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Aurostibite

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Formula:
AuSb
 
2
System:IsometricColour:White
Lustre:MetallicHardness:3
Member of:Pyrite Group
Name:For its chemical composition.

Classification of Aurostibite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/D.17-130
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
Dana 8th edition ID:2.12.1.11

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Hey's CIM Ref.:1.47

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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Type Occurrence of Aurostibite

Co-type Localities:Giant Yellowknife Mine, Yellowknife, Mackenzie District, Northwest Territories, Canada
Chesterville Mine, McGarry Township, Timiskaming District, Ontario, Canada
Place of Conservation of Type Material:Canadian Geological Survey, Ottawa; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada.
Year of Discovery:1952

Occurrences of Aurostibite

Geological Setting:In hydrothermal gold-quartz veins.

Physical Properties of Aurostibite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:White
Comment:Gray with bornite like tarnish
Hardness (Mohs):3
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=280 - 292
Tenacity:Brittle
Density (measured):9.98 g/cm3
Density (calculated):9.91 g/cm3

Crystallography of Aurostibite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:Pa3
Space Group Setting:Pa3
Cell Parameters:a = 6.646Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 293.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Sparse elongate grains to 3.5 cm
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
d-spacingIntensity
3.32 (50)
2.97 (40)
2.71 (30)
2.34 (40)
1.999 (100)
0.865 (50)
0.783 (40)
Comments:Giant Yellowknife mine, Canada.

Optical Data of Aurostibite

Type:Isotropic
Type:Isotropic
Reflectivity:
400nmR=56.4%
420nmR=57.2%
440nmR=57.9%
460nmR=58.6%
480nmR=59.1%
500nmR=59.6%
520nmR=60.0%
540nmR=60.3%
560nmR=60.6%
580nmR=61.0%
600nmR=61.3%
620nmR=61.5%
640nmR=61.6%
660nmR=61.5%
680nmR=61.4%
700nmR=61.2%


Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Peak reflectance is 61.6%.
Colour in reflected light:Galena like with pinkish tinge.

Chemical Properties of Aurostibite

Formula:
AuSb
 
2
Simplified for copy/paste:AuSb2
Essential elements:Au, Sb
All elements listed in formula:Au, Sb
Analytical Data:Hillgrove deposit, Australia; by electron microprobe.
Au (44.1)
Ag (<0.1)
Sb (55.9)
Total (100.0)
Empirical Formula:
Au
 
1.00
Sb
 
2.05

Relationship of Aurostibite to other Species

Member of:Pyrite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Cattierite
CoS
 
2
Dzharkenite
FeSe
 
2
Erlichmanite
OsS
 
2
Fukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
Gaotaiite
Ir
 
3
Te
 
8
Geversite
PtSb
 
2
Hauerite
MnS
 
2
Insizwaite
Pt(Bi,Sb)
 
2
Krut'aite
CuSe
 
2
Laurite
RuS
 
2
Penroseite
(Ni,Co,Cu)Se
 
2
Pyrite
FeS
 
2
Sperrylite
PtAs
 
2
Trogtalite
CoSe
 
2
Vaesite
NiS
 
2
Villamaninite
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S
 
2
Common Associates:
StibniteJamesoniteGoldFreibergite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.EB.05bBambollaite
Cu(Se,Te)
 
2
2.EB.05aCattierite
CoS
 
2
2.EB.05aErlichmanite
OsS
 
2
2.EB.05aFukuchilite
Cu
 
3
FeS
 
8
2.EB.05aGeversite
PtSb
 
2
2.EB.05aHauerite
MnS
 
2
2.EB.05aInsizwaite
Pt(Bi,Sb)
 
2
2.EB.05aKrut'aite
CuSe
 
2
2.EB.05aLaurite
RuS
 
2
2.EB.05aPenroseite
(Ni,Co,Cu)Se
 
2
2.EB.05aPyrite
FeS
 
2
2.EB.05aSperrylite
PtAs
 
2
2.EB.05aTrogtalite
CoSe
 
2
2.EB.05aVaesite
NiS
 
2
2.EB.05aVillamaninite
(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S
 
2
2.EB.05aDzharkenite
FeSe
 
2
2.EB.05aGaotaiite
Ir
 
3
Te
 
8
2.EB.10bAlloclasite
Co
 
1-x
Fe
 
x
AsS
2.EB.10dCostibite
CoSbS
2.EB.10aFerroselite
FeSe
 
2
2.EB.10aFrohbergite
FeTe
 
2
2.EB.10cGlaucodot
(Co
 
0.50
Fe
 
0.50
)AsS
2.EB.10aKullerudite
NiSe
 
2
2.EB.10aMarcasite
FeS
 
2
2.EB.10aMattagamite
CoTe
 
2
2.EB.10eParacostibite
CoSbS
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.10fOenite
CoSbAs
2.EB.15aAnduoite
(Ru,Os)As
 
2
2.EB.15aClinosafflorite
CoAs
 
2
2.EB.15aLöllingite
FeAs
 
2
2.EB.15aNisbite
NiSb
 
2
2.EB.15aOmeiite
(Os,Ru)As
 
2
2.EB.15cPaxite
CuAs
 
2
2.EB.15aRammelsbergite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.15aSafflorite
CoAs
 
2
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite
(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)
 
2
2.EB.20Arsenopyrite
FeAsS
2.EB.20Gudmundite
FeSbS
2.EB.20Osarsite
(Os,Ru)AsS
2.EB.20Ruarsite
(Ru,Os)AsS
2.EB.25Cobaltite
CoAsS
2.EB.25Gersdorffite
NiAsS
2.EB.25Hollingworthite
(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25Irarsite
(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
2.EB.25Jolliffeite
NiAsSe
2.EB.25Krutovite
NiAs
 
2
2.EB.25Maslovite
PtBiTe
2.EB.25Michenerite
PdBiTe
2.EB.25Padmaite
PdBiSe
2.EB.25Platarsite
PtAsS
2.EB.25Testibiopalladite
PdTe(Sb,Te)
2.EB.25Tolovkite
IrSbS
2.EB.25Ullmannite
NiSbS
2.EB.25Willyamite
(Co,Ni)SbS
2.EB.25Changchengite
IrBiS
2.EB.25Mayingite
IrBiTe
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite
2.EB.25Kalungaite
PdAsSe
2.EB.25Milotaite
PdSbSe
2.EB.30Urvantsevite
Pd(Bi,Pb)
 
2
2.EB.35Rheniite
ReS
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
1.1Copper
Cu
1.2Silver
Ag
1.5Gold
Au
1.6Auricupride
Cu
 
3
Au
1.7Tetra-auricupride
AuCu
1.8Zinc
Zn
1.9Cadmium
Cd
1.10Danbaite
CuZn
 
2
1.11Zhanghengite
CuZn
1.12Mercury
Hg
1.13Kolymite
Cu
 
7
Hg
 
6
1.14Moschellandsbergite
Ag
 
2
Hg
 
3
1.15Eugenite
Ag
 
11
Hg
 
2
1.16Schachnerite
Ag
 
1.1
Hg
 
0.9
1.17Paraschachnerite
Ag
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.18Luanheite
Ag
 
3
Hg
1.19Weishanite
(Au,Ag)
 
3
Hg
 
2
1.20Indium
In
1.21Aluminium
Al
1.22Khatyrkite
(Cu,Zn)Al
 
2
1.23Cupalite
(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24Diamond
C
1.25Graphite
C
1.26Chaoite
C
1.27Lonsdaleite
C
1.28Silicon
Si
1.29Tin
Sn
1.30Lead
Pb
1.31Anyuiite
Au(Pb,Sb)
 
2
1.31Novodneprite
AuPb
 
3
1.32Leadamalgam
Pb
 
0.7
Hg
 
0.3
1.33Arsenic
As
1.34Arsenolamprite
As
1.35Paxite
CuAs
 
2
1.36Koutekite
Cu
 
5
As
 
2
1.37Domeykite
Cu
 
3
As
1.38Algodonite
(Cu
 
1-x
As
 
x
)
1.39Novakite
Cu
 
20
AgAs
 
10
1.40Kutinaite
Ag
 
6
Cu
 
14
As
 
7
1.41Antimony
Sb
1.42Stibarsen
AsSb
1.43Paradocrasite
Sb
 
3
As
1.44Horsfordite
Cu, Sb
1.45Cuprostibite
Cu
 
2
(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum
(Ag
 
1-x
Sb
 
x
)
1.48Dyscrasite
Ag
 
3
Sb
1.49Bismuth
Bi
1.50Maldonite
Au
 
2
Bi
1.51Sulphur
S
 
8
1.52Rosickýite
S
1.53Selenium
Se
1.54Tellurium
Te
1.55Chromium
Cr
1.56Rhenium
Re
1.57Iron
Fe
1.58Chromferide
Fe
 
3
Cr
 
1-x
(x=0.6)
1.59Ferchromide
Cr
 
3
Fe
 
1-x
1.60Wairauite
CoFe
1.61Nickel
Ni
1.62Kamacite
(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite
(Fe,Ni)
1.64Tetrataenite
FeNi
1.65Awaruite
Ni
 
3
Fe
1.66Palladium
(Pd,Pt)
1.67Potarite
PdHg
1.68Paolovite
Pd
 
2
Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite
(Pd,Cu)
 
3
Sn
 
2
1.70Cabriite
Pd
 
2
CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I
(Pd,Cu,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.72Atokite
(Pd,Pt)
 
3
Sn
1.73Rustenburgite
(Pt,Pd)
 
3
Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite
(Pd,Pt,Au)
 
3
(Pb,Sn)
1.75Plumbopalladinite
Pd
 
3
Pb
 
2
1.76Osmium
(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium
(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82Platinum
Pt
1.83Hongshiite
PtCu
1.84Niggliite
PtSn
1.85Isoferroplatinum
Pt
 
3
Fe
1.86Tetraferroplatinum
PtFe
1.87Tulameenite
Pt
 
2
CuFe
1.88Ferronickelplatinum
Pt
 
2
FeNi
1.89Rhodium
(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Aurostibite

Other Languages:
German:Aurostibit
Russian:Ауростибит
Simplified Chinese:方锑金矿
脆金锑矿
Spanish:Aurostibita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Aurostibite

Reference List:

- +
COLEMAN, L.C. (1953): Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527.

GRAHAM, A.R. & KAIMAN, S. (1952): Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist 37, 461-469.

Naz'mova, G.N., Spiridonov, E.M. and Shalayev, Y.S. (1975): Aurostibite from the Bestyube deposit, northern Kazakhstan. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 222, 687–689 (in Russian).

Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J. and Hill, R.L. (1990): Occurrence and significance of aurostibite in Sb–Au ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 537–551.

Internet Links for Aurostibite

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  • Localities for Aurostibite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Sandon Co.
    Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J., Hill, R.L., 1990 Occurrence and significance of aurosibite in the Au-Sb ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Vol. 12, pp. 539-551
    • Victoria
      • City of Greater Bendigo
        • Costerfield
    Hawkins, I.E. (1980). The stibnite gold association in Victoria.Thesis (M.Sc) - La Trobe University. Submitted to the Dept. of Geology, School of Physical Sciences.
    • Western Australia
      • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
    Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
    Bolivia
     
    • Potosí Department
      • Antonio Quijarro Province
    Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz); Jan Bernard & Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Iron Quadrangle
        • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
          • Passagem de Mariana
    Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineral. Mag. 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
    Bulgaria
     
    • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
      • Rhodope Mts
    Tarkian, M., & Breskovska, V. (1989). Greenockite from the Madjarovo Pb-Zn ore district, Eastern Rhodope, Bulgaria. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40(2), 137-144.
    Canada
     
    • New Brunswick
      • York Co.
        • Clarence Stream area
    K.G. Thorne, D.R. Lentz, D. Hoy, L.R. Fyffe, and L.J. Cabri (2009): Characteristics of Mineralization at the Main Zone of the Clarence Stream Gold Deposit, Southwestern New Brunswick, Canada: Evidence for an Intrusion-Related Gold System in the Northern Appalachian Orogen. Exploration and Mining Geology 17, 13-49.
    • Northwest Territories
      • Mackenzie District
        • Yellowknife
    COLEMAN, L.C. (1953): Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527. GRAHAM, A.R. & KAIMAN, S. (1952): Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist 37, 461-469.
    • Nova Scotia
      • Hants Co.
        • East Hants
          • West Gore
    Econ Geol (1996) 91:1239-1262
    • Ontario
      • Kenora District
        • Balmer Township
    Rocks & Minerals 79:2 pp94-99
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Bomby Township
    Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
    Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
    Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
    Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
      • Timiskaming District
        • McGarry Township
    American Mineralogist: 37: 461-469.
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
          • Val d'Or
    China
     
    • Gansu Province
      • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
        • Luqu Co.
    Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, and Wenquan Lu (1993): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 13(2)
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Hechi Prefecture
        • Jinchengjiang District
          • Beixiang - Furongchang ore field
    Zhifen Li (1988): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 8(2); Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71
    • Hunan Province
      • Huaihua Prefecture
        • Yuanling Co.
    Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71; Xuexiang Gu, Schulz, O., Vavtar, Fr., Jianming Liu, and Minghua Zheng (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(1), 107-120; Xuexiang Gu, Schulz, O., Vavtar, F., Jianming Liu, Minghua Zheng, and Shaohong Fu (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31(1-4), 319-336
      • Yueyang Prefecture
        • Pingjiang Co.
    Baoqin Yuan, Shuzhang Tian, and Jingyu Chen (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(4), 312-314; Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71
    • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
      • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
          • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
            • Baogutu
              • Baogutu gold mine
    Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Central Bohemia Region
    Norman King; Keutsch Photo 45328; Kruszewski Photo 67774
    [AmMin 84:197]
        • Příbram
          • Dubenec
    Litochleb J., Sejkora J., Šrein V. 2006: The Au-Ag-Sb-Bi-Te mineralization from the deposit Bytíz (Mine 19), The Příbram uranium-polymetallic ore district, Czech Republic. Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 133-135
        • Příbram District
          • Psí hory gold district
            • Mokrsko
    Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
      • Karlovy Vary Region
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
    Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
      • Ilomantsi
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Pampalo(Ward)-Gold Database.
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Haapavesi
    Kojonen, Kari, Johanson, Bo, Sipilä, Esko 1991. The Kiimala gold deposit in Haapavesi, Western Finland. in: Geological Survey of Finland, Current Research 1989-1990. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 12, 75-79, 1991
    http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/vesipera.htm; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Vesiperä - Gold Database
    • Southwestern Finland Region
      • Huittinen
    http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/jokisivu.htm; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
      • Somero
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    • Western and Inner Finland Region
      • Orivesi
    Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
      • Seinäjoki
    Geological Survey of Finland website
    Aho, Lea 1980. Seinäjoki-Nurmo Sb mineralisatiosta. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M19/2222/-80/1/10
      • Ylöjärvi
    Luukkonen Ari 1994. Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 377.
    France
     
    • Brittany
      • Ille-et-Vilaine
        • Martigné-Ferchaud
    Pillard F., Chauris L., Laforêt C. (1985), Inventaire minéralogique de la France, Ed. BRGM, n°13, pp: 106-111
    • Limousin
      • Creuse
        • Evaux
          • Budelière
    Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
    Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral.
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Elz valley
          • Waldkirch
    K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    Ghana
     
    • Western Region
      • Ashanti gold belt
        • Obuasi
    Oberthür, T., Weiser, T., Amanor, J.A., and Chryssoulis, S.L. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 2-15.
    Iran
     
    • Kordestan Province (Kurdestan Province; Kordistan Province; Kurdistan Province)
      • Qorveh
    Rafiei, B., Bakhtiari, N.M, Hashemi, M., and Khodaei, A.S. (2010): International Journal of Environmental Research 4(4), 647-654
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Medio Campidano Province
        • Furtei
          • Furtei mine
    Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
    Kazakhstan
     
    • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
    P.M. Kartashov data; Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
      • Kalba Range
    Kovalev, K.R., Kalinin, Y.A., Naumov, E.A., Pirajno, F., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 186-205.
    Malaysia
     
    • Borneo Island
      • Sarawak
        • Kuching
          • Bau
    Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
    Mali
     
    • Sikasso Region
    McFarlane, C. R., Mavrogenes, J., Lentz, D., King, K., Allibone, A., & Holcombe, R. (2011). Geology and intrusion-related affinity of the Morila gold mine, southeast Mali. Economic Geology, 106(5), 727-750.
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Fauske
        • Sulitjelma
    Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
    Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
        • Indigirka River Basin
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
        • Chitinskaya Oblast'
          • Vershino-Darasunskiy
    Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
    Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
    • Far-Eastern Region
      • Magadanskaya Oblast'
        • Kolyma River Basin
          • Ducat District
            • Omsukchan
              • Ducat ore field
    Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
      • Primorskiy Kray
    American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 432-435
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Northern Karelia
          • Kostomuksha
            • Kostomuksha Fe deposit
    Kuleshevich, L.V., and Gor’kovets, V.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 599-608.
    South Africa
     
    • Limpopo Province
      • Murchison Range
        • Gravelotte
    Minerals of South Africa
    Sweden
     
    • Lappland
      • Gällivare
        • Aitik
    Monika Kontturi & Olof Martinsson (2000) Gold in the Aitik Cu-Au deposit, Gellivare area, Northern Sweden. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
    • Västerbotten
      • Boliden
    Econ Geol (1996) 91:1073-1087
    Nysten, P. (1986): Gold in the volcanogenic mercury-rich sulfide deposit Långsele, Skellefte ore district, northern Sweden. Mineralium Deposita 21, 116-120.; Shikazono, N., & Shimizu, M. (1988). Mercurian gold from the Tsugu gold-antimony vein deposit in Japan. Canad. Mineral, 26, 423-428.
    UK
     
    Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    USA
     
    • Washington
      • Chelan Co.
        • Wenatchee District
          • Wenatchee
            • Squillchuck Creek
    Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
    Uzbekistan
     
    • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
      • North Nuratau Mts
        • Zarmitan
    Torsten Graupner, Samuel Niedermann, Dieter Rhede, Ulf Kempe, Reimar Seltmann, C. Terry Williams and Reiner Klemd (2010): Multiple sources for mineralizing fluids in the Charmitan gold(-tungsten) mineralization (Uzbekistan). Mineralium Deposita 45, 667-682.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Midlands
      • Kwekwe District (Que Que District)
    Zeitschrift fuer angewandte Geologie 38 (1992), 50-51
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