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Umangite

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Formula:
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
System:TetragonalColour:Red, bluish red-black, ...
Lustre:MetallicHardness:3
Member of:Berzelianite-Umangite Group
Name:Named after its supposed discovery locality, Sierra de Umango (Umango Mountains), Argentina, although in reality it does not occur there but came rather from a neighbouring range called the Sierra de Cacho (see also text in http://www.mindat.org/loc-146779.html).

Classification of Umangite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/B.03-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.BA.25

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
Dana 8th edition ID:2.5.1.1

2 : SULFIDES
5 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.1.11

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-4090.html
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Type Occurrence of Umangite

Co-type Localities:Las Asperezas mine (Sarmiento deposit; Veta Sarmiento), Sierra de Cacho, La Rioja, Argentina
Trogtal Quarries, Lautenthal, Harz, Lower Saxony, Germany
Year of Discovery:1891

Physical Properties of Umangite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Red, bluish red-black, iridescent violet-blue (tarnished)
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):3

Crystallography of Umangite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:a = 6.4Å, c = 4.28Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.669
Unit Cell Volume:V 175.31 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Umangite

Formula:
Cu
 
3
Se
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu3Se2
Essential elements:Cu, Se
All elements listed in formula:Cu, Se
Common Impurities:Ag

Relationship of Umangite to other Species

Member of:Berzelianite-Umangite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.BA.05Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
2.BA.05Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
2.BA.05Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
2.BA.05Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
2.BA.10Anilite
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
2.BA.10Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
2.BA.15Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
2.BA.20Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
2.BA.20Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
2.BA.25Athabascaite
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
2.BA.30Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
2.BA.30Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
2.BA.35Acanthite
Ag
 
2
S
2.BA.40Mckinstryite
Ag
 
5-x
Cu
 
3+x
S
 
4
2.BA.40Stromeyerite
AgCuS
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCu
Ag
 
6
AuCu
 
2
S
 
5
2.BA.45Jalpaite
Ag
 
3
CuS
 
2
2.BA.45Selenojalpaite
Ag
 
3
CuSe
 
2
2.BA.50Eucairite
AgCuSe
2.BA.55Aguilarite
Ag
 
4
SeS
2.BA.55Naumannite
Ag
 
2
Se
2.BA.60Cervelleite
Ag
 
4
TeS
2.BA.60Hessite
Ag
 
2
Te
2.BA.60Chenguodaite
Ag
 
9
Fe
3+
 
Te
 
2
S
 
4
2.BA.65Henryite
Ag
 
3
Cu
 
4
Te
 
4
2.BA.65Stützite
Ag
 
5-x
Te
 
3
, x = 0.24-0.36
2.BA.70Argyrodite
Ag
 
8
GeS
 
6
2.BA.70Canfieldite
Ag
 
8
SnS
 
6
2.BA.70Putzite
(Cu
 
4.7
Ag
 
3.3
)GeS
 
6
2.BA.75Fischesserite
Ag
 
3
AuSe
 
2
2.BA.75Penzhinite
(Ag,Cu)
 
4
Au(S,Se)
 
4
2.BA.75Petrovskaite
AuAg(S,Se)
2.BA.75Petzite
Ag
 
3
AuTe
 
2
2.BA.75Uytenbogaardtite
Ag
 
3
AuS
 
2
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite
(Au,Ag)
 
4
Cu(Te,Pb)
2.BA.80Bilibinskite
PbCu
 
2
Au
 
3
Te
 
2
2.BA.80Bogdanovite
(Au,Te,Pb)
 
3
(Cu,Fe)
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.1.1Chalcocite
Cu
 
2
S
3.1.2Djurleite
Cu
 
31
S
 
16
3.1.3Digenite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.4Anilite
Cu
 
7
S
 
4
3.1.5Roxbyite
Cu
 
9
S
 
5
3.1.6Spionkopite
Cu
 
39
S
 
28
3.1.7Geerite
Cu
 
8
S
 
5
3.1.8Covellite
CuS
3.1.9Berzelianite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.10Bellidoite
Cu
 
2
Se
3.1.12Yarrowite
Cu
 
9
S
 
8
3.1.13Athabascaite
Cu
 
5
Se
 
4
3.1.14Klockmannite
CuSe
3.1.15Krut'aite
CuSe
 
2
3.1.16Weissite
Cu
 
2-x
Te
3.1.17Rickardite
Cu
 
7
Te
 
5
3.1.18Vulcanite
CuTe
3.1.19Bambollaite
Cu(Se,Te)
 
2
3.1.20Lautite
CuAsS
3.1.21Mgriite
Cu
 
3
AsSe
 
3
3.1.22Cubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.23Bornite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
4
3.1.24Fukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
3.1.25Chalcopyrite
CuFeS
 
2
3.1.26Mooihoekite
Cu
 
9
Fe
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.27Haycockite
Cu
 
4
Fe
 
5
S
 
8
3.1.28Isocubanite
CuFe
 
2
S
 
3
3.1.29Idaite
Cu
 
5
FeS
 
6
3.1.30Nukundamite
Cu
 
3.4
Fe
 
0.6
S
 
4
3.1.31Putoranite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
16
3.1.32Orickite
2CuFeS
 
2
· H
 
2
O
3.1.33Eskebornite
CuFeSe
 
2
3.1.34Chaméanite
(Cu,Fe)
 
4
As(Se,S)
 
4
3.1.35Talnakhite
Cu
 
9
(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
16

Other Names for Umangite

Other Languages:
German:Umangit
Russian:Умангит
Simplified Chinese:红硒铜矿
Spanish:Umangita
Umanguita
Traditional Chinese:紅硒銅礦

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Umangite

Reference List:

- +
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 194-195.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1891): 29: 269.

American Mineralogist (1950): 35: 337-364.

Ramdohr, P. (1955): Neues Jahrb. Monatsh. Mineral., 133-142.

Science: 152: 345.

Internet Links for Umangite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Umangite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Umangite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • La Rioja
      • Famatina
        • Puerto Alegre
    Paar, et al. (1996): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 51 (4):304-312
      • Sañogasta District
    M.K. de Brodtkorb (ed.) (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
    Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    (see note under Sierra de Umango)
    de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
    O. Kempff, W.H. Paar, S. Tawackoli (2009) Minerales de Bolivia, p. 34.; Milka K. de BRODTKORB and Sabrina CROSTA (2010) RESEÑA DE LA UBICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE LOS SELENIUROS DE LA SIERRA DE UMANGO, PROVINCIA DE LA RIOJA. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 67 (2), 272 - 277.
    O. Kempff, W.H. Paar, S. Tawackoli (2009) Minerales de Bolivia, p. 34.; DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
    Milka K. de BRODTKORB and Sabrina CROSTA (2010) RESEÑA DE LA UBICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE LOS SELENIUROS DE LA SIERRA DE UMANGO, PROVINCIA DE LA RIOJA. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 67 (2), 272 - 277.
    Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
    No reference listed
    [Am Min 35 (1950), 354]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
      • Vinchina Department
    Recursos Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325
    Can. Min. Vol. 42, 1745-1755 (2004).
    Sarp, H. & G.Burri, Schweiz. Mineral.Petrogr. Mitt. 67, 219-223(1987)
    • Mendoza
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
        • Cerro de Cacheuta
    Ahlfeld Friedrich and Angelelll Vlctorio 1948 Las especies minerales de la Republica Argentina Univ Nac Tucumftn Inst Geologla y Mineria Jujuy Pub no 458 p 47 48 49 50 54 67 69 70 71 120 121 133 134
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Eyre Peninsula
        • Middleback Range
          • Iron Knob
    www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
    • Western Australia
      • East Pilbara Shire
        • Rudall River District
    Nickel, Ernest H. (2002): An Unusual Occurrence of Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Hg Mineralisation in the Pilbara Region of Western Australia. Canadian Mineralogist. 40: 419-433.
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
        • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
          • Golden Mile Mines
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Austria
     
    • Styria
      • Neuberg an der Mürz
        • Altenberg an der Rax
          • Eselberg
    Postl, W. & Paar, W.H. (1997)
    Bolivia
     
    • La Paz Department
      • Aroma Province
        • Laurani District
    USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 255.
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
    [MinRec 21:133]
    Canada
     
    • Nunavut
      • Kivalliq Region
        • Baker Lake
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Miller A.: Uranium Geology of the eastern Baker Lake Basin, District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories; G.S.C. Bulletin 330.
    • Ontario
      • Haliburton Co.
        • Cardiff Township
    GSC Report 39
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Rouyn-Noranda TE
    Sabina (2003) 66.
    • Saskatchewan
      • Beaverlodge Region
    J. Traill (1952) Synthesis and x-ray study of uranium sulphate minerals . American Mineralogist 37:394-406.
          • Beaverlodge Lake
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
          • Melville Lake
            • Eagle shaft area
    Can Min 10:787-796
        • Lake Athabasca
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
          • Uranium City
    Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 10, pp.787-796 (1972)
    China
     
    • Anhui Province
      • Huaibei Prefecture
        • Suixi Co.
          • Sanpu ore field
    Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
    Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
    • Hubei Province
      • Huangshi Prefecture
        • Daye Co.
    Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
        • Yangxin Co.
          • Fengshan ore field
    Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
    • Sichuan Province
      • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Huili Co.
    Zhi Li, Zhenjie Chen, and Fengge Wang (1973): Geology and Prospecting 10(2), 20-24; Dequan Shuai and Fengming Fu (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 318-320
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Josef Vajdak (2008) Mineral News, 24, #3, 15. (collected on dump by Pavel Skacha)
      • Plzeň Region
        • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
    Scharmová, M., Scharm, B.: Minerály selenu na uranovém ložisku Zadní Chodov. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 43-47.
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Javorník (Jauernig)
    Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Litochleb, J., Škácha, P., Pavlícek, R. (2012): A selenide association with macroscopic umangite from the abandoned uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 20, 187-196 (in Czech with English abstract).
      • South Moravia Region
        • Tišnov
    Šouba, M.: Příspěvek k mineralizacu dislokací v okolí Tišnovské Nové Vsi. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1984, roč. 29, č. 2, s. 185-191.uraninite, coffinite
      • Vysočina Region
        • Nové Město na Moravě
    Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
    Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
        • Rožná deposit
    Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
    Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Shinkolobwe
    MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    France
     
    • Alsace
      • Haut-Rhin
        • Thur valley (Thann valley)
          • Kruth
    Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
    • Auvergne
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Sauxillanges
          • Chaméane
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Menzenschwand
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Fichtelgebirge
          • Weißenstadt
            • Großschloppen
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; DILL, H. G. and KOLB, S.G. (1986): The Großschloppen-Hebanz uranium occurrences. A prototype of mineralized structure zones associated with desilification and silification processes (F.R. Germany/N Bavaria). - In: Uranium Vein-Type Deposits (Ed. H.D. Fuchs), International Atomic Energy Agency, 287-303
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Schwandorf
          • Wölsendorf Fluorite mining District
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Bad Sachsa
          • Zorge
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
          • Rosenhof veins
            • Lerbach
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • Lautenthal
    Zeit. Kryst. (1891 19, 265-27; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
        • St Andreasberg District
          • St Andreasberg
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Gernrode
          • Rieder
    Schaarschmidt, H. (2007): Weltweit einmalig: Clausthalit als freie Kristalle aus dem Harz. Lapis 32 (3), 41-42. (in German); Heider, J. & Siemroth, J. (2012): Die Selenidmineralisation im Grauwacke-Tagebau Rieder bei Gernrode, Harz. Aufschluss, 63, 213-223.
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
    American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 280-281.
    FÖRSTER et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1433-1444
    Greenland
     
    • Kujalleq
      • Narsaq
        • Qaqortoq (Julianehåb)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    Panczner(1987):112-384.
    Mineralogical Record (2003) 34:5 The Ojuela Mine
    Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
    Namibia
     
    • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
      • Tsumeb
    Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Jelenia Góra District
        • Kowary area
    Mochnacka K. 1971: Okruszcowanie w Kowarach (Dolny Śląsk). Prz. Geol. nr 11; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
      • Kłodzko District
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Irkutskaya Oblast'
          • Bodaibo
            • Lena Gold District
              • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
    http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
    Sweden
     
    • Östergötland
      • Valdemarsvik
    Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    UK
     
    • England
      • Devon
        • South Devon
          • Torquay
    [Camm, 1995, 71 - "Gold in the Counties of Cornwall and Devon"]; C. J. Stanley, A. J. Criddle and D. Lloyd (1990) Precious and Base Metal Selenide Mineralization at Hope's Nose, Torquay, Devon. Mineralogical Magazine 54:485-493
    USA
     
    • Colorado
      • San Juan Co.
        • Minnesota Gulch
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Washington
      • Ferry Co.
        • Republic District
          • Republic
            • Klondike Mountain
    Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1, p.121; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.35, 64, 136, 174; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report, p.55
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