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Vysotskite

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Formula:
(Pd,Ni)S
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
White
Hardness:
Name:
Named after Nikolai Konstantinovich Vysotskii (1864-1932), geologist who found the platinum ore deposit at Noril'sk.

Classification of Vysotskite

Approved
2.CC.35a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
C : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 1: 1 (and similar)
C : With Ni, Fe, Co, PGE, etc.
2.8.5.2

2 : SULFIDES
8 : AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
3.12.13

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals
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First Recorded Occurrence of Vysotskite

Year of Discovery:
1962

Physical Properties of Vysotskite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness (Mohs):

Crystallography of Vysotskite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.37Å, c = 6.54Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.027
Unit Cell Volume:
V 265.37 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Chemical Properties of Vysotskite

Formula:
(Pd,Ni)S
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Pt

Relationship of Vysotskite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Braggite (see here)
2.CC.UM2007-26-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Cu,Ni,Pt,Rh,Fe)9S11
2.CC.05Achavalite(Fe,Cu)Se
2.CC.05BreithauptiteNiSb
2.CC.05FrebolditeCoSe
2.CC.05KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
2.CC.05Langisite(Co,Ni)As
2.CC.05NickelineNiAs
2.CC.05Sederholmitebeta-NiSe
2.CC.05SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
2.CC.05StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
2.CC.05Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
2.CC.05JaipuriteCoS
2.CC.05ZlatogoriteNiCuSb2
2.CC.10PyrrhotiteFe1-xS (x = 0 to 0.17)
2.CC.10Smythite(Fe,Ni)3+xS4 (x=0-0.3)
2.CC.10TroiliteFeS
2.CC.15CherepanoviteRhAs
2.CC.15Modderite(Co,Fe)As
2.CC.15Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
2.CC.15Westerveldite(Fe,Ni,Co)As
2.CC.20MilleriteNiS
2.CC.20Mäkineniteγ-NiSe
2.CC.20UM1990-38-S:CuFeIrNiPtRh(Ir,Pt,Ni,Fe)S
2.CC.25Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
2.CC.30Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
2.CC.30VavříniteNi2SbTe2
2.CC.35aBraggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
2.CC.35bCooperitePtS
3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
3.12.2LauriteRuS2
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAs
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
3.12.23Merenskyite(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2As
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAs
3.12.28PalarstanidePd8(As,Sn)3
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
3.12.30VincentitePd3As
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
3.12.34Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8(Sb,As)3
3.12.40SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
3.12.44CooperitePtS
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8
3.12.47MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsS
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
3.12.55StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbS

Other Names for Vysotskite

Name in Other Languages:
German:Vysotskit
Simplified Chinese:硫钯矿
Spanish:Vysotskita
Traditional Chinese:硫鈀礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Vysotskite

Reference List:
Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (1962): 91: 718-725.

American Mineralogist (1963): 48: 708.

Cabri, L.J., Laflamme, J.H.G., Stewart, J.M., Turner, K., and Skinner, B.J. (1978) On cooperite, braggite, and vysotskite. American Mineralogist: 63: 832-839.

Acta Crystallographica: C41: 1829-1830.

Bowles, J.F.W. (2000) Prassoite, vysotskite and keithconnite from the Freetown layered complex, Sierra Leone. Mineralogy and Petrology: 68: 75-84.

Internet Links for Vysotskite

Localities for Vysotskite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Bulgaria
 
  • Burgas Oblast (Bourgas Oblast)
    • Kameno Obshtina
Atanasov, A. V. (1990). Vasilite,(Pd, Cu) 16 (S, Te) 7, a new mineral species from Novoseltsi, Bulgaria. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 687-689.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • Kings Co.
      • Cardwell Parish
Can. Min. 45, 775; Grammatikopoulos, T.A., Hiebert, R.S., Barr, S.M. and Valeyev, O., (2006) Cu-Ni-PGM Mineralization In The Mechanic Settlement Pluton, Southern New Brunswick, Canada. in Geological Association of Canada, Program with Abstracts Volume 31
  • Ontario
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Lac des Iles Area
Dana's New Mineralogy; CanMin 22:233-237
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.22, pp. 125-136 (1984); D. H. Watkinson and G. Dunning v(1979) Geology and platinum-group mineralization, Lac-des-Iles Complex, northwestern Ontario. Can Mineral 17:453-462
      • Seeley Lake Area
EcoMetrix Reort for Stillwater Canada Inc, Marathon Project (2012) Table 4.1-3
China
 
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Fengning Co.
        • Boluonuo
Zuxiang Yu, Shuren Lin, Bao Zhao, Qingsong Fang, and Qishun Huang (1974): Acta Geologica Sinica 48(2), 202-218; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Zuxiang Yu (1982): Bull. Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, 4, 78–81
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kolwezi District
        • Mutoshi (Ruwe)
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Penikat complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136
      • Sompujärvi Reef
American Mineralogist: 85: 1564; Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1663-1686.
    • Portimo complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1236-1241
    • Sodankylä
Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
Greece
 
  • Epirus Department (Ipeiros)
    • Pindos Mtn
      • Pindos ophiolite complex
Argirios Kapsiotis, Tassos A. Grammatikopoulos, Basilios Tsikouras, Konstantin Hatzipanagiotou, Federica Zaccarini und Giorgio Garuti (2011): Mineralogy, composition and PGM of chromitites from Pefki, Pindos ophiolite complex (NW Greece): evidence for progressively elevated fAs conditions in the upper mantle sequence. Mineralogy and Petrology 101, 129-150.
Greenland
 
  • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
    • Kangerlussuaq Firth
      • Kangerlussuaq complex
Thomassen, B., and Nielsen, T.F.D. (2006): Geology and Ore No. 6, Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS), February 2006.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
            • Noril'sk Cu-Ni deposit
              • Noril'sk-1 Cu-Ni deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
[CanMin 38 p1251-1264 "The association of platinum-group minerals in placers of the Pustaya River, Kamchatka, Russia"]
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
        • Monche-Tundra
http://www.duke.edu/~boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Grokhovskaya_Abstract.pdf
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
Sierra Leone
 
  • Western Area
    • Guma Water
Mineralogy and Petrology (2000): 68: 75-84 .
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 43, pp. 1711-1734 (2005)
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Herbeira ultramafic massif
        • Cariño
Madon, M., Gil, J.I., Via, J. and Girardeau, J. (1991). Characterization and thermodynamic properties of andradite, Ca3Fe2Si3O12. American Mineralogist, 76:1249-1260.; Moreno, T., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and Ortega, L. (1999) Platinum-group element mineralization in chromitites from the ultramafic massifs of the Cabo Ortegal complex. Geogaceta, 25:135-138.; Moreno, T., Gibbons, W., Lunar, R., Prichard, H.M., Monterrubio, S. and García-izquierdo, B. (2002) Concentraciones de cromita y elementos del grupo del platino en las rocas ultramáficas del complejo de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España): implicaciones tectónicas. Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25:129-144.; García, B., Lunar, R. and Capote, R. (2002). Difusión de Al-Cr en espinelas durante la deformación en rocas ultramáficas de los complejos de Cabo Ortegal (NO de España) y de BraganÇa (NE de Portugal). Bol. Soc. Esp. Min., 25A:37-44.
USA
 
  • California
    • Nevada Co.
      • North San Juan District (Badger Hill District)
        • Yuba River
Sjoberg, J. and Gomes, J.M. (1980) Platinum-group minerals in California alluvial deposits. US Bureau of Mines, Reno Research Center, unpublished manuscript: 15, figure 1; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 63-64; Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
      • Nye
Gobla, M.J. (2012) Montana mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 87, #3, 208-240.
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp. 589-594 (1979); Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
        • J-M Reef (Howland Reef)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 23, pp."149-162(1 985)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.24, pp. 329-346 (1986)
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Pennsylvania
    • Chester Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology v. 41, no. 3/4.
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
Smith and Barnes (2011) Pennsylvania Geology Fall/Winter 2011
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
      • Chiredzi
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342
Mineral and/or Locality  
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