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Uranospinite

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Formula:
Ca(UO
 
2
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
System:TetragonalColour:Yellow, lemon-yellow to ...
Hardness:2 - 3
Member of:Autunite Group
Name:Named in 1873 by Albin Weisbach for the URANium content plus the Greek σπίυος "spinos", for "siskin," referring to the green color.


Autunite Group.
May dehydrate to metauranospinite.

A secondary mineral occurring in the oxidized zone of uranium- and arsenic-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

Classification of Uranospinite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:7/E.01-100
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:8.EB.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
E : Uranyl phosphates and arsenates
B : UO2:RO4 = 1:1
Dana 8th edition ID:40.2a.2.1

40 : HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
2a : AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Hey's CIM Ref.:20.7.10

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
7 : Arsenates of U
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Type Occurrence of Uranospinite

Type Locality:Walpurgis Flacher vein, Weißer Hirsch Mine (Shaft 3), Neustädtel, Schneeberg District, Erzgebirge, Saxony, Germany
Place of Conservation of Type Material:State Museum for Mineralogy and Geology, Dresden. Mining Academy, freiberg, Saxony, Germany: #21722.
Year of Discovery:1873
Associated Minerals at type locality:
WalpurgiteUranosphaeriteUranophaneTrögeriteMetazeunerite
MetauranocirciteAsselbornite

Occurrences of Uranospinite

Geological Setting:Oxidized zones of U- and As-bearing hydrothermal deposits.

Physical Properties of Uranospinite

Lustre:Waxy, Pearly
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Translucent
Comment:Luastre pearly on {001}.
Colour:Yellow, lemon-yellow to green
Hardness (Mohs):2 - 3
Cleavage:Perfect
On {001}, perfect; on {100}, distinct.
Density (measured):3.45 g/cm3
Density (calculated):3.3 g/cm3

Crystallography of Uranospinite

Crystal System:Tetragonal
Class (H-M):4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:P4/nmm
Cell Parameters:a = 7.16Å, c = 20.4Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 2.849
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,045.82 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:2
Morphology:Crystals rare, tabular, flattened on {001}. Forms aggregates and crusts.
Comment:Point Group/Class & Space Groups based on synthetic material and are probable.

Epitaxial Relationships of Uranospinite

Epitaxial Minerals:
Zeunerite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Epitaxi Comments:Uranospinite may contain a parallel core of Zeunerite.

Optical Data of Uranospinite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.550 nβ = 1.567 - 1.582 nγ = 1.572 - 1.587 nω = 1.572 - 1.587 nε = 1.550 - 1.560
2V:Calculated: 50°
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.022 - 0.027

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:r > v moderate
Pleochroism:Visible
Comments:O = Y = Z = Pale yellow E = X = Nearly colourless
Comments:Commonly anomalously biaxial -, may be zoned.

Chemical Properties of Uranospinite

Formula:
Ca(UO
 
2
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Ca(UO2)(AsO4)2·10H2O
Essential elements:As, Ca, H, O, U
All elements listed in formula:As, Ca, H, O, U

Relationship of Uranospinite to other Species

Member of:Autunite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Autunite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
Heinrichite
Ba(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
Kahlerite
Fe(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Metarauchite
Ni(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
Nováčekite-I
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Nováčekite-II
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
Rauchite
Ni(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
Sabugalite
HAl(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 16H
 
2
O
Saléeite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
Torbernite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Uranocircite
Ba(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
Zeunerite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
8.EB.05Autunite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 11H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Heinrichite
Ba(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Kahlerite
Fe(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Nováčekite-I
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Saléeite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Torbernite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Uranocircite
Ba(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Xiangjiangite
(Fe
3+
 
,Al)(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(SO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 22H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Zeunerite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Metarauchite
Ni(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.05Rauchite
Ni(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Bassetite
Fe
2+
 
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Lehnerite
Mn
2+
 
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Meta-autunite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6-8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metasaléeite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metauranocircite
Ba(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 7H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metauranospinite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metaheinrichite
Ba(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metakahlerite
Fe
2+
 
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metakirchheimerite
Co(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metanováčekite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4-8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metatorbernite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Metazeunerite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Przhevalskite
Pb
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
3
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
8.EB.10Meta-lodèvite
8.EB.15Abernathyite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.EB.15Chernikovite
(H
 
3
O)
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.EB.15Meta-ankoleite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.EB.15Natrouranospinite
(Na
 
2
,Ca)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
8.EB.15Trögerite
(UO
 
2
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O (?)
8.EB.15Uramphite
(NH
 
4
)
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.EB.15Uramarsite
(NH
 
4
,H
 
3
O)
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
,PO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
8.EB.20Threadgoldite
Al(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH) · 8H
 
2
O
8.EB.20Chistyakovaite
Al(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(F,OH) · 6.5H
 
2
O
8.EB.25Arsenuranospathite
HAl(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
· 40H
 
2
O
8.EB.25Uranospathite
(Al,☐)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
2
F · 20(H
 
2
O,F)
8.EB.30Vochtenite
(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)Fe
3+
 
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH) · 12-13H
 
2
O
8.EB.35Coconinoite
Fe
3+
2
Al
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
2
· 20H
 
2
O
8.EB.40Ranunculite
HAl(UO
 
2
)(PO
 
4
)(OH)
 
3
· 4H
 
2
O
8.EB.45Triangulite
Al
 
3
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
(OH)
 
5
· 5H
 
2
O
8.EB.50Furongite
Al
 
13
(UO
 
2
)
 
7
(PO
 
4
)
 
13
(OH)
 
14
· 58H
 
2
O
8.EB.55Sabugalite
HAl(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(PO
 
4
)
 
4
· 16H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
20.7.1Trögerite
(UO
 
2
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O (?)
20.7.2Natrouranospinite
(Na
 
2
,Ca)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
20.7.3Abernathyite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
20.7.4Metazeunerite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.7.5Zeunerite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
20.7.6Metanováčekite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 4-8H
 
2
O
20.7.7Nováčekite-I
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
20.7.8Arsenuranylite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
· 6H
 
2
O
20.7.9Metauranospinite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.7.11Metaheinrichite
Ba(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.7.12Heinrichite
Ba(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
20.7.13Metalodèvite
Zn(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 10H
 
2
O
20.7.14Arsenuranospathite
HAl(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
4
· 40H
 
2
O
20.7.15Hallimondite
Pb
 
2
(UO
 
2
)(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· nH
 
2
O, 0 ≤ n ≤ 0.5
20.7.16Hügelite
Pb
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
3
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
O
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
20.7.17Asselbornite
Pb(BiO)
 
3
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
(OH)
 
7
·4H
 
2
O
20.7.18Metakahlerite
Fe
2+
 
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O
20.7.19Kahlerite
Fe(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 12H
 
2
O
20.7.20Metakirchheimerite
Co(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(AsO
 
4
)
 
2
· 8H
 
2
O

Other Names for Uranospinite

Synonyms:
Calcium-uranospinite
Other Languages:
German:Calciumarsenuranit
Uranospinit
Simplified Chinese:钙砷铀云母
Spanish:Uranospinita
Traditional Chinese:鈣砷鈾雲母

Other Information

Fluorescence in UV light:Bright lemon-yellow (UV).
Other Information:Radioactive.
Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Uranospinite

Reference List:

- +
Weisbach A. (1873), Neue Uranerze von Neustädtel bei Schneeberg.- Jahrbuch für das Berg- und Hüttenwesen im Königreiche Sachsen, Abhandlungen, 119-121.

Goldschmidt (1899) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 31: 468.

Butler (1920) US Geological Survey Professional Paper 111: 115.

Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 151.

Goldschmidt, V. (1923) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text. Heidelberg. vol. 9: 41.

Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 990-991.

American Mineralogist (1953): 38: 1159-1168.

Frondel, C. (1958) Systematic mineralogy of uranium and thorium. U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1064, 183–187.

Walenta, K. (1965): Beiträge zur Kenntnis seltener Arsenatmineralien unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Vorkommen des Schwarzwaldes. 2. Folge. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrog. Mitt., 9, 252–282 (in German).

Bulletin of the Moravian Museum, Brno (1984): 69: 7-35.

Internet Links for Uranospinite

Search Engines:
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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Uranospinite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
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  • Localities for Uranospinite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Jaguel District
    Encyclopedia of Minerals, 2nd. edition: 905.
    • La Rioja
      • Vinchina Department
        • Quebrada de Cumichango
    Las Especies Minerales de La Republica Argentina
    Australia
     
    • South Australia
      • Mt Lofty Ranges
        • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
          • Fleurieu Peninsula
            • Myponga
    South Australian Museum collections / Parkin, L; 1957; The Myponga Uranium project, SA Mineral Review,103, pp. 46-53; American Mineralogist: 46: 12-25.
      • Olary Province
        • Radium Hill area
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • St Johann im Pongau
    Paar, W. & Ruscha, S. (1978): Karinthin 78, 23-29.
    A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Guilin Prefecture
        • Ziyuan Co.
          • Miaoershan Uranium ore field (Ziyuan Uranium ore field)
    Shaohua Shi, Ruizhong Hu, Hanjie Wen, Xiaomang Zhao, Shengqiong Song, and Wenfeng Wei (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(1), 33-44
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
        • Příbram
          • Háje
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1); Plášil, J. et al.: Supergenní mineralizace z haldy šachty č. 16 Příbram - Háje. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 43-55.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Olomouc Region
        • Javorník (Jauernig)
    Sejkora, J.: Uranové ložisko Zálesí v Rychlebských horách. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1994, roč. 2, s. 105-110.
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
        • Lodève
    Le Règne Minéral, Hors Série IV (1998)
    • Limousin
      • Haute-Vienne
        • Compreignac
    Patrice Queneau Collection
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Alpirsbach
          • Reinerzau District
            • Auerhahn Inn
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Menzenschwand
          • Vorderdorf
    S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Schenkenzell
          • Wittichen
            • Böckelsbach valley
    No reference listed
            • Burgfelsen
    No reference listed
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Heubach Valley
    No reference listed
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
            • Wüstenbächle
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • St Blasien
          • Urberg
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Bavaria
      • Franconia
        • Spessart
          • Hösbach
            • Sailauf
              • Hartkoppe
    see locality page
    • Rhineland-Palatinate
      • Bad Kreuznach
        • Niederhausen
          • Lemberg
    N. Jb. Miner. Abh. 115, 1-30 (1971)
      • Hunsrück
        • Birkenfeld
          • Ellweiler
    Aufschluss 69/(7+8), Lapis 79/(7+8)
      • Palatinate
        • Winnweiler
    Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Schneeberg District
          • Neustädtel
            • Weißer Hirsch Mine (Shaft 3)
    A. Weisbach (1873): Neue Uranerze von Neustädtel bei Schneeberg.- Jahrbuch für das Berg- und Hüttenwesen im Königreiche Sachsen, Abhandlungen, 119-121; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 967, 991.
    Iran
     
    • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
      • Nain County (Nayin County)
        • Anarak District
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Cuneo Province
        • Bagnolo Piemonte
          • Ortieul
    Piccoli, G.C. (2002): Minerali delle Alpi Marittime e Cozie. Provincia di Cuneo. Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio", Ed., Alba, 366 pp.; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
        • Maira Valley
          • Preit & Marmora Valleys
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Tazenakht
          • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
    Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Jelenia Góra District
        • Kowary area
    Siuda R., Kruszewski Ł. and Borzęcki R. 2008: Uranospinite from abandoned Podgórze uranium mine in Kowary (The Karkonosze Mts, Poland). Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, 143
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Krasnokamensk
    P.M. Kartashov data
    South Africa
     
    • Western Cape Province
      • Central Karoo District
        • Beaufort West
    Minerals of South Africa
    Switzerland
     
    • Wallis (Valais)
      • Le Trient Valley
        • Les Marécottes
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 420.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Cornwall
        • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
          • Carn Brea
            • Basset Mines
    Golley, P. and Williams R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    • Scotland
      • Dumfries & Galloway (Dumfriesshire)
        • Solway Firth
    BMS Database
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grand Canyon National Park
          • South Rim
            • Orphan District
              • Grand Canyon Village
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 408; Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7..
    • Colorado
      • Jefferson Co.
        • Ralston Buttes District
    Page, L. R.; Stocking, H. E.; Smith, H. B. (1956) Contributions to the geology of uranium and thorium by the United States Geological Survey and Atomic Energy Commission for the United Nations International Conference on Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Geneva, Switzerland, 1955. USGS Professional Paper 300 pp97-103
      • San Juan Co.
        • Elk Park
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
    • Michigan
      • Baraga Co.
        • Huron River
    Rocks & Minerals 82:298-308
    • Nevada
      • Washoe Co.
        • Pyramid District
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    NBMG Bull 70 Geology and Mineral Resources of Washoe and Storey Counties, Nevada
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Grafton
    Morrill. P., 1960, New Hampshire Mines and Mineral Localities.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • New Jersey
      • Sussex Co.
        • Franklin Mining District
          • Ogdensburg
            • Sterling Hill
    Dunn(1995):Pt5:684.
    • Oregon
      • Lake Co.
        • Lakeview
    Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
    • Utah
      • Emery Co.
        • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
    DANA R. KELLEY AND PAUL F. KERR (1958) URANO-ORGANIC ORE AT TEMPLE MOUNTAIN, UTAH. BULLETIN OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA VOL. 69. PP. 701-756.
      • Juab Co.
    UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
      • Kane Co.
    Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 991; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah.
    • Wyoming
      • Fremont Co.
    Rocks & Minerals 76:386
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Namangan Viloyati
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
        • Pap
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Frost, R. L., Cejka, J., & Dickfos, M. J. (2009). Raman spectroscopic study of the uranyl minerals vanmeersscheite U (OH) 4 [(UO2) 3 (PO4) 2 (OH) 2]. 4H2O and arsenouranylite Ca (UO2)[(UO2) 3 (AsO4) 2 (OH) 2].(OH) 2.6 H2O. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 71(5), 1799-1803.
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