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Uranospinite

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Formula:
Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Yellow, lemon-yellow to ...
Hardness:
2 - 3
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1873 by Albin Weisbach for the URANium content plus the Greek σπίυος "spinos", for "siskin," referring to the green color.
Often as fine-grained waxy to powdery light yellow coatings. Autunite Group.
May dehydrate to metauranospinite.

A secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zone of arsenic-bearing and uranium-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

Classification of Uranospinite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
7/E.01-100
8.EB.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
E : Uranyl phosphates and arsenates
B : UO2:RO4 = 1:1
40.2a.2.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2a : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
20.7.10

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
7 : Arsenates of U
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Type Occurrence of Uranospinite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
State Museum for Mineralogy and Geology, Dresden. Mining Academy, freiberg, Saxony, Germany: #21722.
Year of Discovery:
1873

Occurrences of Uranospinite

Geological Setting:
Oxidized zones of U- and As-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

Physical Properties of Uranospinite

Waxy, Pearly, Earthy
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Comment:
Luster pearly on {001}.
Colour:
Yellow, lemon-yellow to greenish yellow
Streak:
Very pale yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 3
Tenacity:
Flexible
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001}, perfect; on {100}, distinct.
Fracture:
Micaceous
Density:
3.45 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.30 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Uranospinite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P4/nmm
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.16Å, c = 20.4Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 2.849
Unit Cell Volume:
V 1,045.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Crystals rare, tabular, flattened on {001}. Forms aggregates and crusts.
Comment:
Point Group/Class & Space Groups based on synthetic material and are probable.

Epitaxial Relationships of Uranospinite

Epitaxial Minerals:
ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Epitaxy Comments:
Uranospinite may contain a parallel core of Zeunerite.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.16 (100)
5.13 (70)
4.90 (60)
3.56 (90)
3.39 (80)
2.52 (50b)
1.90 (60)

Optical Data of Uranospinite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.550 nβ = 1.567 - 1.582 nγ = 1.572 - 1.587 nω = 1.572 - 1.587 nε = 1.550 - 1.560
2V:
Calculated: 50°
Birefringence:
0.024
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.022 - 0.027
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v moderate
Optical Extinction:
Parallel
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
O = Y = Z = Pale yellow E = X = Nearly colourless
Comments:
Commonly anomalously biaxial -, may be zoned.

Chemical Properties of Uranospinite

Formula:
Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Uranospinite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
HeinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
MetarauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
Nováčekite-IIMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
RauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05AutuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 11H2O
8.EB.05HeinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05SaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05UranocirciteBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.05Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2O
8.EB.05ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
8.EB.05MetarauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.05RauchiteNi(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
8.EB.10BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10LehneriteMn2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10Meta-autuniteCa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6-8H2O
8.EB.10MetasaléeiteMg(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10Metauranocircite-IBa(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 7H2O
8.EB.10MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 4-8H2O
8.EB.10MetatorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
8.EB.10PrzhevalskitePb2(UO2)3(PO4)2(OH)4 · 3H2O
8.EB.10Meta-lodèvite
8.EB.15AbernathyiteK(UO2)(AsO4) · 4H2O
8.EB.15Chernikovite(H3O)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Meta-ankoleiteK2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Natrouranospinite(Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
8.EB.15Trögerite(UO2)3(AsO4)2 · 12H2O (?)
8.EB.15Uramphite(NH4)2(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.15Uramarsite(NH4,H3O)2(UO2)2(AsO4,PO4)2 · 6H2O
8.EB.20ThreadgolditeAl(UO2)2(PO4)2(OH) · 8H2O
8.EB.20ChistyakovaiteAl(UO2)2(AsO4)2(F,OH) · 6.5H2O
8.EB.25ArsenuranospathiteAl[(UO2)(AsO4)]2F(H2O)20
8.EB.25Uranospathite(Al,☐)(UO2)2(PO4)2F · 20(H2O,F)
8.EB.30Vochtenite(Fe2+,Mg)Fe3+(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH) · 12-13H2O
8.EB.35CoconinoiteFe23+Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2O
8.EB.40RanunculiteHAl(UO2)(PO4)(OH)3 · 4H2O
8.EB.45TrianguliteAl3(UO2)4(PO4)4(OH)5 · 5H2O
8.EB.50FurongiteAl13(UO2)7(PO4)13(OH)14 · 58H2O
8.EB.55SabugaliteHAl(UO2)4(PO4)4 · 16H2O
20.7.1Trögerite(UO2)3(AsO4)2 · 12H2O (?)
20.7.2Natrouranospinite(Na2,Ca)(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 5H2O
20.7.3AbernathyiteK(UO2)(AsO4) · 4H2O
20.7.4MetazeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.7.5ZeuneriteCu(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
20.7.6MetanováčekiteMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 4-8H2O
20.7.7Nováčekite-IMg(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
20.7.8ArsenuranyliteCa(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)4 · 6H2O
20.7.9MetauranospiniteCa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.7.11MetaheinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.7.12HeinrichiteBa(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.7.13MetalodèviteZn(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 10H2O
20.7.14ArsenuranospathiteAl[(UO2)(AsO4)]2F(H2O)20
20.7.15HallimonditePb2(UO2)(AsO4)2 · nH2O, 0 ≤ n ≤ 0.5
20.7.16HügelitePb2(UO2)3(AsO4)2O2 · 5H2O
20.7.17AsselbornitePb(BiO)3(UO2)4(AsO4)2(OH)7·4H2O
20.7.18MetakahleriteFe2+(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
20.7.19KahleriteFe(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 12H2O
20.7.20MetakirchheimeriteCo(UO2)2(AsO4)2 · 8H2O

Other Names for Uranospinite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:钙砷铀云母
Spanish:Uranospinita
Traditional Chinese:鈣砷鈾雲母

Other Information

Bright lemon-yellow (UV).
Other Information:
Radioactive.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Uranospinite

Reference List:
Weisbach A. (1873), Neue Uranerze von Neustädtel bei Schneeberg.- Jahrbuch für das Berg- und Hüttenwesen im Königreiche Sachsen, Abhandlungen, 119-121.

Goldschmidt (1899) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 31: 468.

Butler (1920) US Geological Survey Professional Paper 111: 115.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 151.

Goldschmidt, V. (1923) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text. Heidelberg. vol. 9: 41.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 990-991.

American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 1159-1168.

Frondel, C. (1958) Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1064, 183–187.

Walenta, K. (1965): Beiträge zur Kenntnis seltener Arsenatmineralien unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Vorkommen des Schwarzwaldes. 2. Folge. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrog. Mitt., 9, 252–282 (in German).

Bulletin of the Moravian Museum, Brno (1984): 69: 7-35.

Internet Links for Uranospinite

Localities for Uranospinite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja
    • Vinchina Department
      • Jagüé
        • Quebrada de Cumichango
Las Especies Minerales de La Republica Argentina
  • San Juan
    • Sarmiento department
      • Jagüel
        • San Santiago deposit
Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd. edition: 905.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Fleurieu Peninsula
          • Myponga
South Australian Museum collections / Parkin, L; 1957; The Myponga Uranium project, SA Mineral Review,103, pp. 46-53; American Mineralogist: 46: 12-25.
    • Olary Province
      • Radium Hill area
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • St Johann im Pongau
Paar, W. & Ruscha, S. (1978): Karinthin 78, 23-29.
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Guilin Prefecture
      • Ziyuan Co.
        • Miaoershan Uranium ore field (Ziyuan Uranium ore field)
Shaohua Shi, Ruizhong Hu, Hanjie Wen, Xiaomang Zhao, Shengqiong Song, and Wenfeng Wei (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(1), 33-44
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Háje
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1); Plášil, J. et al.: Supergenní mineralizace z haldy šachty č. 16 Příbram - Háje. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 43-55.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
France
 
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
  • Limousin
    • Haute-Vienne
      • Compreignac
Patrice Queneau Collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Alpirsbach
        • Reinerzau District
          • Auerhahn Inn
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Menzenschwand
        • Vorderdorf
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
No reference listed
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
          • Wüstenbächle
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
see locality page
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Bad Kreuznach
      • Niederhausen
        • Lemberg
N. Jb. Miner. Abh. 115, 1-30 (1971)
    • Hunsrück
      • Birkenfeld
        • Ellweiler
Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
    • Palatinate
      • Winnweiler
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
          • Weißer Hirsch Mine (Shaft 3)
A. Weisbach (1873): Neue Uranerze von Neustädtel bei Schneeberg.- Jahrbuch für das Berg- und Hüttenwesen im Königreiche Sachsen, Abhandlungen, 119-121; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 967, 991.
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Bariand, P., Bachet, B., Brassy, C., Medenbach, O., Deliens, M., Vautier, R., & Piret, P. (1993) A New Uranium Mineral from the Talmessi Mine, Iran, and Rabejac, France. Mineral. Rec.: 24: 463-467
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Cuneo Province
      • Bagnolo Piemonte
        • Ortieul
Piccoli, G.C. (2002): Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio", Ed., Alba, 366 pp.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
      • Maira Valley
        • Preit & Marmora Valleys
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Jelenia Góra District
      • Kowary area
Siuda R., Kruszewski Ł. and Borzęcki R. 2008: Uranospinite from abandoned Podgórze uranium mine in Kowary (The Karkonosze Mts, Poland). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, 143
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Krasnokamensk
P.M. Kartashov data
South Africa
 
  • Western Cape Province
    • Central Karoo District
      • Beaufort West
Minerals of South Africa
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 420.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Carn Brea
          • Basset Mines
Golley, P. and Williams R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Solway Firth
BMS Database
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Grand Canyon National Park
        • South Rim
          • Orphan District
            • Grand Canyon Village
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 408; Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7..
  • Colorado
    • Jefferson Co.
      • Ralston Buttes District
Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
    • San Juan Co.
      • Elk Park
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Michigan
    • Baraga Co.
      • Huron River
Rocks & Minerals 82:298-308
  • Nevada
    • Washoe Co.
      • Pyramid District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
NBMG Bull 70 Geology and Mineral Resources of Washoe and Storey Counties, Nevada
  • New Hampshire
    • Grafton Co.
      • Grafton
Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt5:684.
  • Oregon
    • Lake Co.
      • Lakeview
Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
DANA R. KELLEY AND PAUL F. KERR (1958) URANO-ORGANIC ORE AT TEMPLE MOUNTAIN, UTAH. BULLETIN OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA VOL. 69. PP. 701-756.
    • Juab Co.
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
    • Kane Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 991; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah.
  • Wyoming
    • Fremont Co.
Rocks & Minerals 76:386
Uzbekistan
 
  • Namangan Viloyati
    • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
      • Pap
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Frost, R. L., Cejka, J., & Dickfos, M. J. (2009). Raman spectroscopic study of the uranyl minerals vanmeersscheite U (OH) 4 [(UO2) 3 (PO4) 2 (OH) 2]. 4H2O and arsenouranylite Ca (UO2)[(UO2) 3 (AsO4) 2 (OH) 2].(OH) 2.6 H2O. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 71(5), 1799-1803.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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