Novye Dannye o Mineralah, Moscow, "Nauka", v.36, pp. 67-83 (in Rus.)
      • Sudak Area
        • Morskoye Village
[var: Alushtite] Geologiya SSSR (The geology of USSR) (1969) - Nedra (Moscou), 1969, vol. VIII, 575 p.
  • Donetsk (Donets'k) Oblast'
    • Central Donbass
Kovalenko A.P., Bol'shakov A.P. (1976) Tosudite- a new mineral for mercury deposits of Donbass, - Doklady AN SSSR, 229(6), pp.1440-1443 (in Rus.)
USA
 
  • California
    • San Diego Co.
      • Mesa Grande District
        • Gem Hill
[var: Lithium Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
      • Pala District
        • Pala
          • Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn)
[var: Lithium Tosudite] Gaines et al. 1997, Dana's System of Mineralogy.
  • Maine
    • Oxford Co.
      • Buckfield
King & Foord, 1994. Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1.; King and Foord, 2000, Addenda to Volume 1, Mineralogy of Maine, v. 2.
      • Newry
Van King
  • Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Cottonwood District
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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