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Tungstite

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Formula:
WO
 
3
· H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:Yellow, yellow-green, ...
Hardness:
Name:The name reflects its tungsten content.
This page provides mineralogical data about Tungstite.

Classification of Tungstite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/E.02-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.FJ.10

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
J : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); corner-sharing octahedra
Dana 8th edition ID:4.5.2.1

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
5 : AX3
Hey's CIM Ref.:7.15.5

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
15 : Oxides of Mo and W
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Type Occurrence of Tungstite

Type Locality:Lane's [Lead and Silver] Mine (Elm Street), Monroe, Fairfield Co., Connecticut, USA
Year of Discovery:1868

Physical Properties of Tungstite

Lustre:Resinous, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent
Colour:Yellow, yellow-green, golden-yellow; yellow in transmitted light
Hardness (Mohs):
Cleavage:Perfect
{001} perfect; {110} imperfect

Crystallography of Tungstite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 5.32Å, b = 10.7Å, c = 5.12Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.497 : 1 : 0.479
Unit Cell Volume:V 291.45 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:Massive, pulverulent to earthy and as microscopic platy crystals.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
5.36 (80)
3.463 (100)
2.616 (40)
2.556 (50)
1.851 (40)
1.731 (45)
1.634 (40)

Optical Data of Tungstite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 2.090 nβ = 2.240 nγ = 2.260
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.170

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High
Dispersion:r < v extreme

Chemical Properties of Tungstite

Formula:
WO
 
3
· H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:WO3·H2O
Essential elements:H, O, W
All elements listed in formula:H, O, W

Relationship of Tungstite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.FJ.05Meymacite
WO
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
4.FJ.05Sidwillite
MoO
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
4.FJ.15Hydrotungstite
WO
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
4.FJ.15Ilsemannite
Mo
 
3
O
 
8
· nH
 
2
O
4.FJ.20Parabariomicrolite
BaTa
 
4
O
 
10
(OH)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
7.15.1Tugarinovite
MoO
 
2
7.15.2Molybdite
MoO
 
3
7.15.3Sidwillite
MoO
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
7.15.4Ilsemannite
Mo
 
3
O
 
8
· nH
 
2
O
7.15.6Hydrotungstite
WO
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
7.15.7Meymacite
WO
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
7.15.8Alumotungstite
7.15.9Jixianite
Pb(W,Fe
3+
 
)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
7

Other Names for Tungstite

Synonyms:
Tungstic OcherTungstite (of Dana)Wolframine
Other Languages:
French:Acide tungstique
German:Tungstit
Wolframocker
Wolframsäure
Russian:Тунгстит
Simplified Chinese:钨华
Spanish:Tungstita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Tungstite

Reference List:

- +
Silliman (1822), American Journal of Science: 4: 52.

Walker (1933), University of Toronto Stud., Geol. Ser., no. 35: 13.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 605-606.

American Mineralogist (1944): 29: 194.

Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 681-688.

Internet Links for Tungstite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
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  • Localities for Tungstite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • San Luis
      • Concarán
    Collection of Juan Carlos Lodovichi
    Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry; Hugo A. Peña (1970): Minerales y rocas de aplicación de la Provincia de Tucumán. Secretaría de Estado de Comercio, Industria y Minería. Dirección Provincial de Minas. Tucumán. República Argentina.
      • Graneros Department
        • Cerro Quico
    Raúl Jorge Tauber Larry
    Australia
     
    • Tasmania
      • Moina District (Middlesex District)
    http://www.crocoite.com/locations/princessmoina.htm
      • Waratah district
        • Waratah
    Bottrill, unpub.
    Bolivia
     
    • Cochabamba Department
      • Ayopaya Province
    Collection of Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl.
    • La Paz Department
      • Inquisivi Province
        • Chicote Grande
    Mineralogical Record: 32: 468.; Econ Geol (1988) 83:62-68
        • Quime
    Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
      • Larecaja Province
    Salomon Rivas and Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz de la Sierra)
      • Sud Yungas Province
        • Mururata
    Federico Ahlfeld y Jorge Munoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
        • Yanacachi District
    • Oruro Department
      • Cercado Province
    Kerr, P.T. and Young, T. (1944) Amer. Mineral., 29, 192–210
    • Potosí Department
      • Nor Chichas Province
        • Atocha-Quechisla District
    [MinRec 32:481]
    [MinRec 32:472]
      • Rafael Bustillo Province (Bustillos Province)
        • Llallagua
    Hyrsl, J. & A. Petrov (2006): Famous Mineral Localities: Llallagua, Bolivia. Mineralogical Record. 37: 117-162
      • Sud Chichas Province
        • Atocha-Quechisla District
          • Cerro Chorolque
    [MinRec 32:468]
    Bulgaria
     
    • Stara Zagora Oblast
      • Radnevo Obshtina
    Marcus Vau Collection; Kostov et al (1964) Minerals of Bulgaria
    Canada
     
    • British Columbia
      • Nelson Mining Division
        • Salmo
    Dana 7:I:606.
    • Nova Scotia
      • Halifax Co.
        • Moose River
    Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database
      • Lunenburg Co.
        • New Ross
    Nova Scotia Mineral Occurrence Database
    China
     
    • Fujian Province
      • Sanming Prefecture
        • Qingliu Co.
    Jiajing Zhang, Zhenghui Chen, Denghong Wang, Zhenyu Chen, Shanbao Liu, and Chenghui Wang (2008): Geotectonica et Metallogenia 32(1), 92-97
    • Gansu Province
      • Zhangye Prefecture
        • Sunan Co.
          • Qiqing
    Duifu Liu and Yufeng Chen (2005): Geology and Prospecting 41(5), 10-16
    • Guangdong Province
      • Maoming Prefecture
        • Xinyi Co.
    Chunlian Xiao (2008): Express Information of Mining Industry 6(6), 70-72
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hezhou Prefecture
        • Zhongshan Co.
          • Shanhu W-Sn ore field (Shanhu Mine)
    Qian Wang, Xuexiang Gu, Juxin Tang, Hongyuan Xia, and Shuyi Liang (2002): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 22(2), 35-37
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Yizhang Co.
          • Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field
    Yirang Chen (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(2), 25-30
      • Hengyang Prefecture
        • Hengnan Co.
          • Chuankou W ore field
    Weixiang Zeng (1990): Geology and Prospecting 26(10), 19-20
      • Huaihua Prefecture
        • Yuanling Co.
    Jianyan Li (1989): Geology and Prospecting 25(12), 1-7
      • Loudi Prefecture
        • Xinhua Co.
    Zhiping Li, and S.G. Peters (1998): USGS Open-File Report 98-466.
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Ganzhou Prefecture
        • Anyuan Co.
    Yingchen Ren, Minqing Cheng, and Cunchang Wang (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(2), 63-74
        • Dingnan Co.
    Shaofeng Wang (1991): Journal of Science and Technology of Southern Institute of Metallurgy 1991(1), 22-26
        • Yudu Co.
    Shigui Zhang (1977): Geology and Prospecting 13(5), 32-37
    • Sichuan Province
      • Garzê Autonomous Prefecture (Ganzi Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Kangding Co.
    Chenghua Zhang and Guodong Ji (1983): Geology and Prospecting 19(9), 15-20, 40
      • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Jiuzhaigou Co. (Nanping Co.)
    Peters, S.G. (2002): USGS Open-File Report 02-131.
    • Tibet Autonomous Region
      • Nagchu Prefecture (Naqu Prefecture)
        • Xainza Co. (Shenzha Co.)
    Liangsheng Ge, Hanguang Li, Keqiang Wang, Yilin Zou, Zhihua Wang, Xuejun Zhang, Shisong Yuan, and Junbing Xing (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(suppl.), 345-348; Zhihua Wang, Xingquan Wu, Keqiang Wang, Wanqiang Yu, Hui Huang, and Dexi Ma (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(3), 6-10
      • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
        • Nêdong Co. (Naidong Co.; Zedang Co.)
          • Kelu-Chongmuda Cu-Au belt
    Shufeng Huang, Shanyuan Jiang, Huazhai Jiang, and Yushui Chen (2011): Geology and Prospecting 47(1), 1-10
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Bayin'gholin Autonomous Prefecture (Bayingolin Autonomous Prefecture; Bayinguoleng Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Ruoqiang Co. (Qakilik Co.; Chaqiliq Co.)
          • Baigan Lake (Baigan Hu)
            • Baiganhu W-Sn ore field
    Chengyou Feng, Guochen Li, Daxin Li, Anshun Zhou, and Hongmao Li (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(1), 207-216
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
          • Habahe Co. (Kaba Co.; Qaba Co.)
    Huliang Xiao, Jiyuan Zhou, Henian Wang, Yongguan Dong, Junfeng Ji, and Zhao Yu (2003): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 22(1), 74-82.
    • Yunnan Province
      • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
        • Shiping Co.
    Bugao Xue (2003): Mineral Resources and Geology 23(2), 144-149
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Cantal
        • Massiac
          • Bonnac
            • Moulin de la Borie (Bonnac South)
    Robin Fialip 2014
    • Brittany
      • Ille-et-Vilaine
        • Fougères
    Pillard F., Chauris L., Laforêt C. (1985), Inventaire minéralogique de la France, Ed. BRGM, n°13, pp: 60-66
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Lozère
        • Saint-Amans
          • Estables
    Queneau Patrice collection
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Nantiat
          • Vaulry
    Queneau Patrice collection
        • Razès
          • Chanteloube
            • Vilatte Quarries (La Vilate)
    Boisson, J. M. (1988) - Les monts d'Ambazac, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, (2), 3-33.
        • Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    Germany
     
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Altenberg
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    No reference listed
    Germany & Czech Republic
     
    • Saxony & Ústí Region (Bohemia; Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts
    Lapis 17(2), 31-35 (1992)
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Canavese District
          • Chiusella Valley
            • Traversella
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
          • Léssolo
            • Cálea
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Gonnosfanadiga
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2, 192 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Yamaguchi Prefecture
          • Mine city
    Uehara, S., et al. (2014) Minerals from Kyushu and Yamaguchi. (Fukuoka Mineral Club, 355 pages)
      • Kinki Region
        • Kyoto Prefecture
          • Kameoka City
            • Gyojayama
    Masutomi Museum specimens, Kyoto
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
      • Betpakdala Desert (Bet-Pak-Dal Desert)
    P.M. Kartashov data
      • Kayrakty (Kairakty)
    Laznicka, P. (2010): Giant Metallic Deposits, 2nd ed. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), p. 237.
    Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
    Madagascar
     
    • Fianarantsoa Province
      • Matsiatra Region
        • Ampandramaika-Malakialina Pegmatite Field
          • Ikalamavony District
            • Fitampito Commune
    Behier, J. (1963): Carte mineralogique de Madagascar. Archive Service Géologique Madagascar. A 1871
    Mexico
     
    • Baja California (Baja California Norte; BC Norte)
      • Mun. de Ensenada
        • Rosa de Castilla
    Panczner(1987):103 - 382.
    • Sonora
      • Mun. de Alamos
        • La Salada
    Trafford and Flynn Minerals
      • Mun. de Ures
        • Ures
    Panczner(1987):382.
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
      • Omaruru District
        • Omaruru
    Jahn, S. & Bast, R. (2006): Der Krantzberg bei Omaruru, Namibia, und die Mineralvorkommen in seiner Umgebung. Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 32-48.; - Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern (in English)
    • Kunene Region
      • Khorixas District
        • Mesopotamia Copper Valley
    Niedermayr, G.(2001): Mesopotamia 504 - die Typlokalität des Namibit. In: S. Jahn, O. Medenbach, G. Niedermayr, G. Schneider: Namibia - Zauberwelt edler Steine und Kristalle (1 Edition, in German), 97-99
    New Zealand
     
    • South Island
      • Nelson
    Museum Victoria Collection Ref. No. M34238
    Peru
     
    • Ancash Department
      • Pallasca Province
    Min. Rec. 28, No. 4 (1997); collections of Rock Currier, Jack Crowley, Jaroslav Hyrsl and Alfredo Petrov.
    Portugal
     
    • Castelo Branco District
      • Covilhã
        • Panasqueira
    No reference listed
      • Penamacor
        • Pedrógão de São Pedro
    Alexandre Pedroso collection May 2014
    • Viana do Castelo District
      • Ponte de Lima
        • Estorãos
    Nuno Afonso Collection
    • Vila Real District
      • Montalegre
        • Salto
    Bull. Minéral. , 1984, 107, pp. 273-284.
      • Ribeira de Pena
        • Cerva
    • Viseu District
      • Vila Nova de Paiva
        • Queiriga
          • Lagares do Estanho Mines
      • Vouzela
        • Queirã
    Russia
     
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Chukotskii Autonomous Okrug
        • Iul'tinskiy Mining Complex
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Western-Siberian Region
      • Altai Republic (Gorno-Altayskaya Autonomous Oblast')
    Potseluev, A.A., Babkin, D.I., and Kotegov, V.I. (2006): Geology of Ore Deposits 48(5), 384-401.
    Rwanda
     
    • Kigali City Province
      • Kigali
    Werner, A.B.T., Sinclair, W.D., and Amey, E.B. (1998): US Geological Survey Circular 930-O.
    • Northern Province
      • Cyeru Commune
        • Gifurwe sector
    Geol. Belg. 11 (2008) 251-258.
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Rožňava Co.
        • Gemerská Poloma (Poloma; Veszverés)
          • Dlhá Valley
    Martin Števko-unpublished, EMPA-WDS confirmed
        • Ochtiná (Achten)
    Martin Števko, unpublished-PXRD confirmed
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Sekhukhune District
        • Marble Hall
    Minerals of South Africa
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Carn Brea
            • East Pool and Agar Mine
    Rudler, F.W. (1905): A Handbook to a Collection of the Minerals of the British Islands, Mostly Selected from the Ludlam Collection. HMSO Publications (London), 241 pp.
      • Cumbria
        • North and Western Region (Cumberland)
          • Caldbeck Fells
            • Carrock Fell
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Maricopa Co.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 423; Dale, V.B. (1959), Tungsten deposits of Yuma, Maricopa, Pinal and Graham Cos., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 5516; Wilson, E.D. (1941), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 148: 26-27.
      • Mohave Co.
        • Hualapai (Hualpai) Mts
          • Boriana District
            • Boriana Canyon
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of AZ: 404.
    • California
      • Inyo Co.
        • Argus Mts (Argus Range)
          • Millspaugh
            • Shepard Canyon
    Bradley, W.W. (1943), Thirty-ninth report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 39: 271; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375.
        • Darwin Hills
          • Darwin District
            • Darwin
    Bradley, W.W. (1941), Thirty-seventh report of the State Mineralogist: California Division Mines Report 37: 602; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 375.
    Tucker, W. Burling & Reid J. Sampson (1941), Recent developments in the tungsten resources of California: California Division Mines Report 37: 567; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 353.
      • Plumas Co.
        • Diamond Mts
          • Last Chance District
            • Adams Peak
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California: 80, 339.
      • San Diego Co.
        • In-Ko-Pah Mts (In-Ko-Pah Range)
          • Live Oak Springs area
            • Metal Mountain
    Weber, F.H., Jr. (1963a) Mines and mineral resources of San Diego County, California. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 3, 309 pp.: 272; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 339.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Boulder Co. Tungsten District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • San Juan Co.
        • Animas District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Summit Co.
        • Monte Cristo Area
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
    • Connecticut
      • Fairfield Co.
        • Monroe
    Am.Min.: 29:192 (1944); Can.Min.: 22:681(1984); Dana 6: 13 & 62; Dana 7:I:606.
        • Trumbull
          • Long Hill
    Silliman, Benjamin. (1822a): Native yellow oxide of tungsten. American Journal of Science: series 1: 4: 52.; Silliman, Benjamin. (1822b): Massive yellow oxide of tungsten. American Journal of Science: series 1: 4: 187-88.
    J. Zolan Collec.
    • Idaho
      • Lemhi Co.
        • Blue Wing District
          • Patterson
    R&M 70:4 pp 242-263
    • Missouri
      • Madison Co.
        • Fredericktown District
          • Silvermine
    Dana 6:1084.
    • Montana
      • Madison Co.
    Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240; Chris Tucker and John Betts specimens.
    • Nevada
      • Nye Co.
        • Lodi District
          • Granite camp
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Bull 99B Geology and Mineral Resources of Northern Nye County, Nevada
    NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Pershing Co.
        • Toy District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • New Mexico
      • Sierra Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    USGS Bull 945C
      • Socorro Co.
        • Iron Mountain No. 2 District
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; USGS Bull 945C
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.; USGS Bull 945C
    • North Carolina
    Pough,Frederick H.,1996,Rocks and Minerals
    • South Dakota
      • Lawrence Co.
        • Lead District
          • Hidden Fortune Mines
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
        • Yellow Creek area
    SDSMT Bull 18 Roberts and Rapp "Mineralogy of the Black Hills"
    • Utah
      • Tooele Co.
        • Oquirrh Mts
          • Ophir District
            • Ophir
    Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 52-62
    • Virginia
      • Mecklenburg Co.
        • Hamme Tungsten
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
    • Washington
      • Okanogan Co.
        • Gold Hill District
          • Tungsten Creek
    Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956
        • Tonasket
          • Okanogan River
    ``Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metalic Minerals, Vol. 1; M. Huntting, 1956; Minerals of Washington, B. Cannon, 1975
      • Stevens Co.
        • Deer Lake
          • Blue Grouse Mountain
    Minerals of Washington, Bart Cannon, 1975
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