Mindat Logo

Wellsite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.



Formula:
(Ba,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 6H
 
2
O
System:MonoclinicHardness:4 - 4½
Name:Named after Horace Lemuel Wells (1855-1924), professor of chemistry, Yale University (Connecticut - USA).


Discredited - is either barian Phillipsite-Ca or calcian Harmotome.
Originally described from Buck Creek Mine (Cullakenee Mine), Buck Creek, Clay Co., North Carolina, USA.

Classification of Wellsite

IMA status:Discredited 1997
Hey's CIM Ref.:16.12.13

16 : Silicates Containing Aluminum and other Metals
12 : Aluminosilicates of Sr, Ba and Zn
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-4265.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Physical Properties of Wellsite

Hardness (Mohs):4 - 4½

Crystallography of Wellsite

Crystal System:Monoclinic
Cell Parameters:a = 9.91Å, b = 14.24Å, c = 8.7Å
β = 124.65°
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.696 : 1 : 0.611
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,009.98 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Wellsite

Type:Biaxial (+)
RI values: nα = 1.499 nβ = 1.501 nγ = 1.504
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.005

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Low
Dispersion:none

Chemical Properties of Wellsite

Formula:
(Ba,Ca,K
 
2
)Al
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
16
· 6H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(Ba,Ca,K2)Al2Si6O16·6H2O
Essential elements:Al, Ba, H, O, Si
All elements listed in formula:Al, Ba, Ca, H, K, O, Si
Common Impurities:Mg,Sr,Na

Relationship of Wellsite to other Species

Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
16.12.1Stronalsite
SrNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
16.12.2Slawsonite
(Sr,Ca)Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.3Brewsterite
16.12.4Celsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.5Paracelsian
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
16.12.6Cymrite
BaAl
 
2
Si
 
2
(O,OH)
 
8
· H
 
2
O
16.12.7Edingtonite
Ba[Al
 
2
Si
 
3
O
 
10
] · 4H
 
2
O
16.12.8Banalsite
BaNa
 
2
[Al
 
2
Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
 
2
16.12.9Harmotome
(Ba
 
0.5
,Ca
 
0.5
,K,Na)
 
5
[Al
 
5
Si
 
11
O
 
32
] · 12H
 
2
O
16.12.10Hyalophane
(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si
 
2
O
 
8
]
16.12.11Balipholite
BaLiMg
 
2
Al
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
6
)
 
2
(OH)
 
4
16.12.12Armenite
BaCa
 
2
Al
 
6
Si
 
9
O
 
30
· 2H
 
2
O
16.12.14Merlinoite
(K,Na)
 
5
(Ca,Ba)
 
2
Al
 
9
Si
 
23
O
 
64
· 23H
 
2
O
16.12.15Anandite
(Ba,K)(Fe
2+
 
,Mg)
 
3
((Si,Al,Fe)
 
4
O
 
10
)(S,OH)
 
2
16.12.16Fraipontite
(Zn,Al)
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
2
O
 
5
)(OH)
 
4
16.12.17Sauconite
Na
 
0.3
Zn
 
3
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
16.12.18Minehillite
(K,Na)
 
2-3
Ca
 
28
Zn
 
4
Al
 
4
Si
 
40
O
 
112
(OH)
 
16
16.12.19Hendricksite
K(Zn,Mg,Mn
2+
 
)
 
3
(AlSi
 
3
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
2
16.12.20Baileychlore
(Zn,Fe,Al,Mg)
 
6
((Si,Al)
 
4
O
 
10
)(OH)
 
8

Other Names for Wellsite

Other Languages:
German:Wellsit
Spanish:Wellsita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Wellsite

Reference List:

- +
American Journal of Science (1897): 153: 443.

Can. Mineral. 35 (1997) 1571

Mineralogical Magazine (1998): 62: 571.

Internet Links for Wellsite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Wellsite on Google
  • Look for Wellsite images on Google
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy minerals from YourMineralCollection
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Wellsite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • High-end worldwide specimens & outstanding customer service
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Buy rare minerals from Excalibur Minerals
  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Wellsite specimens
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Localities for Wellsite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Austria
     
    • Burgenland
      • Güssing
    Natural History Museum Vienna collection
    • Carinthia
      • St Paul im Lavanttal
        • Kollnitz
    G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Lower Austria
      • Waldviertel
        • Persenbeug-Gottsdorf
    R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Ústí Region
        • Litoměřice
    M.Radoň-Významné mineralogické lokality Českého středohoří (čas.Minerál 2/2009)
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Vysočina Region
        • Žďár nad Sázavou
          • Věžná
    Canadian Mineralogist, Vol 17, 1979, pp. 583-588.
    Petr Pauliš (2001): Nejzajímavější mineralogická naleziště Moravy a Slezska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora.; Mineralogical Magazine 1963 33 : 450-457
    France
     
    • Rhône-Alpes
      • Ardèche
        • Privas
    Ch. Robert : "Barian phillipsite and strontian chabazite from the Plateau des Coirons, Ardèche, France", Bull. Minéral., 1988, 111, pp. 671-677, France.
        • Villeneuve-de-Berg
    Ch. Robert : "Barian phillipsite and strontian chabazite from the Plateau des Coirons, Ardèche, France", Bull. Minéral., 1988, 111, pp. 671-677, France.
    Germany
     
    • Hesse
      • Vogelsberg
        • Ortenberg
    Italy
     
    • Veneto
      • Verona Province
        • Roncà
    Galli E. (1972) - La phillipsite barifera ("wellsite") di M. Calvarina (Verona). Periodico di mineralogia – Roma pp. 23-33
    Ukraine
     
    • Crimea Oblast'
    World of Stones v.9
      • Simferopol area
        • Petropavlovka Village area
    A. Tischenko. Minerals of the Crimea - World of stones, 1996, #9, p. 9-18
        • Ukrainka Village area (Kurtsy)
    - Dvoichenko P.A. The minerals of Crimea (1914) - Zapiski Krymskogo obshchestva estestvoispytatelei (Proceeding of the Crimea Society of Naturalistes), 1914, vol. 4, p. 1-208 (Rus.) - Popov S.P. Mineralogy of the Crimea (1938). - M.-L., AN SSSR, 1938, 352 p. (Rus.)
    USA
     
    • California
      • Trinity Co.
        • Coastal Range
          • Mad River Rock
    Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 383; www.mineralsocal.org; Tony Kampf (PXRD analysis)
    • Colorado
      • Mineral Co.
        • San Juan Mts
          • Wolf Creek Pass
    Rocks & Minerals 79:5 pp316-324
    • North Carolina
      • Clay Co.
        • Buck Creek
    Pratt,Joseph Hyde, and Foote,H.W.,1897,On Wellsite ,A New Mineral(Clay County,North Carolina,American Journal Of Science,Series 4,Vol 3.June 1897,P.443-448
    • Oregon
      • Clackamas Co.
    Miklancic collection #1742/77
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: August 8, 2014 06:21:12
    Mineral and Locality Search
    Mineral:
    and/or Locality:
    Options
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds