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Aurostibite

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Formula:
AuSb2
System:
Isometric
Colour:
White
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
3
Member of:
Name:
For its chemical composition.

Classification of Aurostibite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
2/D.17-130
2.EB.05a

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
B : M:S = 1:2, with Fe, Co, Ni, PGE, etc.
2.12.1.11

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
1.47

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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http://www.mindat.org/min-430.html
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First Recorded Occurrence of Aurostibite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
Canadian Geological Survey, Ottawa; Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada.
Year of Discovery:
1952

Occurrences of Aurostibite

Geological Setting:
In hydrothermal gold-quartz veins.

Physical Properties of Aurostibite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
White
Comment:
Gray with bornite like tarnish
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN100=280 - 292
Tenacity:
Brittle
Density:
9.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    9.91 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Aurostibite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3 (2/m 3) - Diploidal
Space Group:
Pa3
Space Group Setting:
Pa3
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.646Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 293.55 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Sparse elongate grains to 3.5 cm
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.32 (50)
2.97 (40)
2.71 (30)
2.34 (40)
1.999 (100)
0.865 (50)
0.783 (40)
Comments:
Giant Yellowknife mine, Canada.

Optical Data of Aurostibite

Type:
Isotropic
Type:
Isotropic
Reflectivity:
400nmR=56.4%
420nmR=57.2%
440nmR=57.9%
460nmR=58.6%
480nmR=59.1%
500nmR=59.6%
520nmR=60.0%
540nmR=60.3%
560nmR=60.6%
580nmR=61.0%
600nmR=61.3%
620nmR=61.5%
640nmR=61.6%
660nmR=61.5%
680nmR=61.4%
700nmR=61.2%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 61.6%.
Colour in reflected light:
Galena like with pinkish tinge.

Chemical Properties of Aurostibite

Formula:
AuSb2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Hillgrove deposit, Australia; by electron microprobe.
Au (44.1)
Ag (<0.1)
Sb (55.9)
Total (100.0)
Empirical Formula:
Au1.00Sb2.05

Relationship of Aurostibite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
2.EB.05bBambollaiteCu(Se,Te)2
2.EB.05aCattieriteCoS2
2.EB.05aErlichmaniteOsS2
2.EB.05aFukuchiliteCu3FeS8
2.EB.05aGeversitePtSb2
2.EB.05aHaueriteMnS2
2.EB.05aInsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
2.EB.05aKrut'aiteCuSe2
2.EB.05aLauriteRuS2
2.EB.05aPenroseite(Ni,Co,Cu)Se2
2.EB.05aPyriteFeS2
2.EB.05aSperrylitePtAs2
2.EB.05aTrogtaliteCoSe2
2.EB.05aVaesiteNiS2
2.EB.05aVillamaninite(Cu,Ni,Co,Fe)S2
2.EB.05aDzharkeniteFeSe2
2.EB.05aGaotaiiteIr3Te8
2.EB.10bAlloclasiteCo1-xFexAsS
2.EB.10dCostibiteCoSbS
2.EB.10aFerroseliteFeSe2
2.EB.10aFrohbergiteFeTe2
2.EB.10cGlaucodot(Co0.50Fe0.50)AsS
2.EB.10aKulleruditeNiSe2
2.EB.10aMarcasiteFeS2
2.EB.10aMattagamiteCoTe2
2.EB.10eParacostibiteCoSbS
2.EB.10ePararammelsbergiteNiAs2
2.EB.10fOeniteCoSbAs
2.EB.15aAnduoite(Ru,Os)As2
2.EB.15aClinosaffloriteCoAs2
2.EB.15aLöllingiteFeAs2
2.EB.15aNisbiteNiSb2
2.EB.15aOmeiite(Os,Ru)As2
2.EB.15cPaxiteCuAs2
2.EB.15aRammelsbergiteNiAs2
2.EB.15aSafflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
2.EB.15bSeinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
2.EB.20ArsenopyriteFeAsS
2.EB.20GudmunditeFeSbS
2.EB.20Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
2.EB.20Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
2.EB.25CobaltiteCoAsS
2.EB.25GersdorffiteNiAsS
2.EB.25Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
2.EB.25Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
2.EB.25JolliffeiteNiAsSe
2.EB.25KrutoviteNiAs2
2.EB.25MaslovitePtBiTe
2.EB.25MicheneritePdBiTe
2.EB.25PadmaitePdBiSe
2.EB.25PlatarsitePtAsS
2.EB.25TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
2.EB.25TolovkiteIrSbS
2.EB.25UllmanniteNiSbS
2.EB.25Willyamite(Co,Ni)SbS
2.EB.25ChangchengiteIrBiS
2.EB.25MayingiteIrBiTe
2.EB.25Hollingsworthite
2.EB.25KalungaitePdAsSe
2.EB.25MilotaitePdSbSe
2.EB.30UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
2.EB.35RheniiteReS2
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Aurostibite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Aurostibite

Reference List:
COLEMAN, L.C. (1953): Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527.

GRAHAM, A.R. & KAIMAN, S. (1952): Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist 37, 461-469.

Naz'mova, G.N., Spiridonov, E.M. and Shalayev, Y.S. (1975): Aurostibite from the Bestyube deposit, northern Kazakhstan. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 222, 687–689 (in Russian).

Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J. and Hill, R.L. (1990): Occurrence and significance of aurostibite in Sb–Au ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 537–551.

Internet Links for Aurostibite

Localities for Aurostibite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Sandon Co.
Ashley, P.M., Cook, N.D.J., Hill, R.L., 1990 Occurrence and significance of aurosibite in the Au-Sb ore from Hillgrove, New South Wales, Australia. Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Vol. 12, pp. 539-551
  • Victoria
    • City of Greater Bendigo
      • Costerfield
Hawkins, I.E. (1980). The stibnite gold association in Victoria.Thesis (M.Sc) - La Trobe University. Submitted to the Dept. of Geology, School of Physical Sciences.
  • Western Australia
    • Kalgoorlie-Boulder Shire
Pasi Eilu (2003) Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003 Rovaniemi, Finland December 2003
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Antonio Quijarro Province
Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guia a los Yacimientos Metaliferos de Bolivia. (Minera San Cristobal S.A. & Empresa Minera Unificada S.A., La Paz); Jan Bernard & Jaroslav Hyrsl (2004) Minerals and their Localities.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:623-632; Dill, H.G. (1998): Mineralium Deposita 33, 359-378.
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Iron Quadrangle
      • Mariana (Marianna de Itacolumy)
        • Passagem de Mariana
Oberthür, T. and Weiser, T. W. (2008): Gold-bismuth-telluride-sulphide assemblages at the Viceroy Mine, Harare-Bindura-Shamva greenstone belt, Zimbabwe. Mineral. Mag. 72, 953-970. [contains also data on Passagem de Mariana Mine]
Bulgaria
 
  • Haskovo Oblast (Khaskovo Oblast)
    • Rhodope Mts
Tarkian, M., & Breskovska, V. (1989). Greenockite from the Madjarovo Pb-Zn ore district, Eastern Rhodope, Bulgaria. Mineralogy and Petrology, 40(2), 137-144.
Canada
 
  • New Brunswick
    • York Co.
      • Clarence Stream area
K.G. Thorne, D.R. Lentz, D. Hoy, L.R. Fyffe, and L.J. Cabri (2009): Characteristics of Mineralization at the Main Zone of the Clarence Stream Gold Deposit, Southwestern New Brunswick, Canada: Evidence for an Intrusion-Related Gold System in the Northern Appalachian Orogen. Exploration and Mining Geology 17, 13-49.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Yellowknife
COLEMAN, L.C. (1953): Mineralogy of the Yellowknife Bay are, N.W.T. American Mineralogist 38, 506-527. GRAHAM, A.R. & KAIMAN, S. (1952): Aurostibite, AuSb2; a new mineral in the pyrite group. American Mineralogist 37, 461-469.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • East Hants
        • West Gore
Econ Geol (1996) 91:1239-1262
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Balmer Township
Rocks & Minerals 79:2 pp94-99
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697; Econ Geol (1997) 92:569-577; Econ Geol (1994) 89:720-756; Patterson, G.C. (1984) Ontario Geological Survey miscellaneous paper 118.
Mineralogical Magazine 1988 52 : 691-697
    • Timiskaming District
      • McGarry Township
American Mineralogist: 37: 461-469.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • La Vallée-de-l'Or RCM
        • Val d'Or
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Gannan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Luqu Co.
Minghua Zheng, Jiajun Liu, Jianming Liu, and Wenquan Lu (1993): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 13(2)
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Jinchengjiang District
        • Beixiang - Furongchang ore field
Zhifen Li (1988): Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology 8(2); Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71
  • Hunan Province
    • Huaihua Prefecture
      • Yuanling Co.
Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71; Xuexiang Gu, Schulz, O., Vavtar, Fr., Jianming Liu, and Minghua Zheng (2003): Mineral Deposits 22(1), 107-120; Xuexiang Gu, Schulz, O., Vavtar, F., Jianming Liu, Minghua Zheng, and Shaohong Fu (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31(1-4), 319-336
    • Yueyang Prefecture
      • Pingjiang Co.
Baoqin Yuan, Shuzhang Tian, and Jingyu Chen (1989): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 9(4), 312-314; Changjin Cai (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(1), 65-71
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Tacheng Prefecture (Tarbaghatay Prefecture)
        • Tuoli Co. (Toli Co.)
          • Baogutu
            • Kuogeshaye Mine
Bo Zheng, Jinguo Zhang, Gang Chen, and Yongfeng Zhu (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(6), 1117-1138
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Norman King; Keutsch Photo 45328; Kruszewski Photo 67774
[AmMin 84:197]
      • Příbram
        • Dubenec
Litochleb J., Sejkora J., Šrein V. 2006: The Au-Ag-Sb-Bi-Te mineralization from the deposit Bytíz (Mine 19), The Příbram uranium-polymetallic ore district, Czech Republic. Mineralogia Polonica - Special Papers, vol. 28, 133-135
      • Příbram District
        • Psí hory gold district
          • Mokrsko
Jiří Zachariáš, Petr Morávek, Petr Gadas, Jaroslava Pertoldová (2014): The Mokrsko-West gold deposit, Bohemian Massif, Czech Republic: Mineralogy, deposit setting and classification. Ore Geology Reviews 58, 238-263.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
Ondruš P, Veselovský F, Gabašová A, Hloušek J, Šrein V, Vavrín I, Skála R, Sejkora J, Drábek M (2003) Primary minerals of the Jáchymov ore district, Journal of the Czech Geological Society 48, 19-147
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Ilomantsi
Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Pampalo(Ward)-Gold Database.
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Haapavesi
Kojonen, Kari, Johanson, Bo, Sipilä, Esko 1991. The Kiimala gold deposit in Haapavesi, Western Finland. in: Geological Survey of Finland, Current Research 1989-1990. Geological Survey of Finland, Special Paper 12, 75-79, 1991
http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/vesipera.htm; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Vesiperä - Gold Database
  • Southwestern Finland Region
    • Huittinen
http://www.gsf.fi/explor/gold/jokisivu.htm; Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    • Somero
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
  • Western and Inner Finland Region
    • Orivesi
Economic Geology (1996) 91:1335-1353
    • Seinäjoki
Geological Survey of Finland website
Aho, Lea 1980. Seinäjoki-Nurmo Sb mineralisatiosta. Geologian Tutkimuskeskus, arkistoraportti M19/2222/-80/1/10; Borodaev, Y., Mozgova, N., Ozerova, N., Bortnikov, N. Oivanen, P., Iletuinen, O. (1983): Associations Of Ore Minerals In The Deposits Of The Seinajöki District And The Discussion On The Ore Formation, Bull. Geol. Soc. Finland. 55 (1), 3-23
    • Ylöjärvi
Luukkonen Ari 1994. Main geological features, metallogeny and hydrotermal alteration phenomena of certain gold and gold-tin-tungsten prospects in southern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 377.
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Ille-et-Vilaine
      • Martigné-Ferchaud
Pillard F., Chauris L., Laforêt C. (1985), Inventaire minéralogique de la France, Ed. BRGM, n°13, pp: 106-111
  • Limousin
    • Creuse
      • Evaux
        • Budelière
Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Y. Moëlo : "Compte-rendu de la réunion "Systématique des Minéraux" du 23 novembre 1989", Bull. Soc. Franç. Minéral.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Elz valley
        • Waldkirch
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
Ghana
 
  • Western Region
    • Ashanti gold belt
      • Obuasi
Oberthür, T., Weiser, T., Amanor, J.A., and Chryssoulis, S.L. (1997): Mineralium Deposita 32, 2-15.
Iran
 
  • Kordestan Province (Kurdestan Province; Kordistan Province; Kurdistan Province)
    • Qorveh
Rafiei, B., Bakhtiari, N.M, Hashemi, M., and Khodaei, A.S. (2010): International Journal of Environmental Research 4(4), 647-654
Italy
 
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
        • Furtei mine
Ruggieri, G., Lattanzi, P., Luxoro, S., Dessi, R., Benvenuti. M, & Tanelli, G., 1997. Geology, Mineralogy and Fluid Inclusion Data of the Furtei High Sulfidation Gold Deposit, Sardinia, Italy. Economic Geology, 92 (1), 1-19.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Akmola Province (Aqmola Oblysy; Akmolinskaya Oblast')
P.M. Kartashov data; Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Eastern Kazakhstan Province (Shyghys Qazaqstan Oblysy; Vostochno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Kalba Range
Kovalev, K.R., Kalinin, Y.A., Naumov, E.A., Pirajno, F., and Borisenko, A.S. (2009): Ore Geology Reviews 35, 186-205.
Malaysia
 
  • Borneo Island
    • Sarawak
      • Kuching
        • Bau
Wolfram Dieter Schuh (1993) Geology, Geochemistry, And Ore Deposits Of The Bau Gold Mining District, Sarawak, Malaysia. PhD Thesis University of Arizona.
Mali
 
  • Sikasso Region
McFarlane, C. R., Mavrogenes, J., Lentz, D., King, K., Allibone, A., & Holcombe, R. (2011). Geology and intrusion-related affinity of the Morila gold mine, southeast Mali. Economic Geology, 106(5), 727-750.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
Cook, N. J. (1996): Mineralogy of the sulphide deposits at Sulitjelma, northern Norway. Ore Geology Reviews 11: 303-308
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Indigirka River Basin
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Vershino-Darasunskiy
          • Darasun Au deposit
Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
      • Kolyma River Basin
        • Ducat District
          • Omsukchan
            • Ducat ore field
Bryzgalov, I. A., Krivitskaya, N. N., & Spiridonov, E. M. (2007, November). First finding of nisbite and aurostibite in the eastern Transbaikal region. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 417, No. 1, pp. 1265-1267). MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica.
    • Primorskiy Kray
American Mineralogist, Vol. 64, 1979, pp. 432-435
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Kostomuksha
          • Kostomuksha Fe deposit
Kuleshevich, L.V., and Gor’kovets, V.Y. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(7), 599-608.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Murchison Range
      • Gravelotte
Minerals of South Africa
Sweden
 
  • Lappland
    • Gällivare
      • Aitik
Monika Kontturi & Olof Martinsson (2000) Gold in the Aitik Cu-Au deposit, Gellivare area, Northern Sweden. In Abstract volume and Field trip Guidebook, 2nd annual GEODE-Fennoscandian shield field workshop on Palaeoproterozoic and Archean greenstone belts and VMS districts in the Fennoscandian Shield (Vol. 28).
  • Västerbotten
    • Boliden
Econ Geol (1996) 91:1073-1087
Nysten, P. (1986): Gold in the volcanogenic mercury-rich sulfide deposit Långsele, Skellefte ore district, northern Sweden. Mineralium Deposita 21, 116-120.; Shikazono, N., & Shimizu, M. (1988). Mercurian gold from the Tsugu gold-antimony vein deposit in Japan. Canad. Mineral, 26, 423-428.
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
USA
 
  • Washington
    • Chelan Co.
      • Wenatchee District
        • Wenatchee
          • Squillchuck Creek
Lasmanis, R. (1995): Mineral News: A Compendium of Wenatchee District Mineralogy, Chelan County, Washington, p.6-7
Uzbekistan
 
  • Samarkand Viloyati (Samarqand)
    • North Nuratau Mts
      • Zarmitan
Torsten Graupner, Samuel Niedermann, Dieter Rhede, Ulf Kempe, Reimar Seltmann, C. Terry Williams and Reiner Klemd (2010): Multiple sources for mineralizing fluids in the Charmitan gold(-tungsten) mineralization (Uzbekistan). Mineralium Deposita 45, 667-682.
Zimbabwe
 
  • Midlands
    • Kwekwe District (Que Que District)
Zeitschrift fuer angewandte Geologie 38 (1992), 50-51
Mineral and/or Locality  
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