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Vaesite

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Formula:
NiS
 
2
Colour:Black, silver-grayHardness:4½ - 5½
Member of:Pyrite Group
Name:Named in 1945 by Paul F. Kerr in honor of Johannes Franciscus Vaes [1902 - 1978], administrator, geologist and mineralogist with the Union Minière du Haut-Katanga, in the Belgian Congo, now Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Isostructural with:Cattierite

Classification of Vaesite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.17-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.12.1.2

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.11.5

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
11 : Sulphides etc. of Ni
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Type Occurrence of Vaesite

Type Locality:Kasompi Mine (Menda Mine; Kasompi Hill), Swambo, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
Year of Discovery:1945

Physical Properties of Vaesite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Black, silver-gray
Streak:Black
Hardness (Mohs):4½ - 5½

Chemical Properties of Vaesite

Formula:
NiS
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:NiS2
Essential elements:Ni, S
All elements listed in formula:Ni, S
Common Impurities:Co,Fe

Relationship of Vaesite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Cattierite (see here)
Member of:Pyrite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Aurostibite
AuSb
 
2
Cattierite
CoS
 
2
Dzharkenite
FeSe
 
2
Erlichmanite
OsS
 
2
Fukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
Gaotaiite
Ir
 
3
Te
 
8
Geversite
PtSb
 
2
Hauerite
MnS
 
2
Insizwaite
Pt(Bi,Sb)
 
2
Krut'aite
CuSe
 
2
Laurite
RuS
 
2
Penroseite
(Ni,Co,Cu)Se
 
2
Pyrite
FeS
 
2
Sperrylite
PtAs
 
2
Trogtalite
CoSe
 
2
Villamaninite
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S
 
2
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.EB.05aAurostibite
AuSb
 
2
2.EB.05bBambollaite
Cu(Se,Te)
 
2
2.EB.05aCattierite
CoS
 
2
2.EB.05aErlichmanite
OsS
 
2
2.EB.05aFukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
2.EB.05aGeversite
PtSb
 
2
2.EB.05aHauerite
MnS
 
2
2.EB.05aInsizwaite
Pt(Bi,Sb)
 
2
2.EB.05aKrut'aite
CuSe
 
2
2.EB.05aLaurite
RuS
 
2
2.EB.05aPenroseite
(Ni,Co,Cu)Se
 
2
2.EB.05aPyrite
FeS
 
2
2.EB.05aSperrylite
PtAs
 
2
2.EB.05aTrogtalite
CoSe
 
2
2.EB.05aVillamaninite
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S
 
2
2.EB.05aDzharkenite
FeSe
 
2
2.EB.05aGaotaiite
Ir
 
3
Te
 
8
2.EB.10bAlloclasite
Co
 
1-x
Fe
 
x
AsS
2.EB.10dCostibite
CoSbS
2.EB.10aFerroselite
FeSe
 
2
2.EB.10aFrohbergite
FeTe
 
2
2.EB.10cGlaucodot
(Co
 
0.50
Fe
 
0.50
)AsS
2.EB.10aKullerudite
NiSe
 
2
2.EB.10aMarcasite
FeS
 
2
2.EB.10aMattagamite
CoTe
 
2
2.EB.10eParacostibite
CoSbS
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.10fOenite
CoSbAs
2.EB.15aAnduoite
(Ru,Os)As
 
2
2.EB.15aClinosafflorite
CoAs
 
2
2.EB.15aLöllingite
FeAs
 
2
2.EB.15aNisbite
NiSb
 
2
2.EB.15aOmeiite
(Os,Ru)As
 
2
2.EB.15cPaxite
CuAs
 
2
2.EB.15aRammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.15aSafflorite
CoAs
 
2
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite
(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)
 
2
2.EB.20Arsenopyrite
FeAsS
2.EB.20Gudmundite
FeSbS
2.EB.20Osarsite
(Os,Ru)AsS
2.EB.20Ruarsite
(Ru,Os)AsS
2.EB.25Cobaltite
CoAsS
2.EB.25Gersdorffite
NiAsS
2.EB.25Hollingworthite
(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25Irarsite
(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
2.EB.25Jolliffeite
NiAsSe
2.EB.25Krutovite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.25Maslovite
PtBiTe
2.EB.25Michenerite
PdBiTe
2.EB.25Padmaite
PdBiSe
2.EB.25Platarsite
PtAsS
2.EB.25Testibiopalladite
PdTe(Sb,Te)
2.EB.25Tolovkite
IrSbS
2.EB.25Ullmannite
NiSbS
2.EB.25Willyamite
(Co,Ni)SbS
2.EB.25Changchengite
IrBiS
2.EB.25Mayingite
IrBiTe
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite
2.EB.25Kalungaite
PdAsSe
2.EB.25Milotaite
PdSbSe
2.EB.30Urvantsevite
Pd(Bi,Pb)
 
2
2.EB.35Rheniite
ReS
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.11.1Heazlewoodite
Ni
 
3
S
 
2
3.11.2Godlevskite
(Ni,Fe)
 
9
S
 
8
3.11.3Millerite
NiS
3.11.4Polydymite
Ni
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
3.11.6Shandite
Ni
 
3
Pb
 
2
S
 
2
3.11.7Donharrisite
Ni
 
8
Hg
 
3
S
 
9
3.11.8Violarite
Fe
2+
 
Ni
3+
2
S
 
4
3.11.9Pentlandite
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
3.11.10Bravoite
(Fe,Ni)S
 
2
3.11.11Siegenite
CoNi
 
2
S
 
4
-NiCo
 
2
S
 
4
3.11.12Fletcherite
Cu(Ni,Co)
 
2
S
 
4
3.11.13Villamaninite
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S
 
2
3.11.14Mäkinenite
γ-NiSe
3.11.15Sederholmite
beta-NiSe
3.11.16Trüstedtite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
3.11.17Wilkmanite
Ni
 
3
Se
 
4
3.11.18Kullerudite
NiSe
 
2
3.11.19Penroseite
(Ni,Co,Cu)Se
 
2
3.11.20Tyrrellite
Cu(Co
3+
 
,Ni
3+
 
)
 
2
Se
 
4
3.11.21Imgreite
NiTe (?)
3.11.22Melonite
NiTe
 
2
3.11.23Kitkaite
NiTeSe
3.11.24Dienerite
3.11.25Orcelite
Ni
 
5-x
As
 
2
3.11.26Maucherite
Ni
 
11
As
 
8
3.11.27Nickeline
NiAs
3.11.28Rammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
3.11.29Pararammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
3.11.30Nickelskutterudite
NiAs
 
2-3
3.11.31Oregonite
Ni
 
2
FeAs
 
2
3.11.32Westerveldite
(Fe,Ni,Co)As
3.11.33Langisite
(Co,Ni)As
3.11.34Gersdorffite
NiAsS
3.11.35Jolliffeite
NiAsSe
3.11.36Breithauptite
NiSb
3.11.38Ullmannite
NiSbS
3.11.39Willyamite
(Co,Ni)SbS

Other Names for Vaesite

Other Languages:
German:Vaesit
Russian:Ваэсит
Simplified Chinese:方硫镍矿
二硫镍矿
Spanish:Vaesita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Vaesite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1945): 30: 483-497.

Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 950.

Internet Links for Vaesite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Vaesite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Vaesite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • La Rioja
      • Vinchina Department
        • Quebrada de Cumichango
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Australia
     
    • Western Australia
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
        • Broad Arrow
    Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
      • Kondinin Shire
    Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
    Austria
     
    • Salzburg
      • Radstädter Tauern
    Miner.Arch.Salzb., vol.14 (297)
    • Tyrol
      • North Tyrol
        • Inn valley
          • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
            • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
              • St Gertraudi
                • Großkogel (Reither Kogel)
    Putz, H. & Poeverlein, R. (2007): Die Mineralien des Gertraudstollens und seiner Halde in St. Gertraudi, Tirol. Lapis 32 (6), 58-63.
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Kəlbəcər District (Kalbacar; Kelbajar; Karavajar)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Brazil
     
    • Pará
      • Carajás mineral province
        • Canaã dos Carajás
          • Sossego Mine
    Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., Hitzman, M.W., Juliani, C., de Souza Filho, C.R., and de R. Carvalho, E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 317-336.
    Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., Hitzman, M.W., Juliani, C., de Souza Filho, C.R., and de R. Carvalho, E. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 317-336.
        • Curionópolis
    Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
    Bulgaria
     
    • Blagoevgrad Oblast
      • Gotse Delchev Obshtina
        • Rhodope Mts
    Bul. Acad. Sci. (1998)
    • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
      • Rhodope Mts
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Pazardzhik Oblast (Pazardjik Oblast)
      • Panagyurishte (Panagurishte) Obshtina
        • Panagyurishte
    Strashimirov, S., Petrunov, R., and Kanazirski, M. (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 587-598.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155
    • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
      • Zlatitsa Obshtina
        • Zlatitsa
    Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Cochrane District
        • Timmins area
          • Kidd Township
    ontariominerals.com
      • Kenora District
        • Kapkichi Lake Area
    Can Mineral 1984 22: 13-21
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Luqu Co.
    Dequan Shuai and Xiaojiang Hu (1995): Geology and Prospecting 31(5), 28-35; Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111
    • Guizhou Province
      • Zunyi Prefecture
        • Zunyi Co.
          • Zunyi Ni-Mo-PGE-Au ore field
    Bin Chang, and Hanjie Wen (2008): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 28(4), 439-446; Jie Zhou, Kai Hu, and Jianren Mao (2009): Contributions to Geology and Mineral Resources Research 24(2), 111-116
    Lishun Kao, Peacor, D.R., Coveney, Jr., R.M., Gengmei Zhao, Dungey, K.E., Curtis, M.D., Penner-Hahn, J.E. (2001): American Mineralogist 86, 852-861
    • Hunan Province
      • Chenzhou Prefecture
        • Suxian District
    - Jian-Wei Li, Mei-Fou Zhou, Xian-Fu Li, Zi-Jin Li, and Zhao-Ren Fu (2002): Mineralium Deposita 37, 213-225.
      • Zhangjiajie Prefecture
        • Cili Co.
    Youyu Li, Shuzhen Cheng, Yuchen Zhai, Mingxun Dai, and Guishen Xu (1994): Geology and Prospecting 30(3), 15-19
    • Sichuan Province
      • Ngawa Autonomous Prefecture (Aba Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Zoigê Co. (Ruo'ergai Co.)
    Jiajun Liu, Minghua Zheng, Jianming Liu, and Wenchao Su (2000): Ore Geology Reviews 17, 91-111.
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
        • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
          • Huangshan-Jing'erquan ore belt
    Peiqing Hu, Liye Ren, Piao'er Fu, Mingjie Zhang, Xiaoya Li, and Hongyi Qin (2010): Mineral Deposits 29(1), 158-168
    • Yunnan Province
      • Pu'er Prefecture
        • Mojiang Co.
    Kaiji Yu (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 19-25; Hanlong Ying, Denghong Wang, and Helin Liu (2005): Mineral Deposits 24, 44-51; Xiaoming Sun, Dexin Xiong, Shengwei Wang, Guiyong Shi, Wei Zhai (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(4), 438-446
    • Zhejiang Province
      • Hangzhou Prefecture
        • Tonglu Co.
    Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
      • Shaoxing Prefecture
        • Zhuji Co.
    Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
    Huijin Lu and Jian Wang (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(5), 567-574
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
    Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
      • Liberec Region
    Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Shinkolobwe
    [MinRec 20:277]; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
        • Swambo
    Lapis 17(3), 13-40 (1992)
    Finland
     
    • Lapland Region
      • Kittilä
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland; Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Soretialehto - Gold Database
    • Northern Finland Region
    Vuorelainen Y, Huhma A, Häkli A (1964): Sederholmite, wilkmanite, kullerudite, mäkinenite, and trüstedtite, five new nickel selenide minerals. Comptes Rendus de la Société Géologique de Finlande. 36, 113-125 ; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
    Vuorelainen, Yrjö 1962. Tutkimusselostus Kuusamon Juuman-Säkkilän albitiittikiviin liittyvien U-aiheiden malmimineraaliseurueista. Outokummun aineistot, 070/4613/ YV/ 62
    France
     
    • Midi-Pyrénées
      • Tarn
        • Villefranche d'Albigeois
    Alain TUEL Collection
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
            • Rankach valley
    Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
      • Odenwald
        • Weinheim
          • Hohensachsen
            • Kohlbach
    Nickel, E., and Fettel, M. (1985): Odenwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 65, 2nd ed., Bornträger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 231 pp.
    • Hesse
      • Richelsdorf District
        • Nentershausen
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
        • Süss
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
    S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Aachen
        • Stolberg
          • Breinig
    Graf, HW., (1990): Blei- und Zinkerzbergbau um Stolberg bei Aachen, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 41, 111-130
          • Mausbach
    Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
    Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
    Aufschluss 90(2), 111-130
      • Eifel
        • Mechernich
    Klemm, D., (1962): Untersuchungen über die Misckristallbildung im Dreiecksdiagramm FeS2-CoS2-NiS2 und ihre Beziehungen im Aufbau der natürlichen "Bravoite", Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 76-91
      • Sauerland
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Saxony-Anhalt
      • Harz
        • Stolberg
    Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
    Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Marienberg District
          • Lauta
    Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
    Lapis 30(7/8):78-80 (2005)
    • Thuringia
      • Gera
        • Ronneburg U deposit
    T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    Hungary
     
    • Baranya Co.
      • Mecsek Mtns
    Koch: Minerals of Hungary, 1985
    Italy
     
    • Emilia-Romagna
      • Bologna Province
        • Gaggio Montano
    Calanchi, N. & Dalrio, G. (1975): Anatasio, brookite, millerite e vaesite in paragenesi nelle idrotermaliti dell'Appennino emiliano. Atti Accademia dei Lincei, 59(5), 445-454.
        • San Clemente
          • Sillaro Valley
    J F Carpenter
    AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Modena Province
        • Frassinoro
    Borghi E. et al., 1996. Minerali dell'ofiolite di Ca' de Giannasi (MO). Riv. Miner. Ital., 3: 259-267.
        • Montese
          • Castelluccio di Moscheda
    Calanchi N., Dalrio G. (1975) - Anatasio, Brookite, Millerite e vaesite in paragenesi nelle idrotermaliti dell'Appennino Emiliano - Atti acc. Naz. Lincei, vol. LIX, fasc. 5, pp 445-452 - Roma Dalrio G. - I Minerali di sasso delle Lucine, (Modena) - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, vol. 4 - 1982 - Milano
      • Reggio Emilia Province
        • Villa Minozzo
    I minerali di varie ofioliti attorno a Villa Minozzo (RE). O.Bartoli, M.Scacchetti & D.Bersani. Notiziario della Società Reggiana di Scienze Naturali - 2007 - Dicembre 2007
    • Lombardy
      • Sondrio Province
        • Valtellina
          • Malenco Valley
            • Lanterna Valley
              • Lanzada
    Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Gonnosfanadiga
    Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
    • Tuscany
      • Florence Province
        • Greve in Chianti
          • Strada in Chianti
    Bonechi M., 1994. La cava di Meleto ed i suoi minerali. Riv. Min. Ital., 17: 123-130.
      • Grosseto Province
        • Amiata Mt.
    AGMT (Associazione Geomineralogica Toscana) - 2008
    AGMT (Associazione Geomineralogica Toscana) - 2008
      • Livorno Province
        • Livorno
    Giuliano Bettini Collection
      • Massa-Carrara Province
        • Apuan Alps
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
    Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano.
          • Massa
            • Ischignano
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kanto Region
        • Gunma Prefecture
          • Fujioka
    American Mineralogist (1986): 71, 1022-1027.
      • Tohoku Region
        • Akita Prefecture
          • Kosaka
    Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 14. (Kinichi Sakurai collection)
    Morocco
     
    • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
      • Ouarzazate Province
        • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
          • Imiter District
    Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
        • Tazenakht
    S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
    New Caledonia
     
    • Northern Province
      • Canala Commune
    Ramdohr, P. (1967) On the wide-spread paragenesis of ore minerals originating during serpentinization. Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, No. 2, 32-43 (in Russian)
    Norway
     
    • Rogaland
      • Sokndal
        • Sandbekk
    Krause, H. & Pape, H. (1975): Mikroskopische Untersuchungen der Mineralvergesellschaftung in Erz und Nebengestein der Ilmenitlagerstätte Storgangen (Süd-Norwegen). Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 55: 387-422; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68. p 38.
    • Telemark
      • Bamble (Bamle)
        • Bamble Nickel Mines
          • Nystein
    Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 37.
    Poland
     
    • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
      • Legnica
        • Lubin District
          • Lubin
    Harańczyk 1972: Mineralizacja kruszcowa dolnocechsztyńskich osadów euksenicznych monokliny przedsudeckiej. Arch. Miner. T. 30, z. 1-2
    Harańczyk 1972: Mineralizacja kruszcowa dolnocechsztyńskich osadów euksenicznych monokliny przedsudeckiej. Arch. Miner. T. 30, z. 1-2
    • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
      • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
        • Rybnik Coal Area
          • Rybnik
            • Czerwionka-Leszczyny
    Eligiusz Szełęg collection
    Republic of Macedonia
     
    Am Min 51:209-215
    Russia
     
    • Northern Caucasus Region
      • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
    Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Poltár Co.
    Maťo,Ľ., Maťová, 1994: Mineralizácia v okolí Ozdína, výskyt zlata s obsahom Sb-Ni v tmavých bridliciach, JZ časti veporského kryštalinika (stredné Slovensko). Min.Slovaca, 26,1,30 – 37
    • Košice Region
      • Gelnica Co.
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Košice Co.
        • Medzev (Metzenseifen)
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
      • Slovenské Rudohorie Mts
        • Smolník Mining District
          • Smolnícka Huta
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    Spain
     
    • Castile and Leon
      • León
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    • Catalonia
      • Tarragona
        • Conca de Barberà
          • Vimbodí
    Econ Geol (1992) 87:142-153
        • Priorat
          • Bellmunt del Priorat
    Joan Abella i Creus (2008): Minerals I Mines De La Conca De Bellmunt Del Priorat.
    UK
     
    • England
      • Northumberland
        • Tyne Valley
          • Fourstones
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Grand Canyon National Park
          • South Rim
            • Orphan District
              • Grand Canyon Village
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 409; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Gornitz, V. (2004), Grand Canyon Uranium: The Orphan Mine, Mineral News: 20(6): 7..
    • California
      • Sonoma Co.
        • Coast Range
          • Guerneville District
            • Guerneville
    Henderson, F.B. (1969) Hydrothermal alteration and deposition in serpentine-type mercury deposits. Economic Geology: 64: 492; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 65.
    • Illinois
      • Hardin Co.
        • Illinois - Kentucky Fluorspar District
          • Cave-in-Rock Sub-District
    Mineralogical Record, v. 28, no. 1, 1997
            • Ozark-Mahoning Group
    Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
    • Maine
      • Knox Co.
        • Union
    Rainville, G. D. and Park, W. C. (1976) Nickeliferous Pyrrhotite Deposits, Knox County, Southeastern Maine in Lyons, P. C. and Brownlow, A. H. (editors) Studies in New England Geology, Memoir 146, Geological Society of America, p. 319-347.
    • Missouri
      • Iron Co.
        • Viburnum Trend District
          • Bixby
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    Rocks & Min. Mar. 1998
      • Reynolds Co.
        • Viburnum Trend District
          • Centerville
    R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
          • Ellington
    MinRec 9:111-112; Rocks & Min.:64:22&26.
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