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Tripuhyite

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Formula:
Fe3+Sb5+O4
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Yellowish brown, ...
Hardness:
6 - 6½
Member of:
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, the Tripuhy Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Classification of Tripuhyite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
4.DB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
B : With medium-sized cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
44.2.1.3

44 : ANTIMONATES
2 : AX2O6
24.4.3

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
4 : Antimonates and antimonites of Mn and Fe

Type Occurrence of Tripuhyite

Physical Properties of Tripuhyite

Waxy, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Yellowish brown, l;emon-yellow, brown-black
Streak:
Yellow to brown
Hardness (Mohs):
6 - 6½

Crystallography of Tripuhyite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.63Å, c = 9.14Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.974
Unit Cell Volume:
V 195.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Tripuhyite

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 2.190 nε = 2.330
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.140
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Tripuhyite

Formula:
Fe3+Sb5+O4
Elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Tripuhyite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
4.DB.05ArgutiteGeO2
4.DB.05CassiteriteSnO2
4.DB.05PlattneritePbO2
4.DB.05PyrolusiteMnO2
4.DB.05RutileTiO2
4.DB.05TugarinoviteMoO2
4.DB.05Varlamoffite(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)2
4.DB.10ByströmiteMgSb25+O6
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
4.DB.10OrdoñeziteZnSb25+O6
4.DB.15bAkhtenskiteMnO2
4.DB.15cNsutiteMnx2+Mn4+1-xO2-2x(OH)2x
4.DB.15aParamontroseiteVO2
4.DB.15aRamsdelliteMn4+O2
4.DB.20ScrutinyitePbO2
4.DB.25Ishikawaite(U,Fe,Y)NbO4
4.DB.25Ixiolite(Ta,Mn,Nb)O2
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Y)(Y,Ce,U,Fe,Nb)(Nb,Ta,Ti)O4
4.DB.25SrilankiteTi2ZrO6
4.DB.25Yttrocolumbite-(Y)(Y,U,Fe2+)(Nb,Ta)O4
4.DB.25Calciosamarskite(Ca,Fe,Y)(Nb,Ta,Ti)O4
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Yb)YbNbO4
4.DB.30FerberiteFe2+WO4
4.DB.30HübneriteMn2+WO4
4.DB.30SanmartiniteZnWO4
4.DB.30KrasnoselskiteCoWO4
4.DB.30HeftetjerniteScTaO4
4.DB.30HuanzalaiteMgWO4
4.DB.35Columbite-(Fe)Fe2+Nb2O6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Fe)Fe2+Ta2O6
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mg)MgNb2O6
4.DB.35QitianlingiteFe22+Nb2W6+O10
4.DB.35Magnocolumbite(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)2O6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mg)MgTa2O6
4.DB.40FerrowodginiteFe2+Sn4+Ta2O8
4.DB.40LithiotantiteLiTa3O8
4.DB.40LithiowodginiteLiTa3O8
4.DB.40TitanowodginiteMn2+TiTa2O8
4.DB.40WodginiteMn2+Sn4+Ta2O8
4.DB.40FerrotitanowodginiteFe2+TiTa2O8
4.DB.40WolframowodginiteMn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)2O8
4.DB.45TivaniteTiV3+O3(OH)
4.DB.50Carmichaelite(Ti,Cr,Fe)(O,OH)2
4.DB.55AlumotantiteAlTaO4
4.DB.60BiehliteSb23+MoO6
24.4.1IngersoniteCa3Mn2+Sb45+O14
24.4.2ManganostibiteMn72+Sb5+As5+O12
24.4.5SchafarzikiteFe2+Sb23+O4

Other Names for Tripuhyite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tripuhyite

Reference List:
Hussak and Prior (1897) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 302.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 145.

Ahlfeld (1948) Economic Geology: 43: 598 (as Jujuyite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1024.

Mineralogical Record (1993): 24: 216.

Mineralogical Magazine (2003): 67: 31-46 (as Squawcreekite).

Internet Links for Tripuhyite

mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-4024.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Tripuhyite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Tripuhyite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Algeria
 
  • Constantine Province
    • Guelma
      • Djebel Nador
Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Kennedy Co.
      • Condobolin district
Dr A.R. McKinnon
Leverett, P.; Reynolds, J.K.; Roper, A.J.; Williams, P.A. (2012): Tripuhyite and schafarzikite: two of the ultimate sinks for antimony in the natural environment. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 891-902. ; Adam McKinnon pers comm;
    • Robinson Co.
      • Cobar
Chapman, J. & Scott, K. (2005): Supergene minerals from the oxidised zone of the Elura (Endeavor) lead-zinc-silver deposit. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 83-90. ; Leverett, P., McKinnon, A. R., & Williams, P. A. (2005). Supergene geochemistry of the Endeavor ore body, Cobar, NSW, and relationships to other deposits in the Cobar basin. Regolith 2005–Ten Years of CRC LEME, 191-194.
L.B. Gilligan and J.G. Byrnes Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000
    • Sandon Co.
      • Hillgrove
Diemar, G.A., Filella, M., Leverett, P. and Williams, P.A. (2009) Dispersion of antimony from oxidizing ore deposits. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81, 1547-1553. [http://pac.iupac.org/publications/pac/pdf/2009/pdf/8109x1547.pdf]
Diemar, G.A., Filella, M., Leverett, P. and Williams, P.A. (2009) Dispersion of antimony from oxidizing ore deposits. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81, 1547-1553. [http://pac.iupac.org/publications/pac/pdf/2009/pdf/8109x1547.pdf]
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
[MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
    • Leonora Shire
      • Ten Mile Outcamp
Nickel, E.H. (1982) Secondary minerals from the oxidized zone of the Teutonic Bore sulphide deposit. The Australian Mineralogist, No. 40, December 1982, pg. 219-223.
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Schneider, P. (2010): Mineralogical and petrological investigations of pyrometamorphism in immolation places and experimental investigations of the prehistoric roasting and smelting of fahlore. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 156, 192-194. [Abstract of Diploma Thesis]
Bolivia
 
  • Oruro Department
    • Cercado Province
      • Caracollo
[MinRec 32:480]
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Ouro Branco
      • Ouro Preto
        • Main district
Hussak and Prior (1897) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 302; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1024.
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Hezuo Co.
Guozhong Chen, Zhilu Liang, Hongshun Ma, Yuanning Zhang, Jianlong Wang, and Pengbing Li (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 173-181
  • Yunnan Province
    • Pu'er Prefecture
      • Mojiang Co.
Bingxi Wang (1983): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 2(1), 44-50
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Quimper
C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Elz valley
        • Waldkirch
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
Lapis 21(12), 39 (1996)
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Hohenstein
Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Stolberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyössolymos
HOM Collection,2000; SÁNDOR SZAKÁLL, GÁBOR PAPP, ISTVÁN SAJÓ, ÁRPÁD KOVÁCS (2000) ANTIMONY OXIDE MINERALS FROM HUNGARY. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Szeged, XLI. 31-62, 2000
MAMIT
India
 
  • Madhya Pradesh
    • Jhabua District
Cabella, R., Basso, R., Lucchetti, G., Marescotti, P., Martinelli, A., and Nayak, V.K. (2003): European Journal of Mineralogy 15(2), 427-433.
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1994, 193-206.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Manciano
C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6791CL).
      • Massa Marittima
        • Montoccoli-Castellaccia area (Fosso Zanca-Filone di Montoccoli area; Zanca Valley mines)
Bazzoni C., Mangoni G., Capperi M., Bernocchi M. (2011): Montoccoli-Castellaccia: I minerali delle miniere nella valle del torrente Zanca (Grosseto). Riv. Mineral. Ital., 35, 2 (2-2011), 76-89.
      • Scansano
        • Pereta
Brizzi G. (1986) - La Tripuhyite di Pereta, Grosseto - Riv. miner. Ital, Milano, fasc. 3, pp. 136-137
    • Siena Province
      • Chiusdino
European Jour. of Min.: 8:487-492.; Menchetti, S., Batoni, M., Batacchi, C., Borselli, G., Brogi, A., Ceccantini, L., Fassina, B., Marchesini, M., Rossellini, A. & Ruggieri, G. (2015): Le Cetine di Cotorniano. Miniera e minerali. Associazione Micro-Mineralogica Italiana, Cremona, 354 p.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Gifu Prefecture
        • Shirakawamura
Ito & Hori (1978) Chigaku Kenkyu, 29, 283-290.
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
[Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
Luxembourg
 
  • Goesdorf commune
    • Goesdorf
Filella M., Philippo S., Belzile N., Chen Y. and Quentel F. (2009) Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: A study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg - Science of the total environment (in press)
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Northland
Collection of Rod Martin
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
Sergeev, N.B., Kuz'mina, O.V., and Zvezdinskaya, L.V. (1997): Doklady Akad. Nauk 356(4), 525-527 (in Russian).
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153. (in Slovak)
  • Bratislava Region
    • Pezinok Co.
      • Pezinok
Majzlan J., Lalinská B., Chovan M., Bläβ U., Brecht B., Göttlicher J., Steininger R., Hug K., Ziegler S., Gescher J. (2011): A mineralogical, geochemical, and microbiogical assessment of the antimony- and arsenic- rich neutral mine drainage tailings near Pezinok, Slovakia. Am. Min., 96, 1, 1-13.
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
        • Čučma
Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153. (in Slovak)
    • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
Martin Števko, unpublished-PXRD and EMPA-WDS confirmed
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153.
Spain
 
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Guadalajara
      • Pardos
        • Pardos deposit
Borja Sainz de Baranda, Joan Viñals (2007). La Mina "Estrella", Pardos (Guadalajara). Bocamina 19: 12-33
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
        • Tinizong (Tinzen)
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
    • Hinterrhein Valley
      • Ferrera Valley
        • Starlera Valley
No reference listed
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Malcantone
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289 (in German and French).; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Lake District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Carlin Trend
        • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
MinRec 26(5):449-469.
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
Mineralogical Record 26:467
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Opalite District
Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Paradise Range
        • Paradise Peak District
          • Paradise Peak [summit]
            • Paradise Peak [town]
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Catron Co.
      • Taylor Creek District
Min.Rec.: 20(5):404; Mineralogical Magazine:67:31-46(2003).
    • Sierra Co.
Mineralogical Magazine; February 2003; v. 67; no. 1; p. 31-46
    • Socorro Co.
      • Abbey District
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; 5th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:41-42
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Sheeprock Mts
        • Little Valley
Norman King; King, N. R. (2014, October). THE MINERAL ASSEMBLAGE FROM LOOKOUT PASS AREA, SHEEPROCK MOUNTAINS, TOOELE CO., UTAH. In 2014 GSA Annual Meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia.
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