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Athabascaite

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Formula:
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
System:OrthorhombicColour:Light grey, bluish-grey ...
Lustre:MetallicHardness:
Name:For the type locality
This page provides mineralogical data about Athabascaite.

Classification of Athabascaite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/B.03-60
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.BA.25

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
Dana 8th edition ID:2.16.17.1

2 : SULFIDES
16 : Miscellaneous
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.1.13

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Athabascaite

Type Locality:Martin Lake Mine, Uranium City, Lake Athabasca, Beaverlodge Region, Saskatchewan, Canada
Place of Conservation of Type Material:National Museum of Canada, Ottawa; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, M29432.
Year of Discovery:1970
Geological Setting of type material:As inclusions in and replacements of umangite, as stringers and veinlets in carbonate veins cutting basalt.
Associated Minerals at type locality:
EucairiteClausthaliteUmangiteBerzelianiteKlockmannite
EskeborniteTyrrelliteCopperSilverUraninite
HematitePyriteCalciteBaryteQuartz
Feldspar Group

Occurrences of Athabascaite

Geological Setting:In basaltic rocks

Physical Properties of Athabascaite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Light grey, bluish-grey to white
Hardness (Mohs):
Hardness (Vickers):VHN15=78 kg/mm2
Density (calculated):6.59 g/cm3

Crystallography of Athabascaite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 8.227Å, b = 11.982Å, c = 6.441Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.687 : 1 : 0.538
Unit Cell Volume:V 634.93 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:laths to 100 microns
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.44 (30)
3.235 (100)
3.015 (60)
1.997 (80)
1.893 (50)
1.817 (30)
1.664 (40)
Comments:Martin Lake mine, Canada.

Optical Data of Athabascaite

Type:Anisotropic
Anisotropism:Strong, creamy white to dark blue
Reflectivity:
400nmR1=21.2%R2= 25.1%
420nmR1=19.9%R2= 25.2%
440nmR1=19.6%R2= 25.3%
460nmR1=19.3%R2= 25.4%
480nmR1=19.0%R2= 25.5%
500nmR1=18.6%R2= 25.6%
520nmR1=18.3%R2= 25.6%
540nmR1=17.8%R2= 25.5%
560nmR1=17.4%R2= 25.4%
580nmR1=16.9%R2= 25.1%
600nmR1=16.3%R2= 25.0%
620nmR1=15.5%R2= 24.5%
640nmR1=15.0%R2= 24.2%
660nmR1=14.2%R2= 23.7%
680nmR1=13.4%R2= 23.1%
700nmR1=12.5%R2= 22.4%


Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Peak reflectance is 25.6%.
R1 shown in black, R2 shown in red
Pleochroism:Weak
Comments:Light gray to blue-gray

Chemical Properties of Athabascaite

Formula:
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu5Se4
Essential elements:Cu, Se
All elements listed in formula:Cu, Se
Analytical Data:Chaméane mine, France; by electron microprobe.
Ag (0.43)
Cu (50.96)
Se (46.64)
S (2.12)
Total (100.15)
Empirical Formula:
(Cu
 
4.88
Ag
 
0.02
)(Se
 
3.60
S
 
0.40
)
Common Impurities:S

Relationship of Athabascaite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.BA.05Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
2.BA.05Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
2.BA.05Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
2.BA.05Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
2.BA.10Anilite
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
2.BA.10Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
2.BA.15Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
2.BA.20Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
2.BA.20Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
2.BA.25Umangite
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
2.BA.30Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
2.BA.30Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
2.BA.35Acanthite
Ag
 
2
S
2.BA.40Mckinstryite
Ag
 
5-x
Cu
 
3+x
S
 
4
2.BA.40Stromeyerite
AgCuS
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCu
Ag
 
6
AuCu
 
2
S
 
5
2.BA.45Jalpaite
Ag
 
3
CuS
 
2
2.BA.45Selenojalpaite
Ag
 
3
CuSe
 
2
2.BA.50Eucairite
AgCuSe
2.BA.55Aguilarite
Ag
 
4
SeS
2.BA.55Naumannite
Ag
 
2
Se
2.BA.60Cervelleite
Ag
 
4
TeS
2.BA.60Hessite
Ag
 
2
Te
2.BA.60Chenguodaite
Ag
 
9
Fe
3+
 
Te
 
2
S
 
4
2.BA.65Henryite
Ag
 
3
Cu
 
4
Te
 
4
2.BA.65Stützite
Ag
 
5-x
Te
 
3
, x = 0.24-0.36
2.BA.70Argyrodite
Ag
 
8
GeS
 
6
2.BA.70Canfieldite
Ag
 
8
SnS
 
6
2.BA.70Putzite
(Cu
 
4.7
Ag
 
3.3
)GeS
 
6
2.BA.75Fischesserite
Ag
 
3
AuSe
 
2
2.BA.75Penzhinite
(Ag,Cu)
 
4
Au(S,Se)
 
4
2.BA.75Petrovskaite
AuAg(S,Se)
2.BA.75Petzite
Ag
 
3
AuTe
 
2
2.BA.75Uytenbogaardtite
Ag
 
3
AuS
 
2
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite
(Au,Ag)
 
4
Cu(Te,Pb)
2.BA.80Bilibinskite
PbCu
 
2
Au
 
3
Te
 
2
2.BA.80Bogdanovite
(Au,Te,Pb)
 
3
(Cu,Fe)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.1.1Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
3.1.2Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
3.1.3Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.4Anilite
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
3.1.5Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.6Spionkopite
Cu
 
39
S
 
28
3.1.7Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
3.1.8Covellite
CuS
3.1.9Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.10Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.11Umangite
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
3.1.12Yarrowite
Cu
 
9
S
 
8
3.1.14Klockmannite
CuSe
3.1.15Krut'aite
CuSe
 
2
3.1.16Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
3.1.17Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
3.1.18Vulcanite
CuTe
3.1.19Bambollaite
Cu(Se,Te)
 
2
3.1.20Lautite
CuAsS
3.1.21Mgriite
Cu
 
3
AsSe
 
3
3.1.22Cubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.23Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
3.1.24Fukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
3.1.25Chalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
3.1.26Mooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.27Haycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
3.1.28Isocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.29Idaite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
3.1.30Nukundamite
Cu
 
3.4
Fe
 
0.6
S
 
4
3.1.31Putoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.32Orickite
2CuFeS
 
2
· H
 
2
O
3.1.33Eskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
3.1.34Chaméanite
(Cu,Fe)
 
4
As(Se,S)
 
4
3.1.35Talnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16

Other Names for Athabascaite

Synonyms:
IMA1969-022
Other Languages:
German:Athabascait
Simplified Chinese:斜方硒铜矿
Spanish:Athabascaita
Traditional Chinese:斜方硒銅礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Athabascaite

Reference List:

- +
HARRIS, D.C., CABRI, L.J. & KAIMAN, S. (1969): A new copper selenide from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 135-136 (abstr.).

HARRIS, D.C., CABRI, L.J. & KAIMAN, S. (1970): Athabascaite, a new copper selenide mineral from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 207-215.

Internet Links for Athabascaite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Athabascaite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Athabascaite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • La Rioja
    Excalibur Mineral specimen
    Canada
     
    • Saskatchewan
      • Beaverlodge Region
        • Lake Athabasca
          • Uranium City
    HARRIS, D.C., CABRI, L.J. & KAIMAN, S. (1969): A new copper selenide from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 135 136 (abstr.). HARRIS, D.C., CABRI, L.J. & KAIMAN, S. (1970): Athabascaite, a new copper selenide mineral from Martin Lake, Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist 10, 207-215. Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Alxa League (Alashan Prefecture)
        • Alxa Right Banner (Alashan Youqi)
    Jiayong Pan, Chengdong Liu, Guolin Guo, Anping Chen, Fazheng Chen, Zhaobin Yan, Yiping Chen, and Rengui Wu (2009): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 29(1), 44-48
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
      • Plzeň Region
        • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
    Scharmová, M., Scharm, B.: Minerály selenu na uranovém ložisku Zadní Chodov. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 43-47.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Javorník (Jauernig)
    Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Litochleb, J., Škácha, P., Pavlícek, R. (2012): A selenide association with macroscopic umangite from the abandoned uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 20, 187-196 (in Czech with English abstract).
      • Vysočina Region
        • Nové Město na Moravě
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
        • Rožná deposit
    In the collection of Brent Thorne. Obtained from Paleone.pl.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Kolwezi District
          • Kolwezi
    Can.Min. 46,19-31(2008)
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Sauxillanges
          • Chaméane
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Sachsa
          • Zorge
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Sweden
     
    • Östergötland
      • Valdemarsvik
    Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38; Jonsson, E., Högdahl, K., Majka, J. & Murashko, M. (2014): Te-Cu-rich sudburyite – the first platinum-group-element mineral from the selenide mineralisation at Skrikerum, Sweden. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen. 191, 137-144
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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