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Tripuhyite

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Formula:
Fe
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
System:TetragonalColour:Yellowish brown, ...
Hardness:6 - 6½
Member of:Rutile Group
Name:Named after its discovery locality, the Tripuhy Mine, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Classification of Tripuhyite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/D.02-70
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.DB.05

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
D : Metal: Oxygen = 1:2 and similar
B : With medium-sized cations; chains of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:44.2.1.3

44 : ANTIMONATES
2 : AX2O6
Hey's CIM Ref.:24.4.3

24 : Antimonates and Antimonites
4 : Antimonates and antimonites of Mn and Fe
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Type Occurrence of Tripuhyite

Type Locality:Tripuí (Tripuhy), Main district, Ouro Preto, Iron Quadrangle, Minas Gerais, Brazil
Year of Discovery:1897

Physical Properties of Tripuhyite

Lustre:Waxy, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Colour:Yellowish brown, l;emon-yellow, brown-black
Streak:Yellow to brown
Hardness (Mohs):6 - 6½

Crystallography of Tripuhyite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:a = 4.63Å, c = 9.14Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.974
Unit Cell Volume:V 195.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Tripuhyite

Type:Uniaxial (+)
RI values: nω = 2.190 nε = 2.330
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.140

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Tripuhyite

Formula:
Fe
3+
 
Sb
5+
 
O
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Fe3+Sb5+O4
Essential elements:Fe, O, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Fe, O, Sb

Relationship of Tripuhyite to other Species

Member of:Rutile Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.DB.05Argutite
GeO
 
2
4.DB.05Cassiterite
SnO
 
2
4.DB.05Plattnerite
PbO
 
2
4.DB.05Pyrolusite
MnO
 
2
4.DB.05Rutile
TiO
 
2
4.DB.05Tugarinovite
MoO
 
2
4.DB.05Varlamoffite
(Sn,Fe)(O,OH)
 
2
4.DB.10Byströmite
MgSb
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Fe)
(Fe,Mn)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.10Tapiolite-(Mn)
(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.10Ordoñezite
ZnSb
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.15bAkhtenskite
ε-Mn
4+
 
O
 
2
4.DB.15cNsutite
(Mn
4+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)(O,OH)
 
2
4.DB.15aParamontroseite
V
4+
 
O
 
2
4.DB.15aRamsdellite
Mn
4+
 
O
 
2
4.DB.20Scrutinyite
alpha-PbO
 
2
4.DB.25Ishikawaite
U
4+
 
Fe
2+
 
Nb
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.25Ixiolite
(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)
 
4
O
 
8
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Y)
(Y,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,U,Th,Ca)
 
2
(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.25Srilankite
ZrTi
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.25Yttrocolumbite-(Y)
Y(U
4+
 
,Fe
2+
 
)Nb
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.25Calciosamarskite
(Ca,Fe
3+
 
,Y)
 
2
(Nb,Ta,Ti)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.25Samarskite-(Yb)
(Yb,Y,Fe
3+
 
,Fe
2+
 
,U,Th,Ca)
 
2
(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.30Ferberite
FeWO
 
4
4.DB.30Hübnerite
MnWO
 
4
4.DB.30Sanmartinite
(Zn,Fe)WO
 
4
4.DB.30Krasnoselskite
CoWO
 
4
4.DB.30Heftetjernite
ScTaO
 
4
4.DB.30Huanzalaite
MgWO
 
4
4.DB.35Columbite-(Fe)
FeNb
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Fe)
FeTa
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mn)
(Mn,Fe)(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mn)
MnTa
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.35Columbite-(Mg)
(Mg,Fe,Mn)(Nb,Ta)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.35Qitianlingite
(Fe,Mn)
 
2
(Nb,Ta)
 
2
WO
 
10
4.DB.35Magnocolumbite
4.DB.35Tantalite-(Mg)
(Mg,Fe
2+
 
)(Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
4.DB.40Ferrowodginite
FeSnTa
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.40Lithiotantite
Li(Ta,Nb)
 
3
O
 
8
4.DB.40Lithiowodginite
LiTa
 
3
O
 
8
4.DB.40Titanowodginite
MnTiTa
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.40Wodginite
Mn(Sn,Ta)Ta
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.40Ferrotitanowodginite
Fe
2+
 
TiTa
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.40Wolframowodginite
Mn(Mn,Sn,Fe,Ta)(W,Ta,Nb)
 
2
O
 
8
4.DB.45Tivanite
V
3+
 
TiO
 
3
(OH)
4.DB.50Carmichaelite
(Ti,Cr,Fe)[O
 
2-x
(OH)
 
x
]
4.DB.55Alumotantite
AlTaO
 
4
4.DB.60Biehlite
((Sb,As)O)
 
2
[MoO
 
4
]
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
24.4.1Ingersonite
Ca
 
3
MnSb
 
4
O
 
14
24.4.2Manganostibite
(Mn,Fe)
 
7
SbAsO
 
12
24.4.5Schafarzikite
Fe
2+
 
Sb
3+
2
O
 
4

Other Names for Tripuhyite

Synonyms:
IMA1987-022Squawcreekite
Other Languages:
German:Squawcreekit
Tripuhyit
Russian:Трипугиит
Simplified Chinese:锑铁矿
Spanish:Squawcreekita
Tripuhyita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tripuhyite

Reference List:

- +
Hussak and Prior (1897) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 302.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 145.

Ahlfeld (1948) Economic Geology: 43: 598 (as Jujuyite).

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1024.

Mineralogical Record (1993): 24: 216.

Mineralogical Magazine (2003): 67: 31-46 (as Squawcreekite).

Internet Links for Tripuhyite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Tripuhyite on Google
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  • External Links:
  • Look for Tripuhyite on Webmineral
  • Look for Tripuhyite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Tripuhyite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Tripuhyite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Tripuhyite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
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  • Lapis Mineral Magazin
  • Buy from Dave Bunk Minerals
  • Tripuhyite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Localities for Tripuhyite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Constantine Province
      • Guelma
        • Djebel Nador
    Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Kennedy Co.
        • Condobolin district
    Dr A.R. McKinnon
    Leverett, P.; Reynolds, J.K.; Roper, A.J.; Williams, P.A. (2012): Tripuhyite and schafarzikite: two of the ultimate sinks for antimony in the natural environment. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 891-902. ; Adam McKinnon pers comm;
      • Robinson Co.
        • Cobar
    Chapman, J. & Scott, K. (2005): Supergene minerals from the oxidised zone of the Elura (Endeavor) lead-zinc-silver deposit. Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 83-90.
          • Kaloogleguy
    L.B. Gilligan and J.G. Byrnes Cobar Metallogenic Map 1:250 000
      • Sandon Co.
        • Conningdale
    Diemar, G.A., Filella, M., Leverett, P. and Williams, P.A. (2009) Dispersion of antimony from oxidizing ore deposits. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81, 1547-1553. [http://pac.iupac.org/publications/pac/pdf/2009/pdf/8109x1547.pdf]
        • Hillgrove
    Diemar, G.A., Filella, M., Leverett, P. and Williams, P.A. (2009) Dispersion of antimony from oxidizing ore deposits. Pure and Applied Chemistry, 81, 1547-1553. [http://pac.iupac.org/publications/pac/pdf/2009/pdf/8109x1547.pdf]
    • Western Australia
      • Ashburton Shire
    [MinRec 24:203]; Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
    Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
    Nickel, E., Gartrell, B(1993): Secondary Minerals from Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993): 24:3:203-218
    Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
      • Leonora Shire
        • Ten Mile Outcamp
    Nickel, E.H. (1982) Secondary minerals from the oxidized zone of the Teutonic Bore sulphide deposit. The Australian Mineralogist, No. 40, December 1982, pg. 219-223.
    Austria
     
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
    Schneider, P. (2010): Mineralogical and petrological investigations of pyrometamorphism in immolation places and experimental investigations of the prehistoric roasting and smelting of fahlore. Mitt. Österr. Mineral. Ges. 156, 192-194. [Abstract of Diploma Thesis]
    Bolivia
     
    • Oruro Department
      • Cercado Province
        • Caracollo
    [MinRec 32:480]
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
        • Ouro Branco
        • Ouro Preto
          • Main district
    Hussak and Prior (1897) Mineralogical Magazine: 11: 302; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1024.
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Hezuo Co.
    Guozhong Chen, Zhilu Liang, Hongshun Ma, Yuanning Zhang, Jianlong Wang, and Pengbing Li (2013): Northwestern Geology 46(4), 173-181
    • Yunnan Province
      • Pu'er Prefecture
        • Mojiang Co.
    Bingxi Wang (1983): Acta Petrologica Mineralogica et Analytica 2(1), 44-50
    France
     
    • Brittany
      • Finistère
        • Quimper
    C. Lemanski, Jr. (re-entry of lost Mindat data).
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Elz valley
          • Waldkirch
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Gengenbach
          • Haigerach valley
    Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • St Blasien
          • Urberg
    Lapis 21(12), 39 (1996)
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
    • Hesse
      • Odenwald
        • Lautertal (Odenwald)
          • Reichenbach
            • Hohenstein
    Lapis, 12 (10), 23-32+58.
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Stolberg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
    No reference listed
    GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
          • Plaka
            • Plaka Mines
    No reference listed
    Hungary
     
    • Heves Co.
      • Mátra Mtns
        • Gyöngyössolymos
    HOM Collection,2000; SÁNDOR SZAKÁLL, GÁBOR PAPP, ISTVÁN SAJÓ, ÁRPÁD KOVÁCS (2000) ANTIMONY OXIDE MINERALS FROM HUNGARY. Acta Mineralogica-Petrographica, Szeged, XLI. 31-62, 2000
    MAMIT
    India
     
    • Madhya Pradesh
      • Jhabua District
    Cabella, R., Basso, R., Lucchetti, G., Marescotti, P., Martinelli, A., and Nayak, V.K. (2003): European Journal of Mineralogy 15(2), 427-433.
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Gonnosfanadiga
          • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
    Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/1994, 193-206.
    • Tuscany
      • Grosseto Province
        • Manciano
    C. Lemanski, Jr. collection (6791CL).
        • Scansano
          • Pereta
    Brizzi G. (1986) - La Tripuhyite di Pereta, Grosseto - Riv. miner. Ital, Milano, fasc. 3, pp. 136-137
      • Siena Province
        • Chiusdino
    European Jour. of Min.: 8:487-492.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Gifu Prefecture
    Ito & Hori (1978) Chigaku Kenkyu, 29, 283-290.
    Kyrgyzstan
     
    • Osh Oblast
      • Alai Range (Alay Range)
    [Lapis 1993:11 p11-24]
    Luxembourg
     
    • Goesdorf commune
      • Goesdorf
    Filella M., Philippo S., Belzile N., Chen Y. and Quentel F. (2009) Natural attenuation processes applying to antimony: A study in the abandoned antimony mine in Goesdorf, Luxembourg - Science of the total environment (in press)
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
    Sergeev, N.B., Kuz'mina, O.V., and Zvezdinskaya, L.V. (1997): Doklady Akad. Nauk 356(4), 525-527 (in Russian).
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Bystrica Co.
    Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153. (in Slovak)
    • Bratislava Region
      • Pezinok Co.
        • Pezinok
    Majzlan J., Lalinská B., Chovan M., Bläβ U., Brecht B., Göttlicher J., Steininger R., Hug K., Ziegler S., Gescher J. (2011): A mineralogical, geochemical, and microbiogical assessment of the antimony- and arsenic- rich neutral mine drainage tailings near Pezinok, Slovakia. Am. Min., 96, 1, 1-13.
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
        • Rožňava (Rosenau; Rozsnyó)
          • Čučma
    Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153. (in Slovak)
    • Žilina Region
      • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
    Lalinská-Voleková B., Kučerová G., Rusinová P., 2012: Tripuhyit - minerál bežný alebo veľmi vzácny?. Minerál, 20, 2, 150-153.
    Spain
     
    • Castile-La Mancha
      • Guadalajara
        • Pardos
    Borja Sainz de Baranda, Joan Viñals (2007). La Mina "Estrella", Pardos (Guadalajara). Bocamina 19: 12-33
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Albula Valley
        • Oberhalbstein (Surses; Sursass)
          • Tinizong (Tinzen)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
      • Hinterrhein Valley
        • Ferrera Valley
          • Starlera Valley
    No reference listed
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Malcantone
    Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289 (in German and French).; Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 413.
    Schmutz, L., Bachmann, A., Eichin, R., Rüegg, H.-R. & Vogel, C. (1986): Antimon-Mineralien aus dem Malcantone - Vorkommen und Ausbildung. Schweizer Strahler, No. 6, 249-289.
    USA
     
    • Nevada
      • Churchill Co.
        • Lake District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Eureka Co.
        • Carlin Trend
          • Maggie Creek Subdistrict
    MinRec 26(5):449-469.
        • Lynn District
          • Elko
    MinRecord 26:467
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
        • Opalite District
    Mineralogical Magazine, February 2003, Vol. 67(1), pp. 31–46
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Lincoln Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Nye Co.
        • Paradise Peak District
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Pershing Co.
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Sierra Co.
    Mineralogical Magazine; February 2003; v. 67; no. 1; p. 31-46
    Min.Rec.: 20(5):404; Min.Mag.:67:31-46(2003).
      • Socorro Co.
        • Abbey District
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; 5th Annual New Mexico Mineral Symposium (1985) New Mexico Geology 7:41-42
    • Utah
      • Tooele Co.
        • Sheeprock Mts
          • Little Valley
    Norman King
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