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Umangite

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Formula:
Cu3Se2
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Red, bluish red-black, ...
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Name:
Named after its supposed discovery locality, Sierra de Umango (Umango Mountains), Argentina, although in reality it does not occur there but came rather from a neighbouring range called the Sierra de Cacho (see also text in http://www.mindat.org/loc-146779.html).

Classification of Umangite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2.BA.25

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
A : With Cu, Ag, Au
2.5.1.1

2 : SULFIDES
5 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
3.1.11

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
1 : Sulphides etc. of Cu
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-4090.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Umangite

Year of Discovery:
1891

Physical Properties of Umangite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Red, bluish red-black, iridescent violet-blue (tarnished)
Streak:
Black
Hardness (Mohs):
3

Crystallography of Umangite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.4Å, c = 4.28Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.669
Unit Cell Volume:
V 175.31 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Umangite

Formula:
Cu3Se2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Ag

Relationship of Umangite to other Species

Other Members of Group:
2.BA.05ChalcociteCu2S
2.BA.05DjurleiteCu31S16
2.BA.05GeeriteCu8S5
2.BA.05RoxbyiteCu9S5
2.BA.10AniliteCu7S4
2.BA.10DigeniteCu9S5
2.BA.15BorniteCu5FeS4
2.BA.20BellidoiteCu2Se
2.BA.20BerzelianiteCu2Se
2.BA.25AthabascaiteCu5Se4
2.BA.30RickarditeCu7Te5
2.BA.30WeissiteCu2-xTe
2.BA.35AcanthiteAg2S
2.BA.40MckinstryiteAg5-xCu3+xS4
2.BA.40StromeyeriteAgCuS
2.BA.40dUM2003-13-S:AgAuCuAg6AuCu2S5
2.BA.45JalpaiteAg3CuS2
2.BA.45SelenojalpaiteAg3CuSe2
2.BA.50EucairiteAgCuSe
2.BA.55AguilariteAg4SeS
2.BA.55NaumanniteAg2Se
2.BA.60CervelleiteAg4TeS
2.BA.60HessiteAg2Te
2.BA.60ChenguodaiteAg9Fe3+Te2S4
2.BA.65Henryite(Cu,Ag)3+xTe2 , with x ~ 0.40
2.BA.65StütziteAg5-xTe3, x = 0.24-0.36
2.BA.70ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
2.BA.70CanfielditeAg8SnS6
2.BA.70Putzite(Cu4.7Ag3.3)GeS6
2.BA.75FischesseriteAg3AuSe2
2.BA.75Penzhinite(Ag,Cu)4Au(S,Se)4
2.BA.75PetrovskaiteAuAg(S,Se)
2.BA.75PetziteAg3AuTe2
2.BA.75UytenbogaardtiteAg3AuS2
2.BA.80Bezsmertnovite(Au,Ag)4Cu(Te,Pb)
2.BA.80BilibinskitePbCu2Au3Te2
2.BA.80Bogdanovite(Au,Te,Pb)3(Cu,Fe)
3.1.1ChalcociteCu2S
3.1.2DjurleiteCu31S16
3.1.3DigeniteCu9S5
3.1.4AniliteCu7S4
3.1.5RoxbyiteCu9S5
3.1.6SpionkopiteCu39S28
3.1.7GeeriteCu8S5
3.1.8CovelliteCuS
3.1.9BerzelianiteCu2Se
3.1.10BellidoiteCu2Se
3.1.12YarrowiteCu9S8
3.1.13AthabascaiteCu5Se4
3.1.14KlockmanniteCuSe
3.1.15Krut'aiteCuSe2
3.1.16WeissiteCu2-xTe
3.1.17RickarditeCu7Te5
3.1.18VulcaniteCuTe
3.1.19BambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2
3.1.20LautiteCuAsS
3.1.21MgriiteCu3AsSe3
3.1.22CubaniteCuFe2S3
3.1.23BorniteCu5FeS4
3.1.24FukuchiliteCu3FeS8
3.1.25ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
3.1.26MooihoekiteCu9Fe9S16
3.1.27HaycockiteCu4Fe5S8
3.1.28IsocubaniteCuFe2S3
3.1.29IdaiteCu5FeS6
3.1.30NukundamiteCu3.4Fe0.6S4
3.1.31PutoraniteCu9(Fe,Ni)9S16
3.1.32Orickite2CuFeS2 · H2O
3.1.33EskeborniteCuFeSe2
3.1.34Chaméanite(Cu,Fe)4As(Se,S)4
3.1.35TalnakhiteCu9(Fe,Ni)8S16

Other Names for Umangite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Umangit
Simplified Chinese:红硒铜矿
Traditional Chinese:紅硒銅礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Umangite

Reference List:
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 194-195.

Zeitschrift für Kristallographie (1891): 29: 269.

American Mineralogist (1950): 35: 337-364.

Ramdohr, P. (1955): Neues Jahrb. Monatsh. Mineral., 133-142.

Science: 152: 345.

Internet Links for Umangite

Localities for Umangite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja
    • Chilecito department
      • Sañogasta
M.K. de Brodtkorb (ed.) (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina, (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Famatina department
      • Famatina
        • Puerto Alegre
Paar, et al. (1996): Revista de la Asociacion Geologica Argentina 51 (4):304-312
    • General Lamadrid department
      • Villa Castelli
(see note under Sierra de Umango)
de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
O. Kempff, W.H. Paar, S. Tawackoli (2009) Minerales de Bolivia, p. 34.; Milka K. de BRODTKORB and Sabrina CROSTA (2010) RESEÑA DE LA UBICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE LOS SELENIUROS DE LA SIERRA DE UMANGO, PROVINCIA DE LA RIOJA. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 67 (2), 272 - 277.
O. Kempff, W.H. Paar, S. Tawackoli (2009) Minerales de Bolivia, p. 34.; DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Milka K. de BRODTKORB and Sabrina CROSTA (2010) RESEÑA DE LA UBICACIÓN GEOGRÁFICA DE LOS SELENIUROS DE LA SIERRA DE UMANGO, PROVINCIA DE LA RIOJA. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina 67 (2), 272 - 277.
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Crosta, S. (2010). Reseña de la ubicación geográfica de los seleniuros de la Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja. Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina, 67(2), 272-279.
[Am Min 35 (1950), 354]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
No reference listed
    • Vinchina Department
Recursos Minerales de la Republica Argentina, E. O. Zappettini Ed., Buenos Aires 1999 ISSN 0328-2325
Can. Min. Vol. 42, 1745-1755 (2004).
Sarp, H. & G.Burri, Schweiz. Mineral.Petrogr. Mitt. 67, 219-223(1987)
  • Mendoza
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
      • Cerro de Cacheuta
Ahlfeld Friedrich and Angelelll Vlctorio 1948 Las especies minerales de la Republica Argentina Univ Nac Tucumftn Inst Geologla y Mineria Jujuy Pub no 458 p 47 48 49 50 54 67 69 70 71 120 121 133 134
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
www.crocoite.com (Steve Sorrell) and refs therein
  • Western Australia
    • East Pilbara Shire
      • Rudall River District
Nickel, Ernest H. (2002): An Unusual Occurrence of Pd, Pt, Au, Ag, and Hg Mineralisation in the Pilbara Region of Western Australia. Canadian Mineralogist. 40: 419-433.
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder
        • Golden Mile Mines
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Neuberg an der Mürz
      • Altenberg an der Rax
        • Eselberg
Postl, W. & Paar, W.H. (1997)
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Aroma Province
      • Laurani District
USGS Bulletin # 1975, p. 255.
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
[MinRec 21:133]
Canada
 
  • Nunavut Territory
    • Kivalliq Region
      • Baker Lake
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Miller A.: Uranium Geology of the eastern Baker Lake Basin, District of Keewatin, Northwest Territories; G.S.C. Bulletin 330.
  • Ontario
    • Haliburton Co.
      • Cardiff Township
GSC Report 39
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Rouyn-Noranda TE
Sabina (2003) 66.
  • Saskatchewan
    • Beaverlodge Region
J. Traill (1952) Synthesis and x-ray study of uranium sulphate minerals . American Mineralogist 37:394-406.
        • Beaverlodge Lake
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Melville Lake
          • Eagle shaft area
Can Min 10:787-796
      • Lake Athabasca
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Uranium City
Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 10, pp.787-796 (1972)
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Huaibei Prefecture
      • Suixi Co.
        • Sanpu ore field
Yanjing Chen, Huayong Chen, Khin Zaw, Pirajno, F., and Zengjie Zhang (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 139-169.
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
  • Hubei Province
    • Huangshi Prefecture
      • Daye Co.
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
      • Yangxin Co.
        • Fengshan ore field
Yiming Zhao, Yinan Zhang, and Chengsi Bi (1999): Ore Geology Reviews 14, 227-249.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Shangrao Prefecture
      • Dexing Co.
        • Dexing Cu-Mo-Au ore field
          • Dexing copper mine
Jingxian Li and Jiajun Liu (2014): Resources & Industries 16(2), 90-97
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huili Co.
Zhi Li, Zhenjie Chen, and Fengge Wang (1973): Geology and Prospecting 10(2), 20-24; Dequan Shuai and Fengming Fu (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(4), 318-320
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Strübel, Zimmer: "Lexikon der Minerale", 2nd Ed., 1991; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Josef Vajdak (2008) Mineral News, 24, #3, 15. (collected on dump by Pavel Skacha)
    • Plzeň Region
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
Scharmová, M., Scharm, B.: Minerály selenu na uranovém ložisku Zadní Chodov. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 43-47.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J., Plášil, J., Litochleb, J., Škácha, P., Pavlícek, R. (2012): A selenide association with macroscopic umangite from the abandoned uranium deposit Zálesí, Rychlebské hory Mountains (Czech Republic). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrologického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 20, 187-196 (in Czech with English abstract).
    • South Moravia Region
      • Tišnov
Šouba, M.: Příspěvek k mineralizacu dislokací v okolí Tišnovské Nové Vsi. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1984, roč. 29, č. 2, s. 185-191.uraninite, coffinite
    • Vysočina Region
      • Nové Město na Moravě
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
      • Žďár nad Sázavou
        • Rožná deposit
Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38. ; Kvaček, M.: Selenides from the deposits of Western Moravia, Czechoslovakia – Part II. Acta Universitatis Carolinae – Geologica, 1979, vol. 23, nos. 1-2, s. 15-38.
Vavřín, I.: Nové poznatky o selenidech Českého masívu. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 82-89.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Shinkolobwe
MinRec 20:287-288; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
France
 
  • Alsace
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Thur valley (Thann valley)
        • Kruth
Hohl: "Minéraux et Mines du Massif Vosgien", Editions du Rhin (Mulhouse), 1994
  • Auvergne
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Sauxillanges
        • Chaméane
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Menzenschwand
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Großschloppen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; DILL, H. G. and KOLB, S.G. (1986): The Großschloppen-Hebanz uranium occurrences. A prototype of mineralized structure zones associated with desilification and silification processes (F.R. Germany/N Bavaria). - In: Uranium Vein-Type Deposits (Ed. H.D. Fuchs), International Atomic Energy Agency, 287-303
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Wölsendorf Fluorite Mining District
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Sachsa
        • Zorge
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Rosenhof veins
          • Lerbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Lautenthal
Zeit. Kryst. (1891 19, 265-27; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Sieber
Heider, J. (2014): Die Selenidmineralisation der Grube Henriette. Aufschluss, 65, 216-226.
        • St Andreasberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Gernrode
        • Rieder
Schaarschmidt, H. (2007): Weltweit einmalig: Clausthalit als freie Kristalle aus dem Harz. Lapis 32 (3), 41-42. (in German); Heider, J. & Siemroth, J. (2012): Die Selenidmineralisation im Grauwacke-Tagebau Rieder bei Gernrode, Harz. Aufschluss, 63, 213-223.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
American Mineralogist (1983): 68: 280-281.
FÖRSTER et al. (2003) Canadian Mineralogist 41, 1433-1444
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
      • Qaqortoq (Julianehåb)
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
Panczner(1987):112-384.
Mineralogical Record (2003) 34:5 The Ojuela Mine
Thomas P. Moore (2008) Lapis, 33, #7-8, 33-40.
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Jelenia Góra District
      • Kowary area
Mochnacka K. 1971: Okruszcowanie w Kowarach (Dolny Śląsk). Prz. Geol. nr 11; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    • Kłodzko District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
      • Irkutskaya Oblast'
        • Bodaibo
          • Lena Gold District
            • Kropotkinsky ore cluster
http://www.igem.ru/igem/chem/pt/sukhloge.htm
Sweden
 
  • Östergötland
    • Valdemarsvik
Sandström, F. (2007): Skrikerum. Litiofilen 24 (1), 22-38; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
UK
 
  • England
    • Devon
      • South Devon
        • Torquay
[Camm, 1995, 71 - "Gold in the Counties of Cornwall and Devon"]; C. J. Stanley, A. J. Criddle and D. Lloyd (1990) Precious and Base Metal Selenide Mineralization at Hope's Nose, Torquay, Devon. Mineralogical Magazine 54:485-493
USA
 
  • Colorado
    • San Juan Co.
      • Minnesota Gulch
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Washington
    • Ferry Co.
      • Republic District
        • Republic
          • Klondike Mountain
Huntting, M. (1956): Inventory of Washington Minerals, Part II, Metallic Minerals, Vol. 1, p.121; Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.35, 64, 136, 174; Lasmanis, R. Et Al (1990): Metal Mines of Washington-Preliminary Report, p.55
Mineral and/or Locality  
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