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Tuperssuatsiaite

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Formula:
Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Colour:
Golden-yellow, reddish brown, orange-yellow
Lustre:
Silky, Dull
Specific Gravity:
2.465
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Tuperssuatsiat Bay, Illimaussaq complex, Narsaq municipality, Greenland.
Palygorskite Group.

At least two visually similar, isomorphous species are known (Cámara et al., 2002). See also windhoekite.


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Classification of TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1984
9.EE.20

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
E : Phyllosilicates
E : Single tetrahedral nets of 6-membered rings connected by octahedral nets or octahedral bands
Dana 7th ed.:
74.3.1.2
74.3.1a.2

74 : PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
3 : Modulated Layers with joined strips
14.20.5

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
20 : Silicates of Fe and alkali metals

Physical Properties of TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Silky, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Golden-yellow, reddish brown, orange-yellow
Streak:
Brownish Yellow
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on the {100}
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.465 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.12 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Type:
Biaxial (+)
RI values:
nα = 1.539 nβ = 1.560 nγ = 1.595
2V:
Measured: 103° to 103°, Calculated: 78°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.056
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
none

Chemical Properties of TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Formula:
Na2Fe3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
IMA Formula:
Na2(Fe3+,Mn2+)3Si8O20(OH)2 · 4H2O
Common Impurities:
K,Mg,Ca,Mn,Zn,Al,Ti,F,Cl

Crystallography of TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
B2/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.72 Å, b = 18 Å, c = 4.82 Å
β = 104.28°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.762 : 1 : 0.268
Unit Cell V:
1280.91 ų
Z:
2

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.82 (10)
4.140 (2)
3.395 (3)
2.638 (4)
2.544 (3)
2.510 (3)
2.235 (3)
(

Type Occurrence of TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Synonyms of TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Other Language Names for TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Relationship of Tuperssuatsiaite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Unnamed (Na-Ca-Fe-Silicate-Hydrate)NaCa(Fe2+,Al,Mn)5[Si8O19(OH)](OH)7 · 5H2OTric. 1 : P1
WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Villiaumite25 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Villiaumite on mindat.org.
Aegirine20 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Aegirine on mindat.org.
Makatite15 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Makatite on mindat.org.
Ellingsenite15 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Ellingsenite on mindat.org.
Natrolite7 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Natrolite on mindat.org.
Fluorite4 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Quartz4 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Arisite4 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Arisite on mindat.org.
Sugilite3 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Sugilite on mindat.org.
Hainite-(Y)3 photos of Tuperssuatsiaite associated with Hainite-(Y) on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.EE.05BementiteMn7Si6O15(OH)8Mon.
9.EE.10BrokenhilliteMn8Si6O15(OH)10Hex. 6mm : P63mc
9.EE.10Pyrosmalite-(Fe)Fe2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
9.EE.10FriedeliteMn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.10Pyrosmalite-(Mn)Mn2+8Si6O15(OH,Cl)10Trig.
9.EE.10Mcgillite(Mn,Fe)8Si6O15(OH)8Cl2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.15Nelenite(Mn,Fe)16(Si12O30)(OH)14[As3+3O6(OH)3]Mon.
9.EE.15SchalleriteMn2+16As3Si12O36(OH)17Trig. 3m : P3m1
9.EE.20Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.20WindhoekiteCa2Fe3+2.67[Si8O20](OH)4 · 10H2O Mon. 2/m : B2/m
9.EE.25Falcondoite(Ni,Mg)4Si6O15(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth.
9.EE.25LoughliniteNa2Mg3Si6O16 · 8H2OOrth.
9.EE.25SepioliteMg4(Si6O15)(OH)2 · 6H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnna
9.EE.25Kalifersite(K,Na)5Fe3+7Si20O50(OH)6 · 12H2OTric.
9.EE.30GyroliteNaCa16Si23AlO60(OH)8 · 14H2OTric.
9.EE.30OrlymaniteCa4Mn3Si8O20(OH)6 · 2H2OHex.
9.EE.30TungusiteCa4Fe2Si6O15(OH)6
9.EE.35Reyerite(Na,K)2Ca14(Si,Al)24O58(OH)8 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.35Truscottite(Ca,Mn)14Si24O58(OH)8 · 2H2OTrig.
9.EE.40NatrosiliteNa2Si2O5Mon.
9.EE.45MakatiteNa2Si4O8(OH)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
9.EE.50VarennesiteNa8Mn2Si10O25(OH,Cl)2 · 12H2OOrth.
9.EE.55RaiteNa4Mn2+3Ti0.25Si8O20(OH)2 · 10H2OOrth. 2 2 2 : C2 2 2
9.EE.60IntersiliteNa6Mn2+Ti[Si10O24(OH)](OH)3 · 4H2OMon.
9.EE.65Shafranovskite(Na,K)6(Mn,Fe)3Si9O24 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.65ZakharoviteNa4Mn5Si10O24(OH)6 · 6H2OTrig.
9.EE.70ZeophylliteCa13Si10O28(OH)2F8 · 6H2OTrig. 3 : R3
9.EE.75Minehillite(K,Na)2-3Ca28Zn4Al4Si40O112(OH)16Hex.
9.EE.80Fedorite(Na,K)2-3(Ca4Na3)Si16O38(OH,F)2 · 3.5H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.80Martinite(Na,◻,Ca)12Ca4(Si,S,B)14B2O38(OH,Cl)2F2·4H2OTric. 1 : P1
9.EE.85Lalondeite(Na,Ca)6(Ca,Na)3Si16O38(F,OH)2·3H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

74.3.1a.1Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
74.3.1a.3YofortieriteMn5Si8O20(OH)2 · 8-9H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

14.20.1EmeleusiteLi2Na4Fe2Si12O30Orth.
14.20.2AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6Mon. 2/m : B2/b
14.20.4WilkinsoniteNa2Fe2+4Fe3+2(Si6O18)O2Tric. 1 : P1
14.20.6Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
14.20.7 Ferri-anniteKFe2+3((Fe3+,Al)Si3O10)(OH)2
14.20.8Fenaksite(K,Na)4(Fe,Mn)2(Si4O10)2(OH,F)Tric.
14.20.9Montdorite(K,Na)2(Fe2+,Mn2+,Mg)5(Si4O10)2(OH,F)4

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Karup-Møller, S., Petersen, O.V. (1984): Tuperssuatsiaite, a new mineral species from the Ilímaussaq intrusion in South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 1984, 501-512.
American Mineralogist (1985): 70: 1332. (Abs.)
von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152.
American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 1308. (Abs.)
Mineralogical Record (1998): 29: 109.
Cámara, F., Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L. and Buseck, P. R. (2002): The structure of Mn-rich tuperssuatsiaite: A palygorskite-related mineral. Am. Mineral. 87, 1458-1463.

Internet Links for TuperssuatsiaiteHide

Localities for TuperssuatsiaiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Poços de Caldas alkaline complex
      • Poços de Caldas
Atencio, D. , Coutinho, J.M.V. and Vlach, S.R.F. (2005). "Tuperssuatsiaite from the Bortolan quarry, Poços de Caldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil." The Mineralogical Record, 36(3),pp:275-280.
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
HORVÁTH, L. and HORVÁTH-PFENNINGER, E. (2000) Die Mineralien des Mont Saint-Hilaire. Lapis, 25, Nr. 7/8, 23-61 (in German).; HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER‑HORVÁTH, E. (2000) I minerali di Mont-Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, XXIV, 140-202 (in Italian with English summary).
      • Lajemmerais RCM
        • Varennes & St-Amable
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER HORVÁTH, E., GAULT, R.A., and TARASSOFF, P. (1998) Mineralogy of the Saint Amable sill, Varennes and Saint Amable, Québec, Canada. Mineralogical Record, 29, 83 118.
Horváth, L., Pfenninger-Horváth, E., Gault, R. A., & Tarassoff, P. (1998): Mineralogy of the Saint-Amable Sill, Varennes and Saint-Amable, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 29: 83-118.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
        • Kangerluarsuk Fjord (Kangerdluarssuq Fjord)
          • Head of Kangerluarsuk
            • Lilleelv
Knut Edvard Larsen collection # 1107 ( Ex Hans Vidar Ellingsen & Astrid Haugen collection)
Pekov, I.V. et al. (2002): Karupmollerite-Ca, (Na,Ca,K)2Ca(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)4.7H2O, a new mineral of the labuntsovite group from the Ilimaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, Vol. 10, 433-444
Min Rec 36:3 pp275-280
Karup-Møller, S. & Petersen. O. V. (1984): Tuperssuatsiaite, a new mineral species from the Ilímaussaq intrusion in South Greenland, Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte. 1984. 501-512; Min Rec 36:3 pp275-280
Namibia
 
  • Khomas Region
    • Windhoek District
      • Aris
von Knorring, O. and Franke, W. (1987): A preliminary note on the mineralogy and geochemistry of the Aris phonolite, SWA/Namibia. Communications of the Geological Survey of South West Africa / Namibia, 3, 65 [as "unknown iron silicate"]; von Knorring, O., Petersen, O. V. Karup-Moeller, S., Leonardsen, E. S. and Condliffe, E. (1992): Tuperssuatsiaite, from Aris phonolite, Windhoek, Namibia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatsh., 1992, 145-152.; Min Rec 36:3 pp275-280; Cámara, F., Garvie, L. A. J., Devouard, B., Groy, T. L. and Buseck, P. R. (2002): The structure of Mn-rich tuperssuatsiaite: A palygorskite-related mineral. Am. Mineral. 87, 1458-1463; [http://www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/aris.htm]; Rocks & Min. (2007) 82:243-244; Chukanov, N. V.; Britvin, S. N.; Blass, G.; Belakovskiy, D. I.; Van, K. V. (2012): Windhoekite, Ca2Fe3+3-x(Si8O20)(OH)4•10H2O, a new palygorskite-group mineral from the Aris phonolite, Namibia. European Journal of Mineralogy 24, 171-179. [includes analysis of a tuperss.]
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
Takai, Y., Uehara, S., Inoo, T. (2011) Minerals from Khibiny, Kola, Russia. Chigaku Kenkyu, 60 (1), 41-46.; Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
USA
 
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
Jerry Cone Collection
Mineral and/or Locality  
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