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Viitaniemiite

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Formula:
Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
System:
Monoclinic
Colour:
Gray-white
Hardness:
5
Name:
Named after its discovery locality, Viitaniemi, Eräjärvi, Orivesi, Finland.
This page provides mineralogical data about Viitaniemiite.

Classification of Viitaniemiite

Approved 1977
8.BL.15

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
L : With medium-sized and large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 3:1
41.3.5.1

41 : ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
3 : (AB)3(XO4)Zq
22.1.19

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
1 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with fluoride
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Type Occurrence of Viitaniemiite

Year of Discovery:
1977

Physical Properties of Viitaniemiite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Gray-white
Hardness (Mohs):
5

Crystallography of Viitaniemiite

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.83Å, b = 7.14Å, c = 5.44Å
β = 109.37°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.957 : 1 : 0.762
Unit Cell Volume:
V 250.27 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Optical Data of Viitaniemiite

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.557 nβ = 1.565 nγ = 1.571
2V:
Measured: 81° , Calculated: 80°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.014
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Low
Dispersion:
r > v strong

Chemical Properties of Viitaniemiite

Formula:
Na(Ca,Mn2+)Al(PO4)(F,OH)3
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Viitaniemiite to other Species

8.BL.05BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.05GallobeudantitePbGa3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
8.BL.10ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10ArsenogorceixiteBaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10ArsenocrandalliteCaAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10BenauiteSrFe33+(HPO4,PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.10CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10DussertiteBaFe33+(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10EylettersiteTh0.75Al3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.10GorceixiteBaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10GoyaziteSrAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10PhilipsbornitePbAl3(AsO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
8.BL.10PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
8.BL.10SegnititePbFe33+(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)6
8.BL.10SpringcreekiteBaV33+(PO4)2(OH,H2O)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(La)LaAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Nd)NdAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Arsenoflorencite-(Ce)CeAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Ce)CeAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(La)LaAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Nd)NdAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13WaylanditeBiAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13ZaïriteBiFe33+(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13ArsenowaylanditeBiAl3(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Graulichite-(Ce)CeFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.13Florencite-(Sm)SmAl3(PO4)2(OH)6
8.BL.25PattersonitePbFe33+(PO4)2(OH)5 · H2O
22.1.1AmblygoniteLiAl(PO4)F
22.1.2LacroixiteNaAl(PO4)F
22.1.3NatrophosphateNa7(PO4)2F · 19H2O
22.1.5NacaphiteNa2Ca(PO4)F
22.1.6ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3F
22.1.7NefedoviteNa5Ca4(PO4)4F
22.1.9FluorapatiteCa2Ca3(PO4)3F
22.1.10HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
22.1.11IsokiteCaMg(PO4)F
22.1.12PanasqueiraiteCaMg(PO4)(OH,F)
22.1.13BabefphiteBaBePO4(F,OH)
22.1.14FluelliteAl2(PO4)F2(OH) · 7H2O
22.1.15MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
22.1.16MoriniteNaCa2Al2(PO4)2(OH)F4 · 2H2O
22.1.17BøggilditeNa2Sr2Al2PO4F9
22.1.18FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3F
22.1.20VäyryneniteMn2+Be(PO4)(OH,F)
22.1.21MaxwelliteNaFe3+(AsO4)F
22.1.22Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
22.1.23Triplite(Mn2+,Fe2+)2(PO4)(F,OH)
22.1.24Magniotriplite(Mg,Fe2+,Mn2+)2PO4F
22.1.25Zwieselite(Fe2+,Mn2+)2(PO4)F
22.1.26McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2O
22.1.27RichelliteCaFe23+(PO4)2(OH,F)2
22.1.28SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3F
22.1.29TilasiteCaMg(AsO4)F
22.1.30Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OH
22.1.31DurangiteNaAl(AsO4)F

Other Names for Viitaniemiite

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:氟磷铝钙钠石
Traditional Chinese:氟磷鋁鈣鈉石

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Viitaniemiite

Reference List:
Bulletin of the Geological Society of Finland (1981): 314: 51-56.

American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1102.

American Mineralogist (1984): 69: 961-966.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1991): 120: 74.

Internet Links for Viitaniemiite

Localities for Viitaniemiite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Afghanistan
 
  • Konar Province (Kunar Province; Konarh Province; Konarha Province; Nuristan)
    • Chapa Dara District
Herb Obodda
  • Nuristan Province (Nurestan Province; Nooristan Province; Nuristan)
    • Kamdesh District
Lapis 17(1), 51 (1992)
Canada
 
  • Québec
    • Montréal
RAMIK, R.A., STURMANN, B.D., ROBERTS, A.C., and DUNN, P.J. (1983) Viitaniemiite from the Francon Quarry, Montreal, Quebec. Canadian Mineralogist, 21, 499-502. TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Aš (Asch)
Breiter K., Škoda R., Veselovský F.: Neobvyklý P-, Li- a Sn-bohatý pegmatit z Vernéřova u Aše, Česká republika. Bulletin Mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2009, roč. 17, č. 1, s. 41-59.
Finland (TL)
 
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
      • Eräjärvi area
Lahti, S. I. (1981): On the granitic pegmatites of the Eräjärvi area in Orivesi, southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin. 314, 51-56
France
 
  • Limousin
    • Creuse
      • Soumans
        • Montebras
Patureau, J., Chiappero, P-J. & Lebocey, J. (2011): Mines et minéraux de Montebras, Soumans, Creuse. Le Règne Minéral. 99, 5-33
Germany
 
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Pakistan
 
  • Gilgit-Baltistan (Northern Areas)
    • Baltistan
      • Skardu District
        • Braldu Valley
Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Dudley Blauwet, Bill Smith and Carol Smith (2004) Table of mineral localities of the northern areas of Pakistan and other selected sites. (in "Pakistan: Minerals, Mountains & Majesty", Lapis International, East Hampton, Connecticut); Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 36, Part 1, 1998, pp. 1-47.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Primorskiy Kray
Liferovich, R.P., Subbotin, V.V., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Lyalina, M.F. (1998) A new type of scandium mineralization in phoscorites and carbonatites of the Kovdor Massif, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 971-980.
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
      • Henclová (Henzlová)
Petrík, I., Kubiś, M., Konečný, P. & Malachovský, P. (2011): Rare phospates from the Surovec Topaz-Li-Mica microgranite, Gemeric Unit, Western Carpathians, Slovak Republik: Role of F/H2O of melt. Canadian Mineralogist. 49. 521-540
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Gemerská Poloma (Poloma; Veszverés)
Martin Števko-unpublished, EMPA-WDS confirmed
Mineral and/or Locality  
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