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Uranophane-β

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Formula:
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicColour:Yellowish-green, yellow, ...
Lustre:VitreousHardness:2½ - 3
Name:Named as the dimorph of uranophane.
Dimorph of:Uranophane

Classification of Uranophane-β

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/B.34-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.AK.15

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
K : Uranyl neso- and polysilicates
Dana 8th edition ID:53.3.1.9

53 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.16.11

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
16 : Silicates of U
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Type Occurrence of Uranophane-β

Type Locality:Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal), Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal), Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge), Karlovy Vary Region, Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen), Czech Republic
Year of Discovery:1935
Associated Minerals at type locality:
Liebigite

Physical Properties of Uranophane-β

Lustre:Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent
Colour:Yellowish-green, yellow, brownish-yellow
Hardness (Mohs):2½ - 3

Crystallography of Uranophane-β

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 13.96Å, b = 15.44Å, c = 6.63Å
β = 91.38°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.904 : 1 : 0.429
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,428.63 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Uranophane-β

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.660 - 1.678 nβ = 1.682 - 1.723 nγ = 1.689 - 1.730
2V:Calculated: 42° to 58°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.029 - 0.052

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:r > v or r < v

Chemical Properties of Uranophane-β

Formula:
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca(UO2)2(HSiO4)2·5H2O
Essential elements:Ca, H, O, Si, U
All elements listed in formula:Ca, H, O, Si, U

Relationship of Uranophane-β to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
Uranophane Group
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.AK.05Soddyite
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
SiO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
9.AK.10Cuprosklodowskite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
9.AK.10Oursinite
(Co,Mg)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
9.AK.10Sklodowskite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Boltwoodite
(K,Na)(UO
 
2
)[HSiO
 
4
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Kasolite
Pb(UO
 
2
)[SiO
 
4
] · H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Natroboltwoodite
(H
 
3
O)(Na,K)UO
 
2
SiO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Uranophane
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Beta-Uranophane
9.AK.20Swamboite
UH
 
6
(UO
 
2
)
 
6
(SiO
 
4
)
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
9.AK.25Haiweeite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[Si
 
5
O
 
12
(OH)
 
2
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.AK.25Metahaiweeite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
15
· nH
 
2
O
9.AK.25Ranquilite
9.AK.30Weeksite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(Si
 
5
O
 
13
) · 4H
 
2
O
9.AK.30Coutinhoite
Th
 
x
Ba
 
(1-2x)
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
13
· (H
 
2
O)
 
1+y
(0 < x < 0.5 and 0 < y < (2+x))
9.AK.35Ursilite
(Mg,Ca)
 
4
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
5
)
 
5.5
(OH)
 
5
· 13H
 
2
O
9.AK.35Magnioursilite
Mg
 
4
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
5
)
 
5
(OH)
 
6
· 20H
 
2
O
9.AK.35Calcioursilite
Ca
 
4
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
5
)
 
5
(OH)
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
9.AK.40Uranosilite
UO
 
3
· 7SiO
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.16.1Uranosilite
UO
 
3
· 7SiO
 
2
14.16.2Coffinite
(U
4+
 
,Th)(SiO
 
4
)
 
1-x
(OH)
 
4x
14.16.3Soddyite
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
SiO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
14.16.4Swamboite
UH
 
6
(UO
 
2
)
 
6
(SiO
 
4
)
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
14.16.5Weeksite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(Si
 
5
O
 
13
) · 4H
 
2
O
14.16.6Boltwoodite
(K,Na)(UO
 
2
)[HSiO
 
4
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
14.16.7Natroboltwoodite
(H
 
3
O)(Na,K)UO
 
2
SiO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
14.16.8Cuprosklodowskite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
14.16.9Sklodowskite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
14.16.10Uranophane
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
14.16.12Haiweeite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[Si
 
5
O
 
12
(OH)
 
2
] · 6H
 
2
O
14.16.13Metahaiweeite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
15
· nH
 
2
O
14.16.15Steacyite
(◻,K)(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Th,U)[Si
 
8
O
 
20
]
14.16.16Ekanite
(Ca,Fe
2+
 
,Pb)
 
2
(Th,U)[Si
 
8
O
 
20
]
14.16.17Kasolite
Pb(UO
 
2
)[SiO
 
4
] · H
 
2
O
14.16.18Orlite
Pb
 
3
(UO
 
2
)
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
14.16.19Oursinite
(Co,Mg)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O

Other Names for Uranophane-β

Synonyms:
Beta-Uranophaneβ-UranophaneBeta-UranotileUranophane-beta
Other Languages:
German:Uranophan-beta
Simplified Chinese:β-硅钙铀矿
Traditional Chinese:β-矽鈣鈾礦

Other Information

Health Warning:Contains uranium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest. Avoid prolonged exposure in proximity of the body. Store away from inhabited areas.

References for Uranophane-β

Reference List:

- +
Vestnik Kral. Ceske Spol. Nauk (1935), 2/7, 1-36.

American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 321-322.

American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 610-625.

Viswanathan, K. and Harneit, O. (1986) Refined crystal structure of β-uranophane Ca(UO2)2(SiO3OH)2.5H2O. American Mineralogist (1986): 71: 1489-1493.

Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.

Internet Links for Uranophane-β

Search Engines:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Uranophane-beta details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Uranophane-β

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Chubut
      • Gastre Department
    Friz, C. T., Rodrigo, F. y Stipanicic, P. N. Recursos y posibilidades uraníferas en Argentina. Comisión Nacional de Energía Atómica. Session 2.11, pp. 42 - 54. Buenos Aires, Argentina.
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
            • Mt Painter area
    2003, Brugger, J., Ansermet, S. & Pring, A. ' Uranium minerals from Mt Painter, Northern Flinders ranges, South Australia' Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol. 9, n°1, pp 15-31
    • Tasmania
      • Rossarden district
    Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Western Australia
      • Upper Gascoyne Shire
        • Yinnietharra (Yinnietharra Station; Yinnetharra)
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M.I. Jacobson, M.A. Calderwood, B.A. Grguric' Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
    Pegmatites of Western Australia; M.I. Jacobson, M.A. Calderwood, B.A. Grguric; Hesperian Press, Perth, 2007
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Koralpe
        • Moschkogel - Weinebene area
          • Brandrücken
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
      • Millstatt lake ridge
        • Fresach
          • Laas
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
        • Spittal
          • Wolfsberg
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Salzburg
      • Hohe Tauern
        • Gastein valley
          • Naßfeld valley
            • Kreuzkogel massif
              • Radhausberg
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    Brazil
     
    • São Paulo
      • São Paulo
    American Mineralogist 54:966-969
    Fosfatos e Silicatos Secundários de Urânio de Perus, São Paulo - Atencio, Daniel and Hypolito, Raphael - Revista Brasileira de Geociências, março de 1994
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Hastings Co.
        • Faraday Township
    Rocks and Minerals For the Collector (Geological Survey of Canada Misc Report 39); Hewitt, D. F. (1967) Pegmatite Mineral Resources of Ontario. Geological Survey of Canada Industrial Mineral Report 21
      • Kenora District
        • MacNicol Township
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.192
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.192
    • Québec
      • Outaouais
        • Les Collines-de-l'Outaouais RCM
          • Val-des-Monts
            • Lac Saint-Pierre (Wakefield Lake)
    Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 41.; Miles, N. M., Hogarth, D.D. & Russell, D.S. (1971): Wakefieldite, yttrium vanadate, a new mineral from Quebec. American Mineralogist. 56, 395-410
    China
     
    • Guangdong Province
      • Shaoguan Prefecture
        • Wengyuan Co.
    Dahlkamp, F.J., Ed. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156.
    • Hunan Province
    Aizhen Wang (1992): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 12(1), 78-82
    • Jiangxi Province
      • Ganzhou Prefecture
        • Ningdu Co.
    Wenle Zeng, Yuhua He, Liugui Zhang, Yulin Chen, and Weijiang Shao (2010): Geology and Exploration 46(1), 1-9
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Benxi Prefecture
        • Nanfen District
    Dahlkamp, F.J. (2009): Uranium Deposits of the World. Springer (Berlin, Heidelberg), pp. 31-156
    Colombia
     
    • Santander Department
      • Mun. de Suaita
    Journal of Molecular Structure Volume 788, Issues 1-3, 8 May 2006, Pages 115-125
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    [Vestnik Kral. Ceske Spol. Nauk (1935) 2/7, 1-36; Nickel & Nichols, 1991 - "Mineral Reference Manual", p22]
      • Plzeň Region
        • Klatovy (Klattau)
    Sejkora J., Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Novák F., Malec J., Franc J.: Mineralogie uranového zrudnění z lokality Dlažov u Klatov (Česká republika). Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 2, s. 73-80.
        • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
        • Tachov
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Javorník (Jauernig)
          • Horní Hostice
    Pauliš, P., Novák, F., Ševců, J.: Sekundární minerály z uranového ložiska Jelení vrch u Horních Hoštic v Rychlebských horách. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae geologicae, 2004, roč. 89, s. 121 - 138.
    Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
      • Vysočina Region
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Kolwezi District
          • Kolwezi
    No reference listed
        • Shinkolobwe
    Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
    Egypt
     
    • Red Sea Governorate
      • Eastern Desert
    Abd El-Naby, H.H. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 436-446.
    Finland
     
    • Southern Finland Region
      • Nummi-Pusula
        • Palmottu Lake
    N. MARCOS, L. AHONEN, R. BROS, P. ROOS, J. SUKSI & V. OVERSBY (1999) NEW DATA ON THE HYRKKOLA NATIVE COPPER MINERALIZATION: A NATURAL ANALOGUE FOR THE LONG-TERM CORROSION OF COPPER CANISTERS Mat. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. Vol. 556 @ 1999 Materials Research Society
    France
     
    • Auvergne
      • Puy-de-Dôme
        • Puy-Guillaume
          • Lachaux
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
    J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF.
        • Thiers
          • Saint-Rémy-sur-Durolle
    J. Chervet and G. Branche : "Contribution à l'Etude des Minéraux Secondaires d'Uranium Français", ENSG, Nancy, 1955
    • Burgundy
      • Saône-et-Loire
        • Issy-l'Evêque
          • Grury
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
    Patrice Queneau
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
        • Lodève
    No reference listed
    [Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]
    • Limousin
      • Corrèze
        • Davignac
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998), p. 54
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Compreignac
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
        • Mailhac
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
    • Pays de Loire
      • Vendée
        • Les Herbiers
    J. Geffroy, J.A. Sarcia, J. Chervet : "Les Minéraux Uranifères Français", 1960, Institut National des Sciences et Techniques Nucléaires / Saclay - PUF.
    • Poitou-Charentes
      • Deux-Sèvres
        • Saint-Amand-sur-Sèvre
    Jean-Marc Johannet collection
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Saint-Martin-Vésubie
          • Belvédère
            • Capelet Mt.
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
        • Saint-Sauveur-sur-Tinée
          • Roure
    R. Pierrot, P. Picot, J. Féraud, J. Vernet : "Inventaire Minéralogique de la France N° 4 : Alpes-Maritimes", BRGM, 1974
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Loire
        • Saint-Just-en-Chevalet
          • Saint-Priest-la-Prugne
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV, 1998
    J.-J. Périchaud: "Où trouver les minéraux d'Auvergne", Vol. 1, Editions l'Instant Durable (Clermont-Ferrand), 1985, p. 92
      • Rhône
        • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
    Yannick Vessely collection
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Menzenschwand
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Vorderdorf
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Bavaria
      • Upper Palatinate
        • Wölsendorf Fluorite Mining District
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Hunsrück
        • Birkenfeld
          • Ellweiler
    Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
      • Palatinate
        • Winnweiler
          • Imsbach
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony-Anhalt
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Greenland
     
    • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
    Petersen, O. V. and Secher, K. (1993): The minerals of Greenland, The Mineralogical Record, Vol. 24(2), 1-65
    Italy
     
    • Aosta Valley
      • Courmayeur
        • Monte Bianco Massif (Mont Blanc Massif)
          • Veny Valley
    • Piedmont
      • Biella Province
    De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
          • Rosazza
    Ref: Daniele Ravagnani - I giacimenti uraniferi Italiani ed i loro minerali - Gruppo Mineralogico Lombardo-Museo Civico di storia Naturale di Milano - Milano, 1974, pp. 152-153; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
      • Cuneo Province
        • Bagnolo Piemonte
          • Ortieul
    Piccoli, G.C. (2002): Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio", Ed., Alba, 366 pp.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
      • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
        • Omegna
    - Albertini,C. (2000) : Ritrovamenti nel Rio Inferno, Brughiere di Omegna. Prima segnalazione nel granito di Baveno : uranofane-beta - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, XXIV, 2, 88-92. - Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
        • Ossola Valley
          • Vigezzo Valley
            • Craveggia
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Capoterra
    Olmi F., Sabelli C., Senesi F., Stara P., 2002. La mineralizzazione uranifera di Arcu su Linnarbu. Riv. Miner. Ital., 3: 148-169.
      • Olbia-Tempio Pausania Province
        • Palau
    Gamboni A., Gentile P., Mascia S., De Vito A., Gamboni T., 2004. Monte Canu: uranofane-beta e altri minerali delle pegmatiti granitiche. Riv. Miner. Ital., 3: 138-145
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Chugoku Region
        • Tottori Prefecture
    K. Watanabe (1976) Journal of the Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, 11, 53-113 (in japanese with english summary)
          • Tohgoh-cho
    Royal Ontario Museum specimen
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Aldama
        • Peña Blanca District
          • Sierra Peña Blanca
    Econ Geol (1991) 86:233-248
    http://www.swri.org/4org/d20/ghs/PBlanca/mineral.html
    S. J. Mills data (Ray Hill specimen)
    Namibia
     
    • Erongo Region
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2008): Namibia Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag GmbH, Haltern, 321 pp. (in English)
      • Karibib District
    E. Schnaitmann, F. Brandstätter, U. Kolitsch and G. Niedermayr (2008): Die „Gitterquarz“-Paragenese aus dem Erongo, Namibia. Mineralien-Welt 20 (1), 55-63.
      • Swakopmund District
        • Arandis
    http://www.rossing.com/uranium.htm; Irene M. Abraham (2009): Geology and spatial distribution of uranium mineralisation in the SK anomaly area, Rossing area, Namibia, Master thesis University of the Witwatersrand.
        • Goanikontes
    Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 338 pp. (in English)
    Ashworth, L. (2014). Mineralised Pegmatites of the Damara Belt, Namibia: Fluid inclusion and geochemical characteristics with implications for post-collisional mineralisation (Doctoral dissertation, Faculty of Science, University of the Witwatersrand).
    Norway
     
    • Aust-Agder
      • Froland
    Åmli, R. (1975): Mineralogy and rare earth geochemistry of apatite and xenotime from the Gloserheia granite pegmatite, Froland, southern Norway. American Mineralogist, 60:607-620
    • Nordland
      • Hamarøy
        • Finnøy
    Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
      • Tysfjord
    Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
    • Sogn og Fjordane
      • Balestrand
    Nesby, W.H. (1989):" Mineralene fra Fjærlandstunnelen". NAGS-nytt 16(1), 52 (in norwegian)
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Karkonosze Mts (Karkonosze Massif)
        • Szklarska Poręba District
    Pieczka A., Gołębiowska B. 2002: Pegmatites of the Szklarska Poręba Huta granite quarry: preliminary data on REE-mineralization. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, 175-177
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Krasnokamensk
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Slovenia
     
    • Todraž
    Dolenec, T. (1985): Secondary uranium minerals from the Zirovski Vrh uranium ore deposit. Rudarsko-Metalurski Zbornik 32, 195-206 (in Serbo-Croatian)
    South Africa
     
    • Western Cape Province
      • Central Karoo District
        • Beaufort West
    Minerals of South Africa
    Sweden
     
    • Jämtland
    No reference listed
      • Krokom
        • Offerdal
    • Lappland
      • Arjeplog
      • Ultevis
    No reference listed
    • Medelpad
      • Ånge
    • Småland
      • Gislaved
        • Båraryd
    Shaikh-Persson-Sundberg-Wik: SGU Rep. 50 , 1989
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
    Switzerland
     
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Bregaglia Valley (Bergell)
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 420.
        • Stampa
    pers. comm. with Silvio Lareida, St. Moritz
    • Ticino (Tessin)
      • Leventina
        • Bedretto Valley
          • Ronco
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 420.
    • Vaud (Waadt)
      • Lavey-les-Bains
    Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Le Trient Valley
        • Finhaut
    Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
        • Les Marécottes
    - Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p. ; Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
      • Turtmann Valley
        • Illgraben
    Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
    USA
     
    • Alaska
      • Prince of Wales-Outer Ketchikan Borough
        • Ketchikan District
          • Prince of Wales Island
            • Bokan Mountain
    U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Cameron District
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 408; Bollin, E.M. & P.F. Kerr (1958), Uranium mineralization near Cameron, AZ, in New Mexico Geol. Soc. Guidebook 9th Field Conf., Black Mesa Basin, northeastern AZ: 164-168; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 111.; Bollin, E. M., & Kerr, P. F. (1958). Uranium mineralization near Cameron, Arizona. In Guidebook of the Black Mesa Basin, northern Arizona: New Mexico Geological Society, 9th Field Conference Society Guidebook (Vol. 9, pp. 161-168).
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 408; Austin, S.R. (1964), Mineralogy of the Cameron area, Coconino Co., AZ, US Atomic Energy Comm. RME 99, Tech. Inf. Serv., Oak Ridge, TN: 99.
      • Gila Co.
        • Sierra Ancha Mts
          • Sierra Ancha District
            • Asbestos Point (Asbestos Peak) area
              • Warm Spring Canyon
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 408; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1969), Geology of uranium deposits in the Dripping Spring quartzite, Gila Co., AZ, USGS PP 595.
            • Rose Creek Lodge area
              • Workman Creek
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 408; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1969), Geology of uranium deposits in the Dripping Spring quartzite, Gila Co., AZ, USGS PP 595.
            • Workman Creek Valley
              • Rose Creek Lodge area
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 408; Granger, H.C. & R.B. Raup (1969), Geology of uranium deposits in the Dripping Spring quartzite, Gila Co., Az, USGS PP 595.
    • California
    Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 104.
      • Riverside Co.
        • Pinto Mts
          • Old Dale area
    Hewett, Donnel Foster, Stone, J., and Stieff, L.R. (1969) The ages of three uranium minerals, Mojave Desert, California. USGS Prof. Paper 650-B: 87; Saul, R.B., Evans, J.R., and Gray, C.H. (1970) Mines and mineral resources of Riverside County. California Division of Mines and Geology County Report 9. Unpublished manuscript: 1209; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 303, 516.
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Bristol Mts
          • Amboy
    Chesterman, C.W. & O.E. Bowen, Jr. (1958), Fluoborite from San Bernardino County, California (abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 69: 1678-1679; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 104, 379.; Otton, James K.; Glanzman, Richard K.; Brenner-Tourtelot, Elizabeth F. (1980) Uranium, rare-earth and thorium mineralization at the Hope Mine, eastern Bristol Mountains, San Bernardino County, California. USGS Open file report 80-821.
    • Colorado
      • Boulder Co.
        • Jamestown District
          • Jamestown
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011), Philip Persson material
      • Chaffee Co.
        • Buena Vista
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Dolores Co.
        • Rico District (Pioneer District)
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Hinsdale Co.
        • Uncompahgre Peak Area
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Huerfano Co.
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Lake Co.
        • Alicante
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
      • Larimer Co.
        • Mayesville District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Georgia
      • Lamar Co.
        • Barnesville
    Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Maine
      • Oxford Co.
        • Albany
    King, V. (ed.), 2009, Maine feldspar, Families, and Feuds
        • Newry
    King, V. and Foord, E., 1994, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 1; King, V. (ed), 2000, Mineralogy of Maine, V. 2.
    King, V. T., 2006, Minerals of Halls Ridge and Plumbago-Puzzle Mountain, Newry, ... Maine, Mineral News, v. 22(6): p. 1-3.
    • Montana
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Clancy-Lump Gulch District
    Am Min (1957) 42:222-239
    • Nevada
      • Mineral Co.
        • Marietta District
    Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Online Documents OF06-19 - Nevada Uranium and Thorium Occurrences
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Grafton
    Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.
        • Groton
    Rocks & Minerals (Sept/Oct 1981).
    • New Mexico
      • McKinley Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. Ed., 1996
    • New York
      • Essex Co.
        • Crown Point Township
    Jensen (1978) Minerals of New York State
    • North Carolina
      • Mitchell Co.
    Frondel,Clifford.,1955,The Mineral Composition of Gummite;USGS Trace Elements Investigation Report 508
          • Penland
    rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/horn/uranophanebeta.pdf
    • Pennsylvania
      • Carbon Co.
        • Jim Thorpe (Mauch Chunk)
    Lapham & Geyer, 1965. Mineral Collecting in Pennsylvania
      • Lycoming Co.
        • Penn Township
    Smith and Hioff (1984)
    • South Dakota
      • Pennington Co.
        • Keystone District
          • Keystone
    R&M 75:3 pp 156-169
    • Utah
      • Emery Co.
        • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
          • Delta
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Garfield Co.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Juab Co.
        • Thomas Range
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    SLIDES OF THE FLUORSPAR, BERYLLIUM, AND URANIUM DEPOSITS AT SPOR MOUNTAIN, UTAH by David A. Lindsey
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Piute Co.
        • Marysvale District (Marysvale Uranium area)
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • San Juan Co.
        • Elk Ridge
    Min News 17:7 p1
        • Paradox Valley
          • Paradox Valley District
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Mashonaland East
      • Mutoko District (Mtoko District)
        • Mutoko parish (Mtoko)
    Gallagher, M.J. (1967): Phosphates and other minerals in pegmatites of Rhodesia and Uganda. Mineralogical Magazine. 36, 50-59
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